Assam GK 2019 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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Assam GK Questions and Current Affairs

Important Facts About Assam GK

  • The largest tea producer in India.
  • Assam is India’s first state where AFSPA was commanded.
  • The world’s largest riverine island, Majuli on the Brahmaputra, which is located in Assam.
  • It is known as the land of Red River and Blue hills
  • World Heritage Sites from UNESCO in Assam is Kaziranga National Park and Manas Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Assam shares a maximum number of borders with other states of India. It shares its border with Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Nagaland, West Bengal, Mizoram and Meghalaya.
  • India’s longest river bridge Bhupen – Hazarika bridge is in Assam built on Lohit river.
  • Asia’s oldest refinery is located in Assam
  • World’s biggest weaving village “Sualkuchi”
  • Asia’s oldest amphitheatre “Ranghar, Sibsagar”
  • The Brahmaputra-India’s Only Male River in Assam.
  • ‘Dhekiakhowa Bornamghor’ houses the lamp which has never been turned off since 1461.


History Of Assam
History Of Assam

Assam was ruled by three dynasties: Kamarupa-Palas (900-1100 CE), The Mlechchha dynasty (655-900 CE) and the Vermanas (350-650 CE). Assam is subdivided into different states like Nagaland in 1963 (16th state of India), Meghalaya in 1972, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram in 1986. the Largest city of Assam is Guwahati.

Below table will tell more about Assam General Knowledge and Assam history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 15 August 1947
2. Capital Formation 26 January 1950
3. Capital Dispur
4. Largest city Guwahati
5. Ruled By Danava dynasty, Naraka Dynasty,
6. Major Historical Events
  • 350 Pushya Varman establishes the Varman dynasty in Kamarupa. 594 Kumar Bhaskar Varman became the king of Kamrupa.
  • 1185 Prithu establishes the Khen dynasty and the Kamata kingdom.
  • 830 The first freedom fighter of Assam, Piyoli Phukan is hanged.


Museums in assam
Museums in Assam
S.No. Name City
1. Assam State Museum Guwahati
2. Mayong Central Museum and Emporium Mayong
3. Srimanta Sankaradeva Kalakshetra Guwahati

Geographical  Structure

Assam covers an area of 78,428 square kilometres. Assam contains three physiographic division of India Deccan Plateau (Karbi Anglong), The Northern Himalayas (Eastern Hills) and The Northern Plains (Brahmaputra Plains). The climate of Assam is Cold and it rains in most of the month.

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 78,438 km² ( 1,429/ sq mi)
2. Population 3,12,05,576
3. The rank of the state Area Rank:-17th
Population Rank:- 15th
4. Population Density 397/km²
5. State Bounded By
  • Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh (North)
  • Nagaland and Manipur  (East)
  • Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh (South)
  • West Bengal (West)
6. Soil
  • Alluvial Soil
  • Piedmont Soil
  • Hil Soil
  • Lateritic Soil
7. Major Crops
  • Jute
  • Sugarcane
  • Legume
  • Coconut
  • Potatoes
  • Cotton
8. Forest Area 1,424 sq. km.
9. Climate Tropical Monsoon Climate
10. Rivers
  • Pagladia
  • Kopili
  • Umrong Nalah
  • Subansiri
  • Borpani River
11. Major Flora
  • Orchid
  • Foxtail orchid
12. Major Fauna
  • Bengal florican
  • red-headed vulture
  • White-rumped vulture
  • Bengal tiger
  • Asian elephant
  • wild water buffalo
  • Indian hog deer
  • hoolock gibbon
  • golden langur
  • capped langur
  • Ganges shark
  •  Burmese python
  •  Assam roofed turtle
13. Lakes
  • Chandubi Lake
  • Chapanala Lake
  • Haflong Lake
  • Son Beel Lake


