Karnataka GK 2019 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!


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Karnataka is an Indian state which is situated in the western region of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act. Previously Karnataka was known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973. The state corresponds to the Carnatic region. The capital and largest city are Bangalore (Bengaluru).

Karnataka GK Questions and Current Affairs


  • The name Mysore—or Mysuru, which more accurately reflects the pronunciation in Kannada. It is carried out from the Sanskrit word for “buffalo town,” as Karnataka formerly was called. It derives from the destruction of the buffalo-demon Mahishasura by the goddess Chamunda.
  • The prehistory of Mysore is embedded in legends that concern the struggle that took place in southern India between Aryan peoples, who invaded from the north, and the original Dravidian inhabitants; in legendary form, this struggle is represented as a conflict between devils and demons on the one hand and gods and goddesses on the other.
  • The documented history of the region focuses mostly on the princely state of Mysore as it existed before 1953, for no one dynasty succeeded in ruling the whole region occupied by the Kannada-speaking peoples—the area that essentially constitutes present-day Karnataka.

Below table will tell more about the GK of Karnataka and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on  1 November 1956
2. Capital Formation 1537
3. Largest city Bangalore
4. Also Known as State of Mysore
5. Ruled By Semukha/ Gauthamiputhra
6. Major Historical Events

Geographical Structure

It is situated on a tableland where the Western and Eastern Ghat ranges converge into the complex, in the western part of the Deccan Peninsular region of India. Karnataka extends to about 750 km from north to south and about 400 km from east to west.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 1,91,791km² ( 74,051/sq mi)
2 Population 6,11,30,704
3 The Rank of the state
  • Area Rank:-7th
  • Population Rank:- 8th
4 Population Density 320/km²
5 State Bounded By
  • Goa (northwest)
  • Maharashtra (north)
  • Telangana (northeast)
  • Andhra Pradesh (East)
  • Tamil Nadu (southeast)
  • Kerala (south)
6 Soil 
  • Black Soil
  • Laterite Soil
  • Red and Red loamy soil
  • Alluvio-Colluvial soil
  • Forest soil
  • Coastal soil
7 Minerals
  • Asbestos
  • Bauxite
  • Chromite
  • Dolomite
  • Gold
  • Iron ore
  • Kaolin
  • Limestone
  • Magnesite
  • Manganese
  • Ochre
  • Quartz
  • Silica
8 Major Crops
  • Sunflower
  • Ragi
  • Jowar
  • Maize
  • Pulses
  • Sugarcane
  • Cotton
  • Tobacco
  • Cardamom etc
9 Forest Area  38720  km²
10. Hill range
  • Eastern Ghats
  • Western Ghats
  • Nilgiri Hills
11 Major Flora
  • Callophyllum tomentosa
  • Callophyllum wightianum
  • Garcina cambogia
  • Artocarpus lacoocha,
  •  Garcina morealla
  • Flacourtia Montana
  • Alstonia scholaris
  • Flacourtia montan
  • Artocarpus hirsutus etc
12 Major Fauna 
  • Tiger
  • Elephant
  • Leopard
  • Gaur
  • Sambar Deer
  • Chital
  • Muntjac
  • Bonnet macaque



Coastal Karnataka
1. Hot Climate
2. Rainy Tropical Monsoon Climate

Southern Island
1. Hot and Dry Climate

North Karnataka
1. Arid (not Hot)

Nickname of Cities

City Name Location
Bengaluru or Banglore
  • Electronic City of India
  • Garden City of India
  • IT Capital of India
  • Science city of India
  • Silicon Valley of India
  • Space City
  • Green City
  • Heritage City
  • Sandal Wood City
Sakleshpur Poor Man’s Ooty
Mangalore Rome of East
Coorg Scotland of India

National Parks

Name Area Length Location
Kudremukh National Park 600.32 km sqr.  Chikkamagaluru district
Rajiv Gandhi National Park 643 km Sqr. Veeranahosahalli
Bannerghatta National Park 104.27km Sqr. Bannerughatta, Bengaluru,
Bandipur National Park 880 km Sqr. Gundlupet Taluk, Bandipur,
Anshi National Park 340 km Sqr. Kodthalli

Wildlife Sanctuaries

Name Area Length
BiligirirangaSwamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary 540 km Sqr.
Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary 526.96 km Sqr.
Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary 492.46 km Sqr.

