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Odisha is one of the 29 states in India, It was earlier known as Orissa. It is located in eastern India. It is surrounded by the states of West Bengal to the north-east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south.
Odisha is the 8th largest state by area and the 11th most populated state in India. It is also the 2nd most populous state of India in terms of tribal population. The official language Odia (formerly known as Oriya) is the official and most widely spoken language, spoken by as many as 40 million as of 2017.
- 1 Odisha GK Questions and Current Affairs
- 2 Administrative Structure
- 3 Arts & Culture
- 4 The Economy of Odisha
- 5 Education
- 6 Heritage Sites
Odisha GK Questions and Current Affairs
Odisha has a glorious historical and cultural lineage spanning 2000 years & more. The history and culture of Odisha reflects the history of northern Indian states and many generalizations that are made about Indian history does not hold good for the Odia region.
In ancient times Odisha was called as Kalinga. It was a major seafaring nation that had strong trade links with most of the seaports of the Bay of Bengal. For many centuries, a major part of South and South East Asia was under its socio-cultural. The temple of Angkor Vat is a classic architectural specimen of Odia influence on Cambodian temple architecture.
Below table will tell more about Its history.
|1.||Founded on||1 April 1936|
|2.||Capital Formation||30 September 1946|
|4.||Also Known as||Orissa|
|5.||Ruled By||Mauryan Empire, Harsha’s empire, Mughal empire|
|6.||Major Historical Events|| |
Odisha has an area of 155,707 km² (4.87% of the total area of County) and a coastline of 450 km. It extends from the Subarnarekha River in the north to the Rushikulya river in the south. The lake Chilika in Odisha is a part of the coastal plains. The plains are rich in fertile silt deposited by the six major rivers flowing into the Bay of Bengal: Subarnarekha, Budhabalanga, Baitarani, Brahmani, Mahanadi and Rushikulya.
Below table will tell you more about the Geographical Structure.
|1||Total Area||155,707 km²|
|3||The rank of the state|| |
|4||Population Density||300/km2 (760/sq mi)|
|5||State Bounded By|| |
|7||Forest Area||58,136 km2|
|9||Major Crops|| |
|11||Major Flora|| |
|12||Major Fauna|| |
Below you can get the List of National Parks in Odisha. Name of National Parks, Year of Establishment and Total Area is as follows…
|S. No.||National College in Odisha||Establishment year||Total Area (Km2)|
|1||Bhitarkanika National Park||1988||145|
|2||Simlipal National Park||1980||845.7|
Below you can get the list of Dams in Odisha. Name of Dams and Location is as follows…
|Names of Dams||Impounds||Location of Dams|
|Hirakud Dam||Mahanadi River||16.5 km from Sambalpur, Odisha, India|
|Jalaput Dam||Sileru River||Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, India|
|Mandira Dam||Sankh River||Sundergarh district, Odisha, India|
|Patora Dam||Jonk River||Patora, Nuapada District, India|
|Rengali Dam||Brahmani River||Rengali, Angul District, Odisha, India|
|Indravati Dam||Indravati River||30km from Nabarangpur, Odisha, India|
|Kala Dam||Kala River||Kaptipada, Mayurbhanj District, Odisha, India|
Below table will tell more about the Lakes of Orisha.
|S.No||Lakes||Located In /Near By||Remark|
|1||Chillika Lake||It extends from Bhusandpur in Puri district in the North to Rambha-Malud in Ganjam district||Asia’s largest brackish water lagoon|
|2||Anshupa Lake||Opposite Banki in Cuttack district||Odisha’s largest freshwater lake|
|3||Kanjia Lake||Northern outskirts of Bhubaneswar||Natural lake|
Thermal, Nuclear and Hydroelectricity Power Plants:
Below table will tell more about the Thermal, Nuclear and Hydroelectricity Power Plants.
|S.No.||Name of Power Plant||Type||Location||Remark|
|1||Talcher Thermal Power Station||Thermal||Angul in Odisha||It is the second-largest power plant in India, coal-fired power plants|
|2||IB Thermal Power Station||Thermal||Jharsuguda town in Jharsuguda district||Coal-fired power plants|
|3||Hirakud Power Plant||Thermal||Hirakud in Sambalpur district||Coal-fired power plants|
All states in India are governed by a parliamentary system of government based on the universal adult franchise. As we know India’s parliament is bicameral. The lower house is called the Lok Sabha. Odisha has 21 Lok Sabha seats, all the seats are directly elected by the electorates. Odisha contributes 10 members to Rajya Sabha (Upper house). They are elected by the state’s legislature.
