Daman and Diu GK 2019 Notes in PDF: MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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Daman Diu
Daman Diu

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Daman and Diu GK Questions and Current Affairs

Daman and Diu, a relatively young Union Territory (UT) located on the western coast of India next to the Arabian Sea, came into existence on 3o May 1987. While the UT may seem like a speck on the map with it is the second smallest state/UT in India with an area of 112 square kilometres (km2) and the third smallest state/UT in share of overall population of India (0.02%) with 0.24 million people in 2011 (Census 2011), the cultural mosaic and economic structure of Daman and Diu is unique

History

Goa, Daman and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on December 19, 1961, by military conquest. Portugal did not recognise the Indian annexation of these territories until the carnation revolution of 1974. Over the 400+ years, the coastal enclaves of Daman and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Below table will tell more about GK of Daman and Diu and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 30th May 1987
2. Capital Formation 30th May 1987
3. Largest city Daman
4. Also Known as Daman and Diu
5. Ruled By Portuguese
6. Major Historical Events The Portuguese Diogo de Melo reached at the spot by chance in 1523 when heading towards Ormuz. He was caught in a violent storm and had his boat blown towards the coast of Daman. Soon after, it was settled as a Portuguese colony which lasted for over 400 years. A larger fort was built in Motidaman in the 16th century to guard against the Mughals who ruled the area until the Portuguese arrived.

Fort

S.No Fort Name
1. Fort of Nani Daman
2. Fort of Moti Daman
3. Portuguese Fort

Geographical Structure

Daman and Diu, the union territory of India, comprising two widely separated districts on the country’s western coast. Daman is an enclave on the state of Gujarat’s southern coast, situated 100 miles (160 km) north of Mumbai (Bombay). Diu encompasses an island off the southern coast of Gujarat’s the Kathiawar Peninsula, 40 miles (64 km) southeast of Veraval, as well as a small area on the mainland. The town of Daman, in the Daman district, is the capital of the territory. Area 43 square miles (112 square km). Pop. (2011) 242,911.

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 112 km² (43 sq mi)
2. Population 242,911
3. The rank of the state Area rank:- 35th

Population Rank:- 6th (among union territories)

4. Population Density 2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
5. State Bounded By Gujarat
6. Soil & Minerals  Red Soil
7. Major Crops
  • Ragi
  • groundnut
  • paddy
  • pulses
  • beans
  • wheat
8. Forest Area 640 ha, which is 5.72% of the geographic area of the UT, 123 ha lies in Daman and 517 ha in Diu
9. Climate The climate of Daman & Diu is featured low moisture levels. The pleasant breezes from the Arabian Sea flow to bring down the normal temperature of Daman &Diu. There is not much difference between winters and summers. The standard rainfall recorded in Daman &Diu is 1687 mm.
10. Rivers
  • Daman Ganga River
  • Wagh River
11. Major Dam
  • Nil
12. Major Flora
  • Not declared yet
13. Major Fauna
  • Not declared yet

Rivers

S.No River Name
1. Bhagwan
2. Damanganga River
3. Kolak
4. Kalai
5. Chasi

Dams

S.No. Dam Name Location
1. Daman Ganga Dam Daman

Lakes

S.No Lake Name
1. SATYA SAGAR UDYAN

Administrative Structure

Daman and Diu is a union territory in Western India. With an area of 112 km2, it is the smallest federal division of India on the mainland. According to the Government of India, Daman & Diu has an Administrator not a head of state/government or a governor.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Daman
2. Administrative HQ Daman
3. Hon’ble Administrator Shri Praful Patel
4. Advisor to Hon’ble Administrator S. S. Yadav, IAS
6. State Animal NA
7. State Bird NA
8. State Flower NA
9. State Tree NA
10. No. of District 2
11. Loksabha Seats 1
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) Nill
13. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 1 (Lalubhai Patel)
14. Railway Stations
  • NA
15. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
16. Postal Code Different according to area
17. Vehicle Code DD
18. Judiciary Bombay High Court
19. Seal

Daman and Diu Seal
Daman and Diu Seal
20. Flag

Daman & Diu Flag
Daman & Diu Flag

Airports

S.No. Airports City
1. Daman Airport Daman
2. Diu Airport Diu

Languages

S.No. Name Percentage
1. Gujarati 50.83%
2. Hindi 36.31%
3. Marathi 4.53%
4. Bengali 2.15%
5. Odia 1.82%
6. Nepali 0.58%
7. Malayalam 0.51%
8. Assamese 0.49%
9. Others 2.78%

Religions

S.No. Name Percentage
1. Hinduism 90.50%
2. Islam 7.92%
3. Christianity 1.16%
4. Others 0.41%

Arts & Culture

The Culture of Daman and Diu is extraordinary as it remained Portuguese Territory for more than 450 years. The culture of Daman and Diu is very interesting as it combines the Eastern and Western styles. Daman and Diu are very famous for Daman and Diu Carnival and Christmas-New year, its celebration attracts the major number of Tourists.

