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- 1 Punjab GK Questions and Current Affairs
- 2 Geographical Structure
- 3 Administrative Structure
- 4 Arts & Culture
- 5 Economy
- 6 Education
- 7 Heritage Sites
- 8 Punjab GK PDF Questions and Answers
Punjab GK Questions and Current Affairs
- Punjab was continuously attacked by the Persian kings.
- In 321 BC, the Great Greek King Alexander won Punjab, after defeating Persian kings.
Ancient Punjab formed part of the vast Indo-Iranian region.
- In later years Punjab saw the rise and fall of the Bactrians, Sakas, Mauryas, Greeks, Kushans and Guptas.
- Ghaznavi was followed by the slaves, the Ghoris, the Khiljis, the Tughlaks, the Lodhis and the Mughals.
- Fifteenth and sixteenth centuries was marked a period of the watershed in the history of Punjab.
- The Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru, who transformed the Sikhs into the Khalsa.
- After two abortive Anglo-Sikh wars, Punjab was finally annexed to the British Empire in 1849. The fight against the British rule has started long before Mahatma Gandhi’s arrival.
- First, it was Namdhari sect, who believed in self-discipline and self-rule. After that, it was Lala Lajpat Rai who played a leading role in the Freedom Movement.
- Punjab was in the leaders of India’s freedom struggle on all fronts in India and abroad.
- Eight princely states of East Punjab were grouped to form a single state called PEPSU-Patiala and the East Punjab States Union-with Patiala as its capital. PEPSU was merged with Punjab in 1956. Later in 1966, Haryana was carved out of Punjab.
The Punjab State is historically known as Sapta Sindhu that means the Land of Seven Rivers, the name Punjab was given by the Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent. Let us check out the major Historical events of Punjab.
On the request of many readers, we have put the Punjab State GK in PDF downloadable format which is absolutely free.
|1.||Founded on||1st November 1966|
|2.||Also Known As||Sapta Sindhu|
|3.||Ruled By||Maurya, Mughals and Afghans|
|4.||Major Historical Events||Banda Singh Bahadur had freed Punjab from Mughal rule in 1709-10|
|3.||Virasat E Khalsa||Rupnagar|
|4.||Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum||Amritsar|
|5.||Punjab Agricultural University Museum||Ludhiana|
|6.||The Partition Museum||Amritsar|
|7.||Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum||Ludhiana|
|8.||Punjab Rural Heritage Museum||Ludhiana|
|10||Sardar Bhagat Singh Museum||Khatkar Kalan|
|11.||Punjab State War Heroes Memorial & Museum||Amritsar|
Punjab is situated in northwestern India and has a total area of 50,362 Km square. Punjab is surrounded by Pakistan on the west, Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Himachal Pradesh on the northeast and Haryana and Rajasthan on the south. Most of Punjab land is fertile, with many rivers and an extensive irrigation canal system.
A belt of hills extends along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas. Its average altitude is 300 metres above sea level, with a range from 180 metres (590 ft) in the southwest to more than 500 metres (1,600 ft) around the northeast border. The Shiwalik Hills extend along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas.
Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical Structure of Punjab you must know if you want to clear PSSC and HTET or any state-level government exams.
|1.||Total Area||50,362 square kilometres (19,445 sq mi)|
|3.||The rank of the state||Area wise:- 20th
Population wise:- 16th
|4.||Population Density||550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|5.||State Bounded By||
|6.||Soil & Minerals||Soil
|8.||Forest Area||1837 km2|
Punjab is also called as the land of five water thus it is popular in examination purpose so many Punjab GK questions can be formed from rivers in Punjab section, the best part for candidates is they can download Punjab state gk in PDF free.
|S.No.||Name||Length||Place of Origin||Terminates in|
|1.||Sutlej||1500||Rakshastal lake in Tibet||Chenab river|
|2.||Beas||470||Beas Kund in Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh||Sutlej river at Harike in Tarn Taran district|
|3.||Ravi||720||Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh||Chenab river|
|4.||Chenab||960||Upper Himalayas in Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh||Merge with Sutlej and forms Panjnad river, which flows into Indus river|
|5.||Jhelum||725||Verinag spring in Kashmir||Chenab river|
There are three major lakes in Punjab which are given below.
