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Updated Arunachal Pradesh
GK Questions and Current Affairs
Arunachal Pradesh is also known as the Orchid State of India or the Paradise of the Botanists. The state came into existence on February 20, 1987. The state touches the border of Assam and Nagaland. It is the 14th largest state by an area of 83,743 sq Km/- and 27th by is population. The capital of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar and the largest city of the state. Total number of the population of Arunachal Pradesh is 1,748,873 according to current 2021 Data.
Now let’s talk about the history of Arunachal Pradesh the major part of GK of Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh another popular name is Land of the Rising Sun. History of Arunachal Pradesh is unclear. According to Mahabharata, this is the place where Parashurama washed away sins, King Bhishmaka founded his kingdom and Lord Krishna married Rukhmini. In the 10th Century, King named Bhirmuko ruled this area. Arunachal Pradesh is the largest of the Seven Sister States of Northeast India. The largest city of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar. Arunachal Pradesh shares its border with Indian states Assam, Nagaland and International border such as Myanmar in the east, Bhutan in the west and China in the north. A major part of Arunachal Pradesh state claimed by the people of China. Below table will tell more about the GK of Arunachal Pradesh and Its history.
|1.||Union Territory||21 January 1972|
|2.||State Formation||20 February 1987|
|4.||Also Known as||The Orchid State of India, The Land of Rising Sun|
|5.||Ruled By||Bhirmuko of the Chutika|
|6.||Major Historical Events||Sino-Indian war|
Arunachal Pradesh is the largest among the seven Sister state of Northeast India. It consists of 23 Districts, the largest city and capital of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar.
The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice. Arunachal Pradesh has a High Court which has been functioning since on 12th August, 2000. All the branches of the government are located in the Itanagar.
|3.||Chief Ministers||Pema Khandu|
|4.||Governor||Brig. (Dr.) B.D. Mishra|
|6.||State Animal||Bos Frontalis|
|8.||State Flower||Foxtail Orchid|
|10.||No. of District||25|
|12.||Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)||—|
|13.||Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)||60|
|14.||Major Airport||Itanagar Airport Daporigo Airport Ziro Airport Along Airport Tezu Airport Pasighat Airport|
|15.||Major Railway Station||Naharlagun Railway Station|
|17.||Time Zone||IST (UTC +5:30)|
|18.||Postal Code||Different according to Area|
|20.||Judiciary||Gauhati High Court|
Arunachal Pradesh covers an area of 83,743 square kilometres. It is located between 26.28° N and 29.30° N latitude and 91.20° E and 97.30° E longitude. According to the census, Arunachal Pradesh is the 14th largest state in India with the total population of 1,382,611. the average temperature of Arunachal Pradesh is 27 °C, the temperature is generally subtropical and rain precipitates about 2,782mm (109.5 inches) Below in this table, we have described all the essential Structural and physiographical divisions of Arunachal Pradesh.
|1||Total Area||83,743 km² ( 32333.35/ sq mi)|
|2||Rank of the state||Area Rank:-14th|
Population Rank:- 27th
|4||Parliamentary Constituency||2 seats|
|10||Number of Circle||149|
|11||Number of Blocks||99|
|12||Total number of villages||5,258|
|13||Population Density||17/km² (43/sq mi)|
|14||State Bounded By||State Border (Northeastern) Assam Nagaland International Border Bhutan (West) Myanmar (East) China (North)|
|15||Soil & Minerals||Inceptisols Entisols Ultisols|
|16||Major Crops||Rice Maize Millet Wheat Pulses Sugarcane Ginger, Oilseeds|
|17||Forest Area||66,964 sq. km.|
|19||Rivers||Brahmaputra River, Dibang River, Dri Streams Kameng River, Lohit River, Namka Chu Par River, Suhasini River, Sumdorong Chu Tirap River, Yepak River|
|20||Major Dam||Dibang Dam, Ranganadi Dam, Subansiri Dam|
|21||Major Flora||Andrographis, Withania, Tinospora, Rauvolfia, Oroxylum, Dioscorea, Aquilaria|
|22||Major Fauna||Tiger, Leopards, Elephants, Deer, Bear, Apes, Golden Cat, Marbled Cat, Antelopes, Hispid, Hare|
Arunachal Pradesh is divided into 16 Division, which is as follows:
|East Kameng Division||East Kameng|
|East Siang Division||East Siang|
|Kurung Kumey Division||Kurung Kumey|
|Lower Dibang Valley Division||Lower Dibang Valley|
|Lower Subansiri Division||Lower Subansiri|
|Papum Pare Division||Papum Pare|
|Upper Dibang Valley Division||Upper Dibang Valley|
|Upper Subansiri Division||Upper Subansiri|
|Upper Siang Division||Upper Siang|
|West Kameng Division||West Kameng|
|West Siang Division||West Siang|
Languages Of Arunachal Pradesh
There are major languages were found in Arunachal Pradesh those are as follows.
|Galo and Tagin||NA|
As per the government data the maximum people who are Christians at 30.26%, 69.74% other religion.
