Tamil Nadu GK 2021-22 Notes in PDF: MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

Hello friends, in this article, I am going to talk about Tamil Nadu GK Questions (Tamil Nadu State GK in PDF). These specially designed Tamil Nadu general knowledge questions and answers are very useful for national level examination. This article is all about GK Questions and Current affairs of Tamil Nadu. Aspirants applying for SSC and state-level jobs in Tamil Nadu must have a look at Tamil Nadu GK Question and Current Affairs facts in this article.

Tamilnadu District

You can read and download the latest Tamil Nadu GK Questions and answers asked in popular state-level service commissions of Tamil Nadu. Now you don’t have to waste your money on costly Tamil Nadu General Knowledge Books (Tamil Nadu GK Books), the article is alone capable of answering all the questions asked in various State-level Government Jobs in Tamil Nadu.

[Page Index]
1. History
2. Geographical Structure
3. Administrative Structure
4. Arts & Culture
5. Economy
6. Education
7. Power Plants
8. Heritage Sites

9. Famous Persons

Tamil Nadu GK Questions and Current Affairs

History

Tamil Nadu was ruled by the Chola, Chera, and Pandyan. It was made India’s 10th State of India by rank and 6th largest state by population, the largest city of Tamil Nadu is Chennai. The historical name of Tamil Nadu is Madras State.

In Tamil history, various periods are given below-

  • Indus valley script between 2000 and 1500 BCE
  • Sangam period (500 BCE – 300 CE)
  • Middle Kingdoms (600–1300 CE)
  • Vijayanagar and Nayak period (1336–1646)
  • Power struggles of the 18th century (1688–1802)
  • The princely state of Pudukkottai (1680–1948 CE)
  • Vellore and Indian Rebellion (1801-1947 CE)

Below table will tell more about GK of Tamil Nadu and Its history.

S.NoDescriptionAnswer
1.Founded on1st November 1956
2.Capital Formation1st November 1956
3.Largest cityChennai
4.Called asMadras state, Tamilakam
5.Ruled ByChola, Chera, and Pandyan Empire
6.Major Historical EventsTamil was declared a classical language by UNESCO. In 1969, Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu, meaning “Tamil country”.

Geographical Structure

Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,060 km2(50,220 sq mi). It has a coastline of 906.9 km (563.5 mi), Tamil Nadu state is the 10th largest state of India with the total population over 72,147,030. The average temperature of Tamil Nadu is 35°C in Summers and 25°C in Winters.

Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical Structure of Tamil Nadu you must know if you want to clear TNPSC  or any state-level government exams.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 1,30,060 km2(50,220 sq mi)
2 Population 7.21 crore
3 The rank of the state
  • Area Rank:-10th
  • Population Rank:-6th
4 Population Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
5 State Bounded By
  • Puducherry
  • Kerala
  • Karnataka
  • Andhra Pradesh
6 Soil & Minerals
  • Red soils, (62 %)
  • Black soils (12 %)
  • Laterite soils (3 %)
  • Coastal soils (7 %)
7 Major Crops
  • Rice
  • Jowar
  • Ragi
  • Bajra
  • Maize
  • Pulses
  • Cotton
  • Sugarcane
  • Tea
  • Coffee
  • Coconut.
8 Forest Area 26,365 sq.km (2019)
9 Climate
  • The south-west monsoon from June to September
  • Northeast monsoon from October to December
12 Major Flora
  • Actinodaphne bourneae
  • Mallotus atrovirens
  • Actinodaphne lawsonii
  • Bentinckia condapanna
  • Byrsophyllum tetrandrum
  • Casearia wynadensis
  • Dichaetaria
  • Elaeocarpus gaussenii
  • Glochidion pauciflorum
  • Homalium jainii
  • Actinodaphne lanata
  • Impatiens jerdoniae
  • Actinodaphne salicina
13 Major Fauna
  • Bengal tiger
  • Nilgiri Tahr
  • Lion-tailed macaque

Dams  and River

Below you can get the List of Dams in Tamil Nadu. Name of Dams and River in Tamil Nadu Location is as follows…

