Maharashtra GK 2019 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

Hey Readers, Today we are going to have a look at Maharashtra General Knowledge Questions and Answers. The no. of questions being asked in several examinations have gone up in previous years.

MAHARASHTRA GK

Maharashtra is the 3rd largest state in India. It is one of the iconic attractions of India. The below-given article gives information about GK Questions and Current Affairs for Maharashtra. Aspirants applying for SSC and state-level jobs for Maharashtra may have a look.

Maharastra GK Questions and Current Affairs


History

Maharashtra state was ruled by the Maurya Empires in the 3rd and 4th centuries BCE. Maharashtra state around 230 BCE, the state came under the rule of Satavahana dynasty for 400 years. Below is the tabular description of the history of Maharashtra.

Enjoy Reading.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 1 May 1960
2. Capital Formation 1960
3. Largest city Mumbai
4. Ruled By
  • Maurya Empire,
  • Satavahana dynasty,
  • Western Satraps,
  • Gupta Empire,
  • Gurjara-Pratihara,
  • Vakataka,
  • Kadambas,
  • Chalukya Empire,
  • Rashtrakuta Dynasty,
  • Western Chalukya
  • The Yadava rule.
5. Major Historical Events
  • Quit India Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942.

Geographical Structure

Maharashtra is a state of India, located in the western and central part of the Indian subcontinent and has a long coastline stretching 720 km along the Arabian Sea. It has a famous hill station in western Ghat. Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical structure of Maharashtra.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 307,713 km2(118,809 sq mi)
2 Population 112,372,972
3 Rank of the state
  • Area wise:- 3rd
  • Population wise:- 2nd
4 Population Density 370/km2 (950/sq mi)
5 State Bounded By
  • The Arabian Sea to the west
  • Karnataka and Goa to the south
  • Telangana and Chhattisgarh to the east
  • Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh to the north
  • The Indian union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the north-west.
5 Soil & Minerals
  • black-cotton soil
  • Red soil
  • Laterite soils
  • Morand soils
  • pather soils
7 Major Crops
  • Onion
  • Banana
  • Mandarin orange
  • Tomatoes
  • Pomegranate
  • Alphonso Mango
  • Seedless grape
8 Forest Area 61,939 km2(23,915 sq mi)
9 Climate Typical monsoon climate, with hot, rainy, and cold weather seasons
10 River
  • Krishna
  • Bhima
  • Godavari
  • Tapi-Purna
  • Wardha-Wainganga
  • Koyna River
  • Mula River
  • Pravara River
  • Girna River
12 Major  Flora
  • Abutilon Indicum
  • Bombax ceiba
  • Cheilocostus speciosus
  • Corynandra elegans
  • Danthonidium
  • Drosera indica
  • Entada rheedii
  • Eriocaulon bolei
  • Hubbardia
  • Indopoa
  • Mangifera indica
  • Saraca asoca
13 Major Fauna
  • Tiger
  • Leopard
  • Gaur
  • Sloth bear
  • Sambar
  • Four-horned antelope,
  • Blue bull
  • Chital
  • Barking deer
  • Mouse deer
  • Small Indian civet
  • Golden jackal
  • Jungle cat
  • Striped hyena
  • Hare

Dams

Below you can get the List of Dams in Maharashtra. Name of Dams and Location is as follows…

Names of Dams River Location of Dams
Koyna Dam Koyna River Maharashtra, India
Mula Dam Mula River Rahuri, Maharashtra, India
Panshet Dam Ambi River Velhe Pune District, Maharashtra
Mulshi Dam Mula River Pune District, Maharashtra, India
Bhandardara Dam Pravara River Ahmednagar District, Maharashtra
Vaitarna Dam Vaitarna River Palghar Mumbai, Maharashtra
Jayakwadi Dam Godavari River Jayakwadi, Maharashtra, India
Ujani Dam Bhima River Ujani, Madha Taluka, Solapur District
Pawna Dam Pavana River Pune District, Maharashtra, India
Girna Dam Girna River Malegaon, Nashik, Maharashtra
Kolkewadi Dam Vashishti River Maharashtra, India
Yeldari Dam Purna River Yeldari, Maharashtra, India
Radhanagari Dam Bhogawati River Radhanagari, Maharashtra, India

Lakes

S.NO LAKES CITY REMARKS
1. Lonar Lake Lonar in Buldhana district Known hypervelocity impact crater in basaltic rock anywhere on earth.
2. Venna lake Mahabaleshwar
3. Rankala Lake Kolhapur District It is the oldest of all lakes in Maharashtra.
4. Upvan Lake Thane It is famous for hosting the Sanskruti Arts Festival.
5. Ambazari lake Nagpur It is the largest lake in the city. Nag River of Nagpur originates from this lake.
6. Vihar Lake Vihar village On the Mithi River

