Karnataka GK 2020-21 Notes in PDF: MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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Karnataka is an Indian state which is situated in the western region of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act. Previously Karnataka was known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973. The state corresponds to the Carnatic region. The capital and largest city are Bangalore (Bengaluru).

Karnataka GK Questions and Current Affairs


  • The name Mysore—or Mysuru, which more accurately reflects the pronunciation in Kannada. It is carried out from the Sanskrit word for “buffalo town,” as Karnataka formerly was called. It derives from the destruction of the buffalo-demon Mahishasura by the goddess Chamunda.
  • The prehistory of Mysore is embedded in legends that concern the struggle that took place in southern India between Aryan peoples, who invaded from the north, and the original Dravidian inhabitants; in legendary form, this struggle is represented as a conflict between devils and demons on the one hand and gods and goddesses on the other.
  • The documented history of the region focuses mostly on the princely state of Mysore as it existed before 1953, for no one dynasty succeeded in ruling the whole region occupied by the Kannada-speaking peoples—the area that essentially constitutes present-day Karnataka.

Below table will tell more about the GK of Karnataka and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on  1 November 1956
2. Capital Formation 1537
3. Largest city Bangalore
4. Also Known as State of Mysore
5. Ruled By Semukha/ Gauthamiputhra
6. Major Historical Events
  • In 1565, Karnataka and the rest of South India experienced a major geopolitical shift when the Vijayanagara empire fell to a confederation of Islamic sultanates in the Battle of Talikota.
  • To contain European expansion in South India, Haidar Ali and later Tipu Sultan fought four significant Anglo-Mysore Wars, the last of which resulted in Tippu Sultan’s death and the incorporation of Mysore into the British Raj in 1799. 

Geographical Structure

It is situated on a tableland where the Western and Eastern Ghat ranges converge into the complex, in the western part of the Deccan Peninsular region of India. Karnataka extends to about 750 km from north to south and about 400 km from east to west.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 1,91,791km² ( 74,051/sq mi)
2 Population 6,11,30,704
3 The Rank of the state
  • Area Rank:-6th
  • Population Rank:- 8th
4 Population Density 320/km²
5 State Bounded By
  • Goa (northwest)
  • Maharashtra (north)
  • Telangana (northeast)
  • Andhra Pradesh (East)
  • Tamil Nadu (southeast)
  • Kerala (south)
6 Soil 
  • Black Soil
  • Laterite Soil
  • Red and Red loamy soil
  • Alluvio-Colluvial soil
  • Forest soil
  • Coastal soil
7 Minerals
  • Asbestos
  • Bauxite
  • Chromite
  • Dolomite
  • Gold
  • Iron ore
  • Kaolin
  • Limestone
  • Magnesite
  • Manganese
  • Ochre
  • Quartz
  • Silica
8 Major Crops
  • Sunflower
  • Ragi
  • Jowar
  • Maize
  • Pulses
  • Sugarcane
  • Cotton
  • Tobacco
  • Cardamom etc
9 Forest Area  38720  km²
10. Hill range
  • Eastern Ghats
  • Western Ghats
  • Nilgiri Hills
11 Major Flora
  • Callophyllum tomentosa
  • Callophyllum wightianum
  • Garcina cambogia
  • Artocarpus lacoocha,
  •  Garcina morealla
  • Flacourtia Montana
  • Alstonia scholaris
  • Flacourtia montan
  • Artocarpus hirsutus etc
12 Major Fauna 
  • Tiger
  • Elephant
  • Leopard
  • Gaur
  • Sambar Deer
  • Chital
  • Muntjac
  • Bonnet macaque


Coastal Karnataka
1. Hot Climate
2. Rainy Tropical Monsoon Climate

Southern Island
1. Hot and Dry Climate

North Karnataka
1. Arid (not Hot)

Nickname of Cities

City Name Location
Bengaluru or Banglore
  • Electronic City of India
  • Garden City of India
  • IT Capital of India
  • Science city of India
  • Silicon Valley of India
  • Space City
  • Green City
  • Heritage City
  • Sandal Wood City
Sakleshpur Poor Man’s Ooty
Mangalore Rome of East
Coorg Scotland of India

