J&K GK 2019 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

Hello friends, in this article, I am going to talk about Jammu and Kashmir GK Questions (Jammu and Kashmir State GK IN PDF).  These specially designed J&K general knowledge questions and answers are very useful for JKPSC and other national level examination. This article is all about GK Questions and Current affairs of J&K. Aspirants applying for SSC and state-level jobs in J&K must have a look at J&K GK Question and Current Affairs facts in this article.

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You can read and download the latest Jammu and Kashmir GK Questions and answers asked in JKPSC and also popular state-level service commissions of J&K. Now you don’t have to waste your money on costly J&K General Knowledge Books (J&K GK Books), the article is alone capable of answering all the questions asked in various State-level government Jobs in J&K. 


Jammu and Kashmir GK Questions and Current affairs


History

A part of the State of Jammu and Kashmir, the region is the subject of a dispute among China, India and Pakistan. Western districts of the former princely state known as Azad Kashmir and the northern territories known as Gilgit-Baltistan have been under Pakistani control since 1947. Below is the tabular description of the latest Administrative Structure of Jammu and Kashmir. Enjoy Reading.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded in(Admission in Union) 22 October 1947
2. Also Known As The Kashmir Valley is also called paradise on Earth
3. Ruled By Mugal, Afghans and Sikh, Raja Hari Singh(1895-1961)
4. Major Historical Events Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah sets up the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference to fight for Kashmiri freedom from the Maharaja Hari Singh’s rule, which would eventually become the National Conference in 1939.

Geographical Structure

The Jammu and Kashmir is a state of India, located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges. It has many valleys such as the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Chenab Valley, Punch Valley, Sind Valley and Lidder Valley. Below in this table, we have described all the essential Structural and physiographical divisions of Jammu and Kashmir.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 222,236km(85,806 sq mi)
2 Population 12,541,302
3 Rank of the state Area wise:- 5th

Population wise:- 19th

4 Population Density 56/km2 (150/sq mi)
5 State Bounded By
  • On the east by china
  • South by Himachal Pradesh and Punjab
  • West by the North-West Frontier Province and the Punjab Province of Pakistan
5 Soil & Minerals
  • Brown Forest Soils
  • Decraded of Grey Brown podzolic Soils
  • Red and yellow podzolic soils
  • Mountain Meadow soils
  • Lithosoils
7 Major Crops Jammu Region:- 1. Cereal Crops, 2. Basmati Rice,
3. Rajmah(Pulses), 4. Fodder, 5. Oilseeds

Kashmir Region:- 1. Paddy, 2. Maize, 3. Orchards(Apple, almond, walnut, peach, Cherry etc)

8 Forest Area 20230 sq km (20.23 lakh hectares)
9 Climate In the south around Jammu, the climate is typically monsoonal.
The climate of Ladakh is dry and cold.
10 River
  • Jhelum River
  • Indus River
  • Chenab River
  • Tawi River
  • Ravi River
  • Shyok River
  • suru river
11 Dam
  • Baglihar Dam
  • Dulhasti dam
  • Kishenganga Dam
  • Nimoo Bazgo dam
  • Niu Karewa Storage Yusmarg Dam
  • Pakal Dul Dam
  • Salal Dam
  • Sewa St II Dam
  • Uri-II Dam
12 Major  Flora
  • Androsace sarmentosa
  • Carduus crispus
  • Echinochloa colona
  • Galium mahadivense
13 Major Fauna
  • Himalayan brown bear
  • Kashmir musk deer
  • Tibetan sand fox
  • Kashmir grey langur
  • Snow leopard

Lakes

Lake Location
Dal Lake Srinagar
Gadsar Lake Ganderbal, Kashmir valley
Wular Lake Bandipora district

National Parks, Bird and Wildlife Sanctuary

National Park Location Famous things
Dachigam National Park Srinagar Kashmiri Stag
Salim Ali National Park Srinagar
Kazinag National Park Baramulla district Markhor(Capra falconeri)
Kishtwar High Altitude National Park  Kishtwar district Snow Leopards
City Forest National Park Srinagar 50 species of birds and about 15 mammal species
Hemis National Park Leh District its snow leopards
Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary Srinagar musk deer
Limber Wildlife Sanctuary Baramulla
Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Jammu Leopard, wild boar, rhesus monkey, bharal, grey langur etc

Nickname of Cities

City Special Names
Kashmir City of Rivers/lakes
Siachen Switzerland of India
Kashmir Highest and coldest battlefield in the world
Srinagar City of Temples

