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Jharkhand GK Questions and Current Affairs


Jharkhand is also known as the land of the forest. The state came into existence with the separation from Bihar on 15 November 2000. The state touches the border of Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal. It is the 16th largest state by an area of 79,710 Km square and 14th by is population. The capital city is Ranchi and the sub-capital city is Dumka.

History

Now let’s talk about the history of Jharkhand the major part of GK of Jharkhand. The interesting and unique tool stone tools have been discovered from ‘Chota Nagpur’ plateau region which is from the Mesolithic and Neolithic period. Some iron slags, microliths, and potsherds have been discovered from Singhbhum district which is from 1400 BCE according to carbon dating age experts. The state was ruled by many emperors like Ashoka (Mauryan empire), Akbar, Chero King Medini ray (Chero dynasty), British East India Company. Also, there were many revolts took place in Jharkhand like Paharia revolt (1772-1780), Tamar revolt (1795-1800), Munda revolt (1795-1800), Bhumij revolt (1832-1833) etc.  Below table will tell more about the GK of Jharkhand and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 15 November 2000
2. Separated from Bihar
3. Capital Formation 15 November 2000
4. Largest city Jamshedpur (steel city of India)
5. Also Known as The land of  Forest
6. Ruled By Ashoka, Akbar, Chero King Medini Ray, British East India Company
7. Major Historical Events Chota Nagpur Division

Administrative Structure

The governor is the constitutional head of the government of Jharkhand, who is appointed by the President of India. The real executive power rests with the chief minister and the cabinet. The political party or the coalition of political parties having a majority in the Legislative Assembly forms the government.

The head of the bureaucracy of the state is the chief secretary. Under this position, is a hierarchy of officials drawn from the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Forest Service, and different wings of the state civil services. The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice. Jharkhand has a High Court which has been functioning since 2000. All the branches of the government are located in the state capital, Ranchi.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Ranchi
2. Sub-Capital Dumka
3. Administrative HQ Ranchi
4. Chief Ministers Raghubar Das
5. Governor Smt. Droupadi Murmu
6. State Animal Indian Elephant
7. State Bird Koel
8. State Flower Palash
9. State Tree Sal
10. No. of District 24
11. Loksabha Seats 14
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) N/A
13. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 82
14. Major Airport
  • Ranchi Airport
  • Bokaro Airport
  • Jamshedpur Airport
  • Chakulia Airport
  • Dhanbad Airport
15. Railway Stations
  • Ranchi Junction Railway station
  • Hatia Railway station
  • Tatisilwai Railway station
  • Namkon Railway station
16. Official Language Hindi
17. Second Official Language Urdu
18. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
19. Postal Code Different according to area
20. Vehicle Code JH —
21. Judiciary High Court of Jharkhand
22. Seal

Seal of Jharkhand
Seal of Jharkhand

Geographical Structure

Jharkhand covers an area of 79,714 kilometres square. The state is located in the eastern part of India and shares boundaries with Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal. The total population of Jharkhand is over 3,29,88,134. The large part of Jharkhand is still covered by forest, Sustains population of Tigers and Elephant. An average temperature of Jharkhand is 30°C in Summers and 25°C in Winters

Description Summary
Settlement 15 November 2000
Total Area 79,714 km² (30,778 / sq mi)
Legislature Unicameral (81 Seats)
Parliamentary Constituency 14
State Population 32,988,134
Urban 7,933,061
Rural 25,055,073
Total Division 5
Total Districts 24
Number of Cities 228
Number of Tehsil 210
Number of Blocks 260
Total number of villages 32,620
State animal Elephant
State bird Koel
Population 3,29,88,134
The rank of state Area Rank:-16th

Population Rank:-14th

Population Density 414/km²
State Bounded By
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Chattisgarh
  • Odisha
  • West Bengal
Soil
  • Micacious
  • Sandy Soil
  • Black Soil
  • Laterite Soil
Major Crops
  • Oilseeds
  • Rice
  • Wheat
  • Potatoes
  • Millet
  • Corn
  • Maize
  • Pulses
Forest Area  23,605 sq. km.
Climate Humid subtropical (North)
Tropical wet and dry (South-east)
Rivers
  • Son River
  • Subarnarekha River
  • Kharkai River
  • Damodar River
  • North Koel River
  • South Koel River
  • Lilajan River (Falgu river)
  • Ajay River
  • Mayurakshi River
Major Flora
  • Sal
  • Jackfruit
  • Amun
  • Kendu
  • Gambhar
  • Shisham
  • Mahua
  • Katha
  • Mango
  • Aasan
  • Baheda
  • Bamboo
Major Fauna
  • Tiger
  • Sloth bear
  • Gaur
  • Chital
  • Sambar Deer
  • Nilgai
  • Chevrotain
  • Mammals
  • Snakes
  • Lizards
  • Fish
Popular for
  • Out of total mineral resources of India,40% is from Jharkhand which is 18% of Nation’s Mineral Production.
  • 29% of India’s coal reserves are in Jharkhand.
  • Jharkhand is the only state in India who produce coking coal, uranium and pyrite. From 25.7 % of the total iron ore (hematite) reserves, Jharkhand rank is 2nd among all the states.

