{Updated} Karnataka GK & GS Questions and Answers

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Karnataka

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Karnataka is Indian state which is situated in the western region of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act. Previously Karnataka was known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973. The state corresponds to the Carnatic region. The capital and largest city is Bangalore (Bengaluru).

Karnataka is bounded by the states of Goa and Maharashtra to the north, Telangana to the east, Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the south and by the Arabian Sea to the west.

Updated Karnataka GK Questions and Current Affairs

Administrative Structure

As per the government of India records, Karnataka had an estimated GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) of about US$115.86 billion in the 2014–15 fiscal year. The state registered a GSDP growth rate of 7% for the year 2014–2015. Karnataka’s contribution to India’s GDP in the year 2014–15 was 7.54%. With GDP growth of 17.59% and per capita GDP growth of 16.04%, Karnataka is on the 6th position among all states and union territories. As per the employment survey conducted for the year 2013–2014, the unemployment rate in Karnataka was 1.8% compared to the national rate of 4.9%. In 2011–2012, Karnataka had an estimated poverty ratio of 20.91% compared to the national ratio of 21.92%.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Banglore
2. Administrative HQ Banglore
3. Chief Ministers H. D. Kumaraswamy
4. Governor Vajubhai Vala
6. State Animal Indian elephant
7. State Bird Indian Roller
8. State Flower Lotus
9. State Tree Sandalwood
10. No. of District 30
11. Loksabha Seats 28
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) 75
13. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 224
14. Major Airport
  • Bengaluru International Airport
  • Hubli Airport
  • Mangalore International Airport
  • Belgaum Airport
  • Bellary Airport
  • Gulbarga Airport
  • Mysore Airport
  • Jindal Vijaynagar Airport
15. Railway Stations
  • Mangalore Railway Stations
  • Mysore Railway Stations
  • Shimoga Railway Stations
  • Hubli Railway Stations
  • Chamarajanagar Railway Stations
16. Official Language Kannada
17. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
18. Postal Code Different according to Location
19. Vehicle Code KA —
20. Judiciary High court Karnataka
21. Seal Seal of Karnataka

Karnataka State GK for History

The name Mysore—or Mysuru, which more accurately reflects the pronunciation in Kannada. It is carried out from the Sanskrit word for “buffalo town,” as Karnataka formerly was called. It derives from the destruction of the buffalo-demon Mahishasura by the goddess Chamunda. The prehistory of Mysore is embedded in legends that concern the struggle that took place in southern India between Aryan peoples, who invaded from the north, and the original Dravidian inhabitants; in legendary form this struggle is represented as a conflict between devils and demons on the one hand and gods and goddesses on the other. The documented history of the region focuses mostly on the princely state of Mysore as it existed before 1953, for no one dynasty succeeded in ruling the whole region occupied by the Kannada-speaking peoples—the area that essentially constitutes present-day Karnataka.

Below table will tell more about GK of Karnataka and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on  1 November 1956
2. Capital Formation 1537
3. Largest city Bangalore
4. Also Known as State of Mysore
5. Ruled By Semukha/ Gauthamiputhra
6. Major Historical Events

Structure and Physiographic divisions (Geography)

The Indian State of Karnataka has located 11°30′ North and 18°30′ North latitudes and 74° East and 78°30′ East longitude. It is situated on a tableland where the Western and Eastern Ghat ranges converge into the complex, in the western part of the Deccan Peninsular region of India. The State is bounded by Maharashtra and Goa States in the north and northwest; by the Arabian Sea in the west; by Kerala and the Tamil Nadu States in the south and by the States of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in the east. Karnataka extends to about 750 km from north to south and about 400 km from east to west.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 1,91,791km² ( 74,051/sq mi)
2 Population 6,11,30,704
3 Rank of the state Area Rank:-7th

Population Rank:- 8th

4 Population Density 320/km²
5 State Bounded By
  • Goa (northwest)
  • Maharashtra (north)
  • Telangana (northeast)
  • Andhra Pradesh (east)
  • Tamil Nadu (southeast)
  • Kerala (south)
5 Soil & Minerals
  • Black Soil
  • Laterite Soil
  • Red and Red loamy soil
  • Dark brown Clayey Soil
  • Mixed red and Black Soil
7 Major Crops
  • Rice
  • Ragi
  • Jowar
  • Maize
  • Pulses
  • Cashew
  • Coconut
  • Arecanut
  • Cardamom etc
8 Forest Area  38720  km²
9 Climate Coastal Karnataka

  • Hot Climate
  • Rainy Tropical Monsoon Climate

Southern Island

  • Hot and Dry Climate

North Karnataka

  • Arid (not Hot)
10 Rivers
  • Kaveri
  • Tungabhadra
  • Krishna
  • Malaprabha
  • Sharavathi

