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- 1 Jharkhand GK Questions and Current Affairs
- 2 History
- 3 Administrative Structure
- 4 Geographical Structure
- 5 Division
- 6 Languages Of Jharkhand
- 7 Religion
- 8 Dams in Jharkhand
- 9 Rivers in Jharkhand
- 10 Hills and Mountains Ranges in Jharkhand
- 11 National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
- 12 Famous Temples in Jharkhand
- 13 Arts & Culture
- 14 Folk Dances of Jharkhand
- 15 Traditional Music Of Jharkhand
- 16 Major Festival Of Jharkhand
- 17 Cuisine (Famous Food) Of Jharkhand
- 18 Traditional Dress Of Jharkhand
- 19 The Economy of Jharkhand
- 20 Airports
- 21 Stadium
- 22 Education
- 23 List of Top Colleges in India
- 24 Heritage Sites in Jharkhand
- 25 Famous Personalities
- 26 Jharkhand GK PDF Questions and Answers
Jharkhand GK Questions and Current Affairs
Jharkhand is also known as the land of the forest. The state came into existence with the separation from Bihar on 15 November 2000. The state touches the border of Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal. It is the 15th largest state by an area of 79,710 Km square and 14th by is population. The capital city is Ranchi and the sub-capital city is Dumka.
Now let’s talk about the history of Jharkhand the major part of GK of Jharkhand. The interesting and unique tool stone tools have been discovered from ‘Chota Nagpur’ plateau region which is from the Mesolithic and Neolithic period. Some iron slags, microliths, and potsherds have been discovered from Singhbhum district which is from 1400 BCE according to carbon dating age experts. The state was ruled by many emperors like Ashoka (Mauryan empire), Akbar, Chero King Medini ray (Chero dynasty), British East India Company. Also, there were many revolts took place in Jharkhand like Paharia revolt (1772-1780), Tamar revolt (1795-1800), Munda revolt (1795-1800), Bhumij revolt (1832-1833) etc. Below table will tell more about the GK of Jharkhand and Its history.
|1.||Founded on||15 November 2000|
|3.||Capital Formation||15 November 2000|
|4.||Largest city||Jamshedpur (Steel city of India)|
|5.||Also Known as||The land of Forest|
|6.||Ruled By||Ashoka, Akbar, Chero King Medini Ray, British East India Company|
|7.||Major Historical Events||Chota Nagpur Division|
At present, the state has 5 Divisions and 24 Districts. One interesting thing about Jharkhand is that all its districts, except Lohardaga and Khunti, share a border with a neighbouring state. Jharkhand has a High Court which has been functioning since 2000. All the branches of the government are located in the state capital, Ranchi.
|4.||Chief Ministers||Hemant Soren|
|5.||Governor||Smt. Droupadi Murmu|
|6.||State Animal||Indian Elephant|
|10.||No. of District||24|
|12.||Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)||N/A|
|13.||Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)||81|
|17.||Second Official Language||Bengali, Bhojpuri, Urdu|
|18.||Time Zone||IST (UTC +5:30)|
|19.||Postal Code||Different according to area|
|20.||Vehicle Code||JH —|
|21.||Judiciary||High Court of Jharkhand|
Jharkhand covers an area of 79,714 kilometres square. The state is located in the eastern part of India and shares boundaries with Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal. The total population of Jharkhand is over 3,29,88,134. The large part of Jharkhand is still covered by forest, Sustains population of Tigers and Elephant. An average temperature of Jharkhand is 30°C in Summers and 25°C in Winters
|Settlement||15 November 2000|
|Total Area||79,714 km² (30,778 / sq mi)|
|Legislature||Unicameral (81 Seats)|
|Number of Cities||228|
|Number of Tehsil||210|
|Number of Blocks||260|
|Total number of villages||32,620|
|The rank of state||Area Rank:-15th
|State Bounded By||
|Forest Area||23,605 sq. km.|
|Climate||Humid subtropical (North)
Tropical wet and dry (South-east)
Jharkhand is divided into five divisions, which are as follows:
|Palamu Division||Latehar, Palamu, Garhwa|
|North Chotanagpur Division||Hazaribagh, Koderma, Giridih, Ramgarh, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Chatra|
|South Chotanagpur Division||Lohardaga, Gumla, Simdega, Ranchi, Khunti|
|Kolhan Division||West Singhbhum, Saraikela Kharsawan, East Singhbhum|
|Santhal Pargana Division||Jamtara, Deoghar, Dumka, Pakur, Godda, Sahebganj|
Languages Of Jharkhand
There are major 10 languages were found in Jharkhand those are as follows.
