[Updated] Punjab GK & GS 2021: SSC, State level GK Questions in PDF & More!

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In Every Competitive Exam, some questions were asked from State Gk. Here, we provide you with all the Punjab state GK 2021 in PDF. This will help you to score good marks in General Awareness Section. This article shows detailed information about Punjab GK 2021 Questions and Current affairs. Aspirants who are applying for SSC, HPSSC, HPTET and state-level jobs in Punjab must have a look at Punjab GK Questions 2021 and Current Affairs facts in this article.

You can read and download free the latest Punjab GK 2021 Questions and Current Affairs asked in popular state-level service commissions of Punjab. Now you don’t have to waste your money on costly Punjab General Knowledge Books (Punjab GK Books), the article is alone capable of answering all the questions asked in various State-level Government Jobs in Punjab. Download now Punjab state GK in PDF.

[PAGE INDEX]
1. History
2. Geographical Structure
3. Administrative Structure
4. Art & Culture
5. Economy
6. Education
7. Heritage Sites

Punjab GK Questions and Current Affairs

History

  • Punjab was continuously attacked by the Persian kings.
  • In 321 BC, the Great Greek King Alexander won Punjab, after defeating Persian kings.
    Ancient Punjab formed part of the vast Indo-Iranian region.
  • In later years Punjab saw the rise and fall of the Bactrians, Sakas, Mauryas, Greeks, Kushans and Guptas.
  • Ghaznavi was followed by the slaves, the Ghoris, the Khiljis, the Tughlaks, the Lodhis and the Mughals.
  • Fifteenth and sixteenth centuries was marked a period of the watershed in the history of Punjab.
  • The Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru, who transformed the Sikhs into the Khalsa.
  • After two abortive Anglo-Sikh wars, Punjab was finally annexed to the British Empire in 1849. The fight against the British rule has started long before Mahatma Gandhi’s arrival.
  • First, it was Namdhari sect, who believed in self-discipline and self-rule. After that, it was Lala Lajpat Rai who played a leading role in the Freedom Movement.
  • Punjab was in the leaders of India’s freedom struggle on all fronts in India and abroad.
  • Eight princely states of East Punjab were grouped to form a single state called PEPSU-Patiala and the East Punjab States Union-with Patiala as its capital. PEPSU was merged with Punjab in 1956. Later in 1966, Haryana was carved out of Punjab.

The Punjab State is historically known as Sapta Sindhu that means the Land of Seven Rivers,  the name Punjab was given by the Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent. Let us check out the major Historical events of Punjab. 

At the request of many readers, we have put the Punjab State GK in PDF downloadable format which is absolutely free.

S.NoDescriptionAnswer
1.Founded on1st November 1966
2.Also Known AsSapta Sindhu
3.Ruled ByMaurya, Mughals and Afghans
4.Major Historical EventsBanda Singh Bahadur had freed Punjab from Mughal rule in 1709-10

Museums

S.No.NameCity
1.Sanghol MuseumSanghol
2.Sikh AjaibgharBalongi
3.Virasat E KhalsaAnandpur Sahib
4.Maharaja Ranjit Singh MuseumAmritsar
5.Punjab Agricultural University Museum Ludhiana
6.The Partition MuseumAmritsar
7.Maharaja Ranjit Singh War MuseumLudhiana
8.Punjab Rural Heritage MuseumLudhiana
9.Shaheed-E-Azam MuseumJalandhar
10Sardar Bhagat Singh Museum Khatkar Kalan
11.Punjab State War Heroes Memorial & MuseumAmritsar

Geographical Structure

Punjab is situated in northwestern India and has a total area of 50,362 Km square. Punjab is surrounded by Pakistan on the west, Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Himachal Pradesh on the northeast and Haryana and Rajasthan on the south. Most of Punjab land is fertile, with many rivers and an extensive irrigation canal system.

A belt of hills extends along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas. Its average altitude is 300 metres above sea level, with a range from 180 metres (590 ft) in the southwest to more than 500 metres (1,600 ft) around the northeast border. The Shiwalik Hills extend along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas.

Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical Structures of Punjab you must know if you want to clear PSSC and HTET or any state-level government exams.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.Total Area50,362 square kilometres (19,445 sq mi)
2.Population27,743,338
3.The rank of the stateArea wise:- 20th Population wise:- 16th
4.Population Density550/sq.km (1,400/sq mi)
5.State Bounded ByPakistan to the West Jammu and Kashmir on the north Haryana and Rajasthan on the south
6.Soil & MineralsSoil Alluvial Soil Saline and alkaline soil Desert Soil Minerals Limestone Calcite
7.Major CropsWheat Rice Sugarcane Cotton Legume orange
8.Forest Area1837 sq. km
9.ClimateSubtropical
10.Major  FloraMulberry peaches almonds figs oranges apples
11.Major FaunaFox squirrel mongoose deer

Rivers

Punjab is also called the land of five water thus it is popular for examination purposes so many Punjab GK questions can be formed from rivers in the Punjab section, the best part for candidates is they can download Punjab state gk in PDF free.

S.No.NameLength Place of OriginTerminates in
1.Sutlej1500Rakshastal lake in TibetChenab river
2.Beas470Beas Kund in Himalayas, Himachal PradeshSutlej river at Harike in Tarn Taran district
3.Ravi720Kangra district of Himachal PradeshChenab river
4.Chenab960Upper Himalayas in Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal PradeshMerge with Sutlej and forms Panjnad river, which flows into Indus river
5.Jhelum725Verinag spring in KashmirChenab river

Lakes

There are three major lakes in Punjab which are given below.

S.No.LakeLocated in/near
1.Sukhna LakeChandigarh
2.Harike LakeFerozpur
3.Kanji LakeKapurthala

Dams

Punjab is popular for its land and its culture and dams in Punjab support them as water supply to the crops they grow.

S.No.DamRiverLocation
1.Bhakra DamSutlej RiverRupnagar
2.Damsel DamDamsel RiverHoshiarpur
3.Ranjit Sagar (Thein) DamRavi RiverGurdaspur
4.Siswan DamSiswan KhadChandigarh-Baddi Road

Administrative Structure

The Punjab state has 5 Divisions and each division is under the administrative control of the Divisional Commissioner. It has 22 Districts each under the administrative control of a District Collector. Below is the table, we have served you with the latest Administrative Structure of Punjab. Enjoy Reading.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.CapitalChandigarh
2.Administrative HQChandigarh
3.Chief MinistersCaptain Amrinder Singh
4.GovernorV.P Singh Badnore
5.State AnimalBlack Buck
6.State BirdNorthern goshawk (Baaz)
7.State FlowerGladiolus
8.State TreeShisham
9.No. of District22
10.Loksabha Seats13
11.Rajya Sabha Seats7
12.Major Railway StationFerozpur railway division
Ambala railway division
13.Official LanguagePunjabi
14.Time ZoneIST (UTC+05:30)
15.Postal Code140307 to 152116
16.Vehicle Code PB- XX
17.JudiciaryChandigarh High Court

Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities

S.No.CityNick Name
1AmritsarCity of Golden Temple, Holy City
2PatialaRoyal City

Arts & Culture

Punjab is a beautiful state. It has so many elements of culture including  Music and Dance. The Punjabi music industry is one of the highly flourishing industries in the world. Bhangra is the main element of Punjabi Culture.  Let us check out Punjab current affairs Complete information about Punjab Culture and Tradition which is followed by the people of Punjab.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.Folk DanceBhangra, Gidha
2.Traditional MusicJindua Soni Sahiban
3. Major FestivalLohri Holi Teej Baisakhi
4.Cuisine (Famous Food)Sarso ka Saag Makke ki roti Tandoori Chicken
5.Traditional DressMen-kurta, Tehmat, Pagdi
Women-Patiala suit, Ghagra