Names of DamsRiverLocation of Dams
Mettur DamKaveri RiverMettur, Salem District, Tamil Nadu
Aathupalayam DamNoyyal RiverVellakoil, Tamil Nadu, India
Amaravathi DamNoyyal RiverUdumalpet, Tirupur district, Tamil Nadu
Kallanai DamBhavani RiverTiruchirappalli District, Tamil Nadu
Kodiveri DamBhavani RiverPeriyakodiveri, Gobichettipalayam Taluk, Tamil Nadu
Orathupalayam DamNoyyal RiverKangayam, Tirupur District, Tamil Nadu
Solaiyar Kerala DamNoyyal RiverValparai, Tamil Nadu, India
Vaigai DamVaigai RiverAndipatti, Theni district, Tamil Nadu
Manimuthar DamThamirabarani RiverManimutharu, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu

National Parks

Below you can get the List of National Parks in Tamil Nadu. Name of National Parks, Year of Establishment and Total Area is as follows:

S. No.National Park in Tamil NaduEstablishment yearTotal Area (Km2)
1.Guindy National Park19782.82 km2
2.Gulf of Mannar Marine National park19866.23 km2
3.Indira Gandhi National Park1989117.10 km2
4.Mukurthi National Park200178.46 km2
5.Mudumalai National Park2005103.24 km2

Administrative Structure

Tamil Nadu is the 10th largest state of India by area, and 6th largest by Population. Tamil Nadu is divided into four major divisions as per the ancient Tamil kings namely Pallava Nadu division, Chera Nadu division, Chola Nadu division and Pandya Nadu division and the four divisions are further subdivided into 38 districts.

Below table will tell more about GK of Tamil Nadu and its history.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1.CapitalChennai
2.Administrative HQChennai
3.Chief Ministers‎Edappadi K. Palaniswami
4.GovernorBanwarilal Purohit
6.State AnimalNilgiri Tahr
7.State BirdEmerald dove
8.State FlowerGloriosa lily
9.State TreePalm Tree
10.No. of District38
11.Loksabha Seats39
12.Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)Disbanded(1861-1986)
13.Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)234
14.No. of Divisions4
 Railway StationsPuratchi Thalaivar Dr M.G. Ramachandran Central Railway Station Madurai Railway Station Katpadi Railway Station Chennai Egmore Railway Station Salem Railway Station Tiruchirappalli Railway Station Coimbatore Railway Station
16.Official LanguageTamil
17.Time ZoneIST (UTC +5:30)
18.Postal Code(first 3 digit)600-643
19.Vehicle CodeTN—
20.JudiciaryMadras High Court
21.Sealtamil nadu sealTamil Nadu seal

Nickname

  • Chennai – Health Capital of India
  • Coimbatore – Manchester of South India
  • Madurai – City of Festivals

Religions

ReligionPercentage
Hinduism87.58%
Islam5.86%
Jainism0.12%
Sikhism0.02%
Buddhism0.01%
Christianity6.12%
Other or not religious0.3%

Languages

LanguagePercentage
Tamil89.41%
Telugu5.65%
Kannada1.67%
Urdu1.75%
Malayalam0.89%
Other0.87%

Stadiums

StadiumsLocation
M.A.Chidambaram Stadium(International cricket stadium)Chennai
Nehru StadiumCoimbatore
MGR Race Course StadiumMadurai
Jawaharlal Nehru StadiumChennai
Mayor Radhakrishnan StadiumChennai

International Airport

Tamil Nadu has four international airports. Below you can get the List of International Airport in Tamil Nadu. Name of International Airport, Location/ City in Tamil Nadu is as follows.

S. No.International Airport NameLocation/ City in Tamil Nadu
1Chennai International AirportChennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2Coimbatore International AirportCoimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
3Madurai International AirportMadurai, Tamil Nadu, India
4Tiruchirappalli International AirportTiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India


Chennai International Airport

The Chennai International Airport is an international airport serving the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India and its metropolitan area. It is located in Meenambakkam and Tirusulam, 21 km from the city centre.