- Highest dam of Dibang Dam.
- The second highest dam of Subansiri Lower Dam.
- Longest dam of Ranganadi Dam.
- Largest power generating dam Dibang Dam 3,000 MW.
Some of the major dams in Arunachal Pradesh are as follows –
|Dibang Dam||Dibang River||–||288 metres (945 ft)||3,000 MW||Lower Dibang Valley District||2008|
|Ranganadi Dam||Ranganadi River||339 m (1,112 ft)||68 m (223 ft)||405 MW||Lower Subansiri District||2001|
|Subansiri Lower Dam||Subansiri River||284 m (932 ft)||116 m (381 ft)||1.37 km3||Lower Subansiri District||–|
|Upper Siang Hydroelectric Project|| Siang River|
|–||–||10 billion cubic meters||Upper Siang district||–|
Arunachal Pradesh has popularly 7 rivers in which the Brahmaputra is the longest river in Arunachal Pradesh.
|Rivers||Originates From||Total Length||City|
|Manasarovar Lake region||2,899.9 km||Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Tezpur,Dhubri|
|Dibang River||Dibang Valley district||195 kilometres||Dibang Valley district|
|Dihing River||Eastern Himalayas||380 kilometres||Ledo, Margherita, Digboi, Duliajan and Naharkatia small town|
|Kameng River||Tawang district||264 kilometres||West Kameng District|
|Lohit River||Tibet Autonomous Region||450 km||Lohit district|
|Par River||Pang and Nimte rivers||164,800 square kilometres||Hawai|
|Subansiri River||Himalayas, in China||442 kilometres||Lakhimpur district|
Hills and Mountains Ranges
The highest hill in Arunachal Pradesh is Kangto mountain in height and apart from its height, it is beautiful as well.
|Kangto||West Kameng district|
|Sela Peak||Tawang and West Kameng Districts|
|Namche Barwa Peak||Tibetan Himalaya|
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
A sanctuary is a protected an area which is reserved only for animal and make human away to do activities like harvesting of timber, collecting minor forest products and private ownership rights are allowed as long as they do not interfere with the well-being of animals. Boundaries of sanctuaries are not well defined by the government.
The largest wildlife Sanctuary is Namdapha National Park which has an approx area of 1,985 km2 square.
|National Parks / Wildlife Sanctuaries||Location|
|Namdapha National Park – Largest national park in Arunachal Pradesh||Changlang District|
|Mouling National parks||Yingkiong|
|Sessa Orchid sanctuary||Bhalukpong|
|Daying Ering Wildlife Sanctuary||Pasighat|
|Mehao Wildlife sanctuary||Roing|
|Pakhui Wildlife sanctuary||Bhalukpong|
|Nehru Van Udyaan||Roing|
Arunachal Pradesh is known for its rich culture and tradition. Arunachal Pradesh has many Temple, Monasteries are given following:
|Parasuram (Parshuram) Kund temple||Lohit district|
|Malinithan temple||West Siang district|
|Sacred Kund||Lohit River|
|Tawang Monastery||Lhasa, Tibet.|
|GRL Gompa Monastery||Western Kameng district|
|Urgelling Monastery||Tawang-Chu valley|
|Gorsam Chorten||north of Tawang|
|Taktsang Monastery||50 km from Tawang|
|Old Bazaar Gompa||Tawang township|
|Brama Dung Chung Ani Gompa||Tawang district|
|Gyangong Ani Gompa||north of Tawang|
|Singsur Ani Gompa||Tawang headquarters|
Arts & Culture
The Culture of Arunachal Pradesh is extraordinary as it comprised of 26 Different tribes (including sub-tribes), There are mainly three cultural groups in Arunachal Pradesh. First Monpas and Sherdukpens (Follower of Mahayana Buddhism), second Adis, Akas, Apatanis, Mijis, Apantanis, Mishmis, Thongsas and Nishis (Worships Sun and Moon God), Third Octes and Wanchos tribal communities (Follows Vaishnavism).
|Bardo Chham||Bardo Chham is the famous dance style in Sherdukpens. Bardo Chham dance related to the story of good and evil, In local people believe in human both types are things good and evil and Sherdukpens mask themselves representing the kinds of animals and dance to show an act of fighting the evil forces.|
|Igo Dance||This dance style famous in Arunachal Pradesh. Igo dance is the fertility dance and performs in Rren ceremony.|
|War Dance||War dance is famous style in the tribal warrior societies in which use the mock combat.|
|Noctes and Wanchos||In this dance style used by the Buddhist tribes and in this dance participate only male participant.|
|Ritualistic Dance||This Dance form Used by the tribal society people.|
Traditional Music Of Arunachal Pradesh
- Ja-Jin-Ja Folksong
- Baryi Folk Song
- Nyioga Folk Song
Major Festival Of Arunachal Pradesh
- Siang River Festival
- Pangsau Pass Winter Festival
- Ziro Festival of Music
- Solung (Agricultural Festival)
- Losar Festival
- dree Festival
- Galo festival
Cuisine (Famous Food) Of Arunachal Pradesh
- Rice Beer
- Bamboo shoots
Traditional Dress Of Arunachal Pradesh
- Sleeveless silk Material (Men)
- Sleeveless and Collarless dresses till knee length (Women’s)
- Green Coloured Lungi, Red/White Coloured yarn, Sleeveless Shirt (Men)
- Petticoat, Linen Blouse (Women)
- Long Cloak (Women)
- Jackets and Woollen Clothes (Men and Women)
The Economy of Arunachal Pradesh
The people of Arunachal Pradesh are mostly Non-vegetarian, consumption of fish, meat and egg is very high. They import Fishes from different states of India (Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal). There is 5 District and 8 Sub- District Industrial Centers, Also two 2 Industrial Training Institutes by which one is to update the local tribes and provide them Employment.