National Parks

NameArea LengthLocation
Kudremukh National Park600.32 km sqr. Chikkamagaluru district
Rajiv Gandhi National Park643 km Sqr.Veeranahosahalli
Bannerghatta National Park104.27km Sqr.Bannerughatta, Bengaluru,
Bandipur National Park880 km Sqr.Gundlupet Taluk, Bandipur,
Anshi National Park340 km Sqr.Kodthalli

Wildlife Sanctuaries

NameArea Length
BiligirirangaSwamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary540 km Sqr.
Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary526.96 km Sqr.
Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary492.46 km Sqr.

Dams and Rivers

Linganamakki DamSharavathi river
Kadra DamKalinadi River
Supa DamKalinadi River
Krishna Raja Sagara DamKaveri River
Harangi DamHarangi River
Narayanpur DamKrishna River
Kodasalli DamKali River
Basava SagaraKrishna River
Tunga Bhadra DamTungabhadra River
Alamatti DamKrishna River


  • Agara Lake
  • Bellandur Lake
  • Byrasandra Lake
  • Hebbal Lake
  • Kempambudhi Lake
  • Lalbagh Lake
  • Madiwala Lake
  • Puttenahalli Lake
  • Sankey Lake
  • Ulsoor Lake
  • Dalavai Lake
  • Devanoor Lake
  • Karanji lake
  • Kukkarahalli lake
  • Lingambudhi Lake
  • Honnamana Kere
  • Pampa Sarovar


Barkana Falls259 metres (850 ft)Shimoga
Jog Falls253 metres (830 ft)Shimoga
Magod Falls198 metres (650 ft)Uttara Kannada
Kunchikal Falls183 metres (600 ft)Udupi
Hebbe Falls168 metres (551 ft)Chikkamagaluru
Kalhatti Falls122 metres (400 ft)Chikkamagaluru
Keppa Falls116 metres (381 ft)Uttara Kannada
Koosalli Falls116 metres (381 ft)Udupi
Shivanasamudra Falls98 metres (322 ft)Mysore
Kedumari Falls91 metres(299 ft)Udupi
Muthyala Maduvu91 metres(299 ft)Bangalore Rural

**Highest Waterfall of India- Jog Falls, Karnataka**

Administrative Structure

For administrative purposes, Karnataka has been divided into four revenue divisions, 49 sub-divisions, 30 districts, 175 taluks and 745 hoblies / revenue circles.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Banglore
2. Administrative HQ Banglore
3. Chief Ministers B. S. Yediyurappa(26 July 2019-present)
4. Governor Vajubhai Vala
6. State Animal Asian elephant
7. State Bird Indian Roller
8. State Flower Lotus
9. State Tree Sandalwood
10. No. of District 30
11. No. of Division 4(Bangalore, Belgaum, Gulbarga, Mysore)
11. Loksabha Seats 28
12. Rajyasabha Seats 12
13. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) 75
14. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 224
15. Major Airport
  • Bengaluru International Airport
  • Hubli Airport
  • Mangalore International Airport
  • Belgaum Airport
  • Bellary Airport
  • Gulbarga Airport
  • Mysore Airport
  • Jindal Vijaynagar Airport
16. Railway Stations
  • Mangalore Railway Stations
  • Mysore Railway Stations
  • Shimoga Railway Stations
  • Hubli Railway Stations
  • Chamarajanagar Railway Stations
17. Major Port New Mangalore Port
18. Official Language Kannada
19. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
20. Postal Code Different according to Location
21. Vehicle Code KA —
22. Judiciary High court Karnataka
23. Seal




Not religious0.27%


M. Chinnaswamy StadiumBangalore
Sir M V StadiumMandya

Hydro-Electric Power Stations

Ghatprabha Hydroelectric ProjectGhataprabha
Bhadra Hydroelectric ProjectBhadra
Mallapur Hydroelectric ProjectTungabhadra
Seshadhri Iyer (Sivasamudram) Hydroelectric ProjectCauvery

Arts & Culture

Karnataka has a very rich cultural heritage, compounded by the contributions of successive dynasties, which have fostered various religions and philosophies that, in turn, have influenced literature, architecture, folklore, music, painting, and other arts. The town of Shravanabelagola, 56 miles (90 km) from Mysuru, is especially significant for its ancient buildings and monuments. It contains notable examples of architecture from the Mauryan empire (c. 321–185 BCE), as well as a colossal 10th-century stone figure of Bahubali (Gommateshvara), the Jain saint.