Domestic Airport

Below you can get the List of Domestic Airport in Tamil Nadu. Name of Airports and Location is as follows…

S. No.Domestic Airport NameLocation/ City in Tamil Nadu
1Vellore AirportVellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2Thoothukudi AirportThoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India
3Salem AirportSalem, Tamil Nadu, India
4Neyveli AirportNeyveli, Tamil Nadu, India

Sea Ports

Sea Portlocation
Chennai Port TrustChennai
V.O. Chidambaranar Port Trust (Tuticorin Port)Thoothukudi
Kamarajar Port LimitedChennai

Arts & Culture

The culture of Tamil Nadu is a long and venerable one. Tamil Nadu is known for its rich tradition of literature, art, music and dance which continue to flourish today. Tamil Nadu is very famous for Pongal, its celebration attracts the major number of Tourists.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1Folk DanceKummi Kai Silambu Attam Bharatnatyam Karakattam Bhagavatha Nandanam Oyilattam Kavadi Attam
2MusicManji Sama Navaroz Kalyani Karaharapriya Thodi Nadanam-k-kria
3Major FestivalChitthirai Festival Vaikunta Ekadasi Mahamagam Festival Aadi Perukku Krishna Janmashtami Vinayaka Chathurthi Pongal
4Cuisine (Famous Food)Idli Sambar. Chicken Chettinad Dosa Vada Uttapam Bonda
5Traditional DressDhoti with Angavastram and a shirt(Men) sari and blouse(women)

Temples

TempleLocation
Meenakshi Amman TempleMadhurai
Brihadeeswar TempleTanjavur
Ekambareswar TempleKanchipuram
Mahabaleshwar TempleGokarn
Rameswaram TempleRamanathapuram
Murugan TemplePalani

Economy

The economy of Tamil Nadu is the second-largest state economy in India with ₹16.64 lakh crore (US$230 billion) in gross domestic product with a per capita GDP of ₹194,000 (US$2,700). According to the 2011 Census, Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state in India (49 per cent), accounting for 9.6 per cent of the urban population while only comprising 6 per cent of India’s total population.

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1State GDP₹20.91 lakh crore (US$290 billion) (2020-21 est.)
2Growth rate13% (2019-20)
3Per capita income₹277,752 (US$3,900) (2020–21)
4GDP per capita rank2nd
5Major IndustriesAutomobile industry Leather industry Paper industry Chemical & Plastic industry Cotton textile industry Handlooms and power looms Sugar industry Fertiliser industry
6Major ImportsElectronic Goods. Metalifers Ores & Metal Scrap. Fertilizers Manufactured. Coal, Coke & Briquettes Etc. Gold. Perls Prcus Semiprcs Stones. Manufactures Of Metals. Inorganic Chemicals
7Major exportsRice. Mica. Spices. Pani Puri Making machines. Jellyfish. Amla Juice

Education

Tamil Nadu is one of the most literate states in India. The state’s literacy rate is 80.33% in 2011, which is above the national average. Tamil Nadu has performed reasonably well in terms of literacy growth during the decade 2001–2011.

 DescriptionSummary
1.Literacy Rate (2011)80.33%
2.Male86.77%
3.Female73.44%
4.No. of School44,556 schools (elementary, high, higher secondary)
5.Affiliation BoardTNBSE, CBSE, ICSE, ISC, IB, IGCSE
6.No. of University37 Universities
6.Colleges in Tamil Nadu2000 Approx

Powerplants

PowerplantLocation
Kudankulam Atomic Power PlantTirunelveli Dist
Kalpkkam Atomic Power PlantKancheepuram,
Mettor Hydro Power PlantMettur
Kundbi Hydro Power PlantKundbi
Kundha Hydro Power PlantNilgiris, Tamil Nadu
Papanashanam Hydro Power PlantPapanasam, Tirunelveli District
Ennore Thermal Power StationEnnore
Neyveli Thermal Power PlantNeyveli
Tuticorin Thermal Power PlantThoothukudi

Heritage Sites

Famous Monuments in Tamilnadu spread at different places throughout the state. It has World Heritage Sites: Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram and Mountain Railways of India. The state is home to a number of historic buildings, multi-religious pilgrimage sites, hill stations and three World Heritage Sites Every year many tourists visit Tamil Nadu.

