Himachal Pradesh GK 2019 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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Himachal Pradesh GK Questions and Current Affairs

History

History of Himachal Pradesh
History of Himachal Pradesh

The Major history event in Himachal Pradesh state was the Attack on Mahmud Ghazni in 1009 AD, who had looted the wealth from the temples in North India. In the year 1043 AD the Rajputs ruled over the territory. Let us check out the major Historical events of Himachal Pradesh. 

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded in 1948
2. Became a Union Territory on 1 November 1956
3. Also Known As Devbhumi
4. Ruled By Rajput, Sansar Chand, Maharaja Ranjit Singh
5. Major Historical Events The Himachal Pradesh region is also witnessed of the invasion of Mahmud Ghazni in 1009 AD

Museums

S.No Name City
1. Library of Tibetan Works and Archives Dharamsala
2. Shivalik Fossil Park Saketi

Geographical Structure

Himachal Pradesh state is situated in the western Himalayas. It is a mountainous state. The drainage system is mostly comprised of rivers and glaciers. Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical Structure Himachal Pradesh you must know if you want to clear HPSSC and HPTET or any state-level government jobs.

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi)
2. Population 6,864,602
3. The rank of the state Area wise:- 18th
Population wise:- 21st
4. Population Density 123/km2 (320/sq mi)
5. State Bounded By
  • Jammu & Kashmir on North
  • Punjab on the west
  • Haryana on the south-west
  • Uttrakhand on the southeast
6. Soil & Major Mineral  Black soil
Laterite soilMinerals

  • Lead
  • Zinc
  • Gold(in Anantpur district)
  • Mica
7. Major Crops
  • Wheat
  • Rice
  • Maize
  • Barley
8. Forest Area 14696km2
9. Climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical to cold
10. Major Flora
  • pine
  • Himalayan
  • oak
  • Apple
11. Major Fauna
  • Tibetan antelope
  • black and brown bears
  • musk deer

Mountain Peaks

Mountains in Himachal Pradesh
Mountains in Himachal Pradesh
Name of the peak Altitude (meters) Location
Shilla 7,025 kinnaur
Reo Purgyil 6,816 Kinnaur
Gya 6,794 Lahaul and Spiti
Leo Pargial / Reo Purgyil North Peak 6,791 Kinnaur
Ninjeri 6,646 Kinnaur
Undung Kangri 6,642 Lahaul and Spiti
Parvati Parvat 6,632 Lahaul and Spiti, Kullu
Manirang 6,597 Kinnaur, Lahaul and Spiti
Granite Peak 6,585 Kinnaur
Rangrik Rang 6,553 Kinnaur
Kullu Pumori 6,553 Lahaul and Spiti
Mulkila 6,520 Lahaul and Spiti
Jorkanden 6,473 Kinnaur
Menthosa 6,443 Chamba
Papsura 6,440 Kullu, Lahaul and Spiti
Dharamsura 6,420 Kullu, Lahaul and Spiti
Gyagar 6,400 Lahaul and Spiti
Dibibokri Pyramid 6,400 Kullu
Gyephang 6,400 Lahaul and Spiti
Phawarang 6,350 Kinnaur
Kangla Tarbo 1 6,315 Lahaul and Spiti
Chau Chau Kang Nilda 6,303 Lahaul and Spiti
Baihali Jot 6,295 Lahaul and Spiti, Chamba
Gang Chua 6,288 Kinnaur
Shigrila 6,230 Lahaul and Spiti
Indrasan 6,220 Kullu
Shikar Beh 6,200 Lahaul and Spiti, Kangra
Ramabang 6,135 Lahaul and Spiti
Mount Yunum (mountain) 6,111
Mukar Beh 6,070 Lahaul and Spiti, Kangra
Gepang Goh 6,050 Lahaul and Spiti
Shipki 6,068 Kinnaur
Kinnaur Kailash 6,050 Kinnaur
Sanakdeik Jot 6,045 Chamba, Lahaul and Spiti
Deo Tibba 6,001 Kullu
Solang 5,975 Kullu
Pir Panjal 5,972 Chamba
Maiwa Kandinu 5,944 Kullu
Hanuman Tibba 5,860 Kullu/Kangra
Bara Kanda 5,860 Chamba
Pishu 5,672 Kinnaur, Shimla
Manimahesh Kailash 5,660 Chamba
Saltu Da Par 5,650 Lahaul and Spiti
Gushu 5,607 Kinnaur, Shimla
Raldang 5,499 Kinnaur
Shitindhar 5,290 Kullu
Srikhand Mahadev 5,182 Kullu
Thamsar 5,080 Chamba
Lachalunga 5,060 Lahaul and Spiti
Murangla 5,060 Lahaul and Spiti
Shringla 4,999 Lahaul and Spiti
Inder Kila 4,940 Kullu
Pin Parbati 4,800 Kullu
Ghoralantinu 4,760 Kullu/Kangra
Chanshal Peak 4,520 Shimla
Patalsu 4,470 Kullu
Gauri Devi Ka Tibba 4,030 Chamba
Nagru 4,020 Mandi
Hargaran 3,850 Lahaul and Spiti
Narshing Tibba 3,730 Chamba
Choordhar 3,647 Shimla/Sirmaur
Shacha 3,540 Kullu
Hatu Peak 3,400 Shimla
Shikari Devi 3,359 Mandi
Cholang 3,270 Kangra
Kuppar Peak 3,250 Shimla
Kamlodi Top 3,100 Shimla
Kamrunag 3,065 Mandi
Billing Top 3,050 Kangra
Derthu Top 3,020 Shimla
Devidarh 2,872 Mandi
Shali Tibba 2,870 Shimla
Nag Tikkar 2,780 Shimla
Prashar 2,730 Mandi
Winch Camp 2,700 Mandi

