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- 1 Updated Rajasthan GK Questions and Current Affairs
- 2 History
- 3 Structure and Physiographic divisions (Geography)
- 4 Administrative Structure
- 5 Division
- 6 Languages
- 7 Religion
- 8 Dams
- 9 Rivers
- 10 Aravalli Hills
- 11 Lakes of Rajasthan
- 12 Major Airports
- 13 Thermal, Nuclear and Hydroelectricity Power Plants
- 14 National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
- 15 Important Stadiums
- 16 Nicknames/Special titles of cities
- 17 The list of important Festivals
- 18 The list of important Monument, Palace and Forts:
- 19 Arts & Culture
- 20 Economy
- 21 Education
- 22 Educational Institution
- 23 Heritage Sites
- 24 Rajasthan GK PDF Questions and Answers
Updated Rajasthan GK Questions and Current Affairs
The state was formed on 30 March 1949 when previously known as Rajputana and named as Rajasthan. Rajasthan is in the northwestern region of India. It is the largest Indian state by its area and the seventh-largest by population. Rajasthan shares its border with neighbour country Pakistan and with Indian states Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat. Below table will tell more about the General Knowledge of Rajasthan and its history.
|1.||Founded on||30 March 1949|
|2.||Capital Formation||30 March 1949|
|3.||Largest city||Jaipur (Also known as Pink city)|
|4.||Also Known as||Land of Kings|
|5.||Ruled By||Prithviraj Chauhan, Muhammad Ghori, Maurya Empire, Akbar, Peshwa Baji Rao,|
|6.||Major Historical Events||Battle of Kasahrada, Battle of Haldighati, Battle of Gangwana and many more|
Structure and Physiographic divisions (Geography)
Rajasthan covers an area of 342,239 square kilometres. it has a coastline of 850 km, Rajasthan is the largest state of India with the total population over14,58,545. the average temperature of Rajasthan is 30°C in Summers and 25°C in Winters.
|1.||Total Area||342,239 km² ( / sq mi)|
|2.||Population||Total = 68,548,437 |
|3.||The rank of the state||Area Rank:-1st |
Population Rank:- 7th
|4.||Population Density||201 Persons /km²|
|5.||State Bounded By|| |
|6.||Soil & Minerals|| |
|7.||Major Crops|| |
|8.||Forest Area||16572 sq. km.|
|9.||Climate||Hot (48 to 54) degree celsius|
|11.||Major Dam|| |
|12.||Major Flora|| |
|13.||Major Fauna|| |
The following table provides information about the Administrative structure of Rajasthan.
|3.||Chief Ministers||Vasundhara Raje|
|6.||State Animal||Camel and Chinkara|
|10.||No. of District||33|
|Sex Ratio||926 females per 1000 males|
|12.||Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)||N/A|
|13.||Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)||200 Seats|
|14.||Major Airport|| |
|15.||Railway Stations|| |
and many more…
|16.||Official Language||Hindi and Rajasthani|
|17.||Time Zone||IST (UTC +5:30)|
|18.||Postal Code||Different according to location|
|19.||Vehicle Code||RJ —|
|20.||High Court||Jodhpur (bench at Jaipur)|
|Jaipur||Jaipur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Dausa|
|Jodhpur||Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur, Pali, Sirohi|
|Ajmer||Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur, Tonk|
|Udaipur||Udaipur, Banswara, Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh, Dungarpur, Rajsamand|
|Bikaner||Bikaner, Churu, Sri Ganganagar, Hanumangarh|
|Kota||Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Kota|
|Bharatpur||Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli, Sawai Madhopur|
There are mainly 5 languages are spoken in Rajasthan which most popular language is Rajasthani which were included in the hindi category.
Rajasthan is the state of India which has average yearly rainfall appx 58-60cm. There is less number of dams in Rajasthan State.
