[Updated] Sikkim GK & GS 2021: SSC, State level GK Questions in PDF & More!

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[PAGE INDEX]
1. History
2. Museum
3. Geographical Structure
4. Rivers
5. Lakes
6. Dams
7. Administrative Structure
8. Languages
9. Religion
10. Arts & Culture
11. Folk Dances
12. Traditional Music
13. Cuisine
14. Tribes
15. Traditional Dress
16. Temples
17. Festivals
18. Economy
19. Stadium
20. Airport
21. Education
22. Heritage Sites
23. Wildlife Sanctuary
24. National Park

Sikkim GK Questions and Current Affairs

Sikkim is one of the most beautiful states in northeast India. The state is well famous for its scenic beauty and wonderful tourist places. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west and the Indian state of West Bengal in the south.

History

On 14 April 1975, an election was held, in which Sikkim voted to merge with the union of India. Sikkim became the 22nd Indian State on 26 April 1975. Sikkim officially became a state of the Indian Union and Lhendup Dorji became head of State (chief minister) On 16 May 1975. Sikkim is the second smallest state in India. It is covered by three Countries Nepal, Bhutan and China and the people of Sikkim Consist of three ethnic groups Nepali, Bhutia and Lepcha.

S.NoDescriptionAnswer
1.Founded on 16th May 1975
2.Also Known AsDrenjong (Tibetan name)
3.Ruled ByChogyal or Dharma King. Palden Thondup was the last king of Independent Sikkim
4.Major Historical EventsOn 16th may 1975 Sikkim joined India Sikkim has become the 22nd State of India on 26th April 1975. Nthul La and Cho la Clash from 11 September  1967, lasted till 15 September 1967.

Museum

In this category of the museum in Sikkim has only one museum.

S.No.NameCity
1.Namgyal Institute of TibetologyGangtok

Geographical Structure

Sikkim has 4 districts divided as East Sikkim, North Sikkim, South Sikkim and West Sikkim. The largest district of Sikkim in an area is Mangan (North Sikkim) while Gangtok is the largest District according to its Population, Density of people per Km in 257. Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical Structure of Sikkim, you must know if you want to clear the Government jobs Entrance Exam.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.Total Area7,096 km 2 (2,740 sq mi)
2.Population610,577
3.The rank of the stateArea wise:- 28th Population wise:- 29th
4.Population Density86/sq. km (220/sq mi)
5.State Bounded ByTibet on the north Nepal on the west Bhutan on the east West Bengal lies to its south
6.Soil & MineralsClay Soil
7.Major CropsMaize millet Wheat Barley Oranges Tea Cardamom
8.Forest Area 5841 sq. km
9.ClimateAlpine and Subtropical
10.Major FloraRare orchids Primula species Rhododendron species Oak varieties Bamboo varieties Conifer species
11.Major FaunaSnow leopard Musk deer Himalayan tahr The red panda Asian black bear Clouded leopard Marbled cat Himalayan marmot Binturong Himalayan jungle cat Himalayan Serow Himalayan goral Muntjac Common langur Leopard cat Dhole Tibetan wolf and hog badger

Rivers

Sikkim is so popular for its beauty and toe enhance its beauty the state has rivers as well as Lakes.

S.No.NameOrigin
1.TeestaCholamu lake
2.RangeetRathong Glacier

Lakes

S.NoNameLocation
1.Tsongmo LakeGangtok (Nathu La highway)
2.Khecheopalri LakeGeyzing, West Sikkim District
3.Gurudongmar LakeNorth Sikkim District
4.Tso Lhamu Lake / Chola Mu Lake Donkiala Pass
5.Menmecho LakeApprox 20Km far from Tsomgo Lake
6.Green Lake 22 km from Lachen Village
7.Kathok Lake Yuksom

Dams

Below you can get the List of Dams in Sikkim moreover it an important part of Sikkim current affairs. Name of Dams and Location is as follows.