Passes

Passes in Himachal Pradesh
Passes in Himachal Pradesh
S.No. Name  Connects
1. Rohtang Pass Manali and Lahul
2. Shipki La Shimla with Tibet

Hill Stations

Hill Stations in Himachal Pradesh
Hill Stations in Himachal Pradesh
S.No. Name Located in
1. Manali Kullu Valley
2. Dalhousie Dhauladhar range

Rivers

Rivers in Himachal Pradesh
Rivers in Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh has the privilege of snow-fed perennial rivers and streams
flowing in almost all parts of the Pradesh.

In east

  • Yamuna
  • Tons
  • Pabbar
  • Giri

In West

  • Satluj
  • Beas
  • Ravi
  • Chenab

Lakes

Lakes in Himachal Pradesh
Lakes in Himachal Pradesh
  • Brighu Lake
  • Dashair and Dhankar Lake
  • Kareri and Kumarwah lake
  • Khajjiar Lake
  • Macchial Lake
  • Manimahesh Lake
  • Nako Lake
  • Pandoh Lake
  • Prashar Lake
  • Renuka Lake
  • Rewalsar Lake
  • Seruvalsar and Manimahesh Lake

National Parks

National Parks in Himachal Pradesh
National Parks in Himachal Pradesh
S.No. Name Area
1. Inderkilla National Park 104 Km2
2. Great Himalayan National Park 754.40 Km2
3. Khirganga National Park 710 Km2
4. Pin Valley National Park 807.36 Km2
5. Simbalbara National Park 27.88 Km2

Dams

Dams in Himachal Pradesh
Dams in Himachal Pradesh
S.No. Name River
1. Pandoh  Beas
2. Bhakra Nangal
Sutlej
3. Nathpa Jhakri Dam  Sutlej
4. Chamera Dam  Ravi
5. Pong Dam  Beas

Water Falls

S.No. Name District Height
1. Palani Falls Kullu 150 metres (490 ft)
2. Bundla Falls Kangra 100 metres (330 ft)

Administrative Structure

The state Himachal Pradesh has 3 Divisions and each division is under the administrative control of Divisional Commissioner. It has 12 Districts each under the administrative control of a District Collector. Below in table, we have served you with the latest Administrative Structure of Himachal Pradesh. Enjoy Reading.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Shimla (Second capital-Dharamshala)
2. Administrative HQ Dharamshala
3. Chief Ministers Jai Ram Thakur
4. Governor Kalraj Mishra
5. State Animal Snow leopard
6. State Bird Western Tragopan
7. State Flower Rhododendron campanulatum
8. State Tree Deodar Cedar
9. Rajaya Sabha Seats 03
10. Loksabha Seats 04
11. Divisions 03
12. No. of District 12
13. Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30)
14. Postal Code 171003 to 172025
15. Vehicle Code  HP- XX
16. Judiciary Himachal Pradesh High court