There are 5 major dams which were very important in terms of Rajasthan GK.
|Gandhi Sagar Dam||Chambal River||64||22,584 Sq. KM||1960|
|Rana Pratap Sagar Dam||Chambal River||54||24,864 Sq. KM||1970|
|Jawahar Sagar Dam||29 km upstream of Kota||45||27,195 Sq. KM||1972|
|Kota Barrage||Chambal Valley Projects||–||27,332 Sq. KM||1960|
|Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam||Mahi River||–||–||1983|
|Surwania/ Surwawia||Banswara||Borwat/ Ghotiya||Irrigation||1964||Mahi|
|Taliya||Pratapgarh||Local nallah/ Ruparel||Irrigation||1986||Mahi|
|Tokra||Sirohi||Tokra||Irrigation||1959||West flowing rivers of Kutch and Saurashtra including Luni|
|Udai Sagar||Girwa||Berach|| ||1585||Ganga|
|Ummed/ Umaid Sagar (Baran)||Shahpura||Khari||Irrigation||Old dam||Ganga|
|Ummed/Umed/ Umaid Sagar (Bhilwara)||–||–||Irrigation||–||Ganga|
|Tordi Sagar||Malpura||Sohdra/ Sodara||Irrigation||1887||Ganga|
1) Chambal River -The ancient name of this river is Charmavati. At some places, this is called as Kamdhenu also. This river originates from the northern side of the winding bridges of Janapava hill (616 m high) near Manpur, in the south of Mau of Madhya Pradesh.
The river flows in the Kota, Bundi, Sawai Madhopur and Dhaulpur districts of Rajasthan, in the Yamuna, in the Etawah district of Muradganj, in the Yamuna. This is the only river in Rajasthan that flows over the years. On this river Gandhi Sagar, Rana Pratap Sagar, Jawahar Sagar and Kota Barrage dams are built. These dams are the main sources of irrigation and electrical energy. The main tributaries of Chambal are Kali, Sindh, Parvati, Banas, Kurai and Bamni. The total length of this river is 9 65 kilometres. It flows a total of 376 km in Rajasthan.
2) Kali Sindh -It is the tributary of Chambal. This river is situated in Baghli village near Dewas in Madhya Pradesh. It flows in Jhalawar and Kota districts of Rajasthan after flowing from Madhya Pradesh. In the end, it is found in the Chambal river near Noonera (Baran) village. Its total length is 278 kilometres.
3) Banas river -Banas is the only river which completes the entire cycle in Rajasthan. Known as Banas, which means Bans (the hope of the forest), this river comes from the mountains of Khamanaur near Kublalgarh in the Aravali mountain ranges of Udaipur district. It falls into the Chambal (Sawai Madhopur) near Rameswaram after Sawai Madhopur, the river flowing in Nathdwara, Kankroli, Rajsamand and Bhilwara district. Its length is about 480 kilometres.
4) Banganga -This river originates from the hills of Vairath of Jaipur. Its total length is 380 kilometres and it flows in Sawai Madhopur, Bharatpur and finally ends in Fatehah (Agra) near the Yamuna. The river is supplied with drinking water to Jaipur by making a dam near Ramgarh.
5) Parvati River -It is a supportive river of Chambal. Its originates from the Vindhyan range of Madhya Pradesh and it flows through the northern slope. This river enters Rajasthan near the Kariya Hata (Kota) place and falls into the Chambal flowing in Bundi district.
6) Gambhiri river –This 110 km long river flows from the hills of Sawai Madhopur and falls from Karauli to Bharatpur in the Yamuna in Agra district.
7) Luni River -This river of Ajmer flows out of the mountains and flows towards Nagaur. It flows in Jodhpur, Barmer and Jalore, it enters Gujarat. Finally falls into the Gulf of Kutch. The total length of the river Luni is 320 km. This is a completely seasonal river. The dam near Bilada on the river is important for irrigation.
8) Madi river -this is the main river of Bansbara and Dungarpur district. It originates from Ammau in Vindhanchal mountain in Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh. After flowing north from Udgam, Khachhu enters the southern Rajasthan near the village (Bansibada). Flowing in Bansibara and Dungarpur, this river enters Gujarat. After a total of 576 km of flowing it falls into the Bay of Khambhat.
9) Dhagdhar river -This is the main river of Ganganagar district. This river originates from the Shivalik ranges of the Himalaya Mountains near Kalma (Shimla).
