Kerala GK 2020-21 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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Kerala
Kerala

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Kerala GK Questions and Current Affairs


History

Kerala is one of the smallest states in India with the Malabar Coast of the Arabian Sea, with 15000 square miles that extend 75 miles in breadth and 20 miles in width. Kerala is a distinct region, which is separated by the Western Ghats that runs parallel to the sea for about 85 miles.

Kerala’s main native language Malayalam which is originated as a by-product of Tamil, the principal native language of neighbouring Tamil Nadu.

Below table will tell more about the Kerala GK and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 1 November 1956
2. Capital Formation 1947
3. Largest city Thiruvananthapuram
4. Also Known as Spice Garden of India
5. Ruled By Chera Dynasty, Ay Dynasty, Ezhimala kingdom
6. Major Historical Events
  • Channar revolt (1822 –  1859)
  • Consecration at Aruvippuram (1888)
  • Formation of SNDP (1903), NSS (1914) & Yogakshema Sabha (1908)
  • Vaikom Satyagraham (1924)
  • Guruvayur Satyagraham (1931 -32)
  • Malayali Memorial (1891)
  • Ezhava Memorial (1896)
  • Nivarthana Agitation (1931-1938)
  • Paliam Satyagraham (1947)
  • Temple Entry Proclamation (1936)
  • Kallumala Struggle (1915)
  • Cherayi Misrabhojanam (1917)
  • Kuriyedath Thathri’s Smarthavicharam (1905)
  • Mappila Riot (1921)

Kerala is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. It was made on 1 November 1956, following the States Reorganisation Act by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 sq km (15,005 sq mi)

Structure and Physiographic divisions (Geography)

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 38,863km² ( 15,005/ sq mi)
2. No. of Taluka 75
3. State Animal Indian elephant
4. State Bird Great hornbill
5. State Flower Golden shower
6. State Tree Coconut
7. Population 3,33,87,677
8. The rank of the state Area rank:- 23rd
Population Rank:-13th
9. Population Density 860/km²
10. State Bounded By
  • Karnataka
  • Tamil Nadu
11. Soil & Minerals
  • Loam, Laterite, Alluvial, Chernozem
  • Minerals: Ilmenite, Rutile, Limeshell, Dimension Stone (Granite), Gemstones,  Zircon, Monazite, Fire Clay, Tile and Brick Clay, Silica Sand, Lignite, Limestone,  Sillimanite, Gold, Iron ore, Bauxite, Graphite, China Clay etc
12. Major Crops
  • coconut
  • rubber
  • tea
  • coffee
  • pepper
  • cardamom
  • areca nut
  • ginger
  • nutmeg
  • cinnamon etc.
13. Climate
  • humid tropical wet climate
  • the tropical wet and dry climate
14. Rivers
  • Periyar River
  • Bharatapuzha River
  • Chalakudy River
  • Pamba River
  • Chaliyar River
15. Major Flora
  • Acacia catechu
  • Alpinia galanga
  • Biophytum spp.
  • Crateva Magna
  • Hydrocotyle Asiatica
  • Gloriosa superba
  • Phyllanthus amarus
  • Piper longum
16. Major Fauna
  • Indian elephant, Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Nilgiri tahr, common palm civet, and grizzled giant squirrels
  • Reptiles:- king cobra, viper, python, and mugger crocodile
  • Birds:- Malabar Trogon, the great hornbill, Kerala laughing thrush, darter and southern hill myna

Administrative Structure

The following table provides information about the Administrative structure of Kerala.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Thiruvananthapuram
2. Administrative HQ Thiruvananthapuram
3. Chief Ministers Pinarayi Vijayan
4. Governor Arif Mohammad Khan
5. No. of District 14
6. Loksabha Seats 20
7. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) NA
8. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 140
9. Railway Stations
  • Thiruvananthapuram Central
  • Ernakulam Junction
  • Kozhikode
  • Kollam Junction
  • Thrissur
  • Palakkad Junction
  • Kannur
  • Shornur Junction
10. Official Language Malayalam
11. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
12. Postal Code Different according to area
13. Vehicle Code KL —
14. Judiciary Kerala High Court
15. Seal
Logo of Kerala
Logo of Kerala