Railway Station

Railway in Himachal Pradesh
Railway in Himachal Pradesh
  • Kalka-Shimla Railway (UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN INDIA)
  • Pathankot-Jogindernagar line

Airports

Airports in Himachal Pradesh
Airports in Himachal Pradesh

There are only three airports in Himachal Pradesh, the following table shows its name and location.

S.No. Name  Location
1. Jubbarhatti Airport Shimla
2. Bhuntar Airport Bhuntar
3. Gaggal Airport Gaggal(Kangra district)

Language

Languages in Himachal Pradesh
Languages in Himachal Pradesh

The most spoken language in Himachal Pradesh is Hindi and other 5 different languages the below table.

S.No. Language Percentage
1. Hindi  85.88%
2. Punjabi  8.96%
3. Nepali   1.30%
4. Kinnauri 1.20%
5. Kashmiri  0.83%
6. Others 1.83%

Religion

Religion in Himachal Pradesh
Religion in Himachal Pradesh
S.No. Religion Percentage
1. Hinduism  95.17%
2. Islam 2.18%
3. Sikhism 1.16%
4. Buddhism 1.15%
5. Christianity 0.18%
6. Jainism 0.03%
7. Other or none 0.2%

Nickname of Citys

S.No. City Name
1. Shimla The Queen of Hills

Arts & Culture

Art & Culture in Himachal Pradesh
Art & Culture in Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh is one of the states which has been untouched by the external cultures because of its tough terrain. Himachal Pradesh is full of glorious art and culture. Let us check out the Complete information about Himachal Pradesh Culture and Tradition which is followed by the people of Himachal Pradesh.

S.No Description Summary
1. Traditional Music
  • Dammama
  • Damanght
  • Gajju
  • Doru
  • Dhaunsa
  • Nagara
  • Dholku
2.  Major Festival
  • Kullu Dussehra
  • Shivratri fair
  • Shoolini Mela
  • Chhari Yatra
3. Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Dham
  • Mittha
  • Sidu
  • Babru
  • Chana Madra
  • Auriya Kaddoo or Kadoo ka Khatta
  • Chha Gosht
4. Traditional Dress Men-kurta,Dhoti, Pahadi topi
Women-Ghagris, choli, suits

Folk Dances

  • Mala (Garland) Dance
  • Demon (Rakshasa) Dance
  • Keekali
  • Bhangara

Festivals

Festiivals of Himachal Pradesh
Festivals of Himachal Pradesh
S.No. Name Location
1. Halda festival Lahaul district
2. Sazo Kinnaur
3. Maghi All over Himachal
4. Himachal Winter Carnival Manali
5. Losar Festival Throughout Himachal
6. Doongri Festival Kullu
7. Maha Shivaratri Throughout Himachal
8. Mandi Shivaratri Fair Mandi
9. Nalwari Fair Bilaspur
10. Baisakh All across Himachal Pradesh
11. Spring Festival Kullu
12. Phulaich Festival  Kinnaur
13. Ladarcha Festival / La Darcha Fair Kaza, Spiti
14. Kullu Dussehra  Kullu
15. International Himalayan Festival Kangra valley
16. Ice Skating Carnival  Dalhousie or Shimla

Tribal Groups

Tribes in Himachal Pradesh
Tribes in Himachal Pradesh
S.No. Name About Festival
1. Gaddis Gaddis belong to the class of the
shepherds and their job is to look
after goats and sheep
Baisakhi /Bishu,
Patroru Sagrand
2. Gujjars semi-nomadic tribes and their main occupation is herding of goats,
sheep and buffaloes.
Celebrate all festivals
of national significance

Stadiums

Stadiums in Himachal Pradesh
Stadiums in Himachal Pradesh
S.No. Name City Sport
1. HPCA Stadium Dharamshala Cricket

Economy

Power Project of Himachal Pradesh
Power Project of Himachal Pradesh

The Economic planning of Himachal Pradesh is started in 1951 with the implementation of the first five-year plan in India. This state ranks among the top states in terms of per capita income. Let us check out the Complete information about Himachal Pradesh Culture and Tradition which is followed by the people of Himachal Pradesh. You can download Himachal Pradesh Static GK in PDF link is given at the end of the article.

