Bihar GK 2020-21 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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Bihar GK

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Updated Bihar GK Questions and Current affairs


Bihar region has many  Archaeological records from the Neolithic age. Regions of Bihar—such as Mithila, Magadha, and Anga are mentioned in religious texts of ancient India. Bihar (Magadha) was ruled by two kings from Haryanka dynasty were Bhimbisara and his son Ajatashatru from the city of Rajgirah (Rajgir). The Mauryan emperor Ashoka was born in Pataliputra (Patna), one of the largest ruler in the world’s history. Bihar is also known as the abode of Buddhism. Below table will increase more in Bihar History GK. continue reading

S.No Description Answer
1. Statehood 26 January 1950
2. Capital Formation 22 March 1912
3. Largest city Patna
4. Also Known As Magadha
5. Ruled By Maurya Empire, Haryanka Dynasty, Bhimbisara, Ajatashatru.
6. Major Historical Events
  • Birth of Ashoka in Pataliputra (304 BCE)
  • Hindu Muslim Religious violence (1947-1949)
  • Bakhtiyar Khiljis army destroyed the Buddhist Universities (1200) Nalanda and Vikramshila
  • Farmers in Champaran had revolted against indigo cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and 1916 (Turkaulia)

Geography structure

In Bihar change the climate from time to time. In Bihar, general the temperature is subtropical and Rain precipitates about 1200mm (47 inches). Bihar covers an area of 94,163 square kilometres. According to the census, Bihar is the 12th largest state in India with a total population of 104,099,452. The average temperature of Bihar is 27 °C. Bihar average height above sea level is 173 feet (53 m). Below in this table, we have described all the essential Structural and physiographical divisions of Bihar.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area  94,163 km² (36,357 sq mi)
2 Rank of the state Area rank:- 12th
Population Rank:- 3rd
4 Parliamentary Constituency 40 Seats
5 Population 104,099,452
6 Urban 11,763,238
7 Rural 92,336,214
13 Population Density 1,102/km² (2,850/sq mi)
14 State Bounded By
  • Nepal from North.
  • West Bengal From Northeast.
  • Uttar Pradesh From West.
  • Jharkhand From Southeastern
15 Soil & Minerals
  • Gangetic Alluvial
  • Piedmont Swamp soil
  • Clay Soil, Sandy Soil, Loamy Soil
16 Major Crops
  • Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane
  • Mango, Guava, Pineapple, Litchi
  • Brinjal, Lady Finger, Cauliflower, Cabbage
17 Forest Area 7,299 sq. km.
18 Climate  Subtropical
  Major  Flora
  • Sal
  • Kendu
  • Salai
  • Asan
  • Arjun
  • Paisar
  • Mahua
  • Bahera
22 Major Fauna
  • Susu (Gangetic Dolphin)
  • Tiger

Administrative Structure

The state is divided into 9 divisions, 38 districts, 534 Blocks, 49 Nagar Parishads, 80 Nagar Panchayats and 12 Municipal corporations. Bihar was a part of the British East India Company before 1905. Bihar was a part of West Bengal but when again East Bengal and West Bengal reunited People of Orrisa and Bihar demanded a separate Provision based on Language. in 1936 Orrisa and Bihar Province divided into two provinces.

Bihar has a High Court which has been functioning since 3 February 1916. All the branches of the government are located in the Patna. Happy reading

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Patna
2. Administrative HQ Patna
3. Chief Ministers Nitish Kumar
4. Governor Phagu Chauhan
6. State Animal Gaur
7. State Bird House Sparrow
8. State Flower Bauhinia Variegata
9. State Tree Sacred Fig
10. No. of District 38
11. Loksabha Seats 40
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) 75 Members(63 Elected + 12 Nominated)
13. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 244 Seats(243 Elected + 1 Nominated)
14 Total Division 9 Division
15 Number of Sub-Division 101 Sub-Division
16 Number of Blocks 534 Block
17 Total number of villages 45,103 Villages
18. Major Railway Station
  • Bakhtiyarpur Junction Railway Station
  • Banka Junction Railway Station
  • Barauni Junction Railway Station
  • Barsoi Junction Railway Station
  • Bhagalpur Junction Railway Station
  • Bihar Sharif Junction Railway Station
  • Bharatpur Junction Railway Station
19. Official Language Hindi
20. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
21. Postal Code Different according to Area
22. Vehicle Code BR
23. Judiciary Bihar High Court
24. Seal Bihar Logo


Bihar is divided into 9 Division, which is as follows:

Division Districts
Patna Patna, Nalanda, Bhojpur, Rohtas, Buxar and Kaimur.
Tirhut West Champaran, East Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, Sheohar and Vaishali.
Saran Saran, Siwan and Gopalganj.
Darbhanga Darbhanga, Madhubani and Samastipur.
Kosi Saharsa, Madhepura and Supaul.
Purnia Purnia, Katihar, Araria and Kishanganj.
Bhagalpur Bhagalpur and Banka
Munger Munger, Jamui, Khagaria, Lakhisarai, Begusarai and Sheikhpura.
Magadh Gaya, Nawada, Aurangabad, Jehanabad and Arwal


There are major languages were found in Bihar those are as follows.