S.No.Names of DamsImpoundsLocation of DamsHeight
1.Teesta -V damTeesta Rivers Dikchu, East Sikkim district87 metres (285 ft)
2.Rangit DamRanjit RiverLegship, Sikkim47 metres (154 ft)

Administrative Structure

According to the 1991 census, the urban population of the state is 37006 and Gangtok alone has a population of 25024 which is 68% of the whole population of Sikkim. The population for Gangtok urban extension is 629792 and the average projected population is 1,57,000 in 2010 and 2,12,000 in 2020. Sikkim has no joint family system and, therefore, there is a repeated partition of land which can make the people economically weak with every generation since land cannot be expanded. In the past few years, the state has become one of the most sought after tourist destination.

S.No.DescriptionSummery
1.CapitalGangtok
2.Chief ministerPrem Singh Tamang
3.GovernorsGanga Prasad
4.No. of Districts4
5.High CourtGangtok
6.Chief JusticeArup Kumar Goswami
7.Date of Attaining StatehoodMay 16, 1975
8.State MammalRed Panda
9.State BirdBlood Pheasant
10.State FlowerNoble Dendrobium
11.State TreeRhododendron
12.International BordersBhutan, Nepal, China
13.FlagSikkim Flag  Sikkim Flag
14.SealSikkimi Seal Sikkim Seal

Languages

People of Sikkim speak many kinds of languages but the most spoken language is Nepali.

S.No.LanguagePercentage
1.Nepali62.6%
2.Sikkimese (Bhutia)7.6%
3.Hindi6.6%
4.Lepcha6.5%
5.Limbu6.3%
6.Sherpa2.4%
7.Tamang1.8%
8.Other6.2%

Religion

S.No.ReligionPercentage
1.Hinduism57.8%
2.Buddhism27.3%
3.Christianity9.9%
4.Islam1.4%
5.Other3.7%

Arts & Culture

Sikkim has its own unique forms of art and culture. It has its own folk music and folk dances. Sikkim’s Nepalese majority celebrates all major Hindu festivals like Diwali and Dussera. Sikkim owns traditional local festivals, such as Maghe Sankranti and Bhimsen Puja.  It has some beautiful art of Eye-Catching Handcraft and handlooms like Carpets, wood carved Furniture, Thankas and canvas Wall Hangings.

Folk Dances

  • Chu Faat Dance by Lepchas
  • Sikmari Dance by Lepchas
  • Singhi Chaam Dance of Bhutias
  • Yak Chaam Dance of Bhutias
  • Denzong Gnenha Dance of Bhutias
  • Tashi Yangku Dance of Bhutias
  • Khukhuri Naach of Nepalis
  • Maruni Dance of Nepalis
  • Chutkey Naach of Nepalis

Traditional Music

  • Lu Khangthamo
  • Gha to Kito
  • Chi Rimu
  • Gnungmala Gnunghey
  • Rechungma
  • Be Yu Mista
  • Tashi Zaldha

Cuisine (Famous Food)

  • Noodle (Thukpa, Chow mein, Thenthuk)
  • Fakthu
  • Momos (Dumplings)
  • Gyathuk
  • Wonton

Tribes

  • The Lepchas
  • The Bhutias
  • The Nepalese

Traditional Dress

S.No.GenderDress
1.MenBakhu
2.WomenHonju

Temples

S.No.NameLocation
1.Ganesh TokGangtok
2.Hanuman TokGangtok
3.Solophok ChardhamTop of the Solophok hill
4.Kirateshwar Mahadev Mandirwest Sikkim
5.Rumtek Monastery24 Km Far from Gangtok
6.Pemayangtse MonasteryPelling around 140 km from Gangtok

Festivals

  • Losoong Festival
  • Sonam Lhochhar Festival
  • Losar Festival
  • Bhumchu Festival
  • Dentam Rhododedron Festival
  • Lampokhari Paryatan Mahotsav
  • Saga Dawa Festival
  • Kagyed Dance Festival