Punjab is popular for its land and its culture and dams in Punjab support them as water supply to the crops they grow.
|1.||Bakhra Nangal Dam||Sutlej River||Rupnagar|
|2.||Damsel Dam||Damsel River||Hoshiarpur|
|3.||Ranjit Sagar (Thein) Dam||Ravi River||Gurdaspur|
|4.||Siswan Dam||Siswan Khad||Ropar|
The Punjab state has 5 Divisions and each division is under the administrative control of Divisional Commissioner. It has 22 Districts each under the administrative control of a District Collector. Below is the table, we have served you with the latest Administrative Structure of Punjab. Enjoy Reading.
|3.||Chief Ministers||Captain Amrinder Singh|
|4.||Governor||V.P Singh Badnore|
|5.||State Animal||Black Buck|
|6.||State Bird||Northern goshawk (Baaz)|
|9.||No. of District||22|
|11.||Rajya Sabha Seats||7|
|12.||Major Railway Station||Ferozpur railway division |
Ambala railway division
|14.||Time Zone||IST (UTC+05:30|
|15.||Postal Code||140307 to 152116|
|16.||Vehicle Code||PB- XX|
|17.||Judiciary||Chandigarh High Court|
Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities
|1||Amritsar||City of Golden Temple, Holy City|
Arts & Culture
Punjab is a beautiful state. It has so many elements of culture including Music and Dance. The Punjabi music industry is one of the highly flourishing industries in the world. Bhangra is the main element of Punjabi Culture. Let us check out Punjab current affairs Complete information about Punjab Culture and Tradition which is followed by the people of Punjab.
|1.||Folk Dance||Bhangra, Gidha|
|2.||Traditional Music|| |
|3.||Major Festival|| |
|4.||Cuisine (Famous Food)|| |
|5.||Traditional Dress||Men-kurta, Tehmat, Pagdi |
Women-Patiala suit, Ghagra
- Malwai Giddha
2. Khatri clans
4. Arora clans
3. Rajput clans
|1.||Lohri||At the end of winter and for Punjabis|
|2.||Basant Panchami||At the arrival of spring|
|3.||Hola Mohalla||At Holi gathering of Sikhs for military exercises and mock battles.|
|4.||Baisakhi||Khalsa founding anniversary|
|5.||Guru Purbs||held in connection with the lives of the Sikh Gurus Gurupurbs celebrated are the birthdays of Guru Nanak and Guru Govind Singh and the martyrdom days of Guru Arjun Dev and Guru Teg Bahadur.|
|6.||Jor Mela||in the memory of two sons of Guru Gobind Singh Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh who were buried alive in a brick wall|
|7.||Hariballabh Sangeet Mela||in the memory of the sant-musician, Swami Hariballabh held in Jalandhar|
Temple, Monument or Sites
Punjab is most famous for its golden temple which is situated in Amritsar, the tourist comes to see it not from all over India from another country. In this Punjab current affairs article we included all the reliable information and facts which were asked in the examination.
|1.||Golden Temple(Sri Harmandir Sahib)||Amritsar||The holiest Gurdwara of Sikhism|
|2.||Fatehgarh Sahib Gurudwara||Sahota||It was built 300 years ago for Guru Gobind Singhji’s two young Sahibzadas were buried alive by the Mughals|
|3.||Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib||Anandpur Sahib||birthplace of the Khalsa, here Guru Gobind Singh named 5 Sikhs|
|4.||Dama dama Sahib||Bathinda||Guru Gobind Singh Ji stayed here for 9 months and he worked on the Adi Granth.|
|5.||Quila Mubarak (Palace)||Patiala||in 1764 the palace was built by Maharaja Ala Singh|
|6.||Jagatjit Palace||Kapurthala||Now Defense Ministry runs it as the Sainik School|
|7.||Jallianwala Bagh(Historical Site)||Amritsar||On Sunday, April 13, 1919, Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer commanded the British Indian Army soldiers to began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning.|
|8.||Wagah border||Amritsar||The lowering of the flags ceremony is practised daily by the military that the security forces of India (Border Security Force) and Pakistan (Pakistan Rangers) have jointly followed since 1959|
Punjab is considered as “The Granary of India” or “Bread Basket of India” (Most asked question in Punjab current affairs) due to its land fertility and agriculture production. It produces 10.26% of India’s cotton, 19.5% of India’s wheat, and 11% of India’s rice. According to some surveys, Punjab has the lowest level of hunger in India. Throughout the given table, we have defined the Current Economic Status of Punjab.