Languages Percentage
Hindi 25.54%
Bhojpuri 24.86%
Magadhi 10.87%
Other 15.20%


As per the government data the maximum people who are Hindus at 82.69% and 17.31% other religion.

Religion Percentage
Hinduism 82.69%
Islam 16.87%
Christianity 0.12%
Other Religions 0.31%


Some of the major dams in Bihar are as follows –

Dams River Length  Height  Location Open
Nagi Dam Nagi River 1884m 113.5m Jamui 1958
Kohira dams Kohira River 262.87 m 18.4 m Rohtas district 1962
Upper Kiul dam Kiul River 3673m 30.48m Jamui 2004
Job Dam Ganga 1616m 18.9m Nawada 1977
Durgawati Dam Durgavati River 1615.4m 46.3m Durgawati (Under Const.)
Chandan Dam Chandan River 1555m 40.4m Banka 1968
Nakti Dam Ganga 990.85m 23.61m Jamui 1980
Orhni Dam Ganga 686m 23.774m Banka 2000
Jalkund Dam Ganga 631m 15.99m Munger 1968


The river has popularly 14 rivers in which the Ganges is the longest river in Bihar.

Rivers Originates From Total Length City
Ajay River southwest of Deoghar 288 km (179 mi) Munger, Jamtara, Katwa
Bagmati Kathmandu Valley 597 Km Kathmandu, Patan
Budhi Gandak Chautarwa Chaur near Bisambharpur 320 km West Champaran district
Gandak Nhubine Himal Glacier 639 km  Valmikinagar, Triveni, Nepal, Hajipur, Sonpur, Bagaha
Ganges Gangotri Glacier,Garhwal division 2,525 km  Buxar, Patna, Bhagalpur,
Ghaghra  Tibetan Plateau near
Lake Manasarovar.
1,080Km Saran district
Phalgu Gaya 27 kilometres gaya district
Gandaki River Andha Galchi 630 km Valmiki Nagar, Triveni, Hajipur, Sonpur, Bagaha
Kamala Churia Range near Maithan 328 km Badlaghat, Khagaria district, Jhanjharpur (Madhubani),
Karmanasha  Kaimur district 192 km Sarodag, Kaimur district
Koshi River northern slopes of the Himalayas 729 km Supaul (Bhaptiyahi), Purnia, Katihar
Son River  Amarkantak in Anuppur district 784 km  Dehri, Patna, Daudnagar
Mahananda River Himalayas 360 km Patna
Punpun  Chota Nagpur Plateau, 200 km  Chatra, Aurangabad, Gaya and Patna

Hills and Mountains Ranges

The highest hill in Bihar is Rajgir hills in height and apart from its height, it is beautiful as well.

Hills/Mountains Place
Rajgir hills Rajgir city
Barabar hills Jehanabad District
Bateshwar hills Bhagalpur district
Kaimur Range around Sasaram in Rohtas district
Brahmayoni hills Gaya
Pretshila hills Gaya
Ramshila hills Gaya

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries

A sanctuary is a protected an area which is reserved only for animal and make human away to do activities like harvesting of timber, collecting minor forest products and private ownership rights are allowed as long as they do not interfere with the well-being of animals. Boundaries of sanctuaries are not well defined by the government.
The largest wildlife Sanctuary is Valmiki National Park which has an approx area of 880 sq km.

National Parks / Wildlife Sanctuaries Location
Valmiki National Park  Betiah
Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary Rajgir
Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary Begusarai district
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary Bhagalpur District
Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary Kaimur
Barela Jheel Salim Ali Bird  Wild Life Sanctuary Begusarai district
Nagi Dam  Wild Life Sanctuary Jhajha

Famous Temples/Monasteries

Bihar is known for its rich culture and tradition. Bihar has many Temple are given the following:

Temples Location
Mahabodhi Temple Gaya
Baidyanath Temple Deoghar
Jalmandir Pawapuri
Patna Sahib Patna
Vishnupad Temple Gaya
 Garib Sthan Mandir, Muzaffarpur
Mangalagowri Temple, Gaya
Mandargiri Temple, Banka
Janki Mandir, Sitamarhi
Maa Patan Devi Temple, Patna

Arts & Culture

The official language of  Bihar is Hindi whereas Urdu as second official language effective in different 15 districts. Bihar is also known for Mithila Painting (style of Indian painting). These paintings are generally made on house walls at the time of Festivals, religious events, and other milestones of the life cycle. Below table adds more info about Bihar GK and GS related to their Art and Culture.