National Parks

S.NO NAME LOCATION
1. Chandoli National Park Sangli District
2. Gugamal National Park Amravati District
3. Nawegaon National Park Gondia district
4. Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park Mumbai city
5. Tadoba National Park Chandrapur district

Administrative Structure

Maharashtra state consists of Amravati Division, Aurangabad Division, Konkan Division, Nagpur Division, Nashik Division, Pune Division, and Its 36 districts. Each district under the administrative control of a District Collector. Below is the table, we have served you with the latest Administrative Structure of Maharashtra. Enjoy Reading.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Mumbai(Summar)
Nagpur (Winter)
2. Largest City Mumbai
3 Administrative HQ Mumbai
4. Chief Ministers Devendra Gangadharrao Fadnavis
5. Governor C. Vidyasagar Rao
6. State Animal Giant Squirrel
7. State Bird Green Imperial Pigeon
8. State Flower Jarul
9. State Tree Mango tree
10. No. of District 36
11. No. of Division 6
12. Loksabha Seats 48 seats
13. Vidhan Sabha Seats 289 (288 Elected + 1 Nominated)
15. Major Railway Station
  • Akola Junction railway station
  • Badnera Junction railway station
  • Bhusaval Junction railway station
  • Daund Junction railway station
  • Diva Junction railway station
  • Hotgi Junction railway station
  • Kalyan Junction railway station
  • Murtizapur Junction railway station
  • Nagpur railway station
  • Pachora Junction railway station
  • Pune Junction railway station
  • Wardha Junction railway station
16. Official Language Marathi
17. Time Zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
18. Postal Code 400001-445103
19. Vehicle Code MH–
20. Judiciary Bombay High Court

Languages

Language Percentage
Marathi 68.93%
Hindi 12.89%
Urdu 6.71%
Gujarati 2.11%
Telugu 1.18%
Others 8.18%

Religion

Religion Percentage
 Hinduism
79.83%
Islam
11.54%
Jainism
1.25%
Christianity
0.96%
Sikhism 0.2%
Other 0.16%

Arts & Culture

Maharashtra state is known “the land of the scholar” and popular for its caves. Let us check out the Complete information about MAHARASHTRA Culture and Tradition which is followed by the people of Maharashtra.

S.No Description Summary
1 Folk Dance
  • Dhangari Gaja.
  • Koli Dance.
  • Lavani Dance.
  • Povadas Dance.
  • Tamasha.
2 Traditional Music
  • Lavani
  • Povada
  • Bhaleri
3  Major Festival
  • Ganesh Chaturthi
  • Banganga Festival
  • Bhaubeej
  • Elephanta Festival
  • Ellora Festival
  • Ganga Dashahara
  • Jiviti Puja
  • Kalidas Festival
  • Nag Panchami
4 Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Pav Bhaji
  • Vada Pav
  • Puran Poli
  • Misal Pav
  • Modak
  • Ragda Pattice
  • Bharli Vangi
  • Sreekhand
  • Poha
  • Aamti (Maharashtrian Dal)
  • Kairi Cha Panha
5 Traditional Dress Men
1. Dhotar
2. Pheta
Women
1. Nauwari Saadi or Lugda
2. choli

Temples

Temples Location
Shirdi Sai Temple Shirdi
Ganpatipule Temple Ratnagiri district
Shani Shingnapur Shirdi
Trimbakeshwar Temple Nasik district
Ganeshgule Beach & Temple Ratnagiri district
Bhimashankar Temple Ghat region of Sahyadri hills
Ghrushneshwar / Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple Aurangabad district
Anjarle Beach & Ganesh Temple Ratnagiri district
Yamai Devi Temple Satara district

Economy

Maharashtra’s economy is mainly dependent on industries and agriculture. The state contributes about 25% of the country’s industrial output and 23.2% of its gross domestic product (GDP) (2010–11).

S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP ₹27.96 lakh crore (US$390 billion)
2 Growth rate ‎12% (2017-18 est.)
3 Per capita income ₹180,596 (US$2,500)
4 GDP per capita rank 1st
5 Major Industries
  • Textile
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Petrochemicals
  • Heavy chemicals
  • Electronics,
  • Automobiles,
  • Engineering,
  • Food processing,
  • Plastics
  • IT and ITeS,
  • Auto and auto components
  • Oil and gas,
  • Gems and jewellery,
  • Banking
  • Financial services and insurance (BFSI)
6 Major Imports
  • foodgrains
  • mutton
  • beef
  • poultry
  • fish
  • milk
  • packaged goods
7 Major exports
  • Rice
  • Jwari and Bajri
  • Cotton
  • Sugarcane,
  • Turmeric, and several oilseeds including groundnut, sunflower and soybean.
  • Mangoes
  • Bananas
  • Grapes and Oranges are the main ones
8 GDP by sectors
  • Agriculture 11.9%
  • Industry 33.6%
  • Services 54.5% (2016-17)

