Tamil Nadu GK 2020-21 Notes in PDF: MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

Hello friends, in this article, I am going to talk about Tamil Nadu GK Questions (Tamil Nadu State GK in PDF). These specially designed Tamil Nadu general knowledge questions and answers are very useful for national level examination. This article is all about GK Questions and Current affairs of Tamil Nadu. Aspirants applying for SSC and state-level jobs in Tamil Nadu must have a look at Tamil Nadu GK Question and Current Affairs facts in this article.

Tamilnadu District

You can read and download the latest Tamil Nadu GK Questions and answers asked in popular state-level service commissions of Tamil Nadu. Now you don’t have to waste your money on costly Tamil Nadu General Knowledge Books (Tamil Nadu GK Books), the article is alone capable of answering all the questions asked in various State-level Government Jobs in Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu GK Questions and Current Affairs


History

Tamil Nadu was ruled by the Chola, Chera, and Pandyan. It was made India’s 10th State of India by rank and 6th largest state by population, the largest city of Tamil Nadu is Chennai. The historical name of Tamil Nadu is Madras State.

In Tamil history, various periods are given below-

  • Indus valley script between 2000 and 1500 BCE
  • Sangam period (500 BCE – 300 CE)
  • Middle Kingdoms (600–1300 CE)
  • Vijayanagar and Nayak period (1336–1646)
  • Power struggles of the 18th century (1688–1802)
  • The princely state of Pudukkottai (1680–1948 CE)
  • Vellore and Indian Rebellion (1801-1947 CE)

Below table will tell more about GK of Tamil Nadu and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 1st November 1956
2. Capital Formation 1st November 1956
3. Largest city Chennai
4. Called as Madras state, Tamilakam
5. Ruled By Chola, Chera, and Pandyan Empire
6. Major Historical Events
  • Tamil was declared a classical language by UNESCO.
  • In 1969, Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu, meaning “Tamil country”.

Geographical Structure

Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,060 km2(50,220 sq mi). It has a coastline of 906.9 km (563.5 mi), Tamil Nadu state is the 10th largest state of India with the total population over 72,147,030. The average temperature of Tamil Nadu is 35°C in Summers and 25°C in Winters.

Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical Structure of Tamil Nadu you must know if you want to clear TNPSC  or any state-level government exams.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 1,30,060 km2(50,220 sq mi)
2 Population 7.21 crore
3 The rank of the state
  • Area Rank:-10th
  • Population Rank:-6th
4 Population Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
5 State Bounded By
  • Puducherry
  • Kerala
  • Karnataka
  • Andhra Pradesh
6 Soil & Minerals
  • Red soils, (62 %)
  • Black soils (12 %)
  • Laterite soils (3 %)
  • Coastal soils (7 %)
7 Major Crops
  • Rice
  • Jowar
  • Ragi
  • Bajra
  • Maize
  • Pulses
  • Cotton
  • Sugarcane
  • Tea
  • Coffee
  • Coconut.
8 Forest Area 26,365 sq.km (2019)
9 Climate
  • The south-west monsoon from June to September
  • Northeast monsoon from October to December
12 Major Flora
  • Actinodaphne bourneae
  • Mallotus atrovirens
  • Actinodaphne lawsonii
  • Bentinckia condapanna
  • Byrsophyllum tetrandrum
  • Casearia wynadensis
  • Dichaetaria
  • Elaeocarpus gaussenii
  • Glochidion pauciflorum
  • Homalium jainii
  • Actinodaphne lanata
  • Impatiens jerdoniae
  • Actinodaphne salicina
13 Major Fauna
  • Bengal tiger
  • Nilgiri Tahr
  • Lion-tailed macaque

Dams  and River

Below you can get the List of Dams in Tamil Nadu. Name of Dams and River in Tamil Nadu Location is as follows…

Names of Dams River Location of Dams
Mettur Dam Kaveri River Mettur, Salem District, Tamil Nadu
Aathupalayam Dam Noyyal River Vellakoil, Tamil Nadu, India
Amaravathi Dam Noyyal River Udumalpet, Tirupur district, Tamil Nadu
Kallanai Dam Bhavani River Tiruchirappalli District, Tamil Nadu
Kodiveri Dam Bhavani River Periyakodiveri, Gobichettipalayam Taluk, Tamil Nadu
Orathupalayam Dam Noyyal River Kangayam, Tirupur District, Tamil Nadu
Solaiyar Kerala Dam Noyyal River Valparai, Tamil Nadu, India
Vaigai Dam Vaigai River Andipatti, Theni district, Tamil Nadu
Manimuthar Dam Thamirabarani River Manimutharu, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu

National Parks

Below you can get the List of National Parks in Tamil Nadu. Name of National Parks, Year of Establishment and Total Area is as follows…

S. No. National Park in Tamil Nadu Establishment year Total Area (Km2)
1. Guindy National Park 1978 2.82 km2
2. Gulf of Mannar Marine National park 1986 6.23 km2
3. Indira Gandhi National Park 1989 117.10 km2
4. Mukurthi National Park 2001 78.46 km2
5. Mudumalai National Park 2005 103.24 km2

Administrative Structure

Tamil Nadu is the 10th largest state of India by area, and 6th largest by Population. Tamil Nadu is divided into four major divisions as per the ancient Tamil kings namely Pallava Nadu division, Chera Nadu division, Chola Nadu division and Pandya Nadu division and the four divisions are further subdivided into 38 districts.

Below table will tell more about GK of Tamil Nadu and its history.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Chennai
2. Administrative HQ Chennai
3. Chief Ministers ‎Edappadi K. Palaniswami
4. Governor Banwarilal Purohit
6. State Animal Nilgiri Tahr
7. State Bird Emerald dove
8. State Flower Gloriosa lily
9. State Tree Palm Tree
10. No. of District 38
11. Loksabha Seats 39
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) Disbanded(1861-1986)
13. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 234
14. No. of Divisions 4
  Railway Stations
  • Puratchi Thalaivar Dr M.G. Ramachandran Central Railway Station
  • Madurai Railway Station
  • Katpadi Railway Station
  • Chennai Egmore Railway Station
  • Salem Railway Station
  • Tiruchirappalli Railway Station
  • Coimbatore Railway Station
16. Official Language Tamil
17. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
18. Postal Code(first 3 digit) 600-643
19. Vehicle Code TN—
20. Judiciary Madras High Court
21. Seal
tamil nadu seal
Tamil Nadu seal

Nickname

  • Chennai – Health Capital of India
  • Coimbatore – Manchester of South India
  • Madurai – City of Festivals

Religions

Religion Percentage
Hinduism 87.58%
Islam 5.86%
Jainism 0.12%
Sikhism 0.02%
Buddhism 0.01%
Christianity 6.12%
Other or not religious 0.3%

Languages

Language Percentage
Tamil 89.41%
Telugu 5.65%
Kannada 1.67%
Urdu 1.75%
Malayalam 0.89%
Other 0.87%

Stadiums

Stadiums Location
M.A.Chidambaram Stadium(International cricket stadium) Chennai
Nehru Stadium Coimbatore
MGR Race Course Stadium Madurai
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium Chennai
Mayor Radhakrishnan Stadium Chennai

International Airport

Tamil Nadu has four international airports. Below you can get the List of International Airport in Tamil Nadu. Name of International Airport, Location/ City in Tamil Nadu is as follows.

S. No. International Airport Name Location/ City in Tamil Nadu
1 Chennai International Airport Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Coimbatore International Airport Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Madurai International Airport Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Tiruchirappalli International Airport Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India


Chennai International Airport

The Chennai International Airport is an international airport serving the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India and its metropolitan area. It is located in Meenambakkam and Tirusulam, 21 km from the city centre.

Domestic Airport

Below you can get the List of Domestic Airport in Tamil Nadu. Name of Airports and Location is as follows…

S. No. Domestic Airport Name Location/ City in Tamil Nadu
1 Vellore Airport Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Thoothukudi Airport Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Salem Airport Salem, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Neyveli Airport Neyveli, Tamil Nadu, India

Sea Ports

Sea Port location
Chennai Port Trust Chennai
V.O. Chidambaranar Port Trust (Tuticorin Port) Thoothukudi
Kamarajar Port Limited Chennai

Arts & Culture

The culture of Tamil Nadu is a long and venerable one. Tamil Nadu is known for its rich tradition of literature, art, music and dance which continue to flourish today. Tamil Nadu is very famous for Pongal, its celebration attracts the major number of Tourists.

S.No Description Summary
1 Folk Dance
  • Kummi
  • Kai Silambu Attam
  • Bharatnatyam
  • Karakattam
  • Bhagavatha Nandanam
  • Oyilattam
  • Kavadi Attam
2 Music
  • Manji
  • Sama
  • Navaroz
  • Kalyani
  • Karaharapriya
  • Thodi
  • Nadanam-k-kria
3 Major Festival
  • Chitthirai Festival
  • Vaikunta Ekadasi
  • Mahamagam Festival
  • Aadi Perukku
  • Krishna Janmashtami
  • Vinayaka Chathurthi
  • Pongal
4 Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Idli
  • Sambar.
  • Chicken Chettinad
  • Dosa
  • Vada
  • Uttapam
  • Bonda
5 Traditional Dress
  • Dhoti with Angavastram and a shirt(Men)
  • sari and blouse(women)

