[Updated] Bihar GK & GS 2021: SSC, State level GK Questions in PDF & More!

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Bihar GK

You can read and download the latest Bihar GK 2021 Questions and answers asked in popular state-level service commissions of Bihar. Now you don’t have to waste your money on costly Bihar General Knowledge Books (Bihar GK Books), the article is alone capable of answering all the questions asked in various State-level Government Jobs in Bihar. 

[PAGE INDEX]
1. History
2. Geography structure
3. Administrative Structure
4. Division
5. Languages
6. Religion
7. Dams
8. Rivers
9. Hills and Mountains Ranges
10. National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
11. Famous Temples/Monasteries
12. Arts & Culture

13. Music
14. The Economy
15. Airports
16. Stadium
17. Education
18. Heritage Sites
19. Famous Personalities

Updated Bihar GK Questions and Current affairs

History

Bihar region has many  Archaeological records from the Neolithic age. Regions of Bihar such as Mithila, Magadha, and Anga are mentioned in religious texts of ancient India. Bihar (Magadha) was ruled by two kings from Haryanka dynasty were Bhimbisara and his son Ajatashatru from the city of Rajgirah (Rajgir). The Mauryan emperor Ashoka was born in Pataliputra (Patna), one of the largest ruler in the world’s history. Bihar is also known as the abode of Buddhism. Below table will increase more in Bihar History GK. continue reading

S.NoDescriptionAnswer
1.Statehood26 January 1950
2.Capital Formation22 March 1912
3.Largest cityPatna
4.Also Known AsMagadha
5.Ruled ByMaurya Empire, Haryanka Dynasty, Bhimbisara, Ajatashatru.
6.Major Historical EventsBirth of Ashoka in Pataliputra (304 BCE) Hindu Muslim Religious violence (1947-1949) Bakhtiyar Khiljis army destroyed the Buddhist Universities (1200) Nalanda and Vikramshila Farmers in Champaran had revolted against indigo cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and 1916 (Turkaulia)

Geography structure

In Bihar change the climate from time to time. In Bihar, general the temperature is subtropical and Rain precipitates about 1200mm (47 inches). Bihar covers an area of 94,163 square kilometres. According to the census, Bihar is the 12th largest state in India with a total population of 104,099,452. The average temperature of Bihar is 27 °C. Bihar average height above sea level is 173 feet (53 m). Below in this table, we have described all the essential Structural and physiographical divisions of Bihar.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1Total Area 94,163 km² (36,357 sq mi)
2Rank of the stateArea rank:- 12th
Population Rank:- 3rd
4Parliamentary Constituency40 Seats
5Population104,099,452
6Urban11,763,238
7Rural92,336,214
13Population Density1,102/km² (2,850/sq mi)
14State Bounded ByNepal from North. West Bengal From Northeast. Uttar Pradesh From West. Jharkhand From Southeastern
15Soil & MineralsGangetic Alluvial Piedmont Swamp soil Clay Soil, Sandy Soil, Loamy Soil
16Major CropsRice, Wheat, Sugarcane Mango, Guava, Pineapple, Litchi Brinjal, Lady Finger, Cauliflower, Cabbage
17Forest Area7,299 sq. km.
18Climate Subtropical
 Major  FloraSal Kendu Salai Asan Arjun Paisar Mahua Bahera
22Major FaunaSusu (Gangetic Dolphin) Tiger

Administrative Structure

The state is divided into 9 divisions, 38 districts, 534 Blocks, 49 Nagar Parishads, 80 Nagar Panchayats and 12 Municipal corporations. Bihar was a part of the British East India Company before 1905. Bihar was a part of West Bengal but when again East Bengal and West Bengal reunited People of Orrisa and Bihar demanded a separate Provision based on Language. in 1936 Orrisa and Bihar Province divided into two provinces.