Dams and Rivers

Dams Rivers
Linganamakki Dam Sharavathi river
Kadra Dam Kalinadi River
Supa Dam Kalinadi River
Krishna Raja Sagara Dam Kaveri River
Harangi Dam Harangi River
Narayanpur Dam Krishna River
Kodasalli Dam Kali River
Basava Sagara Krishna River
Tunga Bhadra Dam Tungabhadra River
Alamatti Dam Krishna River


  • Agara Lake
  • Bellandur Lake
  • Byrasandra Lake
  • Hebbal Lake
  • Kempambudhi Lake
  • Lalbagh Lake
  • Madiwala Lake
  • Puttenahalli Lake
  • Sankey Lake
  • Ulsoor Lake
  • Dalavai Lake
  • Devanoor Lake
  • Karanji lake
  • Kukkarahalli lake
  • Lingambudhi Lake
  • Honnamana Kere
  • Pampa Sarovar


Name Height City
Barkana Falls 259 metres (850 ft) Shimoga
Jog Falls 253 metres (830 ft) Shimoga
Magod Falls 198 metres (650 ft) Uttara Kannada
Kunchikal Falls 183 metres (600 ft) Udupi
Hebbe Falls 168 metres (551 ft) Chikkamagaluru
Kalhatti Falls 122 metres (400 ft) Chikkamagaluru
Keppa Falls 116 metres (381 ft) Uttara Kannada
Koosalli Falls 116 metres (381 ft) Udupi
Shivanasamudra Falls 98 metres (322 ft) Mysore
Kedumari Falls 91 metres(299 ft) Udupi
Muthyala Maduvu 91 metres(299 ft) Bangalore Rural

**Highest Waterfall of India- Jog Falls, Karnataka**

Administrative Structure

As per the government of India records, Karnataka had an estimated GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) of about US$115.86 billion in the 2014–15 fiscal year. The state registered a GSDP growth rate of 7% for the year 2014–2015. Karnataka’s contribution to India’s GDP in the year 2014–15 was 7.54%. With GDP growth of 17.59% and per capita GDP growth of 16.04%, Karnataka is on the 6th position among all states and union territories. As per the employment survey conducted for the year 2013–2014, the unemployment rate in Karnataka was 1.8% compared to the national rate of 4.9%. In 2011–2012, Karnataka had an estimated poverty ratio of 20.91% compared to the national ratio of 21.92%.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Banglore
2. Administrative HQ Banglore
3. Chief Ministers B. S. Yediyurappa(26 July 2019-present)
4. Governor Vajubhai Vala
6. State Animal Asian elephant
7. State Bird Indian Roller
8. State Flower Lotus
9. State Tree Sandalwood
10. No. of District 30
11. No. of Division 4(Bangalore, Belgaum, Gulbarga, Mysore)
11. Loksabha Seats 28
12. Rajyasabha Seats 12
13. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) 75
14. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 224
15. Major Airport
  • Bengaluru International Airport
  • Hubli Airport
  • Mangalore International Airport
  • Belgaum Airport
  • Bellary Airport
  • Gulbarga Airport
  • Mysore Airport
  • Jindal Vijaynagar Airport
16. Railway Stations
  • Mangalore Railway Stations
  • Mysore Railway Stations
  • Shimoga Railway Stations
  • Hubli Railway Stations
  • Chamarajanagar Railway Stations
17. Major Port New Mangalore Port
18. Official Language Kannada
19. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
20. Postal Code Different according to Location
21. Vehicle Code KA —
22. Judiciary High court Karnataka
23. Seal Seal of Karnataka


Languages Percentage
Others 4.05%


Religion Percentage
Hinduism 84.00%
Islam 12.92%
Christianity 1.87%
Jainism 0.72%
Buddhism 0.16%
Sikhism 0.05%
Other 0.02%
Not religious 0.27%


Stadium City
M. Chinnasawami Stadium Bangalore
Sir M V Stadium Mandya


Name River
Ghatprabha Hydroelectric Project Ghataprabha
Bhadra Hydroelectric Project Bhadra
Mallapur Hydroelectric Project Tungbhdra
Seshadhri Iyer (Sivasamudram) Hydroelectric Project Cauvery

Arts & Culture

Karnataka has a very rich cultural heritage, compounded by the contributions of successive dynasties, which have fostered various religions and philosophies that, in turn, have influenced literature, architecture, folklore, music, painting, and other arts. The town of Shravanabelagola, 56 miles (90 km) from Mysuru, is especially significant for its ancient buildings and monuments. It contains notable examples of architecture from the Mauryan empire (c. 321–185 BCE), as well as a colossal 10th-century stone figure of Bahubali (Gommateshvara), the Jain saint.