Division

Jharkhand is divided into five divisions, which are as follows:

Division Districts
Palamu Division Latehar, Palamu, Garhwa
North Chotanagpur Division Hazaribagh, Koderma, Giridih, Ramgarh, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Chatra
South Chotanagpur Division Lohardaga, Gumla, Simdega, Ranchi, Khunti
Kolhan Division West Singhbhum, Saraikela Kharsawan, East Singhbhum
Santhal Pargana Division Jamtara, Deoghar, Dumka, Pakur, Godda, Sahebganj

Languages Of Jharkhand

There are major 10 languages were found in Jharkhand those are as follows.

Languages Percentage
Hindi 61.95%
Santali 9.91%
Bengali 9.74%
Urdu 5.96%
Ho 3.01%
Mundari 2.93%
Kurukh 2.89%
Odia 1.61%
Maithili 0.42%
Others 1.58%

Religion

As per the government data the maximum people who are Hindu at  67.8% and 4 other religion.

Religion Percentage
Hinduism 67.8%
Islam 14.5%
Sarnaism 12.8%
Christianity 4.3%
Not stated 0.6%

Dams in Jharkhand

  • Highest dam of Jharkhand: Tenughat Dam (55 mt.)
  • The second highest dam of Jharkhand: Maithon Dam (50 mt.)
  • Longest dam of Jharkhand: Panchet Dam (6777 mt.)
  • Largest power generating dam – Getalsud Dam (130MW)

Some of the major dams in Jharkhand are as follows –

Dams River Length (m) Height (m) Capacity (MW) Location Opened
Maithon Dam Barakar 4789 50 60 Maithon, Dhanbad 1957
Panchet Dam Damodar 6777 45 80 Panchet, Dhanbad 1959
Konar Dam Konar 4535 48.77 no hydel plant Hazaribagh district 1955
Tilaiya Dam Barakar 366 30.28 4 Tilaiya, Koderma district 1953
Getalsud Dam Subarnrekha 35 130 near Ranchi and Ramgarh 1971, popular picnic spot
Khandoli Dam Khandoli  Reserveoir 828 16 near Giridih 1957
Tenughat Dam Damodar 5000 55 Bokaro district  1974

Rivers in Jharkhand

Jharkhand has popularly 7 rivers in which Damodar river is the longest river in Jharkhand.

Rivers Originates From Falls or Meet Total Length City
Damodar Chota Nagpur Plateau Hugli river 592 Km Chandil, Jamshedpur, Ghatshila, Gopiballavpur
Baitarani Gonasika Bay of Bengal 360 Km
Barakar Padma, Hazaribagh 225 km Kodarma
Ajay Munger Bhagirathi river 288 Km Churulia, Chittaranjan, Ilambazar, Jaydev Kenduli
Son Amarkantak Ganga river 784 km Sidhi, Dehri, Patna
SouthKoel Chota Nagpur Plateau Brahmani river Manoharpur
Subarnarekha Chota Nagpur Plateau Bay of Bengal 395 km Chandil, Jamshedpur, Ghatshila, Gopiballavpur

Hills and Mountains Ranges in Jharkhand

The highest hill in Jharkhand is Parasnath hill 1370 m in height and apart from its height, it is beautiful as well.

Hills/Mountains Place Best Known
Nandan Hill Baidyanathdham Nandi Temple
Tagore Hill Morabadi, Ranchi On the name of Rabindra Nath Tagore
Parasnath Hill Chota Nagpur Plateau Shikharji Jain Temple
Canary Hill Hazaribagh Three small lakes
Triku Hill Dumka First Solar energy Hub ‘Tapovan’
Fuldungri Ghatshila Burudih Lake
Ranchi Hill Ranchi Ranchi Lake, Lord Shiva Temple

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries

A sanctuary is a protected an area which is reserved only for animal and make human away to do activities like harvesting of timber, collecting minor forest products and private ownership rights are allowed as long as they do not interfere with the well-being of animals. Boundaries of sanctuaries are not well defined by the government.
The largest wildlife Sanctuary is Palamau tiger reserve which has an approx area of 753 Km square.