World Heritage sites

  • Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
  • Mountain Railways of India

Other Heritage Sites

S.NoDescriptionSummary
1Major Tourist PlacesMeenakshi Amman Temple Shore Temple Marina Beach Doddabetta Brihadeeswara Temple Nilgiri Mountain Railway Line Ooty Boat House
2Major MonumentsGroup of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Manora, Monument Krishna Mandapam, Mahabalipuram Bheem Chariot Delhi Gate Kamarajar Memorial Amir Mahal Gandhi Statue
3Major Wildlife SanctuaryVedantagal Bird Sanctuary Kalakad Wild Life Sanctuary Mudumalai Wild Life Sanctuary Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) Wild Life Sanctuary Karaivetti Wild Life Sanctuary Karikili Wild Life Sanctuary Pulicat Lake Wild Life Sanctuary Vaduvor Wild Life Sanctuary Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

Famous Persons

  • A P J Abdul kalam
  • Sarvepalli Radhakrishna
  • Rakesh Sharma
  • Tiruvallur
  • Viswanath Anand
  • C N Annadurai
  • M G Ramachandran
  • A R Rahman

State-wise GK & GS

Andhra PradeshClick Here
Arunachal PradeshClick Here
AssamClick Here
BiharClick Here
ChhattisgarhClick Here
GoaClick Here
GujaratClick Here
HaryanaClick Here
Himachal PradeshClick Here
Jammu & KashmirClick Here
Jharkhand Click Here
KarnatakaClick Here
Kerela Click Here
Madhya PradeshClick Here
MaharashtraClick Here
ManipurClick Here
MeghalayaClick Here
MizoramClick Here
NagalandClick Here
OdishaClick Here
PunjabClick Here
RajasthanClick Here
SikkimClick Here
Tamil NaduClick Here
TelanganaClick Here
TripuraClick Here
Uttar PradeshClick Here
UttarakhandClick Here
West BengalClick Here

Union Territory GK & GS

ChandigarhClick Here
Dadar and Nagar HaveliClick Here
Daman and DiuClick Here
Andaman Nicobar IslandClick Here
LakshadweepClick Here
DelhiClick Here
PuducherryClick Here

Frequently Asked Question (FAQ)

Q. Who is the Current governor Of Tamil Nadu?

A. Banwarilal Purohit

Q. Who is the Current CM Of Tamil Nadu?

A. Edappadi K. Palanisamy

Q. Who is the Current Chief Justice Of TamilNadu?

A. Justice Amreshwar Pratap Sahi

Total Number of District in Tamil Nadu?

32

Q. Total Number of Lok sabha seats in Tamil Nadu?

A. 39

Total Number of Rajya Sabha seats in Tamil Nadu?

18

Q. What is official language of Tamil Nadu state?

A. Tamil

Q. What is literacy Rate of Tamil Nadu

A. 80.33%

Q. What is Tamil Nadu Area Rank in India

A. 11th

Q. What is Tamil Nadu Population Rank in India?

A, 6th

Q. What is Capital of Tamil-Nadu state?

A. Chennai

Top Colleges in Tamil Nadu

Engineering CollegesClick Here
Medical CollegesClick Here
Sidha CollegesClick Here
Architecture collegesClick Here
Homoeopathy collegesClick Here
Veterinary collegesClick Here
Dental CollegesClick Here
Neuropathy and yoga science collegesClick Here
Nursing collegesClick Here
Unani collegesClick Here
Ayurveda collegesClick Here
Physiotherapy CollegesClick Here
Pharmacy CollegesClick Here
Law CollegesClick Here
B.ED CollegesClick Here
Hotel Management CollegesClick Here
Fashion CollegesClick Here

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