S.No Description Summary
1 Folk Dance
  • Dollu Kunitha
  • Bharatanatyam
  • Kuchipudi
  • Kathak
  • Yakshagana (Dance Drama)
2 Music
  • Gamaka
  • Kannada Bhavageete
  • Indian Classical Music
3 Major Festival
  • Ugadi (Kannada New Year)
  • Makara Sankranti (the harvest festival)
  • Ganesh Chaturthi
  • Gowri Habba
  • Ram Navami
  • Naga Panchami
  • Basava Jayanthi
  • Deepavali
  • Ramzan
4 Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Ragi ball (Ragi mudde)
5 Traditional Dress Men

  • Shirt, Trousers and Salwar kameez
  • Mysore Peta
  • Pagadi


  • Saree, Dhoti


Temple Location
Chennakesava Temple Belur
Kollur Mookambika Temple Kollur
Gomateshwara Temple Shravanabelagola
Hoysaleswara Temple Halebeedu
Gokarna Mahableshwar temple North Kannada district
Murudeshwara temple Uttara Kannada District
Kukke Subramanya temple South Kannada District
Kateel Durgaparameshwari temple Kateel town in Dakshina Kannada
Horanadu Annapurneshwari temple  Mudigere – Taluk, Chikamagalur 
Guddattu Mahaganapathi temple Yedyadi-Mathyadi
Sri Virupaksheshwara temple Hampi


S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP  14.08 Lakh Crore (US$ 200 billion)
2 Growth rate 7.4% (2017-18 est.)
3 Per capita income 1,93,409  (US$ 2,700) (2018-19)
4 GDP per capita rank 10th
5 Major Industries
  • Research and Development
  • Headquarter of ISRO
  • IT and ITeS
  • Agro
  • Aerospace
  • Heavy Engineering
  • Automobile Industries
  • Biotechnology Companies
  • Pharmaceutical Industry
6 Major Imports
  • Mineral fuels including oil
  • Precious metals
  • Electrical machinery, equipment
  • Machinery including computers
  • Organic chemicals
  • Plastics, plastic articles
7 Major exports
  • Softwares
  • Hardware
  • Agriculture Products


Karnataka has one of the most highly educated states in India. The state has a large number of schools and educational institutions, nearly half of which are managed by the government; the remainder is operated by local boards and private bodies. Compulsory free primary education is provided in most towns and villages. Among Karnataka’s oldest and most prominent institutions of higher learning are the Indian Institute of Science (1909), Bangalore University (1964), and the University of Agricultural Sciences (1964)—all in Bengaluru—as well as the University of Mysore (1916) in Mysuru, Karnatak University (1949) in Dharwad, Gulbarga University (1980) in Kalaburagi, and Mangalore University (1980) in Mangaluru.

Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate  75.36%
2. Male 82.47%
3. Female 68.08%
4. No. of School 64,027 Approx (Primary + Secondary)
5. Affiliation Board CBSE, ICSE, SSLC, NIOS
6. No. of University  55 Approx (Central 1, State 25, Deemed 14, Privatre 10)
6. Colleges in Karnataka 481 (Engineering, Law, Medical etc)

Educational Institutions

Category Link
Medical Colleges in Karnataka Click Here
Dental Colleges in Karnataka Click Here
BHMS Colleges in Karnataka Click Here
AYUSH Colleges in Karnataka Click Here
BUMS Colleges in Karnataka Click Here
Veterinary Colleges in Karnataka Click Here
Physiotherapy Colleges in Karnataka Click Here
Law Colleges in Karnataka Click Here
B.Ed Colleges in Karnataka Click Here
Nursing Colleges in Karnataka Click Here