Bihar has a High Court which has been functioning since 3 February 1916. All the branches of the government are located in the Patna. Happy reading

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.CapitalPatna
2.Administrative HQPatna
3.Chief MinistersNitish Kumar
4.GovernorPhagu Chauhan
6.State AnimalGaur
7.State BirdHouse Sparrow
8.State FlowerBauhinia Variegata
9.State TreeSacred Fig
10.No. of District38
11.Loksabha Seats40
12.Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)75 Members(63 Elected + 12 Nominated)
13.Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)244 Seats(243 Elected + 1 Nominated)
14Total Division9 Division
15Number of Sub-Division101 Sub-Division
16Number of Blocks534 Block
17Total number of villages45,103 Villages
18.Major Railway StationBakhtiyarpur Junction Railway Station Banka Junction Railway Station Barauni Junction Railway Station Barsoi Junction Railway Station Bhagalpur Junction Railway Station Bihar Sharif Junction Railway Station Bharatpur Junction Railway Station
19.Official LanguageHindi
20.Time ZoneIST (UTC +5:30)
21.Postal CodeDifferent according to Area
22.Vehicle CodeBR
23.JudiciaryBihar High Court
24.SealBihar Logo

Division

Bihar is divided into 9 Division, which is as follows:

DivisionDistricts
PatnaPatna, Nalanda, Bhojpur, Rohtas, Buxar and Kaimur.
TirhutWest Champaran, East Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, Sheohar and Vaishali.
SaranSaran, Siwan and Gopalganj.
DarbhangaDarbhanga, Madhubani and Samastipur.
KosiSaharsa, Madhepura and Supaul.
PurniaPurnia, Katihar, Araria and Kishanganj.
BhagalpurBhagalpur and Banka
MungerMunger, Jamui, Khagaria, Lakhisarai, Begusarai and Sheikhpura.
MagadhGaya, Nawada, Aurangabad, Jehanabad and Arwal

Languages

There are major languages were found in Bihar those are as follows.

LanguagesPercentage
Hindi25.54%
Maithili12.55%
Urdu8.42%
Bengali0.78%
Surjapuri1.78%
Bhojpuri24.86%
Magadhi10.87%
Other15.20%

Religion

As per the government data the maximum people who are Hindus at 82.69% and 17.31% other religion.

ReligionPercentage
Hinduism82.69%
Islam16.87%
Christianity0.12%
Other Religions0.31%

Dams

Some of the major dams in Bihar are as follows –

DamsRiverLength Height LocationOpen
Nagi DamNagi River1884m113.5mJamui1958
Kohira damsKohira River262.87 m18.4 mRohtas district1962
Upper Kiul damKiul River3673m30.48mJamui2004
Job DamGanga1616m18.9mNawada1977
Durgawati DamDurgavati River1615.4m46.3mDurgawati(Under Const.)
Chandan DamChandan River1555m40.4mBanka1968
Nakti DamGanga990.85m23.61mJamui1980
Orhni DamGanga686m23.774mBanka2000
Jalkund DamGanga631m15.99mMunger1968

Rivers

Source: Down to Earth

The river has popularly 14 rivers in which the Ganges is the longest river in Bihar.

RiversOriginates FromTotal LengthCity
Ajay Riversouthwest of Deoghar288 km (179 mi)Munger, Jamtara, Katwa
BagmatiKathmandu Valley597 KmKathmandu, Patan
Budhi GandakChautarwa Chaur near Bisambharpur320 kmWest Champaran district
GandakNhubine Himal Glacier639 km Valmikinagar, Triveni, Nepal, Hajipur, Sonpur, Bagaha
GangesGangotri Glacier,Garhwal division2,525 km Buxar, Patna, Bhagalpur,
Ghaghra Tibetan Plateau near
Lake Manasarovar.
1,080KmSaran district
PhalguGaya27 kilometresgaya district
Gandaki RiverAndha Galchi630 kmValmiki Nagar, Triveni, Hajipur, Sonpur, Bagaha
KamalaChuria Range near Maithan328 kmBadlaghat, Khagaria district, Jhanjharpur (Madhubani),
Karmanasha Kaimur district192 kmSarodag, Kaimur district
Koshi Rivernorthern slopes of the Himalayas729 kmSupaul (Bhaptiyahi), Purnia, Katihar
Son River Amarkantak in Anuppur district784 km Dehri, Patna, Daudnagar
Mahananda RiverHimalayas360 kmPatna
Punpun Chota Nagpur Plateau,200 km Chatra, Aurangabad, Gaya and Patna

Hills and Mountains Ranges

The highest hill in Bihar is Rajgir hills in height and apart from its height, it is beautiful as well.