Table Below contains some of the normal questions mostly asked in different Govt. and Private recruitment examinations of Arunachal Pradesh.
|1||State GDP||₹0.234 lakh crore (US$3.3 billion) (2017-18)|
|3||Per capita income||₹0.234 lakh crore (US$3.3 billion)|
|4||GDP per capita rank||28th|
|5||Major Industries||Wood Carving Industry Cane and Bamboo Industry Ornament Industry Tourism Industry Agriculture and Forest-Based Industries Textiles|
|7||Major exports||Turmeric Cardamom Ginger|
Airports in Arunachal Pradesh
As if now, Arunachal Pardesh got many airports which are under construction and functional listed below.
|Tezu Airport||Tezu (expected to be made operational in May 2021)|
|Itanagar Airport||Itanagar (Expected to be made operational by 2022)|
|Along and Pasighat||Along|
Arunachal Pradesh state government is expanding the underdeveloped education system with the help of different NGO’s like Vivekananda Kendra. North East Frontier Technical University was the first technical university established in 2014. The main universities are Rajiv Gandhi University (RGU), NIT Arunachal Pradesh, Indira Gandhi Technological and Medical Science University and Himalayan University.
|1.||Literacy Rate (2011)||66.95%|
|4.||No. of School||1771 approx|
|5.||Affiliation Board||CBSE, ICSE, State Board|
|6.||No. of University||7|
|6.||Colleges in Arunachal Pradesh||78 approx.|
Heritage Sites in Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. Every year many tourists visit Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh consists of innumerable historical monuments and archaeological, which bear testimony to its rich cultural heritage.
|1||Major Tourist Places||Tawang Monastery Parashuram Kund Golden Pagoda Namsai Jawaharlal Nehru Museum Mehao Lake Bomdila Roing|
|2||Major Monuments||The Buddhist Temple Malinithan Jaswant Garh Bhismaknagar Fort|
|3||National Park||Namdapha National Park Mouling National Park|
|4||Bird Sanctuary||Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary Eagle Nest Wildlife Sanctuary Kane Wildlife Sanctuary|
Famous Personalities in Arunachal Pradesh
|Freedom Fighters||Matmur Jamoh|
|Bollywood||Devi Dolo Riken Ngomle|
|Writers||Rita Chowdhury Mamang Dai Tongam Rina|
|Social Service||Binny Yanga|
|Sports||Wangnia Pongte Gumpe Rime Anshu Jamsenpa Tapi Mra|
|Padma Shri||Mamang Dai Binny Yanga H. Thegtse Rinpoche|
State-wise GK & GS
|Andhra Pradesh||Click Here|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Click Here|
|Himachal Pradesh||Click Here|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Click Here|
|Madhya Pradesh||Click Here|
|Tamil Nadu||Click Here|
|Uttar Pradesh||Click Here|
|West Bengal||Click Here|
Union Territory GK & GS
|Dadar and Nagar Haveli||Click Here|
|Daman and Diu||Click Here|
|Andaman Nicobar Island||Click Here|
List of Top Colleges in Arunachal Pradesh
|Engineering Colleges||Click Here|
|Medical Colleges||Click Here|
|Sidha Colleges||Click Here|
|Architecture colleges||Click Here|
|Homoeopathy colleges||Click Here|
|Veterinary colleges||Click Here|
|Dental Colleges||Click Here|
|Neuropathy and yoga science colleges||Click Here|
|Nursing colleges||Click Here|
|Unani colleges||Click Here|
|Ayurveda colleges||Click Here|
|Physiotherapy Colleges||Click Here|
|Pharmacy Colleges||Click Here|
|Law Colleges||Click Here|
|B.ED Colleges||Click Here|
|Hotel Management Colleges||Click Here|
|Fashion Colleges||Click Here|
Arunachal Pradesh GK Important Question
A. Bos frontalis
A. Lady slipper orchid
A. The land of dawn-lit mountains
A. McMahon line
A. 400 years ago
A. Bibhabasu Das Shastri
A. Mishmi Hills
A. Humid subtropical climate
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