Economy

Sikkim economy is largely agrarian, based in terraced farming of rice and cultivation of crops such as Maize, Tea, Oranges, millet, wheat, barley. Sikkim holds the first position in the cultivation of cardamom. Because of poor and un-even transport infrastructure, Sikkim lacks a large-scale industries base. In recent years, the Sikkim government has extensively promoted tourism which increased state revenue by 14 times since mid the 1990s

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.State GDP₹0.222 lakh crore (US$3.1 billion) (2017-18)
2.Per capita income₹ 3,57,643 (US$ 19,543)
3.GDP per capita rank3rd
4.Growth rate20.73%
5.Major IndustriesCipla Sun Pharma Pharmaceutical Industry
6.Major ExportsCardamom Ginger
7.GDP by SectorsAgriculture 12.15% Industry 8.68% Services 7.44%

Stadium

S.No.NameSport
1.Palzor or Paljor StadiumFootball

Airport

S.No.NameLocation
1.Pakyong AirportPakyong

Education

Sikkim has seen consistent growth in education. The public-private funded institution is the Sikkim Manipal University of Technological Sciences, which offers higher education in medicine, engineering, and management. Sikkim has a National Institute of Technology, currently operating from campus in Ravangla, South Sikkim (among the ten newly sanctioned NITs by the Government of India under the 11th Five year Plan, 2009). In this table, we have served the latest Condition of Education in Sikkim.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.Literacy Rate82.6%
2.Male86.55% (male)
3.Female75.61%(female)
4.No. of School1,157
5.Affiliation BoardCBSE,ICSE
6.No. of University6
7.No. of colleges37

Heritage Sites

The Sikkim State is considered as host to Kanchenjunga the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth. Information enlisted below not only includes the major gk of Sikkim questions 2020 but also you can now download the full article Sikkim state GK in PDF free of cost.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.Major Tourist PlacesYuksom and the Qzongri Trail Gurudongmar Lake Buddha Park Nathula Pass Tsomgo Lake
2.Major AttractionFlora and Fauna Sanctuaries Pelling

Wildlife Sanctuary

S. No.Name of Wildlife SanctuaryYear of NotificationTotal Area(km²)
1.Barsey Rhododendron  Wildlife Sanctuary1998104
2.Fambong Lho  Wildlife Sanctuary198451.76
3.Kitam (Bird)  Wildlife Sanctuary20056
4.Kyongnosla Alpine  Wildlife Sanctuary197731
5.Maenam  Wildlife Sanctuary198735.34
6.Pangolakha  Wildlife Sanctuary2002128
7.Shingba (Rhododendron)  Wildlife Sanctuary198443

National Park

S. No.Name of National ParkYear of NotificationTotal Area(km²)
1.Khangchendzonga National Park19771,784.00

Sikkim GK Important Questions

Q. Who is the Current Governor of Sikkim?

A. Ganga Prasad

Q. Who is the Current CM of Sikkim?

A. Prem Singh Tamang

Q. Who is the Current DGP of Sikkim?

A. Shankar Rao

Q. Sikkim is the large exporter of?

A. cardamom

Q. Which is the only Indian State which borders Sikkim ?

A. West Bengal

Q. Which is the capital of Sikkim?

A. Gangtok

Q. In which year, the indo-sikkimese Treaty was signed?

A. 1950

Q. Which is the highest point in Sikkim?

A. Kanchenjunga

Q. Which pass connects Tibet with India?

A. Nathu La

Q. Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union in the year?

A. 1975

Q. Which is the largest district of Sikkim by area wise?

A. North Sikkim

Q. The Nathu La pass connects India with

A. China

Q. Which dynasty ruled Sikkim in 1642-1975?

A. Namgyal

Q. When did Sikkim cede Darjeeling to the British?

A. 1835

Q. Which country is to the west of Sikkim?

A. Nepal

Q. Which is the Sikkim state Animal ?

A. Red panda

Q. Which is the Sikkim state Tree?

A. Rhododendron

Q. Which is the Sikkim state Flower?

A. Noble orchid

Q. Which is the Sikkim state Bird?

A. Blood pheasant

Q. When did Sikkim cede Darjeeling to the British?

A. 1835

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