Odisha GK 2019 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

Hello friends, in this article, I am going to talk about Odisha GK Questions (Odisha State GK in PDF). These specially designed Odisha general knowledge questions and answers are very useful for national level examination. This article is all about GK Questions and Current affairs of Odisha. Aspirants applying for SSC and state-level jobs in Odisha must have a look at Odisha GK Question and Current Affairs facts in this article.

Odisha

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Odisha is one of the 29th states in India, It was earlier know as Orissa. It Located in eastern India, it is surrounded by the states of West Bengal to the north-east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south.

Odisha is the 9th largest state by area and the 11th largest by population. It is also the 3rd most populous state of India in terms of tribal population. The official language Odia (formerly known as Oriya) is the official and most widely spoken language, spoken by 33.2 million according to the 2001 Census.

Odisha GK Questions and Current Affairs


History

Odisha has a glorious historical and cultural lineage spanning 2000 years & more. The history and culture of Odisha reflect the history of northern Indian states and many generalizations that are made about Indian history do not hold good for the Odia region.

In ancient times Odisha knew as Kalinga. It was a major seafaring nation that had strong trade links with most of the seaports of the Bay of Bengal. For many centuries, a major part of South and South East Asia was under its socio-cultural. The temple of Angkor Vat is a classic architectural specimen of Odia influence on Cambodian temple architecture.

Below table will tell more about Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 1 April 1936
2. Capital Formation 30 September 1946
3. Largest city Bhubaneswar
4. Also Known as Orissa
5. Ruled By Mauryan Empire,  Harsha’s empire,  Mughal empire
6. Major Historical Events
  • Sun Temple, Konark
  • Archaeological Site Museum, Konark
  • Ancient Remains on Udayagiri and Khandagiri Hill
  • Rajarani Temple
  • Ratnagiri Monastery
  • Archaeological Museum, Ratnagiri
  • The Gajapati Kingdom
  • Kalinga War

Geographical structure

Odisha has an area of 155,707 km² (4.87% of the total area of County) and a coastline of 450 km. It extends from the Subarnarekha River in the north to the Rushikulya river in the south. The lake Chilika in Odisha is part of the coastal plains. The plains are rich in fertile silt deposited by the six major rivers flowing into the Bay of Bengal: Subarnarekha, Budhabalanga, Baitarani, Brahmani, Mahanadi and Rushikulya.

Below table will tell more about the Geographical Structure.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 155,707 km²
2 Population 4.60 crores
3 The rank of the state
  • Area rank:- 9th
  • Population Rank:- 11th
4 Population Density 300/km2 (760/sq mi)
5 State Bounded By
  • Jharkhand (North)
  • West Bengal (Northeast)
  • Bay of Bengal (East)
  • Andhra Pradesh, Telangana (south)
  • Chandigarh(West and Northwest)
5 Soil 
  • Red Soil, Laterite and lateritic soils, Red and yellow soils, Coastal salt-affected alluvial soils, Deltic alluvial soils, Black soils, Brown forest soils
6. Minerals
  • Graphite, Limestone, granite, fireclay, Bauxite, Graphite, Quartz/silica sand, granite, China Clay, Coal, Dolomite, fireclay, Garnet, Limestone, manganese, Quartz/silica sand, sillimanite, talc/steatite, Copper, granite
7 Forest Area 48,903 km2
8 Climate
  • Summer (March-June)
  • Rainy Season (July-September)
  • Winter (October-February)
9 Major Crops
  • Rice
  • Legume
  • Seed oil
  • Jute
  • Roselle
  • Sugarcane
  • Coconut
10 Rivers
  • Mahanadi
  • Baithrani River
  • Brahmani River
  • Subharnarekha River
  • Budhabalanga
  • River Rushikulya River
  • Naval River
  • Vamsadhara River
  • Sankh River
  •  Godavari River
  • Kathajori River
  • Sabri River
11 Major Flora
  • Teak, Bamboo
  • Sal
  • Haldi
  • Rosewood
  • Paisal and Sanghvi
12 Major Fauna
  • leopards
  • rhinoceros
  • bears
  • monkeys
  • spotted deer
  • gaur
  • sambar
  • chousingha
  • mouse deer
  • nilgai
  • sloth bear
  • wild dog
  • spotted deer
  • wild boar
  • fishing cat
  • jungle cat
  • otter
  • spotted deer
  • bison
  • panther
  • Barasinghas
  • barking deer
  • Blackbuck

National Parks

Below you can get the List of National Parks in Odisha. Name of National Parks, Year of Establishment and Total Area is as follows…

S. No. National College in Odisha Establishment year Total Area (Km2)
1 Bhitarkanika National Park 1988 145
2 Simlipal National Park 1980 845.7

Dams

Below you can get the list of Dams in Odisha. Name of Dams and Location is as follows…

Names of Dams Impounds Location of Dams
Hirakud Dam Mahanadi River 16.5 km from Sambalpur, Odisha, India
Jalaput Dam Sileru River Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, India
Mandira Dam Sankh River Sundergarh district, Odisha, India
Patora Dam Jonk River Patora, Nuapada District, India
Rengali Dam Brahmani River Rengali, Angul District, Odisha, India
Indravati Dam Indravati River 30km from Nabarangpur, Odisha, India
Kala Dam Kala River Kaptipada, Mayurbhanj District, Odisha, India

Lakes

Below table will tell more about the Lakes of Orisha.