Dams in assam
Dams in Assam
S.No. Dam River Height Length Type
1. Pagladia Pagladia 26.2 m (86 ft) 230 m (755 ft) Rock-fill
2. Khandong Kopili 66 m (217 ft) 243 m (797 ft) Gravity
3. Umrong Umrong Nalah 30 m (98 ft) 143 m (469 ft) Gravity
4. Subansiri Lower Dam Subansiri 130 m (427 ft) 284 m (932 ft) Gravity
5. Karbi Langpi Dam Borpani River 35 m (115 ft) 197 m (646 ft) Gravity

National Parks

National Parks in Assam
National Parks in Assam
S.No. Name Area
1. Dibru – Saikhowal National Park 350 km2
2. Kaziranga National Park 430 km2
3. Orang National Park 78.81 km2
4. Nameri National Park 200 km2
5. Manas National Park 950 km2

Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in assam
Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam
S.No. Name Nearest City
1. Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary kamrup
2. Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary Udalguri District
3. Barail Wildlife Sanctuary Silchar
4. Bura Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary Sonitpur
5. Deepor Beel Wildlife Sanctuary Guwahati
6. Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary Digboi
7. East Karbi anglong Wildlife Sanctuary Diphu
8. Nambor Doigrung Wildlife Sanctuary Golaghat
9. Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary Guwahati

Administrative Structure

Assam is the seventeenth state of north-east India and gateway to the North-Eastern States and situated in the south of the eastern Himalayas along with Brahmputra and Barak River valleys. The State is close to India’s international borders of Bangladesh and Bhutan. Reading the full post will tell you many Assam General Knowledge questions.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Dispur
2. Administrative HQ Guwahati
3. Chief Ministers Sarbananda Sonowal
4. Governor Jagdish Mukhi
5. State Animal One-horned rhinoceros
6. State Bird White – Winged Wood Duck
7. State Flower Rhynchostylis retusa
8. State Tree Dipterocarpus Macrocarpus
9. No. of District 33 Districts
10. Loksabha Seats 14 seats
11. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 126 seats
12. Railway Stations
  • Dibrugarh Railway station
  • Arunachal Junction railway station
  • Silchar railway station
  • Viswanath Charali railway station
  • Furkating Junction railway station
  • Hojai railway Diphu railway station
  • Diphu railway station
  • Guwahati Railway station
13. Official Language Assamese
14. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
15. Postal Code Different according to Area
16. Vehicle Code AS
17. Judiciary Gauhati High Court
18. Seal

Seal of Assam
Seal of Assam


Religion in assam
Religion in Assam
S.No. Religion Percentage
1. Hinduism 61.47%
2. Islam 34.22%
3. Christianity 3.74%
4. Buddhism 0.18%
5. Jainism 0.08%
6. Sikhism 0.07%
7. Animism 0.09%
8. Other or not religious  0.16%


S.No. Language Percentage
1. Assamese 48.38%
2. Bengali Sylheti 28.92%
3. Hindi 6.73%
4. Bodo 4.54%
5. Sadri 2.29%
6. Mishing 1.98%
7. Nepali  1.91%
8. Karbi 1.64%
9. Odia 0.70%
10. Santali  0.68%
11. Manipuri 0.54%
12. Garo 0.52%
13. Others 1.17%

Nicknames of Cities

S.No. City Name
1. Dibrugarh Tea City of India
2. Guwahati Gateway of North East India
3. Tezpur City of Blood
4. Dispur City of Temples

Arts & Culture

Arts & Culture in assam
Arts & Culture in Assam

Assamese culture is traditionally Hybrid due to the cultural assimilation of different ethnic groups under various political-economic systems in different periods of history. There is verity of cultures, Folk Dance, Music, food etc. In all competitive exams, at least one question was asked from this topic so it is important for Assam GK and you can also download Assam static GK in PDF.