Folk Dance

Jat-Jatin It is a famous dance style in North Bihar like Mithila and Koshi. jat-Jatin dance performed by Man and women. The main headlines of the lyrics are “ Tikwa-jab-jab Maugailion re jatwa – Tikwa kahe na lawle re … 
Jhijhian Dance This dance form is famous in the Bihar region. Jhijhin dance is performed when all the people waiting for rains, this is the time when the village women pray to Lord Indra for rain. The main words “ Haali-Huli Barshun Inder Devata ” — when it is sung.
Kajari Dance It is a popular dance in Bihar. Kajari dance is performed during the rainy season. In this dance performed by women and dancing like a peacock with the song of Bhijat awe Dhaniya Ho Rama …
Sohar Khilauna Dance Sohar Khilauna Dance performed during the childbirth.
Holi Dance Holi dance is a famous dance in all India. It is performed during “Pratham Chairtra Mass”.
Jhumeri Dance Jhumeri dance celebration during the Season change in Month of Karthik.
Harvesting Dance This dance is related to agriculture.


  • Indian Classical Music

Major Festival

  • Chatt Puja
  • Sama Chakeva
  • Shravani Mela
  • Makar Sankranti
  • Ptrapaksha Mela
  • Bihula
  • Buddha Jayanti

Cuisine (Famous Food)

Bihari Thali, Khadi Bari, Khichdi, Ghugni, Sattu, Choora, Litthi chokha, Bihari kebab, Chicken Tandoori, Kela Machali, Parauntha, Khaja, Tilkut etc.

Traditional Dress

  • Women: Saree, Petticoat, Salwar Kameez
  • Male: Dhoti Kurta

The Economy

Bihar is the state growing rapidly in terms of GDP (Gross Domestic Production). Bihar has also strong growth in Per capita net state domestic product (NSDP) 12.91 % at the current price. In the financial year, 2014-15 Bihar’s per capita went up by 40.6 %.

These normal questions are mostly asked in different Govt. and Private recruitment examinations of Bihar.

S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP ₹6.86 lakh crore (US$96 billion) (2020-21 est.)
2 Growth rate 10.53% (2018-19)
3 Per capita income ₹33,629 (US$470) (2018–19)
4 GDP per capita rank 13th
5 Major Industries
  • United Breweries Group
  • Carlsberg Group
  • Cobra beer
  • Reliance Industries
  • Security and Intelligence Services (SIS)
6 Major Imports in Patna
  • Cotton, Iron, Foodgrains, Rice, Wheat, Wool and Dalhan
7 Major exports
  • Agriculture Products
  • Mineral Fuel and Oils
  • Pharmaceuticals
8 GDP by sectors Agriculture 20%
Industry 19%
Services 61% (2018-19)


As separated from Bihar got many airports which are listed below.

Name Location
Bihta Air Force Station Bihta
Bihta Airport Bihta
Darbhanga Airport Darbhanga
Gaya Airport Gaya
Jay Prakash Narayan Airport Patna
Munger Airport Munger
Muzaffarpur Airport Muzaffarpur
Purnea Airport Purnea
Raxaul Airport Raxaul


Bihar has most popularly Nalanda International Cricket Stadium is the largest capacity holding of 41,000 (approx) peoples.

Stadium Sports City
Nalanda International Cricket Stadium Cricket Nalanda
Patliputra Sports Complex  multi-purpose stadium Patliputra
Moin-ul-Haq or Rajendra Nagar Stadium multi-purpose stadium Patna
Rajendra Stadium Katihar Siwan, Bihar


Historically, Bihar is the biggest centre of earning as it was home of many ancient Universities like Nalanda, Odantapura, Vikramshila, Chanakya National Law University, Patna University (Seventh oldest university in India). Patna University was established in 1917. Currently, Bihar is having National Institute of Technology (NIT) in Patna, Indian Institute of Technology, National Institute of Fashion Technology in Patna. Bihar’s literacy rate has increased from 21.95% (1961) to 63.82% (2011).

  Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011) 63.82%
2. Male 73.39%
3. Female 53.33%
4. No. of School 71,832 approx
5. Affiliation Board CBSE, ICSE, NIOS, BIHAR BOARD
6. No. of University 31 Approx
6. Colleges  Medical    Engineering

List of Top Colleges in India

Top Engineering Colleges in India Top Medical Colleges in India Top Architechure Colleges in India
Top BAMS Colleges in India Top BHMS Colleges in India Top BSMS Colleges in India
Top BNYS Colleges in India Top Dental Colleges in India Top BUMS Colleges in India
Top Nursing Colleges in India Top Physiotherapy Colleges in India Top Veterinary Colleges in India
Top Pharmacy Colleges in India Top Law Colleges in India Top B.ed Colleges in India
Hotel Management icon Fashion Designing icon