Mountains

Mountain Height Remarks Place/near
Karakoram & Kyunlun ranges (k2) 8615 m The second highest peak in the world after Mount Everest.  ‎Ladakh‎
Nanga Parbat Range 8107 m It is also known as “NAKED MOUNTAIN” or “DEO MIR” or “KILLER MOUNTAIN”  Situated in the western Himalayas
Soyamji (volcanic mountain) 1860m These volcanic mountains are the cause of earthquakes in Kashmir. North Machhipura (Handwara)
Pir Panjal Range 1400-4100 m Famous Banihal pass lies in the shape of a tunnel on its peak. Baramula pass and Hajipir pass.
Amarnath Mountain 5372 m its peak resembles the heads of seven big snakes. It is also called Sheshnag. Lidar valley towards Pahalgam
Harmukh 5142 m It is the home of LORD SHIVA. Bandipore
Shiwalik Range 1500 m Shiwalik means “TREES OF SHIVA” and known as “MANAK PARBAT” in ancient time. from the Indus and ends close to the Brahmaputra

Administrative Structure

The State of Jammu and Kashmir is Consist of three divisions Jammu, Kasmir Valley and Ladakh, and it is further divided into 22 districts. Each district under the administrative control of a District Collector. Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in India with a Muslim-majority population. Below is the table, we have served you with the latest Administrative Structure of J&K. Enjoy Reading.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Srinagar
2. Largest City Srinagar
3 Administrative HQ Jammu
4. Chief Ministers Mehbooba Mufti (Till 20 June 2018)
5. Governor Narinder Nath Vohra
6. State Animal Kashmir Stag
7. State Bird Black-necked crane
8. State Flower sacred lotus
9. State Tree Platanus orientalis
10. No. of District 22
11. No. of Division 3(Jammu, Kashmir & Ladakh)
12. Loksabha Seats 6
13. Vidhan Sabha Seats 89
14. Major Airport
  • Jammu Airport
  • Kargil Airport
  • Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport
  • Poonch Airport
  • Sheikh ul-Alam International Airport
15. Major Railway Station Jammu Region

  • Jammu Tawi Railway Station
  • Banihal railway station
  • Udhampur railway station
  • Katra railway station

Kashmir Region

  • Baramulla railway station
  • Sopore railway station
  • Hamre railway station
  • Pattan railway station
16. Official Language
  • Urdu
  • Kashmiri
  • Dogri
  • Hindi
17. Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30)
18. Postal Code 184102 to 182203
19. Vehicle Code JK-01-AB-XXXX
20. Judiciary Jammu and Kashmir High Court

Tribes

Tribe’s name Remarks
Balti Tribe Ladakh region
Bakarwal Dhangar in rest of India.
Dogra descendants of the Aryans
Gujjar nomadic herdrers living on the hills
Brokpa descents of the Dards of Chilas in Gilgitregion
Changpa known as Phalpa.

Stadiums

Stadium Location
Sher-i-Kashmir Cricket stadium Srinagar
Bakshi stadium Srinagar
Maulana Azad Stadium Jammu

Airports

Name Location
Sheikh Ul Alam International airport (Srinagar airport) Srinagar
Jammu airport Jammu
Leh Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport Leh
Kargil airport Khurba Thang, Kargil
Poonch airport Jammu
Kushok Bakula Rimpochhe Airport Leh

Hydro-electric power stations

Name Location
Sind Valley Hydro-Electric Project Kashmir valley.
Lower Jhelum Hydel Project  Near Warikhah, Baramulla
Mohra Hydro-Electric Power Stations North Kashmir
Pahalgam Hydro-Electric Project Pahalgam

Article 370


In India, J&K is the only state which takes special autonomy under Article 370 of the constitution of India. Article 370 provides the special provisions for J&K such as-

  • In J&K state free from the complete applicability of the Constitution of India. The J&K was allowed to have its own Constitution.
  • In J&K state restricted Central legislative powers Over three subjects of defence, foreign affairs and communications.
  • Other constitutional facilities of the Central Government could be extended to the State only with the ratified of the State Government.
  • J&K state has its own flag and constitution.
  • In J&K other Indian states, people cannot purchase the property.

Arts & Culture

The State of Jammu and Kashmir Along with its beauty, it is also famous for its cultural heritage. The culture of Kashmir is a diverse Combination and The culture of Jammu and Kashmir state is highly influenced by northern South Asian, Persian as well as Central Asian culture. Let us check out the Complete information about Jammu and Kashmir Culture and Tradition which is followed by the people of Jammu and Kashmir.