S.No Lakes Located In /Near By Remark
1 Chillika Lake It extends from Bhusandpur in Puri district in the North to Rambha-Malud in Ganjan district Asia’s largest brackish water lagoon
2 Anshupa Lake Opposite Banki in Cuttack district Odisha’s largest freshwater lake
3 Kanjia Lake Northern outskirts of Bhubaneswar Natural lake

Thermal, Nuclear and Hydroelectricity Power Plants:

Below table will tell more about the Thermal, Nuclear and Hydroelectricity Power Plants.

S.No. Name of Power Plant Type Location Remark
1 Talcher Thermal Power Station Thermal Angul in Odisha It is the second-largest power plant in India, coal-fired power plants
2 IB Thermal Power Station Thermal Jharsuguda town in Jharsuguda district Coal-fired power plants
3 Hirakud Power Plant Thermal Hirakud in Sambalpur district Coal-fired power plants

Administrative Structure

All states in India are governed by a parliamentary system of government based on the universal adult franchise. As we know India’s parliament is bicameral. The lower house is called the Lok Sabha. Odisha has 21 Lok Sabha seats, all the seats are directly elected by the electorates. Odisha contributes 10 members to Rajya Sabha (Upper house). They are elected by the state’s legislature.

The main political parties active in the politics of Odisha are the Biju Janata Dal, the Indian National Congress and Bhartiya Janata Party. Naveen Patnaik-led Biju Janata Dal stayed in power for the fourth consecutive term.

Below table will tell more about the Administrative Structure.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Bhubaneswar
2. Administrative HQ Bhubaneswar
3. Chief Ministers Naveen Patnaik
4. Governor Satya Pal Malik
7. State Bird Indian roller
8. State Flower Ashoka tree
9. State Tree Sacred fig
10 No. of District 30
11. Loksabha Seats 21
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) Odisha Do not have Vidhan Parishad
13. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 147
14. Major Airport
  • Biju Patnaik International Airport, Bhubaneswar
  • Jharsuguda Airport
  • Rourkela Airport
  • Jeypore Airport
  • Savitri Jindal Airport
  • Hirakud Airstrip
15. Railway Stations
  • Amarda Road
  • Badmal
  • Chhatrapur
  • Chilikidara
  • Damanjodi
  • Ganjam
  • Harichandanpur
  • Harishanker Rd
  • Jajpur Kheonjhar Road
  • Jaleswar
  • Jugpura
  • Kanshbahal
  • Kapilas Road
  • Kesinga
16. Official Language Odiya (Formaly Oriya)
17. Time Zone UTC +5:30 hours
18. Postal Code Different according to Area
19. Vehicle Code OD
20. Judiciary Orissa High Court, Cuttack
21. Seal Seal_of_Odisha

Languages

Language Percentage
Odia 82.70%
Ho 7.90%
Hindi 2.95%
Santali 2.06%
Urdu 1.60%
Telugu 1.59%
Bengali 1.20%

Religion

Religion Percentage
Hinduism
93.63%
Christianity
2.76%
Islam
2.17%
Sarnaism
1.14%
Sikhism
1.05%
Buddhism
0.03%
Jainism 0.02%

Stadiums

Stadium City
Kalinga Stadium (Hockey Stadium) Bhubaneswar
Barabati Stadium  (cricket stadium) Cuttack
East Coast Railway Stadium  (cricket stadium) Bhubaneswar

Airport

Airport City
Biju Patnaik International Airport  Bhubaneswar

Arts & Culture

Odisha has a rich artistic heritage and it has created the best examples of Indian art and architecture. Artistic traditions are still maintained through frescoes, painted on stone and wood, famous in the name of the painting (painted painting) and paintings on palm trees. Handicraft artists are known for their elaborate craftsmanship of very fine mud-cutting in silver.

The majority (over 94%) of people in the state of Odisha are Hindu and there is also a rich cultural heritage in the state. For example, Odisha is home to several Hindu figures. Sant Bhima Bhoi was a leader of the Mahima sect movement. Sarala Das, a Hindu Khandayat, was the translator of the epic Mahabharata in Odia. Chaitanya Das was a Buddhistic-Vaishnava and writer of the Nirguna Mahatmya. Jayadeva was the author of the Gita Govinda.

The Odisha Temple Authorisation Act of 1948 empowered the Government of Odisha to have Hindu temples open for all Hindus including the Harijans.

Below table will tell more about the GK of Odisha and Its Art & Culture.