National Parks / Wildlife Sanctuaries Location
Betla National Park Chota Nagpur Plateau
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary Jamshedpur
Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary Gaya district of Bihar & Koderma district of Jharkhand
Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary Ranchi
Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Koderma
Palamau Tiger Reserve Daltonganj (nearest city)
Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary Udhwa

Famous Temples in Jharkhand

Jharkhand, once being a part of the Bihar state is known for its rich culture and tradition. Jharkhand has around 72 main Hindu temples and the majority of them are for the worship of Lord Shiva.

Temples Location
Baidyanath Temple (BabaDham) Deoghar
Sun Temple Ranchi
Basukinath Temple Deoghar
Madhuban Temple Giridih
Angrabadi Temple Khunti
Naulakha Mandir Deoghar
Topovan Temple Deoghar
Jagannathpur Temple Ranchi
Digambar Jain Temple Ranchi
Pahari Temple Ranchi

Arts & Culture

Jharkhand culture is very rich and diverse and as a result unique in its very own way which was an important part of Jharkhand GK. In Jharkhand, culture guests are treated as a god and serve them and takes care of them as if they are a part and parcel of the family itself. The culture of Jharkhand is very interesting as it combines the Eastern and Western styles.

Folk Dances of Jharkhand

Santhal Dance The dance is performed by the Santhal tribes during all special festivals and occasions. This dance not only shows the culture or traditions of the local tribes but also the strength of unity. The main attraction of the Santhal dance in Jharkhand is the colourful costumes worn by the tribal people.
Paika Dance Paika dance is a famous dance form of Odisha which is practised by the paikas of Oriya army. The main target of this dance is to enhance physical excitement and to develop inner courage. The tradition of this dance is carried throughout the huge area of the tribal belt of Mayurbhanj district.
Chhau Dance The Chhau dance is performed in an open area or a ground field, mostly at the night time. The dancing area is surrounded by the fire poles (Mashaals), for the lighting in the dark. But in some of the advanced parts of the state, electrical light has started replacing the fire poles.
Sharhul Dance It is worshipping of the village deity, which protects the tribes. There is dancing and singing in the whole region accompanied by drinks, snacks and a variety of food items.
Jhumar Dance Jhumar can be performed anytime, especially during weddings, melas or some other important functions or celebrations. This dance is generally performed in a circle formation. The dancers wear very colourful costumes.
Phagua Dance During the performance, the dancers throw coloured water and powder to each other. Now womens also join this Phagua dance in some of the parts of Jharkhand.
Bheja Dance During the performance, they form a chain by clumping hands of each other in alternate successions. Melodious traditional songs and music are the major accompaniments of this dance.

Traditional Music Of Jharkhand

  • Pratkali
  • Daidhara
  • Adhratiya
  • Pawa
  • Vinsariya
  • Udasi
  • Faguwa
  • Udasi
  • Akhariya Domkach

Major Festival Of Jharkhand

  • Tussu
  • Vaha
  • Sarhul
  • Bandna
  • Karma
  • Jitia
  • Nawakhani
  • Diwali
  • Fagua
  • Dussehra

Cuisine (Famous Food) Of Jharkhand

  • Kera-dudhauri
  • Jhalmudhi
  • Tilkut
  • Thekua
  • Litti Chokha
  • Panipuri
  • Pittha
  • Dhuska
  • Dudhauri

Traditional Dress Of Jharkhand

Men Women
  • Bhagwan
  • Kurta
  • Pyjamas
  • Sari and Blouse

The Economy of Jharkhand

Jharkhand is one of the Indias richest states with the highest GDP per capita the average growth rate of Jharkhand is 8.23% (1990-2000). Jharkhand is one of the few states to achieve rural electrification by 100 per cent. Table Below contains some of the questions mostly asked in different Govt. and Private recruitment examinations of Jharkhand.

S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP 2.82 lakh crore (US$ 43 billion )
2 Growth rate 12.5%
3 Per capita income 62,816 INR  (US$ 870)
4 GDP per capita rank 19th
5 Major Industries
  • Auto Ancillary Industries
  • Mining and Metal Extraction
  • chemicals
  • Iron and Steel
6 Major Imports
  • Oil
  • Heavy Machinery
  • Irom and Steel
  • Organic Chemicals
  • Plastics
  • Animal and Vegetable oil
7 Major exports
  • Iron Ore
  • Coal
  • Copper
  • Uranium
  • Mica
  • Bauxite
  • Silver
  • Graphite
  • Magnetite
  • Dolomite

Airports

As separated from Bihar Jharkhand got many airports which are listed below.

Name Location
Chakulia Airport Chakulia
Deogarh Airport Deoghar
Birsa Munda Airport Ranchi
Dhanbad Airport Dhanbad
Bokaro Airport Bokaro
Sonari Airport Jamshedpur

Stadium

Jharkhand has most popularly 7 stadiums in which JSCA International Cricket Stadium is the largest capacity holding of 35,000 (approx) peoples.

