Punjab GK 2019 Notes in PDF: MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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In Every Competitive Exam, some questions were asked from State Gk. Here, we provide you with all the Punjab state GK in PDF. This will help you to score good marks in General Awareness Section. This article shows detailed information about Punjab GK Questions and Current affairs. Aspirants who are applying for SSC, HPSSC, HPTET and state-level jobs in Punjab must have a look at Punjab GK Questions and Current Affairs facts in this article.

You can read and download free the latest Punjab GK Questions and Current Affairs asked in popular state-level service commissions of Punjab. Now you don’t have to waste your money on costly Punjab General Knowledge Books (Punjab GK Books), the article is alone capable of answering all the questions asked in various State-level Government Jobs in Punjab. Download now Punjab state GK in PDF.

Punjab GK Questions and Current Affairs


History

  • Punjab was continuously attacked by the Persian kings.
  • In 321 BC, the Great Greek King Alexander won Punjab, after defeating Persian kings.
    Ancient Punjab formed part of the vast Indo-Iranian region.
  • In later years Punjab saw the rise and fall of the Bactrians, Sakas, Mauryas, Greeks, Kushans and Guptas.
  • Ghaznavi was followed by the slaves, the Ghoris, the Khiljis, the Tughlaks, the Lodhis and the Mughals.
  • Fifteenth and sixteenth centuries was marked a period of the watershed in the history of Punjab.
  • The Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru, who transformed the Sikhs into the Khalsa.
  • After two abortive Anglo-Sikh wars, Punjab was finally annexed to the British Empire in 1849. The fight against the British rule has started long before Mahatma Gandhi’s arrival.
  • First, it was Namdhari sect, who believed in self-discipline and self-rule. After that, it was Lala Lajpat Rai who played a leading role in the Freedom Movement.
  • Punjab was in the leaders of India’s freedom struggle on all fronts in India and abroad.
  • Eight princely states of East Punjab were grouped to form a single state called PEPSU-Patiala and the East Punjab States Union-with Patiala as its capital. PEPSU was merged with Punjab in 1956. Later in 1966, Haryana was carved out of Punjab.

The Punjab State is historically known as Sapta Sindhu that means the Land of Seven Rivers,  the name Punjab was given by the Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent. Let us check out the major Historical events of Punjab. 

On the request of many readers, we have put the Punjab State GK in PDF downloadable format which is absolutely free.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 1st November 1966
2. Also Known As Sapta Sindhu
3. Ruled By Maurya, Mughals and Afghans
4. Major Historical Events Banda Singh Bahadur had freed Punjab from Mughal rule in 1709-10

Museums

S.No. Name City
1. Sanghol Museum Sanghol
2. Sikh Ajaibghar Balongi
3. Virasat E Khalsa Rupnagar
4. Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum Amritsar
5. Punjab Agricultural University Museum  Ludhiana
6. The Partition Museum Amritsar
7. Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum Ludhiana
8. Punjab Rural Heritage Museum Ludhiana
9. Shaheed-E-Azam Museum Jalandhar
10 Sardar Bhagat Singh Museum  Khatkar Kalan
11. Punjab State War Heroes Memorial & Museum Amritsar

Geographical Structure

Punjab is situated in northwestern India and has a total area of 50,362 Km square. Punjab is surrounded by Pakistan on the west, Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Himachal Pradesh on the northeast and Haryana and Rajasthan on the south. Most of Punjab land is fertile, with many rivers and an extensive irrigation canal system.

A belt of hills extends along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas. Its average altitude is 300 metres above sea level, with a range from 180 metres (590 ft) in the southwest to more than 500 metres (1,600 ft) around the northeast border. The Shiwalik Hills extend along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas.

Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical Structure of Punjab you must know if you want to clear PSSC and HTET or any state-level government exams.

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 50,362 square kilometres (19,445 sq mi)
2. Population 27,704,236
3. The rank of the state Area wise:- 20th

Population wise:- 16th

4. Population Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
5. State Bounded By
  • Pakistan to the West
  • Jammu and Kashmir on the north
  • Haryana and Rajasthan on the south
6. Soil & Minerals Soil

  • Alluvial Soil
  • Saline and alkaline soil
  • Desert Soil

Minerals

  • Limestone
  • Calcite
7. Major Crops
  • Wheat
  • Rice
  • Sugarcane
  • Cotton
  • Legume
  • orange
8. Forest Area 1837 km2
9. Climate Subtropical
10. Major  Flora
  • Mulberry
  • peaches
  • almonds
  • figs
  • oranges
  • apples
11. Major Fauna
  • Fox
  • squirrel
  • mongoose
  • deer

Rivers

Punjab is also called as the land of five water thus it is popular in examination purpose so many Punjab GK questions can be formed from rivers in Punjab section, the best part for candidates is they can download Punjab state gk in PDF free.

