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History

The state was formed on 30 March 1949 when previously known as Rajputana and named as Rajasthan. Rajasthan is in the northwestern region of India. It is the largest Indian state by its area and the seventh-largest by population. Rajasthan shares its border with neighbour country Pakistan and with Indian states Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat. Below table will tell more about the General Knowledge of Rajasthan and its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 30 March 1949
2. Capital Formation 30 March 1949
3. Largest city Jaipur (Also known as Pink city)
4. Also Known as Land of Kings
5. Ruled By Prithviraj Chauhan, Muhammad Ghori, Maurya Empire, Akbar, Peshwa Baji Rao,
6. Major Historical Events Battle of Kasahrada, Battle of Haldighati, Battle of Gangwana and many more

Structure and Physiographic divisions (Geography)

Rajasthan covers an area of 342,239 square kilometres. it has a coastline of 850 km, Rajasthan is the largest state of India with the total population over14,58,545. the average temperature of Rajasthan is 30°C in Summers and 25°C in Winters.

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area  342,239 km² ( / sq mi)
2. Population Total = 68,548,437

  • Male: 3,56,20,086
  • Female: 3,30,00926
3. The rank of the state Area Rank:-1st

Population Rank:- 7th

4. Population Density 201 Persons /km²
5. State Bounded By
  • Punjab (north)
  • Haryana and Uttar Pradesh  (northeast)
  • Madhya Pradesh (southeast)
  • Gujarat (southwest)
6. Soil & Minerals
  •  Soil:- Desert Soils, Dunes, and Associated Soils, Red Loams, Hill Soils, Saline-Sodic Soil Alluvial Soils
  • Minerals:- Zinc, Silver, Rock Phosphate, Gypsum, Red Ochre, Feldspar, Wollastonite.
7. Major Crops
  • Wheat
  • barley
  • pulses
  • sugarcane
  • Oilseeds
  • Cotton
  • Tobacco
8. Forest Area  16572 sq. km.
9. Climate Hot (48 to 54) degree celsius
10. Rivers
  • Parbati River
  • Sabarmati
  • Sahibi River
  • Chambal River
  • Luni River
  • Banas
  • Banas River
  • Mahi
11. Major Dam
  • Gandhi Sagar Dam
  • Rana Pratap Sagar Dam
  • Jawahar Sagar Dam
  • Kota Barrage
  • Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam
  • Bisalpur Dam
12. Major Flora
  • Magnifera Indica
  • Tamarindicus indica
  • Accasia nilotica
  • Ficus benghalensis
  • Zizyphus Mauritania
  • Madhuca indica
  • Azadirachta indica
  • Autocephalous cadamba
  • flame of the forest
13. Major Fauna
  • Tiger
  • Leopard
  • Hanuman Langur
  • Black Faced Monkey
  • Hyena
  • Sloth Bear
  • Indian civet Cat
  • Indian porcupine
  • Wild Boar

Administrative Structure

The following table provides information about the Administrative structure of Rajasthan.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Jaipur
2. Administrative HQ Jaipur
3. Chief Ministers Vasundhara Raje
4. Governor Kalyan Singh
6. State Animal Camel and Chinkara
7. State Bird Godawan
8. State Flower Rohida
9. State Tree Khejri
10. No. of District 33
11. Loksabha Seats 25
Sex Ratio 926 females per 1000 males
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)  N/A
13. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 200 Seats
14. Major Airport
  • Jaipur International Airport
  • Jodhpur Airport
  • Udaipur Airport
15. Railway Stations
  • Ajmer Railway Station
  • Alwar Railway Station
  • Kishangarh Railway Station
  • Hanumangarh Railway Station
  • Kota Railway Station
  • Bharatpur Railway Station
  • Jodhpur Junction Railway Station
  • Jaipur Railway Station
  • Jaisalmer Railway Station
  • Bikaner Railway Station

and many more…

16. Official Language Hindi and Rajasthani
17. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
18. Postal Code Different according to location
19. Vehicle Code RJ —
20. High Court Jodhpur (bench at Jaipur)
21. Seal

Rajasthan Seal
Rajasthan Seal

Division

Division Districts
Jaipur Jaipur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Dausa
Jodhpur Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur, Pali, Sirohi
Ajmer  Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur, Tonk
Udaipur  Udaipur, Banswara, Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh, Dungarpur, Rajsamand
Bikaner  Bikaner, Churu, Sri Ganganagar, Hanumangarh
Kota  Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Kota
Bharatpur  Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli, Sawai Madhopur

Languages

There are mainly 5 languages are spoken in Rajasthan which most popular language is Rajasthani which were included in the hindi category.