Hills/MountainsPlace
Rajgir hillsRajgir city
Barabar hillsJehanabad District
Bateshwar hillsBhagalpur district
Kaimur Rangearound Sasaram in Rohtas district
Brahmayoni hillsGaya
Pretshila hillsGaya
Ramshila hillsGaya

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries

A sanctuary is a protected an area which is reserved only for animal and make human away to do activities like harvesting of timber, collecting minor forest products and private ownership rights are allowed as long as they do not interfere with the well-being of animals. Boundaries of sanctuaries are not well defined by the government.
The largest wildlife Sanctuary is Valmiki National Park which has an approx area of 880 sq km.

National Parks / Wildlife SanctuariesLocation
Valmiki National Park Betiah
Rajgir Wildlife SanctuaryRajgir
Kanwar Lake Bird SanctuaryBegusarai district
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin SanctuaryBhagalpur District
Kaimur Wildlife SanctuaryKaimur
Barela Jheel Salim Ali Bird  Wild Life SanctuaryBegusarai district
Nagi Dam  Wild Life SanctuaryJhajha

Famous Temples/Monasteries

Source: Facebook

Bihar is known for its rich culture and tradition. Bihar has many Temple are given the following:

TemplesLocation
Mahabodhi TempleGaya
Baidyanath TempleDeoghar
JalmandirPawapuri
Patna SahibPatna
Vishnupad TempleGaya
 Garib Sthan Mandir,Muzaffarpur
Mangalagowri Temple,Gaya
Mandargiri Temple,Banka
Janki Mandir,Sitamarhi
Maa Patan Devi Temple,Patna

Arts & Culture

Caption: India.com

The official language of  Bihar is Hindi whereas Urdu as second official language effective in different 15 districts. Bihar is also known for Mithila Painting (style of Indian painting). These paintings are generally made on house walls at the time of Festivals, religious events, and other milestones of the life cycle. Below table adds more info about Bihar GK and GS related to their Art and Culture.

Folk Dance

Jat-JatinIt is a famous dance style in North Bihar like Mithila and Koshi. jat-Jatin dance performed by Man and women. The main headlines of the lyrics are “ Tikwa-jab-jab Maugailion re jatwa – Tikwa kahe na lawle re … 
Jhijhian DanceThis dance form is famous in the Bihar region. Jhijhin dance is performed when all the people waiting for rains, this is the time when the village women pray to Lord Indra for rain. The main words “ Haali-Huli Barshun Inder Devata ” — when it is sung.
Kajari DanceIt is a popular dance in Bihar. Kajari dance is performed during the rainy season. In this dance performed by women and dancing like a peacock with the song of “Bhijat awe Dhaniya Ho Rama …
Sohar Khilauna DanceSohar Khilauna Dance performed during the childbirth.
Holi DanceHoli dance is a famous dance in all India. It is performed during “Pratham Chairtra Mass”.
Jhumeri DanceJhumeri dance celebration during the Season change in Month of Karthik.
Harvesting DanceThis dance is related to agriculture.


Music

  • Indian Classical Music

Major Festival

  • Chatt Puja
  • Sama Chakeva
  • Shravani Mela
  • Makar Sankranti
  • Ptrapaksha Mela
  • Bihula
  • Buddha Jayanti

Cuisine (Famous Food)

Bihari Thali, Khadi Bari, Khichdi, Ghugni, Sattu, Choora, Litthi chokha, Bihari kebab, Chicken Tandoori, Kela Machali, Parauntha, Khaja, Tilkut etc.

Traditional Dress

  • Women: Saree, Petticoat, Salwar Kameez
  • Male: Dhoti Kurta

The Economy

Bihar is the state growing rapidly in terms of GDP (Gross Domestic Production). Bihar has also strong growth in Per capita net state domestic product (NSDP) 12.91 % at the current price. In the financial year, 2014-15 Bihar’s per capita went up by 40.6 %.