Folk Dances

  1. Bhangra
  2. Karthi
  3. Jindua
  4. Dandass
  5. Sammi
  6. Giddha
  7. Jaago
  8. Kikli
  9. Luddi
  10. Malwai Giddha
  11. Jhumar

Tribes

1. Sikh Jats
2. Khatri clans
4. Arora clans
3. Rajput clans

Regional Festivals

S.No.Festival NameRemarks
1.LohriAt the end of winter and for Punjabis
2.Basant PanchamiAt the arrival of spring
3.Hola MohallaAt Holi gathering of Sikhs for military exercises and mock battles.
4.BaisakhiKhalsa founding anniversary
5.Guru Purbsheld in connection with the lives of the Sikh Gurus Gurupurbs celebrated are the birthdays of Guru Nanak Ji and Guru Govind Singh Ji and the martyrdom days of Guru Arjun Dev Ji and Guru Teg Bahadur Ji.
6.Jor Melain the memory of two sons of Guru Gobind Singh Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh who were buried alive in a brick wall
7.Hariballabh Sangeet Mela in the memory of the sant-musician, Swami Hariballabh held in Jalandhar

Temple, Monument or Sites

Punjab is most famous for its golden temple which is situated in Amritsar, the tourist comes to see it not from all over India from other country. In this Punjab current affairs article we included all the reliable information and facts which were asked in the examination.

S.No.Monument/Temple/SitesLocated inRemarks
1.Golden Temple(Sri Harmandir Sahib)AmritsarThe holiest Gurdwara of Sikhism
2.Fatehgarh Sahib GurudwaraSirhindIt was built 300 years ago for Guru Gobind Singhji’s two young Sahibzadas were buried alive by the Mughals
3.Takht Sri Keshgarh SahibAnandpur Sahibbirthplace of the Khalsa, here Guru Gobind Singh Ji named 5 Sikhs
4.Dama dama SahibBathindaGuru Gobind Singh Ji stayed here for 9 months and he worked on the Adi Granth.
5.Quila Mubarak (Palace)Patialain 1764 the palace was built by Maharaja Ala Singh
6.Jagatjit PalaceKapurthalaNow Defense Ministry runs it as the Sainik School
7.Jallianwala Bagh(Historical Site)AmritsarOn Sunday, April 13, 1919, Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer commanded the British Indian Army soldiers to began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning.
8.Wagah borderAmritsarThe lowering of the flags ceremony is practised daily by the military  that the security forces of India (Border Security Force) and Pakistan (Pakistan Rangers) have jointly followed since 1959

Economy

Punjab is considered as “The Granary of India” or “Bread Basket of India” (Most asked question in Punjab current affairs) due to its land fertility and agriculture production. It produces 10.26% of India’s cotton, 19.5% of India’s wheat, and 11% of India’s rice. According to some surveys, Punjab has the lowest level of hunger in India. It has a GDP per capita income of ₹ 1,54,996 (US$ 8,470). Throughout the given table, we have defined the Current Economic Status of Punjab. 

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.State GDP₹6.44 lakh crore (US$90 billion))
2.Growth rate6.0%
3.Financial DebtRs 1.25 lakh cr.
4.GDP per capita rank17th
5.Major IndustriesTextile Tabacco Flour ash Cement chemicals
6Major Imports  Sugar Iron and steel Basic metals and Alloys
7.Major exportsWheat Rice Hand Tools Yarn and textile
8.GDP by sectorsAgriculture 14.5% livestock, forestry and logging 24.20% real estate 46.53%

Power Plant

Punjab is a fast-growing state and the major contribution of the power plant in Punjab is remarkable.

S.No.Plant/ProjectType/Category
1.Guru Gobind Singh
Super Thermal Power Plant, Ropar
Thermal power plant
2.Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant, Lehra Mohabbat, BhatindaThermal power plant
3.Ranjit Sagar DamPathankot
4.Shanan Power HouseHydropower plant

Stadiums

There are four major stadiums in Punjab in which Punjab Cricket Association Stadium is the most popular among these four stadiums in Punjab.

