Meghalaya GK 2020-21 Notes in PDF: MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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Meghalaya GK Questions and Current Affairs


In the 19th century, Meghalaya became an equivalent part of the British Empire in India. During the British Raj, Meghalaya was added under the British Empire. After in 1935, Meghalaya became a part of Assam. Meghalaya was created by cutting out two districts from the state of Assam (the United Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills) and the Garo Hills on 21 January 1972.


  • Meghalaya was a region inhabited by Garo, Khasi and Jaintia tribes from ancient times.
  • Till independence of India, during British rule, Meghalaya was a part of Assam state with semi-autonomous status.
  • When state Bengal was divided in 1905, Meghalaya was merged into new territory named Eastern Bengal and Assam”. When Bengal united again in 1912, Meghalaya again became part of Assam province.
  • Full autonomy was accorded to Meghalaya on 2nd April 1970 after passing of Assam reorganisation Act 1969.
  • In 1971 Indian parliament passed North East Reorganisation act and thus Meghalaya became full-fledged Indian state on 21 Jan 1972 by merging the districts of Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills.
S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 21 January 1972
2. Capital Formation ‎21 January 1972 (Shillong)
3. Largest city Shillong
4. Also Known as The Abode of Clouds
5. Ruled By British rule

Geographical Structure

The state is bounded in the south part by the Bangladeshi divisions of Mymensingh and Sylhet, and in the west part by the Bangladeshi division of Rangpur and in the north and east part by the India’s State of Assam. The capital city of Meghalaya is Shillong. During the British rule in India, the British imperial authorities named it the “Scotland of the East“. Meghalaya was earlier part of Assam, but on 21 January 1972, the districts of Khasi, Garo and Jaintia hills became the new state of Meghalaya.

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 22,429 km²
2. Population 2,964,007
3. The rank of the state
  • Area rank:- 23rd
  • Population Rank:-23th
4. Population Density 130 people/km²
5. State Bounded By
  • The state is bounded on the north by Assam and by Bangladesh on the south
  • Meghalaya is a hilly strip in the eastern part of the country about 300 km long (east-west) and 100 km wide
6. Soil & Minerals
  • Iron
  • Potassium
  • Magnesium
  • Calcium
7. Major Crops
  • Maize
  • Rice
  • horticultural crops like orange, lemon, pineapple, guava, litchi, banana, jackfruits, plum, pear, peach
8. Forest Area 15,584 sq km
9. Climate
  • Meghalaya is the wettest place on earth
  • high temperatures for most of the year
  • The maximum temperature in this region rarely goes beyond 28 °C (82 °F)
10. Rivers
  • Romeswari river
  • Piyain River
  • Myntdu River
  • Kopili River
  • Digaru
11. Major Dam
  • Umtru Dam
  • Umiam Dam
  • Nongkhyllem Dam
  • Myntdu-Leshka Dam
  • Mawphlang Dam
  • Kyrdemkulai Dam
  • Khandong Dam
12. Major Flora
  • Sacred groves
  • Pitcher plant
  • Nepenthes khasiana
  • Shorea robusta
  • Tectona grandis (teak)
  • Succulent plant
  • shrubs
13. Major Fauna
  • elephants
  • bear
  • red pandas
  • civets
  • mongooses
  • weasels
  • rodents
  • gaur
  • wild buffalo
  • deer
  • wild boar

Ethnic Groups

S.No. Name Percentage
1. Khasi 34%
2. Garo 30.5%
3. Jaintia 18.5%
4. Bengali 7.5%
5. Nepali 3.5%
6. Hajong 1.2%
7. Biate 1.1%
8. Koch 1.0%
9. Tiwa (Lalung) 0.9%
10. Rabha 0.8%
11. Kuki 0.5%
12. Shaikh 0.3%
13. Other 0.2%

National Parks

In Meghalaya GK section the questions that are easy to score are from these types like national parks in Meghalaya, waterfalls in Meghalaya etc.

