Sikkim GK 2019 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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Sikkim GK Questions and Current Affairs


Sikkim is one of the most beautiful states in northeast India. The state is well famous for its scenic beauty and wonderful tourist places.  It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west and the Indian state of West Bengal in the south.

History

On 14 April 1975, an election was held, in which Sikkim voted to merge with the union of India. Sikkim became the 22nd Indian State on 26 April 1975. Sikkim officially became a state of the Indian Union and Lhendup Dorji became head of State (chief minister) On 16 May 1975. Sikkim is the second smallest state in India. It is covered by three Countries Nepal, Bhutan and China and the people of Sikkim Consist of three ethnic groups Nepali, Bhutia and Lepcha.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on  16th May 1975
2. Also Known As Drenjong (Tibetan name)
3. Ruled By
  • Chogyal or Dharma King.
  • Palden Thondup was the last king of Independent Sikkim
4. Major Historical Events
  • On 16th may 1975 Sikkim joined India
  • Sikkim has become the 22nd State of India on 26th April 1975.
  • Nthul La and Cho la Clash from 11 September  1967, lasted till 15 September 1967.

Museum

In this category of the museum in Sikkim has only one museum.

S.No. Name City
1. Namgyal Institute of Tibetology Gangtok

Geographical Structure

Sikkim has 4 districts divided as East Sikkim, North Sikkim, South Sikkim and West Sikkim. The largest district of Sikkim in an area is Mangan (North Sikkim) while Gangtok is the largest District according to its Population, Density of people per Km in 257. Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical Structure of Sikkim, you must know if you want to clear the Government jobs Entrance Exam.

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 7,096 km 2 (2,740 sq mi)
2. Population 610,577
3. The rank of the state Area wise:- 28th

Population wise:- 29th

4. Population Density 86/km2 (220/sq mi)
5. State Bounded By
  • Tibet on the north
  • Nepal on the west
  • Bhutan on the east
  • West Bengal lies to its south
6. Soil & Minerals Clay Soil
7. Major Crops
  • Maize
  • millet
  • Wheat
  • Barley
  • Oranges
  • Tea
  • Cardamom
8. Forest Area  5841 km2
9. Climate Alpine and Subtropical
10. Major Flora
  • Rare orchids
  • Primula species
  • Rhododendron species
  • Oak varieties
  • Bamboo varieties
  • Conifer species
11. Major Fauna
  • Snow leopard
  • Musk deer
  • Himalayan tahr
  • The red panda
  • Asian black bear
  • Clouded leopard
  • Marbled cat
  • Himalayan marmot
  • Binturong
  • Himalayan jungle cat Himalayan Serow
  • Himalayan goral
  • Muntjac
  • Common langur
  • Leopard cat
  • Dhole
  • Tibetan wolf and hog badger

Rivers

Sikkim is so popular for its beauty and toe enhance its beauty the state has rivers as well as Lakes.

S.No. Name Origin
1. Teesta Cholamu lake
2. Rangeet Rathong Glacier

Lakes

S.No Name Location
1. Tsongmo Lake Gangtok (Nathu La highway)
2. Khecheopalri Lake Geyzing, West Sikkim District
3. Gurudongmar Lake North Sikkim District
4. Tso Lhamu Lake / Chola Mu Lake  Donkiala Pass
5. Menmecho Lake Approx 20Km far from Tsomgo Lake
6. Green Lake  22 km from Lachen Village
7. Kathok Lake  Yuksom

Dams

Below you can get the List of Dams in Sikkim moreover it an important part of Sikkim current affairs. Name of Dams and Location is as follows.

S.No. Names of Dams Impounds Location of Dams Height
1. Teesta -V dam Teesta Rivers  Dikchu, East Sikkim district 87 metres (285 ft)
2. Rangit Dam Ranjit River Legship, Sikkim 47 metres (154 ft)

Administrative Structure

According to the 1991 census, the urban population of the state is 37006 and Gangtok alone has a population of 25024 which is 68% of the whole population of Sikkim. The population for Gangtok urban extension is 629792 and the average projected population is 1,57,000 in 2010 and 2,12,000 in 2020. Sikkim has no joint family system and, therefore, there is a repeated partition of land which can make the people economically weak with every generation since land cannot be expanded. In the past few years, the state has become one of the most sought after tourist destination.

S.No. Description Summery
1. Capital Gangtok
2. Chief minister Prem Singh Tamang
3. Governors Ganga Prasad
4. No. of Districts 4
5. High Court Gangtok
6. Chief Justice Vijai Kumar Bisht
7. Date of Attaining Statehood May 16, 1975
8. International Borders Bhutan, Nepal,China
9. Flag

Sikkim Flag
Sikkim Flag
10. Seal

Sikkimi Seal
Sikkim Seal

Languages

People of Sikkim speak many kinds of languages but the most spoken language is Nepali.

S.No. Language Percentage
1. Nepali 62.6%
2. Sikkimese (Bhutia) 7.6%
3. Hindi 6.6%
4. Lepcha 6.5%
5. Limbu 6.3%
6. Sherpa 2.4%
7. Tamang 1.8%
8. Other 6.2%

Religion

S.No. Religion Percentage
1. Hinduism 57.8%
2. Buddhism 27.3%
3. Christianity 9.9%
4. Islam 1.4%
5. Other 3.7%

Arts & Culture

Sikkim has its own unique forms of art and culture. It has its own folk music and folk dances. Sikkim’s Nepalese majority celebrates all major Hindu festivals like Diwali and Dussera. Sikkim owns traditional local festivals, such as Maghe Sankranti and Bhimsen Puja.  It has some beautiful art of Eye-Catching Handcraft and handlooms like Carpets, wood carved Furniture, Thankas and canvas Wall Hangings.