These normal questions are mostly asked in different Govt. and Private recruitment examinations of Bihar.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1State GDP₹6.85797 lakh crore (US$96 billion) (2020–21)
2Growth rate10.53% (2018-19)
3Per capita income₹33,629 (US$470) (2018–19)
4GDP per capita rank13th
5Major IndustriesUnited Breweries Group Carlsberg Group Cobra beer Reliance Industries Security and Intelligence Services (SIS)
6Major Imports in PatnaCotton, Iron, Foodgrains, Rice, Wheat, Wool and Dalhan
7Major exportsAgriculture Products Mineral Fuel and Oils Pharmaceuticals
8GDP by sectorsAgriculture 20%
Industry 19%
Services 61% (2018-19)

Airports

As separated from Bihar got many airports which are listed below.

NameLocation
Bihta Air Force StationBihta
Bihta AirportBihta
Darbhanga AirportDarbhanga
Gaya AirportGaya
Jay Prakash Narayan AirportPatna
Munger AirportMunger
Muzaffarpur AirportMuzaffarpur
Purnea AirportPurnea
Raxaul AirportRaxaul

Stadium

Bihar has most popularly Nalanda International Cricket Stadium is the largest capacity holding of 41,000 (approx) peoples.

StadiumSportsCity
Nalanda International Cricket StadiumCricketNalanda
Patliputra Sports Complex multi-purpose stadiumPatliputra
Moin-ul-Haq or Rajendra Nagar Stadiummulti-purpose stadiumPatna
Rajendra StadiumKatiharSiwan, Bihar

Education

Historically, Bihar is the biggest centre of earning as it was home of many ancient Universities like Nalanda, Odantapura, Vikramshila, Chanakya National Law University, Patna University (Seventh oldest university in India). Patna University was established in 1917. Currently, Bihar is having National Institute of Technology (NIT) in Patna, Indian Institute of Technology, National Institute of Fashion Technology in Patna. Bihar’s literacy rate has increased from 21.95% (1961) to 63.82% (2011).

 DescriptionSummary
1.Literacy Rate (2011)63.82%
2.Male73.39%
3.Female53.33%
4.No. of School71,832 approx
5.Affiliation BoardCBSE, ICSE, NIOS, BIHAR BOARD
6.No. of University31 Approx
6.Colleges Medical    AIIMS Patna IGIMS Patna  Government Ayurvedic College in Patna Dental college Engineering Polytechnic colleges Top 10 Private Engg. Colleges

Heritage Sites

Bihar has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. Every year about 24 million (2.40.00,000) of people visit Bihar each year. Bihar is the biggest place to learn and explore as it consists of more than 70 historic monuments of national importance, more than 23 dams are built (Some are under construction). Read the table below for more information about Bihar.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1Major Tourist PlacesMahabodhi Temple Vishnupada Temple Maner Sharif Patliputra Thawe Mandir Rohtas Fort Munger Fort
2Major MonumentsPillars of Ashoka Buddhist Stupa Patalpuri Cave Rock Temple Vikramashila Monastery Tomb of Shamsher Khan Sujata Garh Gopi Cave Lamos Rishi Cave Sudama Cave Ashoka Column Nalanda Bulandibagh Tomb of Hasan Shah Suri Tomb of Sher Shah Suri Mundeswari Devi
3National ParkValmiki National Park
4Bird SanctuaryBarela Jheel Salim Ali Bird Wildlife Sanctuary Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary Kusheshwar Asthan Bird Wildlife Sanctuary Udaipur Wildlife Sanctuary