As per the government data the maximum people who are Hindu at 67.8% and 4 other religion.
Dams in Jharkhand
- Highest dam of Jharkhand: Tenughat Dam (55 mt.)
- The second highest dam of Jharkhand: Maithon Dam (50 mt.)
- Longest dam of Jharkhand: Panchet Dam (6777 mt.)
- Largest power generating dam – Getalsud Dam (130MW)
Some of the major dams in Jharkhand are as follows –
|Dams||River||Length (m)||Height (m)||Capacity (MW)||Location||Opened|
|Maithon Dam||Barakar||4789||50||60||Maithon, Dhanbad||1957|
|Panchet Dam||Damodar||6777||45||80||Panchet, Dhanbad||1959|
|Konar Dam||Konar||4535||48.77||no hydel plant||Hazaribagh district||1955|
|Tilaiya Dam||Barakar||366||30.28||4||Tilaiya, Koderma district||1953|
|Getalsud Dam||Subarnrekha||–||35||130||near Ranchi and Ramgarh||1971, popular picnic spot|
|Khandoli Dam||Khandoli Reserveoir||828||16||–||near Giridih||1957|
|Tenughat Dam||Damodar||5000||55||–||Bokaro district||1974|
Rivers in Jharkhand
Jharkhand has popularly 7 rivers in which Damodar river is the longest river in Jharkhand.
|Rivers||Originates From||Falls or Meet||Total Length||City|
|Damodar||Chota Nagpur Plateau||Hugli river||592 Km||Chandil, Jamshedpur, Ghatshila, Gopiballavpur|
|Baitarani||Gonasika||Bay of Bengal||360 Km|
|Barakar||Padma, Hazaribagh||225 km||Kodarma|
|Ajay||Munger||Bhagirathi river||288 Km||Churulia, Chittaranjan, Ilambazar, Jaydev Kenduli|
|Son||Amarkantak||Ganga river||784 km||Sidhi, Dehri, Patna|
|SouthKoel||Chota Nagpur Plateau||Brahmani river||Manoharpur|
|Subarnarekha||Chota Nagpur Plateau||Bay of Bengal||395 km||Chandil, Jamshedpur, Ghatshila, Gopiballavpur|
Hills and Mountains Ranges in Jharkhand
The highest hill in Jharkhand is Parasnath hill 1370 m in height and apart from its height, it is beautiful as well.
|Nandan Hill||Baidyanathdham||Nandi Temple|
|Tagore Hill||Morabadi, Ranchi||On the name of Rabindra Nath Tagore|
|Parasnath Hill||Chota Nagpur Plateau||Shikharji Jain Temple|
|Canary Hill||Hazaribagh||Three small lakes|
|Triku Hill||Dumka||First Solar energy Hub ‘Tapovan’|
|Ranchi Hill||Ranchi||Ranchi Lake, Lord Shiva Temple|
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
A sanctuary is a protected an area which is reserved only for animal and make human away to do activities like harvesting of timber, collecting minor forest products and private ownership rights are allowed as long as they do not interfere with the well-being of animals. Boundaries of sanctuaries are not well defined by the government.