S.No. Name Length  Place of Origin Terminates in
1. Sutlej 1500 Rakshastal lake in Tibet Chenab river
2. Beas 470 Beas Kund in Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh Sutlej river at Harike in Tarn Taran district
3. Ravi 720 Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh Chenab river
4. Chenab 960 Upper Himalayas in Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh Merge with Sutlej and forms Panjnad river, which flows into Indus river
5. Jhelum 725 Verinag spring in Kashmir Chenab river

Lakes

There are three major lakes in Punjab which are given below.

S.No. Lake Located in/near
1. Sukhna Lake Chandigarh
2. Harike Lake Ferozpur
3. Kanji Lake Kapurthala

Dams

Punjab is popular for its land and its culture and dams in Punjab support them as water supply to the crops they grow.

S.No. Dam River Location
1. Bakhra Nangal Dam Sutlej River Rupnagar
2. Damsel Dam Damsel River Hoshiarpur
3. Ranjit Sagar (Thein) Dam Ravi River Gurdaspur
4. Siswan Dam Siswan Khad Ropar

Administrative Structure

The Punjab state has 5 Divisions and each division is under the administrative control of Divisional Commissioner. It has 22 Districts each under the administrative control of a District Collector. Below is the table, we have served you with the latest Administrative Structure of Punjab. Enjoy Reading.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Chandigarh
2. Administrative HQ Chandigarh
3. Chief Ministers Captain Amrinder Singh
4. Governor V.P Singh Badnore
5. State Animal Black Buck
6. State Bird Northern goshawk (Baaz)
7. State Flower Gladiolus
8. State Tree Shisham
9. No. of District 22
10. Loksabha Seats 13
11. Rajya Sabha Seats 7
12. Major Railway Station Ferozpur railway division
Ambala railway division
13. Official Language Punjabi
14. Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30
15. Postal Code 140307 to 152116
16. Vehicle Code  PB- XX
17. Judiciary Chandigarh High Court

Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities

S.No. City Nick Name
1 Amritsar City of Golden Temple, Holy City
2 Patiala Royal City

Arts & Culture

Punjab is a beautiful state. It has so many elements of culture including  Music and Dance. The Punjabi music industry is one of the highly flourishing industries in the world. Bhangra is the main element of Punjabi Culture.  Let us check out Punjab current affairs Complete information about Punjab Culture and Tradition which is followed by the people of Punjab.

S.No Description Summary
1. Folk Dance Bhangra, Gidha
2. Traditional Music
  • Jindua
  • Soni
  • Sahiban
3.  Major Festival
  • Lohri
  • Holi
  • Teej
  • Baisakhi
4. Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Sarso ka Saag
  • Makke ki roti
  • Tandoori Chicken
5. Traditional Dress Men-kurta, Tehmat, Pagdi
Women-Patiala suit, Ghagra

Folk Dances

  1. Bhangra
  2. Karthi
  3. Jindua
  4. Dandass
  5. Sammi
  6. Giddha
  7. Jaago
  8. Kikli
  9. Luddi
  10. Malwai Giddha
  11. Jhumar

Tribes

1. Sikh Jats
2. Khatri clans
4. Arora clans
3. Rajput clans

Regional Festivals

S.No. Festival Name Remarks
1. Lohri At the end of winter and for Punjabis
2. Basant Panchami At the arrival of spring
3. Hola Mohalla At Holi gathering of Sikhs for military exercises and mock battles.
4. Baisakhi Khalsa founding anniversary
5. Guru Purbs held in connection with the lives of the Sikh Gurus Gurupurbs celebrated are the birthdays of Guru Nanak and Guru Govind Singh and the martyrdom days of Guru Arjun Dev and Guru Teg Bahadur.
6. Jor Mela in the memory of two sons of Guru Gobind Singh Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh who were buried alive in a brick wall
7. Hariballabh Sangeet Mela  in the memory of the sant-musician, Swami Hariballabh held in Jalandhar

Temple, Monument or Sites

Punjab is most famous for its golden temple which is situated in Amritsar, the tourist comes to see it not from all over India from another country. In this Punjab current affairs article we included all the reliable information and facts which were asked in the examination.

S.No. Monument/Temple/Sites Located in Remarks
1. Golden Temple(Sri Harmandir Sahib) Amritsar The holiest Gurdwara of Sikhism
2. Fatehgarh Sahib Gurudwara Sahota It was built 300 years ago for Guru Gobind Singhji’s two young Sahibzadas were buried alive by the Mughals
3. Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib Anandpur Sahib birthplace of the Khalsa, here Guru Gobind Singh named 5 Sikhs
4. Dama dama Sahib Bathinda Guru Gobind Singh Ji stayed here for 9 months and he worked on the Adi Granth.
5. Quila Mubarak (Palace) Patiala in 1764 the palace was built by Maharaja Ala Singh
6. Jagatjit Palace Kapurthala Now Defense Ministry runs it as the Sainik School
7. Jallianwala Bagh(Historical Site) Amritsar On Sunday, April 13, 1919, Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer commanded the British Indian Army soldiers to began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning.
8. Wagah border Amritsar The lowering of the flags ceremony is practised daily by the military  that the security forces of India (Border Security Force) and Pakistan (Pakistan Rangers) have jointly followed since 1959

Economy

Punjab is considered as “The Granary of India” or “Bread Basket of India” (Most asked question in Punjab current affairs) due to its land fertility and agriculture production. It produces 10.26% of India’s cotton, 19.5% of India’s wheat, and 11% of India’s rice. According to some surveys, Punjab has the lowest level of hunger in India. Throughout the given table, we have defined the Current Economic Status of Punjab. 