S.No.NameCity
1.Guru Gobind Singh StadiumJalandhar
2.Gandhi Sports Complex GroundAmritsar
3.Punjab Cricket Association  Stadium (Bindra Stadium)Mohali
4.International Hockey StadiumMohali

Airports

Punjab has only one international airport and the remaining airports in Punjab are domestic.

S.No.Airport Name  City Served  Category
1.Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport  Amritsar  International
2.Bathinda Airport  Bathinda  Domestic
3.Sahnewal Airport  Ludhiana  Domestic
4.Pathankot Airport  Pathankot  Domestic
5.Patiala Airport  Patiala  Domestic

Education

Punjab has seen consistent growth in education. Before people don’t focus on educating females. But now the time has changed completely. In this table, we have served the latest Condition of Education in Punjab.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.Literacy Rate70.73%
2.Male80.44(male)
3.Female70.73%(female)
4.No. of School4,138
5.Affiliation BoardCBSE, ICSE, Punjab Board
6.No. of University28
7.No. of colleges1140

Heritage Sites

Punjab is the cultural hub and questions comes from Punjab current affairs in the history section. Punjab has many historic places, battle sites, it also has many archaeological sites like the remains of the Indus Valley Civilisation. Let’s read about Heritage sites and major Tourist Attractions in Punjab.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.Major Tourist PlacesAmritsar, Chandigarh
2.Major MonumentsGolden temple  Jallianwala Bagh
3.National Parks/Wildlife sanctuariesAbohar Wildlife Sanctuary Harike Wildlife Sanctuary Bir Moti Bagh Wildlife Sanctuary Bir Bhadson Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary

S.No.NameCity
1.Bir chahal Wildlife SanctuaryMansa
2.Bir Dosanjh Wildlife SanctuaryPatiala
3.Bir Bhadson Wildlife SanctuaryPatiala
4.Bir Mehas Wildlife SanctuaryPatiala
5.Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife SanctuaryPatiala
6.Bir Aishwan Wildlife SanctuarySangrur
7.Harike Wildlife SanctuaryFerozepur
8.Takhni-Rehmapur Wildlife SanctuaryHoshiarpur
9.Abohar Wildlife SanctuaryFerozepur
10.Jhajjar Bacholi Wildlife SanctuaryRupnagar
11.Kathlaur-Kaushlian Wildlife SanctuaryGurdaspur

National Parks

S.No.NameCity
1.Mahendra Zoological parkChhatbir, Mohali
2.Tiger SafariLudhiana
3.Deer ParkNeelon Ludhiana
4.Deer Park Bir Moti BaghPatiala
5.Deer Park Bir TalabBhatinda

Community Reserves

S.No.NameCity
1.Lalwan Community ReserveHoshiarpur
2.Keshopur-Chhamb Community ReserveGurdaspur

Frequently Asked Question (FAQ)

Q. When did Punjab come into existence?

A. 15th Aug 1947

Q. What is the Capital of Punjab?

A. Chandigarh

Q. How many districts are there in the state?

23

Q. Which is the largest city of Punjab?

A. Ludhiana

Q. How many Legislative Assembly seats are here?

A. 117

Q. What is the nature of the Punjab Assembly?

A. Unicameral

Q. What is the total area of Punjab State?

A. 50,362 sq km

Q. What is the rank of Punjab in the country as far as area is concerned?

A. 19th rank

Q. What is the official language of Punjab?

A. Punjabi

Q. What is the literacy rate of the state?

A. 76.68 %

State-wise GK & GS

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Union Territory GK & GS

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Top Colleges in Punjab

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32 thoughts on “[Updated] Punjab GK & GS 2021: SSC, State level GK Questions in PDF & More!”

  1. Dear concerned,
    It is to inform you that there is little correction in Virasat-e-Khalsa location that you have mentioned in Roopnagar.whereas this is located in Anandpur Shaib so you are requested to correct it.and you are requested to send Complete PDF of Punjab G.K

    Reply

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