The largest wildlife Sanctuary is Palamau tiger reserve which has an approx area of 753 Km square.
|National Parks / Wildlife Sanctuaries||Location|
|Betla National Park||Chota Nagpur Plateau|
|Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary||Jamshedpur|
|Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary||Gaya district of Bihar & Koderma district of Jharkhand|
|Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary||Ranchi|
|Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary||Koderma|
|Palamau Tiger Reserve||Daltonganj (nearest city)|
|Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary||Udhwa|
Famous Temples in Jharkhand
Jharkhand, once being a part of the Bihar state is known for its rich culture and tradition. Jharkhand has around 72 main Hindu temples and the majority of them are for the worship of Lord Shiva.
|Baidyanath Temple (BabaDham)||Deoghar|
|Digambar Jain Temple||Ranchi|
Arts & Culture
Jharkhand culture is very rich and diverse and as a result unique in its very own way which was an important part of Jharkhand GK. In Jharkhand, culture guests are treated as a god and serve them and takes care of them as if they are a part and parcel of the family itself. The Indian state of Jharkhand is located in the eastern part of the country and is known for its distinct paintings, traditions, and festivals.
Folk Dances of Jharkhand
|Santhal Dance||The dance is performed by the Santhal tribes during all special festivals and occasions. This dance not only shows the culture or traditions of the local tribes but also the strength of unity. The main attraction of the Santhal dance in Jharkhand is the colourful costumes worn by the tribal people.|
|Paika Dance||Paika dance is a famous dance form of Odisha which is practised by the paikas of Oriya army. The main target of this dance is to enhance physical excitement and to develop inner courage. The tradition of this dance is carried throughout the huge area of the tribal belt of Mayurbhanj district.|
|Chhau Dance||The Chhau dance is performed in an open area or a ground field, mostly at the night time. The dancing area is surrounded by the fire poles (Mashaals), for the lighting in the dark. But in some of the advanced parts of the state, electrical light has started replacing the fire poles.|
|Sharhul Dance||It is worshipping of the village deity, which protects the tribes. There is dancing and singing in the whole region accompanied by drinks, snacks and a variety of food items.|
|Jhumar Dance||Jhumar can be performed anytime, especially during weddings, melas or some other important functions or celebrations. This dance is generally performed in a circle formation. The dancers wear very colourful costumes.|
|Phagua Dance||During the performance, the dancers throw coloured water and powder to each other. Now womens also join this Phagua dance in some of the parts of Jharkhand.|
|Bheja Dance||During the performance, they form a chain by clumping hands of each other in alternate successions. Melodious traditional songs and music are the major accompaniments of this dance.|
Traditional Music Of Jharkhand
- Akhariya Domkach
Major Festival Of Jharkhand
Cuisine (Famous Food) Of Jharkhand
- Litti Chokha
Traditional Dress Of Jharkhand
The Economy of Jharkhand
The gross domestic product of Jharkhand is estimated at ₹3.83 lakh crore (US$54 billion) in 2020-21. The per capita GDP of Jharkhand in 2018-19 was ₹82,430 (US$1,200).
Jharkhand has several towns and innumerable villages with civic amenities. Urbanization ratio is 24.1%
|1||State GDP||₹3.29 lakh crore (US$46 billion) (2019-20)|
|3||Per capita income||₹ 76,019|
|4||GDP per capita rank||19th|
As separated from Bihar Jharkhand got many airports which are listed below.
|Birsa Munda Airport||Ranchi|
Jharkhand has most popularly 7 stadiums in which JSCA International Cricket Stadium is the largest capacity holding of 35,000 (approx) peoples.
|JSCA International Cricket Stadium||Cricket||Ranchi|
|Birsa Munda Athletics Stadium||Athletics||Ranchi|
|JRD Tata Sports Complex||Football||Jamshedpur|
|Birsa Munda Football Stadium||Football||Ranchi|
|Birsa Munda Hockey Stadium||Hockey||Ranchi|
|Dilip Tirkey Stadium||Hockey||Ranchi|
The official literacy rate Jharkhand for the state was 67.63% (male: 78.45%; female: 56.21%).
|4.||No. of School||28,010 (primary)|
|5.||Affiliation Board||CBSE, Jharkhand Academic Council, ICSE|
|6.||No. of University||24 Approx|
|6.||Colleges in Jharkhand||16 Approx|
List of Top Colleges in India
Heritage Sites in Jharkhand
Jharkhand has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. The state is known for its waterfalls, hills and holy places; Baidyanath Dham, Parasnath and Rajrappa are major religious sites. Every year many tourists visit Jharkhand.
|1||Major Tourist Places||
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