|1.||State GDP||3.17 lakh crore (US$47 billion)|
|3.||Financial Debt||Rs 1.25 lakh cr.|
|4.||GDP per capita rank||15|
|5.||Major Industries|| |
|6||Major Imports|| |
|7.||Major exports|| |
|8.||GDP by sectors|| |
Punjab is a fast-growing state and the major contribution of the power plant in Punjab is remarkable.
|1.||Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant, Bhatinda||Thermal power plant|
|2.||Guru Gobind Singh Super Thermal Power Plant, Ropar||Thermal power plant|
|3.||Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant, Lehra Mohabbat, Bhatinda||Thermal power plant|
|4.||Ranjit Sagar Dam||Hydropower plant|
|5.||Shanan Power House||Hydropower plant|
There are four major stadiums in Punjab in which Punjab Cricket Association Stadium is most popular among these four stadiums in Punjab.
|1.||Guru Gobind Singh Stadium||Jalandhar|
|2.||Gandhi Sports Complex Ground||Amritsar|
|3.||Punjab Cricket Association Stadium (Bindra Stadium)||Mohali|
|4.||International Hockey Stadium||Mohali|
Punjab has only one international airport and remaining airports in Punjab are domestic.
|S.No.||Airport Name||City Served||Category|
|1.||Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport||Amritsar||International|
Punjab has seen consistent growth in education. Before people don’t focus on educating the females. But now the time has changed completely. In this table, we have served the latest Condition of Education in Punjab.
|4.||No. of School||4,138|
|5.||Affiliation Board||CBSE,ICSE,Punjab Board|
|6.||No. of University||23|
|7.||No. of colleges||299|
Punjab is developing its medical education as well as other courses the following links will let you know about all colleges in Punjab.
|1.||Medical Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
|2.||Dental Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
|3.||BAMS Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
|4.||BHMS Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
|5.||Siddha Medical Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
|6.||AYUSH Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
|7.||BNYS Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
|8.||Veterinary Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
|9.||Physiotherapy Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
|10.||Law Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
|11.||B.Ed Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
|12.||Nursing Colleges in Punjab||Click Here|
Punjab is the cultural hub and questions comes from Punjab current affairs in the history section. Punjab has many historic places, battle sites, it also has many archaeological sites like remains of Indus Valley Civilisation. Let’s read about Heritage sites and major Tourist Attraction in Punjab.
|1.||Major Tourist Places||Amritsar, Chandigarh|
|2.||Major Monuments|| |
|3.||National Parks/Wildlife sanctuaries|| |
|1.||Bir chahal Wildlife Sanctuary||Mansa|
|2.||Bir Dosanjh Wildlife Sanctuary||Patiala|
|3.||Bir Bhadson Wildlife Sanctuary||Patiala|
|4.||Bir Mehas Wildlife Sanctuary||Patiala|
|5.||Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary||Patiala|
|6.||Bir Aishwan Wildlife Sanctuary||Sangrur|
|7.||Harike Wildlife Sanctuary||Ferozepur|
|8.||Takhni-Rehmapur Wildlife Sanctuary||Hoshiarpur|
|9.||Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary||Ferozepur|
|10.||Jhajjar Bacholi Wildlife Sanctuary||Rupnagar|
|11.||Kathlaur-Kaushlian Wildlife Sanctuary||Gurdaspur|
|1.||Mohindra Chaudhary Zoological Park||Chhatbir, Mohali|
|3.||Deer Park||Neelon Ludhiana|
|4.||Deer Park Bir Moti Bagh||Patiala|
|5.||Deer Park Bir Talab||Bhatinda|
|1.||Lalwan Community Reserve||Hoshiarpur|
|2.||Keshopur-Chhamb Community Reserve||Gurdaspur|
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