S.No Description Summary
1 Folk Dance
  • Chhow Dance
  • Ghumura Dance
  • Baagh Naach
  • Dalkhai
  • Karma Naach
2 Music
  • Avanti
  • Panchali
  • Odramagadhi
  • Hindustani
  • Carnatic
4 Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Malai
  • Pakhala
  • Panipuri
  • Dahi Vada
  • Chhena Poda
  • Rasabali
  • Santula
5 Traditional Dress
  • Dhoti and Kurta (Men)
  • saris (Women)

Festivals

Below table will tell more about the Festival.

S.No. Festivals Remarks
1 Chandan Yatra It is also is known as Gandhalepana yatra.
2 Durga Puja Odisha Worship to the goddess. Odisha and Bengalis mainly celebrate Durga puja.
3 Puri Rath Yatra It is a Hindu festival associated with Lord Jagannath.
4 Dola Purnima celebrate during dola Purnima.
5 Deva Snana Purnima  Deities are bathed by 108 pitchers of water brought from the well near Sitala temple

Temples

S.No. Temples City
1 Jagannath Temple Puri
2 Konark Sun Temple Konark
3 Brahmeshwar Temple Brahmeshwar
4 Mukteswar Temple Bhubaneswar
5 Parasurameswar Temple Bhubaneswar

Tribes

  • Sauras
  • Kondhs
  • Santals
  • Bondas
  • Bhumias
  • Gonds
  • Oraons
  • Koyas
  • Didayees
  • Holuva
  • Gadaba
  • Matia
  • Dharua
  • Paraja
  • Bathudi
  • Kolha

The Economy of Odisha

Odisha is the fastest-growing state in India, according to the 2014-15 economic survey, Odisha’s gross state domestic product (GSDP) was expected to grow at 8.78%. Odisha’s economy still depends on Agriculture business. When we consider the latest trends, the size of Odisha’s economy has increased by 22.27 per cent during the last six years in terms of the gross state domestic product (GSDP). Thereby, Odisha achieved an annual average growth rate of 6.23 per cent during that period. It is also one of the top FDI destinations in India. In the fiscal year 2011-12, Odisha received investment proposals worth ₹49,527 crore (US$9.296 billion).

S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP ₹4.43 lakh crore, US$70 billion (2018–19)
2 Growth rate ‎6.6% (2017-18)
3 Per capita income ₹98,983 (US$ 1,531)  (2013-14)
4 GDP per capita rank 16th
Major Industries
  • IT/ITES
  • Food Processing Industries
  • Textile Industries
  • Paper Mills
  • Cement
  • The Aeronautical Industry
  • Fertilizer Plants
  • Hydro Power Plants
  • Thermal Power Plants
  • Ferro Manganese Plants
  • Aluminium Plants
  • Steel Plants
6 Major Imports
  • Oil.
  • Precious stones.
  • Electronics.
  • Heavy machinery.
  • Organic chemicals.
  • Plastics.
  • Animal and vegetable oil.
7 Major exports
  • Aluminium
  • Iron ore
  • Processed minerals
  • Textiles
  •  Handicrafts
  • Silver
  • Rubber

Education

Years ago, education was not good in Odisha, there were no higher educational institutions but in the last few years, the hub of Orissa education has been created. Dozens of the Engineering college, Management colleges, Medical colleges etc. established in the last few decades.

Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011) 73.45%
2. Male 21,212,136
3. Female 20,762,082
4. No. of School 35,928 Primary and 20,427 Upper Primary schools
5. Affiliation Board ICSE, ISCE, State Board
6. No. of University 29
6. Colleges in Odisha 100 Approx

Educational Institution

Category Link
Medical Colleges in Odisha Click Here
Dental Colleges in Odisha Click Here
Siddha Medical Colleges in Odisha Click Here
AYUSH Colleges in Odisha Click Here
BNYS Colleges in Odisha Click Here
Veterinary Colleges in Odisha Click Here
Physiotherapy Colleges in Odisha Click Here
Law Colleges in Odisha Click Here
Engineering Colleges in Odisha Click Here
Nursing Colleges in Odisha Click Here

Heritage Sites

Odisha has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. It has one World Heritage Sites: The Sun Temple, Konark, Odisha. Every year lacs of tourists visit Odisha.

S.No Description Summary
1 Major Tourist Places
  • Konark Sun Temple
  • Private Excursion to Puri from Bhubaneswar
  • Jagannath Temple
  • Udayagiri Pilgrimage
  • Museum of Tribal Arts & Artifacts
  • Udayagiri Pilgrimage
  • Dhauli Peace Pagoda
  • Barabati Fort
  • Dhauli Peace Pagoda
2 Major Monuments
  • Archaeological Site Museum Konark
  • Ancient Remains on Udayagiri and Khandagiri Hill
  • Rajarani Temple
  • Ratnagiri Monastery
  • Archaeological Museum
  • Ratnagiri
3 National Park
  • Bhitarkanika National Park
  • Simlipal National Park
4 Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Chandaka Elephant Sanctuary
  • Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary
  • Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Lakhari Valley Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Balimela Wildlife Sanctuary

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