S.No. Name Area
1. Nokrek National Park 47.48 km2
2. Balphakram National Park 215 km2


S.No. Name Hight
1. Nohkalikai Falls 340 metres (1,120 ft)
2. Nohsngithiang Falls 315 metres (1,033 ft)
3. Kynrem Falls 305 metres (1,001 ft)
4. Bishop Falls 135 metres (443 ft)
5. Beadon Falls 120 metres (390 ft)
6. Sweet Falls 96 metres (315 ft)
7. Langshiang Falls 85 metres (279 ft)

Hill Ranges

S.No. Hills Altitude
1. Khasi Hills 1961m
2. Jaintia Hills
3. Garo Hills 1515m


S.No. Religion Percentage
1. Christianity 74.59%
2. Hinduism 11.52%
3. Islam 4.39%
4. Sikhism 0.10%
5. Buddhism 0.33%
6. Jainism 0.02%
7. Tribal religions 8.70%
8. Others 0.35%


S.No. Language Percentage
1. Khasi 33.82%
2. Garo 31.60%
3. Pnar 10.69%
4. Bengali 6.44%
5. Nepali  1.85%
6. War 1.73%
7. Hindi 1.62%
8. Hajong 1.40%
9. Assamese 1.34%
10. Others 9.51%

Administrative Structure

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Shillong
2. Administrative HQ Shillong
3. Chief Ministers Conrad Sangma (NPP)
4. Governor Tathagata Roy
5. State Animal Clouded leopard
6. State Bird Common hill myna
7. State Flower Paphiopedilum Insigne
8. State Tree Gmelina Arborea
9. No. of District 11
10. Loksabha Seats 2
11. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) N/A
12. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 60
13. Railway Stations Nolbari
Mendi Pathar
14. Official Language English
15. Time Zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
16. Postal Code Different According to Area
17. Vehicle Code ML
18. Judiciary Meghalaya High Court
19. Seal
Seal of Meghalaya


S.No. Name Location
1. Baljek Airport Baljek
2. Shillong airport Umroi

Arts & Culture

The Art & culture of Meghalaya plays a major role in Meghalaya GK that have lots of categories from which questions can be asked.

S.No Description Summary
1. Folk Dance
  • Laho Dance
  • Shad Nongkrem Dance
  • Shad Sukmysiem Dance
  • Doregata Dance
2. Music
  • Bah Kerios Waghalaya
3. Major Festival
  • Strawberry Festival
  • Wangala Festival
  • Shad Sukra
  • Behdeinkhlam Festival
  • Nongkrem Festival
  • Shad Suk Mynsiem
4. Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Jadoh
  • Nahkham
  • Doh Khlieh
  • Rice
  • meat
  • fish
5. Traditional Dress
  1. Women
  • Jainsem Dhara
  • Jainkup
  • Shad Suk Mynsiem
  • Ka Pom-Blang
  1. Men
  • jacket
  • Ka Shad Suk Mynsie
  • Ka Pom-Blang


S.No Description Summary
1. State GDP ₹0.330 lakh crore (US$4.6 billion)
2. Growth rate  12.21%
3. Per capita income ₹ 98,151 (US$ 4,865)
4. GDP per capita rank 27th
5. Major Industries
  • Tourism
  • Agriculture and food processing
  • Horticulture
  • Mining
  • Cement
  • Hydroelectric
  • Dairy
  • livestock power
  • Handloom and handicrafts
  • Steel processing
6. Major Imports
  • Food Items
7. Major exports
  • Shale
  • Limestone
  • Coal
  • Orange


S.No. Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011) 75.84%
2. Male 80.9%
3. Female 64.60%
4. No. of School 6612
5. Affiliation Board NIOS, CISCE, CBSE, MBOSE
6. No. of University 9 (Deemed, Privet, State, central)
7. Colleges in Meghalaya 87 Approx (Engineering, Medical, Law, Management)

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Heritage Sites

S.No Description Summary
1. Major Tourist Places
  • Garo Hills
  • Nohsngithiang Falls
  • Kyllang Rock
  • Umiam Lake
  • Mawlynnong
  • Elephant Falls
  • Jaintia Hills
  • Nohkalikai Waterfalls
  • Dawki
  • Double Decker Living Root Bridge
  • Mawsmai Cave
  • Williamnagar
  • Baghmara
  • Nongpoh
  • Jowai
  • Mawsynram
  • Tura
  • Shillong
  • Cherrapunji
2. Major Monuments
  • Elephant Falls (Shillong)
  • Siju Cave (Tura)
  • Mawthadraishan Peak
  • Mawsmai Cave (Shella Road, Cherapunjee)
  • All Saints Church (Shillong)
  • Umiam Lake (Ri Bhoi District, Nongpoh)
  • Don Bosco Centre for Indigeneous Culture (Mawlai, Shillong)
  • Ialong Park (Jowai)
  • Double Decker Living Root Bridge (Nongriat Village, Cherapunjee)
  • Mawlynnong Village (Shillong)
  • Laitlum Canyon (Shillong)
3. Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nongkhyllem Sanctuary
  • Siju Bird Sanctuary

National Park

S.No. Name Area
1. Balpakram National Park 200 km2
2. Nokrek National Park 47.48 km2

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