Language Percentage
Hindi 89.39%
Punjabi 3.32%
Urdu 0.97%
Sindhi 0.56%
Others 5.76%

Religion

Religion Percentage
Hinduism 88.49%
Islam 9.07%
Sikhism 1.27%
Jainism 0.91%
Christianity 0.14%
Buddhism 0.02%
Other religions 0.01%
Not stated 0.10%

Dams

Rajasthan is the state of India which has average yearly rainfall appx 58-60cm. There is less number of dams in Rajasthan State.

Major Dams

There are 5 major dams which were very important in terms of Rajasthan GK.

Dam River Hight (m) Area Year
Gandhi Sagar Dam Chambal River 64 22,584 Sq. KM 1960
Rana Pratap Sagar Dam Chambal River 54 24,864 Sq. KM 1970
Jawahar Sagar Dam 29 km upstream of Kota 45 27,195 Sq. KM 1972
Kota Barrage Chambal Valley Projects 27,332 Sq. KM 1960
Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam Mahi River 1983
Bisalpur Dam Banas 1999

Other Dams

Dam City River Purpose Year Basin
Surwania/ Surwawia Banswara Borwat/ Ghotiya Irrigation 1964 Mahi
Taliya Pratapgarh Local nallah/ Ruparel Irrigation 1986 Mahi
Takli Kota Takli
  • Irrigation
  • Drinking
  • Water-Supply
Ganga
Tasai Ganga
Titora Jahazpur Local nallah Irrigation 1982 Ganga
Tokra Sirohi Tokra Irrigation 1959 West flowing rivers of Kutch and Saurashtra including Luni
Swaroop Sagar Girwa Berach Irrigation 1795 Ganga
Udai Sagar Girwa Berach
  • Irrigation
  • Drinking
  • Water Supply
1585 Ganga
Ummed/ Umaid Sagar (Baran) Shahpura Khari Irrigation Old dam Ganga
Ummed/Umed/ Umaid Sagar (Bhilwara) Irrigation Ganga
Tordi Sagar Malpura Sohdra/ Sodara Irrigation 1887 Ganga
Uncha Nimbahera Local nallah Irrigation 1984 Ganga
Urmila Sagar Dholpur Parbati Irrigation 1905 Ganga
Utawali Irrigation Ganga

Rivers

1) Chambal River -The ancient name of this river is Charmavati. At some places, this is called as Kamdhenu also. This river originates from the northern side of the winding bridges of Janapava hill (616 m high) near Manpur, in the south of Mau of Madhya Pradesh.

The river flows in the Kota, Bundi, Sawai Madhopur and Dhaulpur districts of Rajasthan, in the Yamuna, in the Etawah district of Muradganj, in the Yamuna. This is the only river in Rajasthan that flows over the years. On this river Gandhi Sagar, Rana Pratap Sagar, Jawahar Sagar and Kota Barrage dams are built. These dams are the main sources of irrigation and electrical energy. The main tributaries of Chambal are Kali, Sindh, Parvati, Banas, Kurai and Bamni. The total length of this river is 9 65 kilometres. It flows a total of 376 km in Rajasthan.

2) Kali Sindh -It is the tributary of Chambal. This river is situated in Baghli village near Dewas in Madhya Pradesh. It flows in Jhalawar and Kota districts of Rajasthan after flowing from Madhya Pradesh. In the end, it is found in the Chambal river near Noonera (Baran) village. Its total length is 278 kilometres.

3) Banas river -Banas is the only river which completes the entire cycle in Rajasthan. Known as Banas, which means Bans (the hope of the forest), this river comes from the mountains of Khamanaur near Kublalgarh in the Aravali mountain ranges of Udaipur district. It falls into the Chambal (Sawai Madhopur) near Rameswaram after Sawai Madhopur, the river flowing in Nathdwara, Kankroli, Rajsamand and Bhilwara district. Its length is about 480 kilometres.