S.No Description Summary
1. State GDP 3.17 lakh crore (US$47 billion)
2. Growth rate 5.73%
3. Financial Debt Rs 1.25 lakh cr.
4. GDP per capita rank 15
5. Major Industries
  • Textile
  • Tabacco
  • Flour ash
  • Cement
  • chemicals
6 Major Imports  

  • Sugar
  • Iron and steel
  • Basic metals and Alloys
7. Major exports
  • Wheat
  • Rice
  • Hand Tools
  • Yarn and textile
8. GDP by sectors
  • Agriculture 14.5%
  • livestock, forestry and logging 24.20%
  • real estate 46.53%

Power Plant

Punjab is a fast-growing state and the major contribution of the power plant in Punjab is remarkable.

S.No. Plant/Project Type/Category
1. Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant, Bhatinda Thermal power plant
2. Guru Gobind Singh Super Thermal Power Plant, Ropar Thermal power plant
3. Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant, Lehra Mohabbat, Bhatinda Thermal power plant
4. Ranjit Sagar Dam Hydropower plant
5. Shanan Power House Hydropower plant

Stadiums

There are four major stadiums in Punjab in which Punjab Cricket Association Stadium is most popular among these four stadiums in Punjab.

S.No. Name City
1. Guru Gobind Singh Stadium Jalandhar
2. Gandhi Sports Complex Ground Amritsar
3. Punjab Cricket Association  Stadium (Bindra Stadium) Mohali
4. International Hockey Stadium Mohali

Airports

Punjab has only one international airport and remaining airports in Punjab are domestic.

S.No. Airport Name   City Served   Category
1. Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport   Amritsar   International
2. Bathinda Airport   Bathinda   Domestic
3. Sahnewal Airport   Ludhiana   Domestic
4. Pathankot Airport   Pathankot   Domestic
5. Patiala Airport   Patiala   Domestic

Education

Punjab has seen consistent growth in education. Before people don’t focus on educating the females. But now the time has changed completely. In this table, we have served the latest Condition of Education in Punjab.

S.No Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate 70.73%
2. Male 80.44(male)
3. Female 70.73%(female)
4. No. of School 4,138
5. Affiliation Board CBSE,ICSE,Punjab Board
6. No. of University 23
7. No. of colleges 299

Educational Institution

Punjab is developing its medical education as well as other courses the following links will let you know about all colleges in Punjab.

S.No. Category Link
1. Medical Colleges in Punjab Click Here
2. Dental Colleges in Punjab Click Here
3. BAMS Colleges in Punjab Click Here
4. BHMS Colleges in Punjab Click Here
5. Siddha Medical Colleges in Punjab Click Here
6. AYUSH Colleges in Punjab Click Here
7. BNYS Colleges in Punjab Click Here
8. Veterinary Colleges in Punjab Click Here
9. Physiotherapy Colleges in Punjab Click Here
10. Law Colleges in Punjab Click Here
11. B.Ed Colleges in Punjab Click Here
12. Nursing Colleges in Punjab Click Here

Heritage Sites

Punjab is the cultural hub and questions comes from Punjab current affairs in the history section. Punjab has many historic places, battle sites, it also has many archaeological sites like remains of Indus Valley Civilisation. Let’s read about Heritage sites and major Tourist Attraction in Punjab.

S.No Description Summary
1. Major Tourist Places Amritsar, Chandigarh
2. Major Monuments
  • Golden temple
  •  Jallianwala Bagh
3. National Parks/Wildlife sanctuaries
  • Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Harike Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bir Moti Bagh Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bir Bhadson Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary

S.No. Name City
1. Bir chahal Wildlife Sanctuary Mansa
2. Bir Dosanjh Wildlife Sanctuary Patiala
3. Bir Bhadson Wildlife Sanctuary Patiala
4. Bir Mehas Wildlife Sanctuary Patiala
5. Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary Patiala
6. Bir Aishwan Wildlife Sanctuary Sangrur
7. Harike Wildlife Sanctuary Ferozepur
8. Takhni-Rehmapur Wildlife Sanctuary Hoshiarpur
9. Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary Ferozepur
10. Jhajjar Bacholi Wildlife Sanctuary Rupnagar
11. Kathlaur-Kaushlian Wildlife Sanctuary Gurdaspur

National Parks

S.No. Name City
1. Mohindra Chaudhary Zoological Park Chhatbir, Mohali
2. Tiger Safari Ludhiana
3. Deer Park Neelon Ludhiana
4. Deer Park Bir Moti Bagh Patiala
5. Deer Park Bir Talab Bhatinda

Community Reserves

S.No. Name City
1. Lalwan Community Reserve Hoshiarpur
2. Keshopur-Chhamb Community Reserve Gurdaspur

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