S.No Description Summary
1. Folk Dance
  • Sattriya Dance (Important)
  • Bagurumba
  • Bihu Dance
  • Jhumur
  • Bhortal Dance
2. Music
  • Golpariya Lokageet
  • Bodo
  • Tokari Geet
  • Karbi
  • Mising Song
3. Major Festival
  • Magh – Biju
  • Dehing Patkai
  • Pragjyoti International Dance
  • Bohag Bihu
  • Baishagu festival
4. Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Rice
  • Fish Curry
  • luchi
  • Khar
  • Tenga
5. Traditional Dress
  • Mekhela Chador (Women)
  •  Dhoti (Men)


Airports in assam
Airports in Assam
S.No. Name City
1. Dibrugarh Airport Mohanbari
2. Tezpur Airport Tezpur
3. Jorhat Airport Jorhat
4. Lilabari Airport Lakhimpur
5. Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport Guwahati
6. Rupsi Airport Dhubri
7. Silchar Airport Silchar


The economy of Assam is based on Agriculture and oil. Assam is richest in natural resources, Petroleum etc supplies up to 25% of Indias Petroleum. Assam produces more than half of Indias Tea.

S.No Description Summary
1. State GDP 2.54 Lakh crore (US$ 36 Billion)
2. Growth rate 3.3% (2016-17)
3. Per capita  INR 67,303 (US$ 970)
4. GDP rank 17th
5. Major Industries
  • Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries
  • Tea Plantation
  • Biotech Products
  • Herbal Products
  • Biotech Products
  • Chemical and Plastic based Industries
  • Export Oriented industries
  • Electronic and IT
  • Papermaking
6. Major Imports
  • Fish
  • Sea Food
7. Major exports
  • tea
  • coal
  • Boulderstone
  • Agricultural Products (Vegetables, ginger, Oranges)
  • Petroleum and petroleum-related products


The education system of Assam is categorised into schools, colleges or university education. Education in Assam is run by private organisations, the government of Assam and Indian Government. Assamese is the main medium of educational institutes.

S.No. Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011) 72.19%
2. Male 78.81%
3. Female 67.27%
4. No. of School 37,652 approx
5. Affiliation Board CBSE, ICSE, ISC, State Board
6. Medium of Education Assamese, English or Bengali
7. No. of University 19 approx
8. Colleges in Assam 464 approx ( Medical, Law, Engineering, Management etc)

Educational Institution

S.No. Category Link
1. Medical Colleges in Assam Click Here
2. Dental Colleges in Assam Click Here
3. BAMS Colleges in Assam Click Here
4. BHMS Colleges in Assam Click Here
5. Siddha Medical Colleges in Assam Click Here
6. AYUSH Colleges in Assam Click Here
7. BNYS Colleges in Assam Click Here
8. Veterinary Colleges in Assam Click Here
9. Physiotherapy Colleges in Assam Click Here
10. Law Colleges in Assam Click Here
11. B.Ed Colleges in Assam Click Here
12. Nursing Colleges in Assam Click Here

Heritage Sites

When we are talking about the Assam history GK, from the Paleolithic period to colonial conquest, backed by the innumerable stranded ruins; reverent yet thought-provoking shrines; grass carpeted cemeteries, and incredible wildlife.

Temples enhance the beauty of Assam, especially the famous ones like Kamakhya Temple, Navagraha Temple, Umananda Temple, and Basistha Ashram, each with a charm of its own, and grand epics that further add to the intrigue. When it comes to the spiritual enlightenment, another place that is worth mentioning is Poa Mecca, which is believed to have the 1/4th sanctity of Mecca.

S.No Description Summary
1. Major Tourist Places
  • Kamakhya temple
  • Umananda Island
  • Assam State Zoo Botanical Garden
  • Kareng Ghar
  • Umananda Island
  • Srimanta Sankardev Kalashetra
  • Dipor Bil
  • Orang National Park
  • Rang Garh
  • Sivsagar Sivadol
2. Major Monuments
  • Navagraha Temple
  • Rang Ghar
  • Talatal Ghar
  • Kareng Ghar
  • Agni Garh
  • Ahom Raja’s Palace
  • Kamakhaya Temple
  • Charaideo
  • Shiva Dol

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