Famous Personalities

Freedom FightersAnugrah Narayan Sinha(1887 – 1957) Jayaprakash Narayan(1902 -1979) Kunwar Singh(1877 – 1961) Rajendra Prasad(1884 – 1963) Rambriksh Benipuri(1899 – 1968) Yamuna Karjee(1898 – 1953)
BollywoodAjit Pal Mangat, Imtiaz Ali, Sushant Singh Rajput, Roshan Seth, Shatrughan Sinha, Manoj Bajpai, Manoj Bhawuk, Akhilendra Mishra, Abhimanyu Singh, Adhyayan Suman, Luv Sinha, Pankaj Tripathi, Shekhar Suman, Sanjay Mishra (actor), Pooja Sharma, Prachi Sinha, Poonam Sinha, Sonakshi Sinha, Neha Sharma, Sandali Sinha, Shilpa Shukla, Neetu Chandra, Daler Mehndi, Sundar Popo, Sharda Sinha, Manoj Tiwari, Deepali Kishore, Aishwarya Nigam, Parmanand Singh, Mika Singh
JournalistsM. J. Akbar, Anuranjan Jha, Ravish Kumar, Sweta Singh, Manoj Bhawuk, Vikas Kumar Jha, Arvind Narayan Das
WritersSyed Hasan, Abdul Qavi, Desnavi Swami, Sahajanand Saraswati, Ram Sharan Sharma, Bibhutibhushan, Mukhopadhyay Balmiki Prasad Singh Vidyapati Manoj Bhawuk Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ Ramvriksh Benipuri Devaki Nandan Khatri Indradeep Sinha Ram Karan Sharma Satyapal Chandra Mahamahopadhyaya Pandit Ram Avatar Sharma Nalin Vilochan Sharma Ganganath Jha R. K. Sinha Ramjee Singh Tabish Khair Acharya Ramlochan Saran Gopal Singh Nepali Ramesh Chandra Jha Binod Bihari Verma Acharya Rameshwar Jha Nagarjun Acharya Shivpujan Sahay Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh Amitava Kumar Hetukar Jha Phanishwar Nath Renu Ravindra Prabhat Gajendra Thakur Kapil Muni Tiwary Shiv Khera
PoetsRamdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ Ramesh Chandra Jha Sahajanand Saraswati Gopal Singh Nepali Kalanath Mishra Nawal Kishore Dhawal Vidyapati Manoj Bhawuk
SportsSaurabh Tiwary Saba Karim Kirti Azad Subroto Banerjee Shivnath Singh Zafar Iqbal Rashmi Kumari Rajesh Chauhan Kavita Roy
Padma BhushanRashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ Acharya Shivpujan Sahay Bindeshwar Pathak
Padma ShriSeyed Ehtesham Hasnain Mohan Mishra Narendra Kumar Pandey Janki Ballabh Shastri Sharda Sinha Chandreshwar Prasad Thakur

State-wise GK & GS

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Union Territory GK & GS

ChandigarhClick Here
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Andaman Nicobar IslandClick Here
LakshadweepClick Here
DelhiClick Here
PuducherryClick Here

Top Colleges in Bihar

Engineering CollegesClick Here
Medical Colleges Click Here
Sidha Colleges Click Here
Architecture colleges Click Here
Homoeopathy colleges Click Here
Veterinary collegesClick Here
Dental CollegesClick Here
Neuropathy and yoga science collegesClick Here
Nursing collegesClick Here
Unani colleges Click Here
Ayurveda collegesClick Here
Physiotherapy Colleges Click Here
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Law Colleges Click Here
B.ED CollegesClick Here
Hotel Management CollegesClick Here
Fashion Colleges Click Here

Bihar GK Important Questions

Q. Which day is celebrated as the Bihar Diwas?

A. 22 March

Q. In which year, Bihar was Carved out from the state of Bengal Presidency?

A. 1912

Q. Who is the current Chief Minister of Bihar?

A. Nitish Kumar

Q. Total number of Districts in Bihar?

A. 38

Q. Who is the first Chief Minister of Bihar?

A. Krishna Singh

Q. What is the state flower of Bihar?

A. Marigold

Q. Total number of Parliamentary Constituency in Bihar?

A. 40

Q. In which year Nalanda university was re-established?

A. 2014

Q. Which is the areawise largest districts in Bihar?

A. West Champaran

Q. Apart from hindi and urdu, which is the official language of Bihar?

A. Maithili

Q. The Barabar Caves are located in which state?

A. Gaya Districts

Q. When the Patna University was established?

A. 1917

Q. Operation Ujala was started in which district?

A. Muzaffarpur

Q. In which district was the Operation Black Panther launched to end crime in Bihar?

A. Western Champaran

Q. Number of Universities in Bihar?

A. 21

Q. Which is the least populous district in Bihar?

A. Sekhpura

Q. Which district has the lowest sex ratio in Bihar?

A. Munger

Q. Which is the most literate district in Bihar?

A. Rohtas

Q. Which is the rainiest district in Bihar?

A. Kishanganj

Q. What does the word Bihar originally mean?

A. Bodhmath

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