10) Kakni River -This river is also called Kakney and Masurdi. This river originates from Kotari village, about 27 km south of Jaisalmer. It disappears after a few kilometres of circulation. When the rainfall is high, it flows very far. Its water finally falls into the lake of Bhuj.
11) Som River –This river emerges from the Bichha Meda area of Udaipur district. Initially, it flows in the southeast direction along the border of Dungarpur along with the Mahi river near Beepeshwar, flowing east.
12) Jokham -This river originates from Sadri. Flows in Pratapgad district enters Dhariaabad Tehsil of Udaipur and meets with Som River.
13) Sabarmati -It is the main river of Gujarat but it flows in Udaipur district around 29 km in Rajasthan. The total length of this river is 317 kilometres.
14) Katli River -This river emerges from the Khandela hills of Sikar district. It is a seasonal river and it flows on the higher land of Torawati. It gets invisible near the border of Churu district after the circulation of about 100 kilometres in Sikkar and Jhunjhunu in the north.
15) Sabi river -The river flows away from the Saver hills of Jaipur district.
16) Mantha River -It is located in the district of Manoharpur in Jaipur district and finally gets to the lake of Sambhar.
Aravalli Hill is one of the major mountain ranges in Rajasthan in the western part of India. Aravalli hill is a range of mountains in western India running approx 692 KM from which 550 KM comes under the region of Rajasthan. Aravali Hills located in a northeastern direction across Indian states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi. The highest point in the Aravalli Range is known as Guru Shikhar (1722 M), which is located in Mount Abu in Sirohi district of Rajasthan.
Top 10 Peak of Aravalli Hills are:
1. Gurushikhar (Sirohi)
5. Raghunath Garh (Sikar)
8. Bhairach (Alwar)
Lakes of Rajasthan
|1.||Ana Sagar Lake||Ajmer||Artificial lake|
|2.||Dhebar Lake||Udaipur District||It is also known -as Jaisamand Lake is Asia’s second-largest artificial lake.|
|3.||Fateh Sagar Lake||Udaipur||Artificial lake|
|4.||Man Sagar Lake||Jaipur||Artificial lake|
|5.||Nakki Lake||Mount Abu in Aravalli range||–|
|6.||Sambhar Salt Lake||Sambhar Lake Town||It is India’s largest inland Salt Lake|
|7.||Pushkar Lake||Pushkar in Ajmer district||–|
|S.No||Name of Airports||City|
|1.||Jaipur International Airport||Jaipur|
|4.||Maharana Pratap International Airport or Udaipur Airport||Udaipur|
Thermal, Nuclear and Hydroelectricity Power Plants
|S.No.||Name of Power Plant||Type||Location||Remark|
|1.||Suratgarrh Thermal Power Station||Thermal||Suratgarh||1st Super Thermal plant of Rajasthan|
|2.||Chhabra Thermal Power Plant||Thermal||Baran district||coal-fired power plants|
|3.||Rajasthan Solar Project||Solar||Phalodhi village of Jodhpur district||–|
|4.||Dhirubhai Ambani Solar Plant||Solar||Pokhran in the Jaisalmer district||build by Reliance Power|
|5.||Rajasthan Atomic Power Station||Nuclear||Rawatbhata||It is also Rajasthan Atomic Power Project – RAPP|
|6.||Jawahar Sagar Hydroelectric Power Station India||Hydroelectric||Kota||It is located on the Chambal River|
|7.||Mahi Bajaj Sagar Hydro Power Plant India||Hydroelectric||Banswara district||It is located on Mahi River|
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
|S.No.||Name of Wildlife Sanctuary (WLS)||City||Established Year||Area (In km²)|
|1.||Bandh Baretha WLS||Bayana||1985||199.5|
|6.||Jamwa Ramgarh WLS||Ramgarh, Jaipur||1982||300|
|7.||Jawahar Sagar WLS||Kota||1975||153.41|
|11.||Mount Abu WLS||Mount Abu||1960||112.98|
|13.||National Chambal WLS||tripoint||1979||274.75|