4) Banganga -This river originates from the hills of Vairath of Jaipur. Its total length is 380 kilometres and it flows in Sawai Madhopur, Bharatpur and finally ends in Fatehah (Agra) near the Yamuna. The river is supplied with drinking water to Jaipur by making a dam near Ramgarh.

5) Parvati River -It is a supportive river of Chambal. Its originates from the Vindhyan range of Madhya Pradesh and it flows through the northern slope. This river enters Rajasthan near the Kariya Hata (Kota) place and falls into the Chambal flowing in Bundi district.

6) Gambhiri riverThis 110 km long river flows from the hills of Sawai Madhopur and falls from Karauli to Bharatpur in the Yamuna in Agra district.

7) Luni River -This river of Ajmer flows out of the mountains and flows towards Nagaur. It flows in Jodhpur, Barmer and Jalore, it enters Gujarat. Finally falls into the Gulf of Kutch. The total length of the river Luni is 320 km. This is a completely seasonal river. The dam near Bilada on the river is important for irrigation.

8) Madi river -this is the main river of Bansbara and Dungarpur district. It originates from Ammau in Vindhanchal mountain in Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh. After flowing north from Udgam, Khachhu enters the southern Rajasthan near the village (Bansibada). Flowing in Bansibara and Dungarpur, this river enters Gujarat. After a total of 576 km of flowing it falls into the Bay of Khambhat.

9) Dhagdhar river -This is the main river of Ganganagar district. This river originates from the Shivalik ranges of the Himalaya Mountains near Kalma (Shimla).

10) Kakni River -This river is also called Kakney and Masurdi. This river originates from Kotari village, about 27 km south of Jaisalmer. It disappears after a few kilometres of circulation. When the rainfall is high, it flows very far. Its water finally falls into the lake of Bhuj.

11) Som River –This river emerges from the Bichha Meda area of ​​Udaipur district. Initially, it flows in the southeast direction along the border of Dungarpur along with the Mahi river near Beepeshwar, flowing east.

12) Jokham -This river originates from Sadri. Flows in Pratapgad district enters Dhariaabad Tehsil of Udaipur and meets with Som River.

13) Sabarmati -It is the main river of Gujarat but it flows in Udaipur district around 29 km in Rajasthan. The total length of this river is 317 kilometres.

14) Katli River -This river emerges from the Khandela hills of Sikar district. It is a seasonal river and it flows on the higher land of Torawati. It gets invisible near the border of Churu district after the circulation of about 100 kilometres in Sikkar and Jhunjhunu in the north.

15) Sabi river -The river flows away from the Saver hills of Jaipur district.

16) Mantha River -It is located in the district of Manoharpur in Jaipur district and finally gets to the lake of Sambhar.

Aravalli Hills

Aravalli Hill is one of the major mountain ranges in Rajasthan in the western part of India. Aravalli hill is a range of mountains in western India running approx 692 KM from which 550 KM comes under the region of Rajasthan. Aravali Hills located in a northeastern direction across Indian states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi. The highest point in the Aravalli Range is known as Guru Shikhar (1722 M), which is located in Mount Abu in Sirohi district of Rajasthan.
Top 10 Peak of Aravalli Hills are:
1. Gurushikhar (Sirohi)
2. Ser
3. Jarga
4. Achalgarh
5. Raghunath Garh (Sikar)
6. Khoh
7. Taragarh
8. Bhairach (Alwar)
9. Babae
10. Bairath

Lakes of Rajasthan

S.No Lakes City Remark
1. Ana Sagar Lake Ajmer Artificial lake
2. Dhebar Lake Udaipur District It is also known -as Jaisamand Lake is Asia’s second-largest artificial lake.
3. Fateh Sagar Lake Udaipur Artificial lake
4. Man Sagar Lake Jaipur Artificial lake
5. Nakki Lake Mount Abu in Aravalli range
6. Sambhar Salt Lake Sambhar Lake Town It is India’s largest inland Salt Lake
7. Pushkar Lake Pushkar in Ajmer district

Major Airports

S.No Name of Airports City
1. Jaipur International Airport Jaipur
2. Jaisalmer Airport Jaisalmer
3. Jodhpur Airport Jodhpur
4. Maharana Pratap International Airport or Udaipur Airport Udaipur