S.No Description Summary
1. State GDP 1.25 trillion (US$ 18.67 billion).
2. Growth rate 11.48%
3. Per capita income 147,277
4. Major Industries
  • Textile
  • pharmaceuticals
  • food procurement and processing
  • light engineering
  • Hydropower
5. Major Imports
  • Wheat
  • Rice
  • Maize
  • Barley
6. Major exports
  • Apples
  • Potatoes
7. GDP by sectors Agriculture 13%
Industry 43%
Services 42%

Hydroelectric Power Projects

Sr No. Project Capacity(MW) District River Agency
1. Nathpa Jhakri 1500 Kinnaur Satluj SJVN Ltd.
2. Bhakra Nangal 1325 Bilaspur Satluj BBMB
3. Karcham Wangtoo 1000 Kinnaur Satluj Jaypee Group.
4. Dehar Hydroelectric 990 Mandi Beas BBMB
5. Jangi Thopan 960 Kinnaur Satluj
6. Parbati II 800 Kullu Parbati NHPC
7. Koldam 800 Mandi, Bilaspur Satluj NTPC
8. Chamera – I 540 Chamba Ravi NHPC
9. Parbati III 520 Kullu Parbati NHPC
10. Yamuna Hydroelectric 474 Sirmaur/Dehradun(UK) Yamuna UJVNL
11. Rampur 412 Shimla Satluj SJVNL
12. Seli Hydroelectric 400 Lahul & Spiti Chenab Hindustan Power
13. Pong Dam 1325 Kangra Beas BBMB
14. Chamera – II 300 Chamba Ravi NHPC
15. Jispa 300 Lahul & Spiti Chenab HPPCL
16. YangThang Khab 261 Kinnaur Spiti River HPPCL
17. Kuther 260 Chamba Ravi JSW Energy
18. Chamera – III 231 Chamba Ravi NHPC
19. Allain Duhangan Hydroelectric Project 192 Kullu Allain and Duhang AD Hydro Pvt. Ltd.
20. Baira Siul Project 180 Chamba Baira NHPC
21. Bajoli Holi Project 180 Chamba Ravi GMR
22. Largi Hydroelectric Project 126 Kullu Beas HPSEB
23. Sanjay Vidyut Pariyojna (Bhabha) Project 120 Kinnaur Bhabha HPSEB
24. Shanan Hydroelectric Project 110 Mandi Uhl PSPCL
25. Sorang Hydroelectric Project 100 Kullu Sorang Himachal Sorang Power
26. Uhl III Project 99 Kangra Rana Neri khad Beas Valley Power
27. Malana Project 86 Kullu Malana Malana PCL
28. Keshang Hydroelectric Project 65 Kinnaur Satluj HPPCL
29. Giri Hydroelectric Project 60 Sirmaur Giri HPSEB
30. Bassi Hydroelectric Project 60 Mandi Beas HPSEB
31. Tangnu Romai Hydroelectric Project 44 Shimla Pabbar Tangnu Romai Power

Education

Education in Himachal Pradesh
Education in Himachal Pradesh

After Independence, the literacy rate of Himachal Pradesh has gone up to 83.78% in 2011. The state government has also played a vital role in the education of the state. Himachal Pradesh is ahead from many states in terms of Education. In this table, we have served the latest Condition of Education in Himachal Pradesh.

S.No Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate 83.71%
2.  Male 90.83%
3. Female 76.60%
5. No. of School 12,879 Approx
6. Affiliation Board CBSE,ICSE,Himachal Board
7. No. of University 19
8. No. of colleges 354

Educational Institution

S.No. Category Link
1. Medical Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here
2. Dental Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here
3. BAMS Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here
4. BHMS Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here
5. Siddha Medical Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here
6. AYUSH Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here
7. BNYS Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here
8. Veterinary Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here
9. Physiotherapy Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here
10. Law Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here
11. B.Ed Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here
12. Nursing Colleges in Himachal Pradesh Click Here

Heritage Sites

Himachal Pradesh is famous for its heavenly hill stations. Hill stations are the major popular attraction for tourists from around the world. Tourism is also the main contributor to the Gross State Domestic Product(GSDP).

