Chandigarh GK 2019 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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Chandigarh Gk
Source: eodb.chd.gov.in

In Every Competitive Exam, some questions were asked from Static Gk. Here, we provide you with all the Chandigarh state GK in PDF. This will help you to score good marks in General Awareness Section. This article shows detailed information about Chandigarh GK 2019 Questions and Current affairs. Aspirants who are applying for SSC and state-level jobs in Chandigarh must have a look at Chandigarh GK Questions and Current Affairs facts in this article.

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Chandigarh GK Questions and Current affairs


History

Chandigarh was the dream city of India’s first prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The city was designed by Albert Mayer in 1949. About 8000 Years ago, Chandigarh was also known to be home to the Harappans.

S.No Description Answer
1. Formation of Union Territory 1 November 1966
2. Also Known As The City Beautiful
3. Major Historical Events Separation of Chandigarh in 1949

Geographical Structure

Chandigarh covers an area of 114 square kilometres. It is located near the foothills of Shivalik ranges of the Himalayas (Northwest India). Its border touching states are Haryana and Punjab.

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 114 km2 (44 sq mi)
2. Population 1,055,450
3.  Rank Area wise:- 34th

Population wise:- 51st (Metro), 48th (City)

4. Population Density 9,262/km2 (23,988/sq mi)
5. Bounded By
  • Haryana
  • Punjab
6. Soil & Minerals
  • Clayey Silt Soil (Top layer)
  • Sandy silt (Depths)
7. Major Crops
  • Wheat
  • Rice
  • Maize
  • Cotton
  • Sugarcane
  • Pearl Millet
8. Forest Area 42 sq. km. (35.7 %)
9. Climate  Humid subtropical climate
10. River
  • Ghaggar
11. Dam  NA
12. Major  Flora
  • Neem
  • Shisham
  • Dhak
  • Semal
  • Kikar
  • Kachnar
13. Major Fauna
  • chittal
  • Wild Beer
  • Jackal
  • Small Indian Civet
  • Jungle Cat
  • Mongoose
  • Hanuman Langur
  • Indian Hare

Administrative Structure

Chandigarh is a Union Territory and city in India which serves as the capital to neighbour states Haryana and Punjab. this city is bordered by Punjab (north, west and south), Haryana (East) is considered to be Greater Chandigarh which includes Chandigarh and Panchkula (Haryana). Chandigarh was formed as Union Territory on 1 November 1966

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Itself capital of Punjab & Haryana
2. Administrative HQ Chandigarh Administration
3. Administrator V.P. Singh Badnore
4. Mayor Rajesh Kumar Kalia
5. Animal Indian grey mangoose
6.  Bird Indian Grey Hornbill
7. Flower Butea monosperma
8. Tree Mangifera indica
9. Nickname The City Beautiful
10. Loksabha Seats 01
11. Vidhan Sabha Seats
12. Major Airport
  • Chandigarh Airport
13. Major Railway Station
  • Chandigarh Junction railway station
14. Official Language English
15. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
16. Postal Code Differ acc. to location
17. Vehicle Code CH 01
18. Judiciary Chandigarh District Court
19. Crime rate based Rank 21st
20. Seal

Seal of Chandigarh
Seal of  Chandigarh

Arts & Culture

As Chandigarh is the capital of two different states Punjab and Haryana. Most of the Chandigarh population is Punjabi. Peoples of Chandigarh are very fun-loving and joyful, they mostly peasant doing agriculture. Other two major communities of this Union Territory is Khatris and Aroras. The list below shows major questions related as Chandigarh GK questions.

S.No Description Summary
1. Folk Dance
  • Bhangra
  • Giddha
2.  Major Festival
  • Baisakhi
  • Lohri
  • Holla Mohalla
  • Rose Festival
  • Bhaiya Dooj
  • Dusshera
  • Diwali
  • Karwa Chauth
  • Raksha Bandhan
3. Cuisine (Famous Food) Makki di Roti, Sarson ka Saag, Dal Makhni, Kadhi, Punjabi Chhole, Palak Paneer, Stuffed Vegetable Punjabi Parantha, Baingan da Bartha

Butter Chicken, Punjabi Lachha Paratha, Chicken Tikkas, Amritsari Fish.

4. Traditional Dress Women: Kurta Salwar, Patiala Suits
Male: Kurta Pajama, Dhoti Kurta, Chandra, Pagri

 Economy

Chandigarh is rated as one of the Wealthiest Towns on India. with a per capita income of Rs99,262, Chandigarh is one of the richest city in India. it is ranked 4th for emerging outsourcing and IT services. Chandigarh Administration, Punjab government, Haryana government are having their base in Chandigarh, which implies Government is a major Employer

S.No Description Summary
1. GDP ₹31,823 crore
2. Growth rate 8.3%
3. Per capita income 67,370 (US$917.31)
4. GDP per capita rank    26th
5. Major Industries
  • Bars
  • rods of steel & hot rolled products
  • Auto Parts
  • Electronic
  • Metal and Metal Alloy Industries
  • Paper Products
6. Major Imports  N/A
7. Major exports
  • Engineering Goods
  • Automobiles
  • Handloom Products
  • Carpets and Basmati

Education

Chandigarh has a world-class school education System. Institutes with national importance are located in Chandigarh. Many educational institutes in Chandigarh are offering quality education in Medical, Engineering, management, Commerce, Science, arts and other relevant areas of study.

Schools in Chandigarh are affiliated and follows the State curriculum, National Curriculum (CBSE and ICSE) and International Curriculum (IGCSE or IB)

S.no. Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate 86.77%
2. Male 90.81%
3. Female 81.88%
4. No. of School 165 approx
5. Affiliation Board CBSE, ICSE, IB
6. No. of University 5

Educational Institution

S.No. Category Link
1. Medical Colleges in Chandigarh Click Here
2. Dental Colleges in Chandigarh Click Here
3. BAMS Colleges in Chandigarh Click Here
4. BHMS Colleges in Chandigarh Click Here
5. Siddha Medical Colleges in Chandigarh Click Here
6. AYUSH Colleges Chandigarh Click Here
7. BNYS Colleges in Chandigarh Click Here
8. Veterinary Colleges in Chandigarh Click Here
9. Physiotherapy Colleges in Chandigarh Click Here
10. Law Colleges in Chandigarh Click Here
11. B.Ed Colleges in Chandigarh Click Here
12. Nursing Colleges in Gujarat Click Here

Heritage Sites

Chandigarh Capitol Complex was declared as World Heritage at 40th Session of world Heritage Conference held in Istanbul on July 2016.  Lepakshi Temple is an incredible and stunning piece built here by the Vijayanagara Empire. As per the legends, it was the place where bird Jatayu fell after being bruised by Ravana. It is five-century-old heritage site in Anantapur District. Let’s read about Heritage sites and significant Tourist Attraction in Chandigarh.

S.No Description Summary
1. Major Tourist Places
  • Sukhna Lake
  • Rock Garden
  • Fun City
  • Zakir Hussain Rose Garden
  • Japanese Garden
2. Major Monuments
  • Open Hand Monuments
  • The Capitol Complex
  • Geometric Hill
  • The Tower of Shadows
  • The Museum of Evolution of Life
  • The Martyrs Memorial
3. National Park         NA
4. Bird Sanctuary
  • parrot Bird Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sukhna Lake Wildlife Sanctuary

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