S.No Description Summary
1 Folk Dance
  • Dollu Kunitha
  • Bharatanatyam
  • Kuchipudi
  • Kathak
  • Yakshagana (Dance Drama)
2 Music
  • Gamaka
  • Kannada Bhavageete
  • Indian Classical Music
3 Major Festival
  • Ugadi (Kannada New Year)
  • Makara Sankranti (the harvest festival)
  • Ganesh Chaturthi
  • Gowri Habba
  • Ram Navami
  • Naga Panchami
  • Basava Jayanthi
  • Deepavali
  • Ramzan
4 Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Ragi ball (Ragi mudde)
5 Traditional Dress Men  
  • Shirt, Trousers and Salwar kameez
  • Mysore Peta
  • Pagadi
  • Saree, Dhoti


Chennakesava TempleBelur
Kollur Mookambika TempleKollur
Gomateshwara TempleShravanabelagola
Hoysaleswara TempleHalebeedu
Gokarna Mahableshwar templeNorth Kannada district
Murudeshwara templeUttara Kannada District
Kukke Subramanya templeSouth Kannada District
Kateel Durgaparameshwari templeKateel town in Dakshina Kannada
Horanadu Annapurneshwari temple Mudigere – Taluk, Chikamagalur 
Guddattu Mahaganapathi templeYedyadi-Mathyadi
Sri Virupaksheshwara templeHampi


The economy of Karnataka is the fourth-largest of any Indian state with ₹18.05 lakh crore (US$250 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹231,491 (US$3,200) (2018–19).

S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP ₹18.05 lakh crore (US$250 billion)
2 Growth rate 6.8% (2019-20 est.)
3 Per capita income ₹231,491 (US$3,200) (2018–19)
4 GDP per capita rank 7th
5 Major Industries
  • Research and Development
  • Headquarter of ISRO
  • IT and ITeS
  • Agro
  • Aerospace
  • Heavy Engineering
  • Automobile Industries
  • Biotechnology Companies
  • Pharmaceutical Industry
6 Major Imports
  • Mineral fuels including oil
  • Precious metals
  • Electrical machinery, equipment
  • Machinery including computers
  • Organic chemicals
  • Plastics, plastic articles
7 Major exports
  • Softwares
  • Hardware
  • Agriculture Products


Karnataka has one of the most highly educated states in India. The state has a large number of schools and educational institutions, nearly half of which are managed by the government; the remainder is operated by local boards and private bodies. Compulsory free primary education is provided in most towns and villages. Among Karnataka’s oldest and most prominent institutions of higher learning are the Indian Institute of Science (1909), Bangalore University (1964), and the University of Agricultural Sciences (1964)—all in Bengaluru—as well as the University of Mysore (1916) in Mysuru, Karnatak University (1949) in Dharwad, Gulbarga University (1980) in Kalaburagi, and Mangalore University (1980) in Mangaluru.

1.Literacy Rate 75.36%
4.No. of School78,096 (2018)
5.Affiliation BoardCBSE, ICSE, SSLC, NIOS
6.No. of University 58 
6.Colleges in Karnataka520 (Engineering, Law, Medical etc)

List of Top Colleges in India

Top Engineering Colleges in India Top Medical Colleges in India Top Architechure Colleges in India
Top BAMS Colleges in India Top BHMS Colleges in India Top BSMS Colleges in India
Top BNYS Colleges in India Top Dental Colleges in India Top BUMS Colleges in India
Top Nursing Colleges in India Top Physiotherapy Colleges in India Top Veterinary Colleges in India
Top Pharmacy Colleges in India Top Law Colleges in India Top B.ed Colleges in India
Hotel Management icon Fashion Designing icon

Heritage Sites

UNESCO Heritage Sites

  • Group of Monuments at Hampi
  • Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
  • Western Ghats (Shared Site)