S.No Description Summary
1. Folk Dance
  • Mando Dance,
  • Verdigao Dance and Vira Dance
2. Music
  • Not declared yet
3. Major Festival
  • Holi
  • Diwali
  • Mahashivratri
  • Eid-ul-Fitr
  • Garba
4. Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Lobster
  • fish
  • crabs
5. Traditional Dress
  • Kurta-pyjama or dhoti kurta

Temples

S.No Temple Name
1. Gangeshwar Temple

Economy

Between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries, Diu was well known for its port and had naval bases located there. Both Daman and Diu were known for their docks and shipbuilding yards. They were noted for their weaving and dyeing before the Portuguese period. And afterwards, they used to export Gujarati-made cotton fabrics to Mozambique in East Africa. Further, they imported opium from China and exported it to Karachi.

S.No Description Summary
1. Major Industries
  • The industry sector comprises four sub-sectors, namely, mining & quarrying, manufacturing, construction and electricity, gas & water supply.
2. Major exports
  • Milk
  • Eggs
  • Meat
  • Wool, Hair and Bristles
  • Dung
  • Silk Worm Cocoons and Honey

Stadium

S.No. Stadium Name Location
1. Diu Cricket Stadium Diu
2. Bandodkar Stadium Daman and Diu
3. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Stadium Daman and Diu

Hydro Power Plants

S.No. Hydro Power Plants Location
1. Damanganga Hydroelectric Project Bharuch

Education

Daman and Diu state as the Indias earliest educational institutions built by the support of Europeans. Medical education in Daman and Diu has begun in 1801 at Royal and Military Hospital in the old city of Daman and Diu. Daman and Diu have Asia’s oldest medical college as Daman and Diu Medical College (Since 1845). Daman and Diu NIT (National Institute of Technology) and IIT (Indian Institute of Technology). All schools in Daman and Diu comes under the Daman and Diu Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Syllabus is Prescribed by the State Education Department.

S.No. Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011) 87%
2. Male 91.5%
3. Female 79.5%
4. No. of School NA
5. Affiliation Board CBSE
6. No. of University 1
7. Colleges in Daman and Diu NA

Educational Institution

S.No. Category Link
1. Medical Colleges in Daman and Diu Click Here
2. Dental Colleges in Daman and Diu Click Here
3. BAMS Colleges in Daman and Diu Click Here
4. BHMS Colleges in Daman and Diu Click Here
5. Siddha Medical Colleges in Daman and Diu Click Here
6. AYUSH Colleges Daman and Diu Click Here
7. BNYS Colleges in Daman and Diu Click Here
8. Veterinary Colleges in Daman and Diu Click Here
9. Physiotherapy Colleges in Daman and Diu Click Here
10. Law Colleges in Daman and Diu Click Here
11. B.Ed Colleges in Daman and Diu Click Here
12. Nursing Colleges in Daman and Diu Click Here

 

The ASER data shows that 77.8 per cent of sampled children in rural areas were enrolled in government schools in 2014 and 21.5 per cent in private schools. In 2008, the corresponding figures were 70.53 per cent and 27.04 per cent.

Heritage Sites

Daman and Diu have a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. It has two World Heritage Sites: the Bom Jesus Basilica and churches and convents of Old Daman and Diu. Every year many tourists visit Daman and Diu.

S.No Description Summary
1. Major Tourist Places
  • Fort Jerome
  • Bom Jesus Church
  • Zanoa Gatewa
  • Lighthouse
  • Jampore Beach
  • Devka Beach
  • Gangeshwar Temple
  • Nagoa Beach
2. National Park
  • Deer Park
  • Island Garden Dadra Park
  • Dinosaur Park

Monuments

S.No Monuments
1. Church of our Lady of the Rosary
2. Church of Our Lady of the Sea
3. Dominican Monastery
4. Dominican Monastery
5. Jain Temple
6. Naida Caves

Forests

S.No. Forests Name Nearest City
1. Sasangir WS Daman

Wild Life Sanctuary

S.No. Wild Life Sanctuary Location
1. Fudam Bird Sanctuary Daman and Diu

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