S.No Description Summary
1. Major Tourist Places  

  • Shimla
  • Manali
  • Kullu
  • Kasol
2. Major Attraction
  • Naina Devi temple
  • Chintpurnu
  • Chamunda Devi Temple

Wild Life Sanctuaries

  • Bandli WLS
  • Chail WLS
  • Chandratal WLS
  • Churdhar WLS
  • Daranghati WLS
  • Dhauladhar WLS
  • Gamgul Siyabehi WLS
  • Kais WLS
  • Kalatop-Khajjiar WLS
  • Kanawar WLS
  • Khokhan WLS
  • Kibber WLS
  • Kugti WLS
  • Lippa Asrang WLS
  • Majathal WLS
  • Manali WLS
  • Nargu WLS
  • Pong Dam Lake WLS
  • Renuka WLS
  • Rupi Bhaba WLS
  • Sainj WLS
  • Sangla Valley (Rakchham Chitkul) WLS
  • Sech Tuan Nala WLS
  • Shikari Devi WLS
  • Shimla Water Catchment WLS
  • Talra WLS
  • Tirthan WLS
  • Tundah WLS

Bird Sanctuaries

S.No. Name Area
1. Himalayan Bird Park
2. Pong Dam Bird Sanctuary 475 km2
3. Gobind Sagar Bird sanctuary Over 10 hectares

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2 COMMENTS

  1. Sir/ Mam, A very good day, : the governor of HP will be Aacharya Devvrat not have written here. He is governor of Punjab

    • Hello,
      We are happy as you are the reader of our article.
      the facts you are presenting is false the updated list of governors in India is as follows:
      State Name Took the office
      Andhra Pradesh Biswabhusan Harichandan 24 July 2019 (8 days)
      Arunachal Pradesh B. D. Mishra 3 Oct 2017(1year,302 days)
      Assam Jagdish Mukhi 10 October 2017(1 year, 295 days)
      Bihar Fagu Chauhan 29 July 2019(3 days)
      Chhattisgarh Anusuiya Uikey 29 July 2019(3 days)
      Goa Mridula Sinha 31 August 2014(4 years, 335 days)
      Gujarat Acharya Dev Vrat 22 July 2019(10 days)
      Haryana Satyadev Narayan Arya 25 August 2018(341 days)
      Himachal Pradesh Kalraj Mishra 23 July 2019(9 days)
      Jammu and Kashmir Satya Pal Malik 23 August 2018(343 days)
      Jharkhand Draupadi Murmu 18 May 2015(4 years, 75 days)
      Karnataka Vajubhai Vala 1 September 2014(4 years, 334 days)
      Kerala P. Sathasivam 5 September 2014(4 years, 330 days)
      Madhya Pradesh Lalji Tandon 29 July 2019(3 days)
      Maharashtra C. Vidyasagar Rao 30 August 2014(4 years, 336 days)
      Manipur Padmanabha Acharya 29 June 2019(33 days)
      Meghalaya Tathagata Roy 25 August 2018(341 days)
      Mizoram Jagdish Mukhi 9 March 2019(145 days)
      Nagaland R. N. Ravi 1 August 2019(0 days)
      Odisha Ganeshi Lal 29 May 2018(1 year, 64 days)
      Punjab V. P. Singh Badnore 22 August 2016 (2 years, 344 days)
      Rajasthan Kalyan Singh 4 September 2014(4 years, 331 days)
      Sikkim Ganga Prasad 26 August 2018(340 days)
      Tamil Nadu Banwarilal Purohit 6 October 2017(1 year, 299 days)
      Telangana E. S. L. Narasimhan 2 June 2014(5 years,60 days)
      Tripura Ramesh Bais 29 July 2019(3 days)
      Uttar Pradesh Anandiben Patel 29 July 2019(3 days)
      Uttarakhand Baby Rani Maurya 26 August 2018(340 days)
      West Bengal Jagdeep Dhankhar 30 July 2019(2 days)

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