Nicknames of cities

S.NO CITY SPECIAL-NAMES
1. Nagpur Orange City
2. Pune
  • Oxford of the East
  • Queen of Deccan
3. Nashik
  • The wine capital of India
  • Grape city of India
  • California of India
4. Mumbai
  • City of Seven Islands
  • Financial Capital of India
  • City of Dreams
  • City of Slums and Skyscrapers
  • Gateway of India
  • Bollywood of India
  • Maximum City
5. Solapur
  • Textile City of India
  • Manchester of India
6. Kolhapur City of Wrestlers

Thermal, Nuclear & Hydroelectricity Power Plants

S.NO NAME OF PLANT TYPE LOCATION REMARK
1. Bhira Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant India Hydroelectric Bhira
2. Koyna Hydro Power Plant Hydroelectric It is the largest completed hydroelectric power plant in India
3. Ghatghar Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Power Plant Hydroelectric Ahmednagar district
4. Bhivpuri Hydroelectric Power Plant Hydroelectric Mumbai
5. Khopoli Hydroelectric Power Plant Hydroelectric Hydroelectric
6. Bhira Tail Race Hydroelectric Power Plant Hydroelectric Patnus
7. Tillari Hydroelectric Power Plant Hydroelectric Dodamarg Taluka
8. Vaitarna Hydroelectric Power Plant Hydroelectric Vaitarna
9. Bhandardara Hydroelectric Power System Hydroelectric Bhandardara
10 Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station Thermal Chandrapur district
11. Tiroda Thermal Power Station Thermal Tirora in Gondia district a coal-based thermal power plant
12. RattanIndia Amravati Thermal Power Project Thermal Amravati district a coal-based thermal power plant
13. Bhusawal Thermal Power Plant Thermal Bhusawal city of Jalgaon district
14. Kaparkheda Thermal Power Station Thermal Nagpur district
15. Parli Thermal Power Plant Thermal Parli Vaijnath in Beed district
16. Tarapur Atomic Power Station (T.A.P.S.) Nuclear Tarapur Tarapur is the largest nuclear power station in India

Stadiums

S.NO STADIUM CITY
1. DY Patil Stadium (Football stadium) Navi Mumbai
2. Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium (cricket stadium) Nagpur
3. Wankhede Stadium (cricket stadium) Mumbai
4. Cooperage Football Stadium (Football stadium) Mumbai
5. Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (cricket stadium) Pune
6. Fr. Agnel Stadium (Football stadium) Mumbai
7. PCMC Hockey Stadium (Hockey stadium) Pimpri-Chinchwad
8. B.P.T. Ground (Football stadium) Mumbai
9. Mahindra Hockey Stadium (Hockey stadium) Navi Mumbai

Education

In 1966, the state government of Maharashtra established its own education board and university. MSBSHSE is the main board of school education in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The state has some of the premier institutions like  All India Institute of Medical Sciences Nagpur, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital And Medical College, Mumbai, Indian Institute of Management Nagpur, National Institute of Technology, Mumbai etc.  In this table, we have served the latest Condition of Education in Maharashtra.

S.No Description Summary
1 Literacy Rate 82.34 %
2. Male 88.38%
3 Female 75.87%
4 No. of School 1,13,191(2018-19)
5 Affiliation Board MSBSHSE, CBSE, ISC, ICSE
6 No. of University 23 state University, 21 Deemed University

Educational Institution

Category Link
Medical Colleges in Maharashtra Click Here
Dental Colleges in Maharashtra Click Here
Siddha Medical Colleges in Maharashtra Click Here
AYUSH Colleges in Maharashtra Click Here
BNYS Colleges in Maharashtra Click Here
Veterinary Colleges in Maharashtra Click Here
Physiotherapy Colleges in Maharashtra Click Here
Law Colleges in Maharashtra Click Here
Pharmacy Colleges in Maharashtra Click Here
Nursing Colleges in Maharashtra Click Here

Monument, Palace and Forts

S.NO MONUMENTS SITUATED IN
1. Gateway of India Mumbai City
2. Shri Mahalakshmi Temple Kolhapur
3. Shree Siddhivinayak Ganapati Mandir Prabhadevi, Mumbai
4. Trimbakeshwar Nashik
5. Bhimashankar Pune
6. The Karla Caves Lonavala
7. Elephanta caves Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri in Mumbai
8. Shanivarwada Pune
9. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya Museum in Mumbai
10. Raigad Fort Raigad district
11. Panhala fort Kolhapur
12. The Rajabai clock Tower South Mumbai
13. Mahalaxmi Temple Mumbai

 

Tribes

  • Bhil
  • MadiaKatkari
  • Koli
  • Oraon
  • Warli

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