The main political parties active in the politics of Odisha are the Biju Janata Dal, the Indian National Congress and Bhartiya Janata Party. Naveen Patnaik-led Biju Janata Dal stayed in power for the fourth consecutive term.
Below table will tell more about the Administrative Structure.
|3.||Chief Ministers||Naveen Patnaik|
|4.||Governor||Prof. Ganeshi Lal|
|7.||State Bird||Indian roller|
|8.||State Flower||Ashoka tree|
|9.||State Tree||Sacred fig|
|10||No. of District||30|
|12.||Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)||Odisha does not have Vidhan Parishad|
|13.||Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)||147|
|14.||Major Airport|| |
|15.||Railway Stations (Major)|| |
|16.||Official Language||Odiya (Formerly Oriya)|
|17.||Time Zone||UTC +5:30 hours|
|18.||Postal Code||Different according to Area|
|20.||Judiciary||Orissa High Court, Cuttack|
|Kalinga Stadium (Hockey Stadium)||Bhubaneswar|
|Barabati Stadium (cricket stadium)||Cuttack|
|East Coast Railway Stadium (cricket stadium)||Bhubaneswar|
|Biju Patnaik International Airport||Bhubaneswar|
Arts & Culture
Odisha has a rich artistic heritage and it has created the best examples of Indian art and architecture. Artistic traditions are still maintained through frescoes, painted on stone and wood, famous in the name of the painting (painted painting) and paintings on palm trees. Handicraft artists are known for their elaborate craftsmanship of very fine mud-cutting in silver.
The majority (over 94%) of people in the state of Odisha are Hindu and there is also a rich cultural heritage in the state. For example, Odisha is home to several Hindu figures. Sant Bhima Bhoi was a leader of the Mahima sect movement. Sarala Das, a Hindu Khandayat, was the translator of the epic Mahabharata in Odia. Chaitanya Das was a Buddhistic-Vaishnava and writer of the Nirguna Mahatmya. Jayadeva was the author of the Gita Govinda.
The Odisha Temple Authorisation Act of 1948 empowered the Government of Odisha to have Hindu temples open for all Hindus including the Harijans.
Below table will tell more about the GK of Odisha and Its Art & Culture.
|1||Folk Dance|| |
|4||Cuisine (Famous Food)|| |
|5||Traditional Dress|| |
Below table will tell more about the Festival.
|1||Chandan Yatra||It is also is known as Gandhalepana yatra.|
|2||Durga Puja Odisha||Worship to the goddess. Odisha and Bengalis mainly celebrate Durga puja.|
|3||Puri Rath Yatra||It is a Hindu festival associated with Lord Jagannath.|
|4||Dola Purnima||celebrated during Dola Purnima.|
|5||Deva Snana Purnima||Deities are bathed by 108 pitchers of water brought from the well near Sitala temple|
|2||Konark Sun Temple||Konark|
The Economy of Odisha
Odisha is the fastest-growing state in India, according to the 2014-15 economic survey, Odisha’s gross state domestic product (GSDP) was expected to grow at 8.78%. Odisha’s economy still depends on Agriculture business. When we consider the latest trends, the size of Odisha’s economy has increased by 22.27 per cent during the last six years in terms of the gross state domestic product (GSDP). Thereby, Odisha achieved an annual average growth rate of 6.23 per cent during that period. It is also one of the top FDI destinations in India. In the fiscal year 2011-12, Odisha received investment proposals worth ₹49,527 crores (US$ 9.296 billion).
|1||State GDP||₹5.85 lakh crore (US$82 billion)|
|2||Growth rate||6.2% (2019-20)|
|3||Per capita income||₹ 95,164 US$ 5,200 (2018-19)|
|4||GDP per capita rank||16th|
|Major Industries|| |
|6||Major Imports|| |
|7||Major exports|| |
Years ago, education was neglected in Odisha as there were no higher educational institutions but in the last few years, the hub of Orissa education has been created. Dozens of the Engineering college, Management colleges, Medical colleges etc. established in the last few decades.
|1.||Literacy Rate (2011)||73.45%|
|4.||No. of School||35,928 Primary and 20,427 Upper Primary schools|
|5.||Affiliation Board||ICSE, CBSE, State Board|
|6.||No. of University||26|
|6.||Colleges in Odisha||942 Approx|
List of Top Colleges in India
Odisha has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. It has one World Heritage Sites: The Sun Temple, Konark, Odisha. Every year lacs of tourists visit Odisha.
|1||Major Tourist Places|| |
|2||Major Monuments|| |
|3||National Park|| |
|4||Wildlife Sanctuary|| |
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