Temples

Temple Location
Meenakshi Amman Temple Madhurai
Brihadeeswar Temple Tanjavur
Ekambareswar Temple Kanchipuram
Mahabaleshwar Temple Gokarn
Rameswaram Temple Ramanathapuram
Murugan Temple Palani

Economy

The economy of Tamil Nadu is the second-largest state economy in India with ₹16.64 lakh crore (US$230 billion) in gross domestic product with a per capita GDP of ₹194,000 (US$2,700). According to the 2011 Census, Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state in India (49 per cent), accounting for 9.6 per cent of the urban population while only comprising 6 per cent of India’s total population.

S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP ₹20.91 lakh crore (US$290 billion) (2020-21 est.)
2 Growth rate 13% (2019-20)
3 Per capita income ₹277,752 (US$3,900) (2020–21)
4 GDP per capita rank 2nd
5 Major Industries
  • Automobile industry
  • Leather industry
  • Paper industry
  • Chemical & Plastic industry
  • Cotton textile industry
  • Handlooms and power looms
  • Sugar industry
  • Fertiliser industry
6 Major Imports
  • Electronic Goods.
  • Metalifers Ores & Metal Scrap.
  • Fertilizers Manufactured.
  • Coal, Coke & Briquettes Etc.
  • Gold.
  • Perls Prcus Semiprcs Stones.
  • Manufactures Of Metals.
  • Inorganic Chemicals
7 Major exports
  • Rice.
  • Mica.
  • Spices.
  • Pani Puri Making machines.
  • Jellyfish.
  • Amla Juice

Education

Tamil Nadu is one of the most literate states in India. The state’s literacy rate is 80.33% in 2011, which is above the national average. Tamil Nadu has performed reasonably well in terms of literacy growth during the decade 2001–2011.

  Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011) 80.33%
2. Male 86.77%
3. Female 73.44%
4. No. of School 44,556 schools (elementary, high, higher secondary)
5. Affiliation Board TNBSE, CBSE, ICSE, ISC, IB, IGCSE
6. No. of University 37 Universities
6. Colleges in Tamil Nadu 2000 Approx

List of Top Colleges in India

Top Engineering Colleges in India Top Medical Colleges in India Top Architechure Colleges in India
Top BAMS Colleges in India Top BHMS Colleges in India Top BSMS Colleges in India
Top BNYS Colleges in India Top Dental Colleges in India Top BUMS Colleges in India
Top Nursing Colleges in India Top Physiotherapy Colleges in India Top Veterinary Colleges in India
Top Pharmacy Colleges in India Top Law Colleges in India Top B.ed Colleges in India
Hotel Management icon Fashion Designing icon

Powerplants

Powerplant Location
Kudankulam Atomic Power Plant Tirunelveli Dist
Kalpkkam Atomic Power Plant Kancheepuram,
Mettor Hydro Power Plant Mettur
Kundbi Hydro Power Plant Kundbi
Kundha Hydro Power Plant Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu
Papanashanam Hydro Power Plant Papanasam, Tirunelveli District
Ennore Thermal Power Station Ennore
Neyveli Thermal Power Plant Neyveli
Tuticorin Thermal Power Plant Thoothukudi

Heritage Sites

Famous Monuments in Tamilnadu spread at different places throughout the state. It has World Heritage Sites: Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram and Mountain Railways of India. The state is home to a number of historic buildings, multi-religious pilgrimage sites, hill stations and three World Heritage Sites Every year many tourists visit Tamil Nadu.

World Heritage sites

  • Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
  • Mountain Railways of India

Other Heritage Sites

S.No Description Summary
1 Major Tourist Places
  • Meenakshi Amman Temple
  • Shore Temple
  • Marina Beach
  • Doddabetta
  • Brihadeeswara Temple
  • Nilgiri Mountain Railway Line
  • Ooty Boat House
2 Major Monuments
  • Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
  • Manora, Monument
  • Krishna Mandapam, Mahabalipuram
  • Bheem Chariot
  • Delhi Gate
  • Kamarajar Memorial
  • Amir Mahal
  • Gandhi Statue
3 Major Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Vedantagal Bird Sanctuary
  • Kalakad Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Mudumalai Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Karaivetti Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Karikili Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Pulicat Lake Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Vaduvor Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary
  • Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

Famous Persons

  • A P J Abdul kalam
  • Sarvepalli Radhakrishna
  • Rakesh Sharma
  • Tiruvallur
  • Viswanath Anand
  • C N Annadurai
  • M G Ramachandran
  • A R Rahman

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