Thermal, Nuclear and Hydroelectricity Power Plants

S.No. Name of Power Plant Type Location Remark
1. Suratgarrh Thermal Power Station Thermal Suratgarh 1st Super Thermal plant of Rajasthan
2. Chhabra Thermal Power Plant Thermal Baran district coal-fired power plants
3. Rajasthan Solar Project Solar Phalodhi village of Jodhpur district
4. Dhirubhai Ambani Solar Plant Solar Pokhran in the Jaisalmer district build by Reliance Power
5. Rajasthan Atomic Power Station Nuclear Rawatbhata It is also Rajasthan Atomic Power Project – RAPP
6. Jawahar Sagar Hydroelectric Power Station India Hydroelectric Kota It is located on the Chambal River
7. Mahi Bajaj Sagar Hydro Power Plant India Hydroelectric Banswara district It is located on Mahi River

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries

S.No.  Name of  Wildlife Sanctuary (WLS) City Established Year Area (In km²)
1. Bandh Baretha WLS Bayana 1985 199.5
2. Bassi WLS Chittorgarh 1988 138.69
3. Bhensrodgarh WLS Chittaurgarh 1983 229.14
4. Darrah WLS Kota 1955 80.75
5. Jaisamand WLS Udaipur 1955 52
6. Jamwa Ramgarh WLS Ramgarh, Jaipur 1982 300
7. Jawahar Sagar WLS Kota 1975 153.41
8. Kailadevi WLS Karauli 1983 676.38
9. Kesarbagh WLS Dholpur 1955 14.76
10. Kumbhalgarh WLS Udaipur 1971 608.58
11. Mount Abu WLS Mount Abu 1960 112.98
12. Nahargarh WLS Jaipur 1980 50
13. National Chambal WLS tripoint 1979 274.75
14. Phulwari Ki Nal WLS Udaipur 1983 692.68
15. Ramgarh Vishdhari WLS Bundi 1982 252.79
16. Ramsagar WLS Dholpur 1955 34.4
17. Sajjangarh WLS  Udaipur 1987 5.19
18. Sariska WLS Alwar 1955 219
19. Sawaimadhopur WLS Sawai Madhopur 1955 131.3
20. Sawai Man Singh WLS Sawai Madhopur 1984 103.25
21. Shergarh WLS Shergarh Town 1983 98.71
22. Sitamata WLS Pratapgarh 1979 422.94
23. Tal Chhapper WLS Sujangarh 1971 7.19
24. Todgarh Raoli WLS
‎Beawar
1983 495.27
25. Van Vihar WLS Dholpur 1955 25.6

Important Stadiums

Stadium City
Sawai Mansingh Stadium (cricket stadium) Jaipur
Barkatullah Khan Stadium (cricket stadium) Jodhpur

Nicknames/Special titles of cities

S. No City Special names
1. Jaipur Pink City
2. Jaisalmer Golden City of India
3. Udaipur White CityCity of LakesVenice of the East
4. Jodhpur Blue CitySun City

The list of important Festivals

S.No. Festivals City
1. Teej Festival Jaipur
2. Gangaur Festival Jaipur
3. Desert Festival Jaisalmer
4. Nagaur Fair Nagaur
5. Pushkar Fair Pushkar
6. Marwar Festival Jodhpur
7. Camel Festival Bikaner
8. Mewar Festival Udaipur
9. Elephant Festival Jaipur

The list of important Monument, Palace and Forts:

S.No. Monuments
1. Jyotish Yantralaya, also known as Jantar Mantar Jaipur
2. Hawa Mahal Jaipur
3. Temples of Galta Jaipur
4. Sun Temple Galta Hill Jaipur
5. Amber Palace or Amber Fort Jaipur
6. Lake Palace Udaipur
7. Umaid Bhawan Jodhpur
8. Manak Chowk Jaisalmer
9. Jagatpita Brahma Mandir Pushkar, Ajmer

Arts & Culture

Rajasthan is rich in culture and has artistic and cultural traditions which reflect the old Indian way of life. There is a varied folk culture from villages which reflect the symbol of the state. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is the signature cultural and tradition of Rajasthan.