S.No Description Summary
1 Folk Dance Dumhal Dance
2 Traditional Music
  • Sufiana Kalam(Kashmiri Classical)
  • Chakri
3  Major Festival
  • Eid Ul Fitr
  • Eid ul Azha
  • Hemis Festival
  • Baisakhi
  • Tulip Festival
  • Shikara Festival
4 Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Rogan Josh
  • Modur Pulav
  • Yakhni or Yoghurt lamb Curry
  • Dum Olav
  • Aab Gosht
  • Goshtaba
5 Traditional Dress Women: Pheran, Headdress-Taranga, Jewelry
Male: Kashmiri men Pheran, Turbans, Headgear, Gujjars, Dogras

Temples

Temples Location
Vaishno Devi Mandir Katra
Amarnath Temple Anantnag, Pahalgam
Raghunath Temple Old Heritage City, Jammu
Peer Kho cave temple Jammu
Panchbakhtar Temple Sector 5, Trikuta Nagar
Mahamaya Temple Jammu
Shankaracharya Temple Durgjan, Srinagar,
Hari Parbat Fort & Temple of Sharika Devi Nohata, Srinagar
Kheer Bhawani Srinagar

Popular things

S. No. Product Remarks
1. Kashmiri Saffron only two or three places in the whole world where saffron grows.
2. Kashmiri Pashmina Shawls Pashmina is known for its softness.
3. Kashmiri carpets It is hand made and secondly, they are always knotted, never tufted.
4. Silver Ware Silver Ware one of the ancient arts in Kashmir
5. Silk Silk is popularly known as ‘Chinon’ and ‘crepe de chine’
6. Wood Work Wood-carving is the most popular cottage industries of the Kashmir valley.

Economy

Jammu and Kashmir’s economy is mainly dependent on agriculture and allied activities. The Kashmir Valley economy depends on its sericulture and cold-water fisheries Activities. Kashmiri saffron is very famous and brings the state a handsome amount of foreign exchange. Throughout the given table, we have defined the Current Economic Status of Jammu and Kashmir.

S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP 1.32 lakh crore (US$20 billion)
2 Growth rate 14%
3 Per capita income 86,108 (US$1,300)
4 GDP per capita rank 22th
5 Major Industries
  • Silk Textile
  • Carpet-Making and Woolen Textile
  • Forest-based Industries
  • Agro-based Industries
  • Papier Mache
  • Cement Industry
  • Industrial Complexes
6 Major Imports
  • foodgrains
  • rice
  • mutton
  • beef
  • poultry
  • fish
  • milk
  • packaged goods
7 Major exports
  • apples
  • barley
  • cherries
  • corn
  • millet
  • oranges
  • rice
  • peaches
  • pears
  • saffron
  • sorghum
  • vegetables
  • wheat

manufactured exports include:

  • handicrafts
  • rugs
  • shawls
8 GDP by sectors Agriculture 64%
Industry 11%
Services 25%

Education

In 1970, the state government of Jammu and Kashmir established its own education board and university. JKSBSE is the main board of school education in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The state has some of the premier institutions like  All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jammu, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Indian Institute of Management Jammu, National Institute of Technology, Srinagar etc.  In this table, we have served the latest Condition of Education in Jammu and Kashmir.

S.No Description Summary
1 Literacy Rate 67.16 (30th)
2. Male 76.75 % (male)
3 Female 56.43 %(female)
4 No. of School 23747
5 Affiliation Board JKSBSE, JKSOS
6 No. of University 29

Educational Institution

Category Link
Medical Colleges in Jammu & Kashmir Click Here
Dental Colleges in Jammu & Kashmir Click Here
Siddha Medical Colleges in Jammu & Kashmir Click Here
AYUSH Colleges in Jammu & Kashmir Click Here
BNYS Colleges in Jammu & Kashmir Click Here
Veterinary Colleges in Jammu & Kashmir Click Here
Physiotherapy Colleges in Jammu & Kashmir Click Here
Law Colleges in Jammu & Kashmir Click Here
B.Ed Colleges in Jammu & Kashmir Click Here
Nursing Colleges in Jammu & Kashmir Click Here

Heritage Sites

Srinagar have always enchanted visitors. Srinagar is amongst the most beautiful city in India. It is the summer capital of the state J & K. A very beautiful river named Jhelum flows through the Kashmir which creates a Scenery like real heaven. Let’s read about Heritage sites and major Tourist Attraction in Jammu and Kashmir.

S.No Description Summary
1 Major Tourist Places
  • Ladakh
  • Raghunath temple
  • Chemrey Monastery
  • Kardang Monastery
2 Major Monuments
  • hari Parbat fort
  • Bahu Fort
  • Amar Mahal
  • Pari Mahal
  • Jamia Masjid
3 National Park
  • Dachigam National Park
  • Hemis National Park
  • Kazinag National Park
  • Kishtwar National Park
  • Salim Ali National Park
4 Bird Sanctuary
  • Jasrota Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Overa Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ram Nagar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Surinsar Mansar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • The Hemis Altitude National Park

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