Heritage Sites

UNESCO Heritage Sites

  • Group of Monuments at Hampi-
  • Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
  • Western Ghats (Shared Site)

Other Heritage Sites

S.No Description Summary
1 Major Tourist Places
  • Bangalore
  • Gokarna
  • Chitradurga Fort
  • Mysore
  • Coorg
  • Chikmagalur
  • Belur
  • Shravanabelagola
  • Murudeshwar
2 Major Monuments
  • Gol Gumbaz
  • Kittur fort
  • Daria Daulat Bagh
  • Shiva Temple
  • Temples of Dhaneshwara
  • Tombs of Prophets Malyappa and Monappa
  • The old temple of Kameshwara

Famous Persons

Freedom Fighter
  • Umabai Kundapur.
  • Krishnabai Panjekar.
  • Kamaladevi Chattopadhaya.
  • Yashodhara Dasappa.
  • Tayamma Veerannagowda.
  • Mahadevitayi Dodmane.
  • Bellary Siddamma.
  • Gowramma Venkataramayya
  • Shilpa Shetty Kundra
  • Aishwarya Rai Bachchan
  • Shamita Shetty
  • Deepika Padukone
  • Anushka Sharma
  • Genelia D’Souza
  • Prakash Raj
  • Sunil Shetty
  • Vishnuvardhan
  • K. T. Achaya
  • G. S. Amur
  • U. R. Ananthamurthy
  • Andayya
  • Anjana Appachana
  • D. L. Narasimhachar
  • Shatavadhani Ganesh
  • Phakirappa Gurubasappa Halakatti
  • Adavi Jayatirthacharya
  • Ganapatrao Maharaj Kannur
  • Lakshmana Pandita
  • P. V. Acharya
  • Udyavara Madhava Acharya
  • Gopalakrishna Adiga
  • Srikrishna Alanahalli
  • Akbar Ali
  • Basava
  • Chamarasa
  • Cha. Fra. D’Costa
  • M. T. V. Acharya
  • Aravind Adiga
  • Ravi Belagere
  • Maa Naa Chowdappa
  • Sucheta Dalal
  • George Fernandes
  • B. D. Ganapathy
  • Samar Halarnkar
  • B. M. Idinabba
  • Vedam Jaishankar
  • M. V. Kamath
  • Anuradha TK
  • Rohini Balakrishnan
  • Krishna Bharadwaj
  • Rajeshwari Chatterjee
  • Rohini Godbole
  • Nandini Harinath
  • Ramarao Indira
  • Devaki Jain
Sportsman Tennis

  • Mahesh Bhupathi
  • Rohan Bopanna


  • Arjun Halappa
  • M.P. Ganesh


  • Mamatha Maben – captain of Women’s cricket team
  • Anil Kumble
  • Brijesh Patel
  • BS Chandrasekhar
  • E.A.S. Prasanna
  • G.R. Vishwanath
  • Javagal Srinath
  • Rahul Dravid
  • Robin Uthappa
  • Roger Binny
  • Shantha Rangaswamy – Captain Women’s Cricket Team
  • Sunil Joshi
  • Syed Kirmani
  • Venkatesh Prasad


  • RM Shankara


  • Prakash Padukone
  • Vimal Kumar


  • DV Prasad
  • MS Thej Kumar
Padma Bhushan
  • V. Narahari Rao
  • Kodandera Subayya Thimayya
  • Narayan Subarao Hardikar
  • Kuppali Venkatappagowda Puttappa
  • Kankanhalli Vasudevachary
  • Satish Dhawan
  • Raja Ramanna
  • C. N. R. Rao
  • Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay
  • Kuvempu
  • Triloki Nath Chaturvedi
  • Mallikarjun Mansur
  • Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan
  • Kishori Amonkar
  • M. N. Venkatachaliah
Padma Shri
  • Kodaganur S. Gopinath
  • Arundathi Nag
  • B. Ramana Rao
  • M. R. S. Rao
  • Vijayalakshmi Ravindranath
  • M. Annamalai
  • Nomita Chandy
  • Girish Kasaravalli
  • Devanur Mahadeva
  • Anita Reddy
  • Anant Darshan Shankar
  • Chittani Ramachandra Hegde
  • K. Ullas Karanth

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