S.No. Description Summary
1. Folk Dance
  • Ghoomar
  • Terah Taali
  • Gair Dance
  • Kalbeliya
  • Chari Dance
2. Music
  • Panihari Songs
  • Langas, Manganiars (Traditional Classes of Musicians)
3. Major Festival
  • Deepawali
  • Holi
  • Gangaur
  • Teej
  • Gogaji
  • Shri Devnarayan Jayanti
  • Makar Sankranti
  • Janmashtami
4. Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Bajre ki roti
  • Lashun ki Chatni
  • Rassgollas
  • Mawa Kachori
  • Paniya and Gheriya
  • Sweets:- Churma, Ghevar, Gujia, Seero, Imarti, jhajariya, Milk cake, Makkhan-bada
5. Traditional Dress Men

  • Dhoti
  • Angarkha
  • Pyjama-kurta
  • Pagari

Women

  • Ghagra Choli
  • Odhni
  • Chundri and Mothra

Economy

Rajasthan is one of the Indias richest states with the highest GDP per capita the average growth rate of Rajasthan is 8.23% (1990-2000). Rajasthan is one of the few states to achieve rural electrification by 100 per cent. Table Below contains some of the normal questions mostly asked in different Govt. and Private recruitment examinations of Rajasthan.

S.No Description Summary
1. State GDP ₹9.24 lakh crore (US$130 billion)
2. Growth rate 24.7%
3. Per capita income ₹108,695 (US$1,600)
4. GDP per capita rank 9 th
5. Major Industries
  • Cement Industry
  • IT and ITeS
  • Textile
  • Agro-based Industry
  • Chemical Industry
  • Salt Production
  • Auto and Auto Components
  • Mining & Minerals Industries
  • Chemicals, Steel, Ceramics, Gems, and Jewellery
6. Major Imports
  • Petroleum
7. Major exports
  • Textiles
  • Gems and Jewellery
  • Engineering Goods
  • Chemicals and Allied Products
  • Wool and Woolens
  • Handicrafts
  • Stones

Education

Rajasthan state as the Indias earliest educational institutions built by the support of Europeans. Medical education in Rajasthan has begun in 1801 at Royal and Military Hospital in the old city of Rajasthan. Rajasthan has Asia’s oldest medical college as Rajasthan Medical College (Since 1845). Rajasthan NIT (National Institute of Technology) and IIT (Indian Institute of Technology). All schools in Rajasthan comes under the Rajasthan Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Syllabus is Prescribed by the State Education Department.

Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011) 67.06% (Males- 80.51% and Female- 52.66%)
4. No. of School 62400 (Primary 55000, Secondary 7400)
5. Affiliation Board CBSE, ICSE, RBSE
6. No. of University 9 Universities, 41 Private Universities
7. Colleges in Rajasthan 250 above (Engineering, Medical, Law, Management)

Educational Institution

Category Link
Medical Colleges in Rajasthan Click Here
Dental Colleges in Rajasthan Click Here
Siddha Medical Colleges in Rajasthan Click Here
AYUSH Colleges in Rajasthan Click Here
BNYS Colleges in Rajasthan Click Here
Veterinary Colleges in Rajasthan Click Here
Physiotherapy Colleges in Rajasthan Click Here
Law Colleges in Rajasthan Click Here
B.Ed Colleges in Rajasthan Click Here
Nursing Colleges in Rajasthan Click Here

Heritage Sites

Rajasthan has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. It has two World Heritage Sites: the Bom Jesus Basilica[59] and churches and convents of Old Rajasthan. Every year many tourists visit Rajasthan.

S.No Description Summary
1. Major Tourist Places
  • Jaipur
  • Udaipur
  • Jodhpur
  • Jaisalmer
  • Sawai Madhopur
  • Pushkar
  • Ajmer
  • Bundi
  • Bikaner
  • Chittorgarh
  • Alwar
2. Major Monuments
  • Akbar’s Fort
  • Junagarh Fort
  • Nahargarh Fort
  • Shergarh Fort
  • Isarlat Sargasooli
  • Jaigarh Fort
  • Chittorgarh Fort
  • City Palace, Jaipur
  • Archaeological Museum
  • Fort Museum
3. National Park
  • Keoladeo National Park
  • Ranthambore National Park
  • Desert National Park
  • Ranthambore National Park
  • Sariska Tiger Reserve
4. Popular Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sambhar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bund Baretha Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bhainsrodgarh wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Shergarh Wildlife sanctuary
  • Jawahar Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Jamva Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary

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