Languages

Language Percentage
Malayalam 97.02%
Tamil 1.49%
Others 1.5%

Religion

Hinduism 54.73%
Islam 26.56%
Christianity 18.38%
Others 0.32%

Dams

Name River
Banasura Sagar Dam Chalakudy River
Malampuzha Dam Malampuzha River
Peechi Dam Manali River
Idukki Dam Periyar River
Kundala Dam Parambikulam River
Parambikulam Dam Parambikulam River
Walayar Dam Walayar River
Mullaperiyar Dam Pennar River
Neyyar Dam Pennar River

National Parks

Name Area
Anamudi Shola National Park 7.50 Km2
Eravikulam National Park 97 Km2
Mathikettan Shola National Park 12.82 Km2
Pambadum Shola National Park 1.32 Km2
Periyar National Park 305 Km2
Silent Valley National Park 237 Km2

 Arts & Culture

S.No Description Summary
1. Dance
  • Kathakali
  • Chavittunatakom
  • Thullal
  • Kottiyattom
  • Bharat Natyam
  • Oppana
  • Mohiniyattam
  • Kakkarissi Natakom
  • Kolkkali
2. Music
  • Classic Music of Kerala
  • Carnatic Music
  • Vadakkanpattu
  • Lullabies
  • Mappilapattu
  • Panchari melam
  • Panchavadyam
3. Major Festival
  • Onam
  • Vishu
  • Thrissur Pooram
  • Theyyam festival
  • Arthunkal perunnal
  • Utsavam.
4. Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Idli, Vada
  • Puttu
  • Appam
  • Idiyappam
  • Appam
  • Payasam
  • Pappadam
  • Rasam
  • Sambhar
  • Sadhya
  • Chicken Curry
  • Beef fry, Fish Curry
5. Traditional Dress Men
  • Mundu
  • Kara
  • White shirt
  • Jubba

Women

  • Neriyathum
  • Mundu
  • Saree

Economy

S.No Description Summary
1. State GDP ₹9.78 lakh crore (US$140 billion)
2. Growth rate  11.6% (2018-19)
3. Per capita income ₹ 2,04,105
4. GDP per capita rank  10th
5. Major Industries
  • IT and ITeS
  • Handloom
  • Handicrafts
  • PSUs
  • Handicrafts
  • Bamboo Industry
  • Coir Industry
  • Cashew Industry
  • Marine Products
6. Major Imports
  • Oil Petroleum
  • Gold
  • Silver
7. Major exports
  • Spices
  • Natural Rubber
  • coconut
  • Cashew
  • Rubber
  • Rice
  • Fertilizers and Chemicals

Important Stadiums

Name Sport City
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium both Cricket &
Football
Kochi
Trivandrum International Stadium Sports
complex
Trivandrum
EMS Stadium Football Kozhikode
Malappuram District Sports Complex Football Malappuram
Thrissur Municipal Corporation Stadium Football Thrissur
International Hockey Stadium Hockey Kollam
Chandrasekharan Nair Stadium Football Thiruvananthapuram
Fort Maidan Football Palakkad

Nuclear & Space Research Centre

Name City
India Rare Earths Limited Alwaye
National Centre for Earth Science
Studies
Thiruvananthapuram
Thumba equatorial Launching
Station
Thumba
Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre Thiruvananthapuram

International Airports

Name City
Kannur International Airport Kannur
Cochin International Airport Kochi
Calicut International Airport Kozhikode
Trivandrum International Airport Thiruvananthapuram

Education

Kerala is the most literate state in India, the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics was established in 14 to the 16th century which is the oldest educational institution in Kerala. According to the 2011 census, Kerala has 93.91% literacy compared to the national literacy rate of 74.04%.In January 2016, Kerala became the first Indian state to achieve 100% primary education through its literacy programme Athulyam. The entire Kerala state GK in PDF can be downloaded in just one click, the link is given at the end of the article.

  Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011)  93.91%
2. Male 96.02%
3. Female 91.98%
4. No. of School 12,644 (Lower Primary, Upper Primary, High School)
5. Affiliation Board ICSE, CBSE, NIOS, Kerala State Education Board
6. No. of University 19 Approx (Central 2, State 13, Deemed 3,
7. Colleges in Kerala 485 Approx (Engineering, Medical, law, Management, Institute of National Importance )

List of Top Colleges in India

Top Engineering Colleges in India Top Medical Colleges in India Top Architechure Colleges in India
Top BAMS Colleges in India Top BHMS Colleges in India Top BSMS Colleges in India
Top BNYS Colleges in India Top Dental Colleges in India Top BUMS Colleges in India
Top Nursing Colleges in India Top Physiotherapy Colleges in India Top Veterinary Colleges in India
Top Pharmacy Colleges in India Top Law Colleges in India Top B.ed Colleges in India
Hotel Management icon Fashion Designing icon

Museums

Name City
Arakkal Museum Ayikkara
Teak Museum Nilambur
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Police Museum Kollam
Krishnapuram Palace Kayamkulam
Indo-Portuguese Museum Kochi
Vallathol Museum Thrissur
Mural Art Museum Thrissur
Archaeological Museum Thrissur
Vaidyaratnam Ayurveda Museum Thrissur
Indian Business Museum Kozhikode
Kerala Soil Museum Thiruvananthapuram
Napier Museum Thiruvananthapuram
Pazhassi Raja Archaeological Museum Kozhikode
Wayanad Heritage Museum Ambalavayal
Hill Palace Thrippunithura

Heritage Sites

S.No Description Summary
1. Major Tourist Places
  • Alleppey
  • Wayand
  • Cochin
  • Munnar
  • Vagamon
  • Idukki
  • Kannur
  • Palakkad
2. Major Monuments
  • Dutch Palace
  • Jewish Synagogue
  • Anjuthengu Fort
  • Hill Palace
  • Fort Kochi
  • St. Francis Church
  • Thalassery Fort
  • Bekal Fort
  • Krishnapuram Palace
  • Bolghatty Palace
  • Padmanabhapuram Palace
  • Palakkad Fort

Lakes

  • Ashtamudi Lake
  • Kuttanad Lake
  • Maanaanchira
  • Manakody
  • Padinjarechira
  • Paravur Kayal
  • Punnamada Lake
  • Shasthamkotta lake
  • Vadakkechira
  • Vanchikulam
  • Vellayani Lake
  • Vembanad Lake

Nicknames of Citys

City Name
Kochi or Cochin
  • Gateway to Kerala
  • Queen of the Arabian Sea
Kollam
  • Cashew Capital of the World
  • Gateway to Backwaters
  • Prince of Arabian sea
Alappuzha Venice of the East
Thiruvananthapuram
  • City of Statues
  • Evergreen City of India
Kozhikode City of Spices
Kannur City of Looms and Lores
Kottayam  City of
  • letters (Aksharanagri),
  • Murals
  • latex
  • lakes
Kasaragod
  • Land of Palm trees,
  • Rice bowl of Kerala
Thrissur
  • The Cultural Capital of Kerala,
  • Land of Poorams,
  • The land of Vadakkumnathan,
  • Gold capital of India.
Wayanad God’s Own district

Other Important Information

Sea Ports Name: Cochin Port
Built: 1926
Coast: Western
Waterfalls Name: Meenmutty Falls
Height: 300 meters
Name: Soochipara Falls
Height: 200 metres
Hydro-Electric Power Plant Name: Idukki Hydro Electric Power Plant
River:  Periyar
Mountain Peak Anamudi
Tribal Groups Urali
Bird Sanctuaries Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Periyar (305 km2 )
  • Parambikulam (285 Km2)
  • Chinnar (90.44 Km2)
National Park
  • Kudremukh (97 sq.Km)
  • Silent Valley National Park(236.74 sq.km)
Famous Temple
  • Sabarimala Temple
  • Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple
First Women in India Name: Anna Chandy
Year: 1959
Description: The first Indian woman judge of a High Court (Kerala High Court)

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