Folk Dances

  • Chu Faat Dance by Lepchas
  • Sikmari Dance by Lepchas
  • Singhi Chaam Dance of Bhutias
  • Yak Chaam Dance of Bhutias
  • Denzong Gnenha Dance of Bhutias
  • Tashi Yangku Dance of Bhutias
  • Khukhuri Naach of Nepalis
  • Maruni Dance of Nepalis
  • Chutkey Naach of Nepalis

Traditional Music

  • Lu Khangthamo
  • Gha to Kito
  • Chi Rimu
  • Gnungmala Gnunghey
  • Rechungma
  • Be Yu Mista
  • Tashi Zaldha

Cuisine (Famous Food)

  • Noodle (Thukpa, Chow mein, Thenthuk)
  • Fakthu
  • Momos (Dumplings)
  • Gyathuk
  • Wonton

Tribes

  • The Lepchas
  • The Bhutias
  • The Nepalese

Traditional Dress

S.No. Gender Dress
1. Men Bakhu
2. Women Honju

Temples

S.No. Name Location
1. Ganesh Tok Gangtok
2. Hanuman Tok Gangtok
3. Solophok Chardham Top of the Solophok hill
4. Kirateshwar Mahadev Mandir west Sikkim
5. Rumtek Monastery 24 Km Far from Gangtok
6. Pemayangtse Monastery Pelling around 140 km from Gangtok

Festivals

  • Losoong Festival
  • Sonam Lhochhar Festival
  • Losar Festival
  • Bhumchu Festival
  • Dentam Rhododedron Festival
  • Lampokhari Paryatan Mahotsav
  • Saga Dawa Festival
  • Kagyed Dance Festival

Economy

Sikkim economy is largely agrarian, based in terraced farming of rice and cultivation of crops such as Maize, Tea, Oranges, millet, wheat, barley. Sikkim holds the first position in the cultivation of cardamom. Because of poor and un-even transport infrastructure, Sikkim lacks a large-scale industries base. In recent years, the Sikkim government has extensively promoted tourism which increased state revenue by 14 times since mid the 1990s

S.No Description Summary
1. State GDP US$ 1.57 Billion
2. Per capita income ₹297,765
3. GDP per capita rank 3rd
4.
5. Major Industries
  • Cipla
  • Sun Pharma
  • Pharmaceutical Industry
6. Major Exports
  • Cardamom
  • Ginger
7. GDP by Sectors
  • Agriculture 12.15%
  • Industry 8.68%
  • Services 7.44%

Stadiums

S.No. Name Sport
1. Palzor or Paljor Stadium Football

Airport

S.No. Name Location
1. Pakyong Airport Pakyong

Education

Sikkim has seen consistent growth in education. The public-private funded institution is the Sikkim Manipal University of Technological Sciences, which offers higher education in medicine, engineering, and management. Sikkim has a National Institute of Technology, currently operating from campus in Ravangla, South Sikkim (among the ten newly sanctioned NITs by the Government of India under the 11th Five year Plan, 2009). In this table, we have served the latest Condition of Education in Sikkim.

S.No Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate 82.6%
2. Male 86.55% (male)
3. Female 75.61%(female)
4. No. of School 1,157
5. Affiliation Board CBSE,ICSE
6. No. of University 5
7. No. of colleges 22

Educational Institution

Sikkim is developing its medical education as well as other courses the following links will let you know about all colleges in Sikkim.

S.No. Category Link
1. Medical Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
2. Dental Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
3. BAMS Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
4. BHMS Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
5. Siddha Medical Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
6. AYUSH Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
7. BNYS Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
8. Veterinary Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
9. Physiotherapy Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
10. Law Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
11. B.Ed Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
12. Nursing Colleges in Sikkim Click Here

Heritage Sites

The Sikkim State is considered as host to Kanchenjunga the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth. Information enlisted below not only includes the major gk of Sikkim questions 2019 but also you can now download the full article Sikkim state GK in PDF free of cost.

S.No Description Summary
1. Major Tourist Places
  • Yuksom and the Qzongri Trail
  • Gurudongmar Lake
  • Buddha Park
  • Nathula Pass
  • Tsomgo Lake
2. Major Attraction
  • Flora and Fauna Sanctuaries
  • Pelling

Wildlife Sanctuary

S. No. Name of Wildlife Sanctuary Year of Notification Total Area(km²)
1. Barsey Rhododendron  Wildlife Sanctuary 1998 104
2. Fambong Lho  Wildlife Sanctuary 1984 51.76
3. Kitam (Bird)  Wildlife Sanctuary 2005 6
4. Kyongnosla Alpine  Wildlife Sanctuary 1977 31
5. Maenam  Wildlife Sanctuary 1987 35.34
6. Pangolakha  Wildlife Sanctuary 2002 128
7. Shingba (Rhododendron)  Wildlife Sanctuary 1984 43

National Park

S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area(km²)
1. Khangchendzonga National Park 1977 1,784.00

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