Heritage Sites

Bihar has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. Every year about 24 million (2.40.00,000) of people visit Bihar each year. Bihar is the biggest place to learn and explore as it consists of more than 70 historic monuments of national importance, more than 23 dams are built (Some are under construction). Read the table below for more information about Bihar

S.No Description Summary
1 Major Tourist Places
  • Mahabodhi Temple
  • Vishnupada Temple
  • Maner Sharif
  • Patliputra
  • Thawe Mandir
  • Rohtas Fort
  • Munger Fort
2 Major Monuments
  • Pillars of Ashoka
  • Buddhist Stupa
  • Patalpuri Cave
  • Rock Temple
  • Vikramashila Monastery
  • Tomb of Shamsher Khan
  • Sujata Garh
  • Gopi Cave
  • Lamos Rishi Cave
  • Sudama Cave
  • Ashoka Column
  • Nalanda
  • Bulandibagh
  • Tomb of Hasan Shah Suri
  • Tomb of Sher Shah Suri
  • Mundeswari Devi
3 National Park
  • Valmiki National Park
4 Bird Sanctuary
  • Barela Jheel Salim Ali Bird Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kusheshwar Asthan Bird Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Udaipur Wildlife Sanctuary

Famous Personalities

Freedom Fighters
  • Anugrah Narayan Sinha(1887 – 1957)
  • Jayaprakash Narayan(1902 -1979)
  • Kunwar Singh(1877 – 1961)
  • Rajendra Prasad(1884 – 1963)
  • Rambriksh Benipuri(1899 – 1968)
  • Yamuna Karjee(1898 – 1953)
  • Ajit Pal Mangat
  • Imtiaz Ali
  • Sushant Singh Rajput
  • Roshan Seth
  • Shatrughan Sinha
  • Manoj Bajpai
  • Manoj Bhawuk
  • Akhilendra Mishra
  • Abhimanyu Singh
  • Adhyayan Suman
  • Luv Sinha
  • Pankaj Tripathi
  • Shekhar Suman
  • Sanjay Mishra (actor)
  • Pooja Sharma
  • Prachi Sinha
  • Poonam Sinha
  • Sonakshi Sinha
  • Neha Sharma
  • Sandali Sinha
  • Shilpa Shukla
  • Neetu Chandra
  • Daler Mehndi
  • Sundar Popo
  • Sharda Sinha
  • Manoj Tiwari
  • Deepali Kishore
  • Aishwarya Nigam
  • Parmanand Singh
  • Mika Singh
  • M. J. Akbar
  • Anuranjan Jha
  • Ravish Kumar
  • Sweta Singh
  • Manoj Bhawuk
  • Vikas Kumar Jha
  • Arvind Narayan Das
  • Syed Hasan
  • Abdul Qavi Desnavi
  • Swami Sahajanand Saraswati
  • Ram Sharan Sharma
  • Bibhutibhushan Mukhopadhyay
  • Balmiki Prasad Singh
  • Vidyapati
  • Manoj Bhawuk
  • Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’
  • Ramvriksh Benipuri
  • Devaki Nandan Khatri
  • Indradeep Sinha
  • Ram Karan Sharma
  • Satyapal Chandra
  • Mahamahopadhyaya Pandit Ram Avatar Sharma
  • Nalin Vilochan Sharma
  • Ganganath Jha
  • R. K. Sinha
  • Ramjee Singh
  • Tabish Khair
  • Acharya Ramlochan Saran
  • Gopal Singh Nepali
  • Ramesh Chandra Jha
  • Binod Bihari Verma
  • Acharya Rameshwar Jha
  • Nagarjun
  • Acharya Shivpujan Sahay
  • Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh
  • Amitava Kumar
  • Hetukar Jha
  • Phanishwar Nath Renu
  • Ravindra Prabhat
  • Gajendra Thakur
  • Kapil Muni Tiwary
  • Shiv Khera
  • Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’
  • Ramesh Chandra Jha
  • Sahajanand Saraswati
  • Gopal Singh Nepali
  • Kalanath Mishra
  • Nawal Kishore Dhawal
  • Vidyapati
  • Manoj Bhawuk
  • Saurabh Tiwary
  • Saba Karim
  • Kirti Azad
  • Subroto Banerjee
  • Shivnath Singh
  • Zafar Iqbal
  • Rashmi Kumari
  • Rajesh Chauhan
  • Kavita Roy
Padma Bhushan
  • Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’
  • Acharya Shivpujan Sahay
  • Bindeshwar Pathak
Padma Shri
  • Seyed Ehtesham Hasnain
  • Mohan Mishra
  • Narendra Kumar Pandey
  • Janki Ballabh Shastri
  • Sharda Sinha
  • Chandreshwar Prasad Thakur

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