Stadium Sports City
JSCA International Cricket Stadium Cricket Ranchi
Birsa Munda Athletics Stadium Athletics Ranchi
JRD Tata Sports Complex Football Jamshedpur
Keenan Stadium Cricket Jamshedpur
Birsa Munda Football Stadium Football Ranchi
Birsa Munda Hockey Stadium Hockey Ranchi
Dilip Tirkey Stadium Hockey Ranchi

Education

The official literacy rate Jharkhand for the state was 67.63% (male: 78.45%; female: 56.21%).

Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate  67.63%
2. Male 78.45%
3. Female 56.21 %
4. No. of School 577 Approx
5. Affiliation Board CBSE, Jharkhand Academic Council
6. No. of University 12 Approx
6. Colleges in Jharkhand 20 Approx

Educational Institution

Category Link
Medical Colleges in Jharkhand Click Here
Dental Colleges in Jharkhand Click Here
Siddha Medical Colleges in Jharkhand Click Here
AYUSH Colleges in Jharkhand Click Here
BNYS Colleges in Jharkhand Click Here
Veterinary Colleges in Jharkhand Click Here
Physiotherapy Colleges in Jharkhand Click Here
Law Colleges in Jharkhand Click Here
B.Ed Colleges in Jharkhand Click Here
Nursing Colleges in Jharkhand Click Here

Heritage Sites in Jharkhand

Jharkhand has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. Every year many tourists visit Jharkhand.

S.No Description Summary
1 Major Tourist Places
  • Baidyanath Jyotirlinga
  • Jagannath Temple
  • Bhuvaneshwari Temple
  • Sun Temple
  • Netarhat Hill Station
  • Shikarji Mountain peak
  • Naulakha Mandir

for more Click here

2 Major Monuments
  • Ranchi Museum
  • Bhadrakali Temple
  • Kauleshwari Devi Temple
  • The Maithon Dam
  • War Cemetery
3 National Park
  • Betla National Park
4 Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Mahaundanr Wildlife Sanctuary

Famous Personalities

Freedom Fighters
  • Devendra Prasad Gupta.
  • Birsa Munda – freedom fighter and a folk hero; belonged to the tribal group of Munda people.
  • Kanhu Murmu.
  • Sido Murmu.
  • Dhananjay Mahato
Bollywood
  • Imtiaz Ali
  • Imran Zahid
  • Meiyang Chang
  • Priyanka Chopra
  • Sriram Dalton
  • Zeishan Quadri
  • Tanushree Dutta
  • Raj Kumar Gupta
  • Chetan Joshi
  • Akashaditya Lama
  • R. Madhavan
  • Mannara
  • Shweta Prasad
  • Amrita Raichand
  • Meenakshi Seshadri
  • Komal Jha
  • Supriya Kumari
  • Krishna Bharadwaj
Journalists
  • Dayamani Barla
  • Anjana Om Kashyap
Writers
  • Tuhin Sinha
  • Khagendra Thakur
  • Ajitabha Bose
  • Santosh Kiro
Poets
  • Anuj Lugun
  • Ram Krishna Singh
Academics
  • Gerald Durrell
  • Ram Dayal Munda
  • Ram Krishna Singh
Social Service
  • Amarpreet Singh Kale
  • Jyoti Dhawale
  • Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Sports
  • Jhanu Hansda (Archery)
  • Deepika Kumari (Archery)
  • Purnima Mahato (Archery)
  • Aruna Mishra (Boxing)
  • Varun Aaron (Cricket)
  • Kirti Azad (Cricket)
  • Mahendra Singh Dhoni (Cricket)
  • Randhir Singh (Cricket)
  • Saurabh Tiwary (Cricket)
  • Ishan Kishan (Cricket)
  • Sanjay Balmuchu (Football)
  • Lal Mohan Hansda (Football)
  • Munmun Lugun (Football)
  • Michael Kindo (Hockey)
  • Birendra Lakra (Hockey)
  • Jaipal Singh Munda (Hockey)
  • Sylvanus Dung Dung (Hockey)
  • Masira Surin (Hockey)
  • Kanti Baa (Hockey)
  • Sumrai Tete (Hockey)
  • Manohar Topno (Hockey)
Padma Bhushan
  • Sailesh Kumar Bandopadhyay
Padma Shri
  • Deepika Kumari
  • Premlata Agarwal
  • Ashok Bhagat
  • Mahendra Singh Dhoni
  • Pandit Gopal Prasad Dubey
  • Ram Dayal Munda
  • Simon Oraon

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