|14.||Phulwari Ki Nal WLS||Udaipur||1983||692.68|
|15.||Ramgarh Vishdhari WLS||Bundi||1982||252.79|
|19.||Sawaimadhopur WLS||Sawai Madhopur||1955||131.3|
|20.||Sawai Man Singh WLS||Sawai Madhopur||1984||103.25|
|21.||Shergarh WLS||Shergarh Town||1983||98.71|
|23.||Tal Chhapper WLS||Sujangarh||1971||7.19|
|24.||Todgarh Raoli WLS||
|25.||Van Vihar WLS||Dholpur||1955||25.6|
|Sawai Mansingh Stadium (cricket stadium)||Jaipur|
|Barkatullah Khan Stadium (cricket stadium)||Jodhpur|
Nicknames/Special titles of cities
|S. No||City||Special names|
|2.||Jaisalmer||Golden City of India|
|3.||Udaipur||White CityCity of LakesVenice of the East|
|4.||Jodhpur||Blue CitySun City|
The list of important Festivals
The list of important Monument, Palace and Forts:
|1.||Jyotish Yantralaya, also known as Jantar Mantar||Jaipur|
|3.||Temples of Galta||Jaipur|
|4.||Sun Temple Galta Hill||Jaipur|
|5.||Amber Palace or Amber Fort||Jaipur|
|9.||Jagatpita Brahma Mandir||Pushkar, Ajmer|
Arts & Culture
Rajasthan is rich in culture and has artistic and cultural traditions which reflect the old Indian way of life. There is a varied folk culture from villages which reflect the symbol of the state. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is the signature cultural and tradition of Rajasthan.
|1.||Folk Dance|| |
|3.||Major Festival|| |
|4.||Cuisine (Famous Food)|| |
|5.||Traditional Dress||Men |
Rajasthan is one of the Indias richest states with the highest GDP per capita the average growth rate of Rajasthan is 8.23% (1990-2000). Rajasthan is one of the few states to achieve rural electrification by 100 per cent. Table Below contains some of the normal questions mostly asked in different Govt. and Private recruitment examinations of Rajasthan.
|1.||State GDP||₹9.24 lakh crore (US$130 billion)|
|3.||Per capita income||₹108,695 (US$1,600)|
|4.||GDP per capita rank||9 th|
|5.||Major Industries|| |
|6.||Major Imports|| |
|7.||Major exports|| |
Rajasthan state as the Indias earliest educational institutions built by the support of Europeans. Medical education in Rajasthan has begun in 1801 at Royal and Military Hospital in the old city of Rajasthan. Rajasthan has Asia’s oldest medical college as Rajasthan Medical College (Since 1845). Rajasthan NIT (National Institute of Technology) and IIT (Indian Institute of Technology). All schools in Rajasthan comes under the Rajasthan Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Syllabus is Prescribed by the State Education Department.
|1.||Literacy Rate (2011)||67.06% (Males- 80.51% and Female- 52.66%)|
|4.||No. of School||62400 (Primary 55000, Secondary 7400)|
|5.||Affiliation Board||CBSE, ICSE, RBSE|
|6.||No. of University||9 Universities, 41 Private Universities|
|7.||Colleges in Rajasthan||250 above (Engineering, Medical, Law, Management)|
|Medical Colleges in Rajasthan||Click Here|
|Dental Colleges in Rajasthan||Click Here|
|Siddha Medical Colleges in Rajasthan||Click Here|
|AYUSH Colleges in Rajasthan||Click Here|
|BNYS Colleges in Rajasthan||Click Here|
|Veterinary Colleges in Rajasthan||Click Here|
|Physiotherapy Colleges in Rajasthan||Click Here|
|Law Colleges in Rajasthan||Click Here|
|B.Ed Colleges in Rajasthan||Click Here|
|Nursing Colleges in Rajasthan||Click Here|
Rajasthan has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. It has two World Heritage Sites: the Bom Jesus Basilica and churches and convents of Old Rajasthan. Every year many tourists visit Rajasthan.
|1.||Major Tourist Places|| |
|2.||Major Monuments|| |
|3.||National Park|| |
|4.||Popular Wildlife Sanctuary|| |
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