Other Heritage Sites

S.No Description Summary
1 Major Tourist Places
  • Bangalore
  • Gokarna
  • Chitradurga Fort
  • Mysore
  • Coorg
  • Chikmagalur
  • Belur
  • Shravanabelagola
  • Murudeshwar
2 Major Monuments
  • Gol Gumbaz
  • Kittur fort
  • Daria Daulat Bagh
  • Shiva Temple
  • Temples of Dhaneshwara
  • Tombs of Prophets Malyappa and Monappa
  • The old temple of Kameshwara

Famous Persons

Freedom Fighter
  • Umabai Kundapur.
  • Krishnabai Panjekar.
  • Kamaladevi Chattopadhaya.
  • Yashodhara Dasappa.
  • Tayamma Veerannagowda.
  • Mahadevitayi Dodmane.
  • Bellary Siddamma.
  • Gowramma Venkataramayya
  • Shilpa Shetty Kundra
  • Aishwarya Rai Bachchan
  • Shamita Shetty
  • Deepika Padukone
  • Anushka Sharma
  • Genelia D’Souza
  • Prakash Raj
  • Sunil Shetty
  • Vishnuvardhan
  • K. T. Achaya
  • G. S. Amur
  • U. R. Ananthamurthy
  • Andayya
  • Anjana Appachana
  • D. L. Narasimhachar
  • Shatavadhani Ganesh
  • Phakirappa Gurubasappa Halakatti
  • Adavi Jayatirthacharya
  • Ganapatrao Maharaj Kannur
  • Lakshmana Pandita
  • P. V. Acharya
  • Udyavara Madhava Acharya
  • Gopalakrishna Adiga
  • Srikrishna Alanahalli
  • Akbar Ali
  • Basava
  • Chamarasa
  • Cha. Fra. D’Costa
  • M. T. V. Acharya
  • Aravind Adiga
  • Ravi Belagere
  • Maa Naa Chowdappa
  • Sucheta Dalal
  • George Fernandes
  • B. D. Ganapathy
  • Samar Halarnkar
  • B. M. Idinabba
  • Vedam Jaishankar
  • M. V. Kamath
  • Anuradha TK
  • Rohini Balakrishnan
  • Krishna Bharadwaj
  • Rajeshwari Chatterjee
  • Rohini Godbole
  • Nandini Harinath
  • Ramarao Indira
  • Devaki Jain
Sportsman Tennis  
  • Mahesh Bhupathi
  • Rohan Bopanna
  • Arjun Halappa
  • M.P. Ganesh
  • Mamatha Maben – captain of Women’s cricket team
  • Anil Kumble
  • Brijesh Patel
  • BS Chandrasekhar
  • E.A.S. Prasanna
  • G.R. Vishwanath
  • Javagal Srinath
  • Rahul Dravid
  • Robin Uthappa
  • Roger Binny
  • Shantha Rangaswamy – Captain Women’s Cricket Team
  • Sunil Joshi
  • Syed Kirmani
  • Venkatesh Prasad
  • RM Shankara
  • Prakash Padukone
  • Vimal Kumar
  • DV Prasad
  • MS Thej Kumar
Padma Bhushan
  • V. Narahari Rao
  • Kodandera Subayya Thimayya
  • Narayan Subarao Hardikar
  • Kuppali Venkatappagowda Puttappa
  • Kankanhalli Vasudevachary
  • Satish Dhawan
  • Raja Ramanna
  • C. N. R. Rao
  • Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay
  • Kuvempu
  • Triloki Nath Chaturvedi
  • Mallikarjun Mansur
  • Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan
  • Kishori Amonkar
  • M. N. Venkatachaliah
Padma Shri
  • Kodaganur S. Gopinath
  • Arundathi Nag
  • B. Ramana Rao
  • M. R. S. Rao
  • Vijayalakshmi Ravindranath
  • M. Annamalai
  • Nomita Chandy
  • Girish Kasaravalli
  • Devanur Mahadeva
  • Anita Reddy
  • Anant Darshan Shankar
  • Chittani Ramachandra Hegde
  • K. Ullas Karanth

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