Click here to read the complete list of Rivers

11 Major Dam
  • Karanja Dam
  • Hirehalla Dam
  • Hemavathy Dam
  • Hidkal Dam
  • Narayanapura Dam

Click here to read the complete list of Dams

12 Major Flora
  • Callophyllum tomentosa
  • Callophyllum wightianum
  • Garcina cambogia
  • Artocarpus lacoocha,
  •  Garcina morealla
  • Flacourtia montana
  • Alstonia scholaris
  • Flacourtia montan
  • aArtocarpus hirsutus etc
13 Major Fauna 
  • Tiger
  • Elephant
  • Leopard
  • Gaur
  •  Sambar Deer
  • Chital
  • Muntjac
  • Bonet macaque

Arts & Culture

Karnataka has a very rich cultural heritage, compounded by the contributions of successive dynasties, which have fostered various religions and philosophies that, in turn, have influenced literature, architecture, folklore, music, painting, and other arts. The town of Shravanabelagola, 56 miles (90 km) from Mysuru, is especially significant for its ancient buildings and monuments. It contains notable examples of architecture from the Mauryan empire (c. 321–185 BCE), as well as a colossal 10th-century stone figure of Bahubali (Gommateshvara), the Jain saint.

S.No Description Summary
1 Folk Dance
  • Dollu Kunitha
  •  Bharatanatyam
  • Kuchipudi
  • Kathak
  • Yakshagana (Dance Drama)
2 Music
  • Gamaka
  • Kannada Bhavageete
  • Indian Classic Music
3 Major Festival
  • Ugadi (Kannada New Year)
  • Makara Sankranti (the harvest festival)
  • Ganesh Chaturthi
  • Gowri Habba
  • Ram Navami
  • Nagapanchami
  • Basava Jayanthi
  • Deepavali
  • Ramzan
4 Cuisine (Famous Food)
5 Traditional Dress Men

  • Shirt, Trousers and Salwar kameez
  • Mysore Peta
  • Pagadi

Women

  • Saree, Dhoti

 

The Economy of Karnataka

S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP  14.08 Lakh Crore (US$ 200 billion)
2 Growth rate 7.4% (2017-18 est.)
3 Per capita income 1,93,409  (US$ 2,700) (2018-19)
4 GDP per capita rank 10th
5 Major Industries
  • Research and Development
  • Headquarter of ISRO
  • IT and ITeS
  • Agro
  • Aerospace
  • Heavy Engineering
  • Automobile Industries
  • Biotechnology Companies
  • Pharmaceutical Industry
6 Major Imports
  • Mineral fuels including oil
  • Precious metals
  • Electrical machinery, equipment
  • Machinery including computers
  • Organic chemicals
  • Plastics, plastic articles
7 Major exports
  • Softwares
  • Hardware
  • Agriculture Products

Education

Karnataka has one of the most highly educated states in India. The state has a large number of schools and educational institutions, nearly half of which are managed by the government; the remainder is operated by local boards and private bodies. Compulsory free primary education is provided in most towns and villages. Among Karnataka’s oldest and most-prominent institutions of higher learning are the Indian Institute of Science (1909), Bangalore University (1964), and the University of Agricultural Sciences (1964)—all in Bengaluru—as well as the University of Mysore (1916) in Mysuru, Karnatak University (1949) in Dharwad, Gulbarga University (1980) in Kalaburagi, and Mangalore University (1980) in Mangaluru.

Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate  75.36%
2. Male 82.47%
3. Female 68.08%
4. No. of School 64,027 Approx (Primary + Secondary)
5. Affiliation Board CBSE, ICSE, SSLC, NIOS
6. No. of University  55 Approx (Central 1, State 25, Deemed 14, Privatre 10)
6. Colleges in Karnataka 481 (Engineering, Law, Medical etc)

Educational Institution in Karnataka

Heritage Sites in Karnataka

S.No Description Summary
1 Major Tourist Places
  • Bangalore
  • Hampi
  • Gokarna
  • Chitradurga Fort
  • Mysore
  • Coorg
  • Chikmagalur
  • Belur
  • Shravanabelagola
  • Murudeshwar

Click here for more Tourists place in Karnataka

2 Major Monuments
  • Gol Gumbaz
  • Kittur fort
  • Daria Daulat Bagh
  • Shiva Temple
  • Temples of Dhaneshwara
  • Tombs of Prophets Malyappa and Monappa
  • Old temple of Kameshwara
3 National Park
  • Kudremukh National Park
  • Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) National Park
  • Bannerghatta National Park
  • Bandipur National Park
  • Anshi National Park
4 Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Shettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nugu Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ranibennur Blackbuck Sanctuary

Click here to more about Karnataka WLS

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