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In the 19th century, Meghalaya became an equivalent part of the British Empire in India. During the British Raj, Meghalaya was added under the British Empire. After in 1935, Meghalaya became a part of Assam. Meghalaya was created by cutting out two districts from the state of Assam (the United Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills) and the Garo Hills on 21 January 1972.
Meghalaya was a region inhabited by Garo, Khasi and Jaintia tribes from ancient times.
Till independence of India, during British rule, Meghalaya was a part of Assam state with semi-autonomous status.
When state Bengal was divided in 1905, Meghalaya was merged into new territory named Eastern Bengal and Assam”. When Bengal united again in 1912, Meghalaya again became part of Assam province.
Full autonomy was accorded to Meghalaya on 2nd April 1970 after passing of Assam reorganisation Act 1969.
In 1971 Indian parliament passed North East Reorganisation act and thus Meghalaya became full-fledged Indian state on 21 Jan 1972 by merging the districts of Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills.
21 January 1972
21 January 1972 (Shillong)
Also Known as
The Abode of Clouds
The state is bounded in the south part by the Bangladeshi divisions of Mymensingh and Sylhet, and in the west part by the Bangladeshi division of Rangpur and in the north and east part by the India’s State of Assam. The capital city of Meghalaya is Shillong. During the British rule in India, the British imperial authorities named it the “Scotland of the East“. Meghalaya was earlier part of Assam, but on 21 January 1972, the districts of Khasi, Garo and Jaintia hills became the new state of Meghalaya.
The rank of the state
Area rank:- 23rd
State Bounded By
The state is bounded on the north by Assam and by Bangladesh on the south
Meghalaya is a hilly strip in the eastern part of the country about 300 km long (east-west) and 100 km wide
The maximum temperature in this region rarely goes beyond 28 °C (82 °F)
Tectona grandis (teak)
In Meghalaya GK section the questions that are easy to score are from these types like national parks in Meghalaya, waterfalls in Meghalaya etc.
Nokrek National Park
Balphakram National Park
340 metres (1,120 ft)
315 metres (1,033 ft)
305 metres (1,001 ft)
135 metres (443 ft)
120 metres (390 ft)
96 metres (315 ft)
85 metres (279 ft)
Conrad Sangma (NPP)
Common hill myna
No. of District
Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)
Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)
Nolbari Mendi Pathar
Different According to Area
Meghalaya High Court
Arts & Culture
The Art & culture of Meghalaya plays a major role in Meghalaya GK that have lots of categories from which questions can be asked.
Shad Nongkrem Dance
Shad Sukmysiem Dance
Bah Kerios Waghalaya
Shad Suk Mynsiem
Cuisine (Famous Food)
Shad Suk Mynsiem
Ka Shad Suk Mynsie
₹0.330 lakh crore (US$4.6 billion)
Per capita income
₹ 98,151 (US$ 4,865)
GDP per capita rank
Agriculture and food processing
Handloom and handicrafts
Literacy Rate (2011)
No. of School
NIOS, CISCE, CBSE, MBOSE
No. of University
9 (Deemed, Privet, State, central)
Colleges in Meghalaya
87 Approx (Engineering, Medical, Law, Management)
List of Top Colleges in India
Major Tourist Places
Double Decker Living Root Bridge
Elephant Falls (Shillong)
Siju Cave (Tura)
Mawsmai Cave (Shella Road, Cherapunjee)
All Saints Church (Shillong)
Umiam Lake (Ri Bhoi District, Nongpoh)
Don Bosco Centre for Indigeneous Culture (Mawlai, Shillong)
Ialong Park (Jowai)
Double Decker Living Root Bridge (Nongriat Village, Cherapunjee)
Mawlynnong Village (Shillong)
Laitlum Canyon (Shillong)
Siju Bird Sanctuary
Balpakram National Park
Nokrek National Park
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