Tamil Nadu GK 2019 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

Hello friends, in this article, I am going to talk about Tamil Nadu GK Questions (Tamil Nadu State GK in PDF). These specially designed Tamil Nadu general knowledge questions and answers are very useful for national level examination. This article is all about GK Questions and Current affairs of Tamil Nadu. Aspirants applying for SSC and state-level jobs in Tamil Nadu must have a look at Tamil Nadu GK Question and Current Affairs facts in this article.

Tamilnadu District

You can read and download the latest Tamil Nadu GK Questions and answers asked in popular state-level service commissions of Tamil Nadu. Now you don’t have to waste your money on costly Tamil Nadu General Knowledge Books (Tamil Nadu GK Books), the article is alone capable of answering all the questions asked in various State-level Government Jobs in Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu GK Questions and Current Affairs


Tamil Nadu was ruled by the  Chola, Chera, and Pandyan. It was made Indias 11th State of India by rank and 7th largest state by population, the largest city of Tamil Nadu is Chennai.  The historical name of Tamil Nadu is Madras State.

In Tamil history, various periods are given below-

  • Indus valley script between 2000 and 1500 BCE
  • Sangam period (500 BCE – 300 CE)
  • Middle Kingdoms (600–1300 CE)
  • Vijayanagar and Nayak period (1336–1646)
  • Power struggles of the 18th century (1688–1802)
  • The princely state of Pudhukottai (1680–1948 CE)

Below table will tell more about GK of Tamil Nadu and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on January 1950
2. Capital Formation January 1950
3. Largest city Chennai
4. Called as Madras state, Tamilakam
5. Ruled By Chola, Chera, and Pandyan Empire
6. Major Historical Events
  • Tamil was declared a classical language by UNESCO.

Geographical Structure

Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,060 km2(50,220 sq mi). it has a coastline of 906.9 km (563.5 mi), Tamil Nadu state is the 11th largest state of India with the total population over 7.21 crore. the average temperature of Tamil Nadu is 35°C in Summers and 25°C in Winters.

Below in this table, we have described all the essential Geographical Structure of Tamil Nadu you must know if you want to clear TNPSC  or any state-level government exams.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 1,30,060 km2(50,220 sq mi)
2 Population 7.21 crore
3 The rank of the state
  • Area Rank:-11th
  • Population Rank:-7th
4 Population Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
5 State Bounded By
  • Puducherry
  • Kerala
  • Karnataka
  • Andhra Pradesh
6 Soil & Minerals
  • Red soils, (62 %)
  • Black soils (12 %)
  • Laterite soils (3 %)
  • Coastal soils (7 %)
7 Major Crops
  • Rice
  • Jowar
  • Ragi
  • Bajra
  • Maize
  • Pulses
  • Cotton
  • Sugarcane
  • Tea
  • Coffee
  • Coconut.
8 Forest Area 26,345 sq.km
9 Climate
  • The south-west monsoon from June to September
  • Northeast monsoon from October to December
12 Major Flora
  • Actinodaphne bourneae
  • Mallotus atrovirens
  • Actinodaphne lawsonii
  • Bentinckia condapanna
  • Byrsophyllum tetrandrum
  • Casearia wynadensis
  • Dichaetaria
  • Elaeocarpus gaussenii
  • Glochidion pauciflorum
  • Homalium jainii
  • Actinodaphne lanata
  • Impatiens jerdoniae
  • Actinodaphne salicina
13 Major Fauna
  • Bengal tiger
  • Nilgiri Tahr
  • Lion-tailed macaque

Dams  and River

Below you can get the List of Dams in Tamil Nadu. Name of Dams and River in Tamil Nadu Location is as follows…

Names of Dams River Location of Dams
Mettur Dam Kaveri River Mettur, Salem District, Tamil Nadu
Aathupalayam Dam Noyyal               River Vellakoil, Tamil Nadu, India
Amaravathi Dam Noyyal               River Udumalpet, Tirupur district, Tamil Nadu
Kallanai Dam Bhavani River Tiruchirappalli District, Tamil Nadu
Kodiveri Dam Bhavani River Periyakodiveri, Gobichettipalayam Taluk, Tamil Nadu
Orathupalayam Dam Noyyal               River Kangayam, Tirupur District, Tamil Nadu
Solaiyar Kerala Dam Noyyal               River Valparai, Tamil Nadu, India
Vaigai Dam Vaigai River Andipatti, Theni district, Tamil Nadu
Manimuthar Dam Thamirabarani River Manimutharu, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu

National Parks

Below you can get the List of National Parks in Tamil Nadu. Name of National Parks, Year of Establishment and Total Area is as follows…

S. No. National Park in Tamil Nadu Establishment year Total Area (Km2)
1. Guindy National Park 1978 2.82 km2
2. Gulf of Mannar Marine National park 1986 6.23 km2
3. Indira Gandhi National Park 1989 117.10 km2
4. Mukurthi National Park 2001 78.46 km2
5. Mudumalai National Park 2005 103.24 km2

Administrative Structure

Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state of India by area, and 6th largest by Population. Tamil Nadu has the 2nd highest GDP (Gross Domestic Production) per capita after Maharashtra State. According to the Eleventh Finance Commission, Tamil Nadu is the Best Placed State. A large number of International and Domestic tourists visit Tamil Nadu for its white-sand beaches, World Heritage Structure, Nightlife and place of worship.

Below table will tell more about GK of Tamil Nadu and its history.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Chennai
2. Administrative HQ Chennai
3. Chief Ministers  ‎Edappadi K. Palaniswami
4. Governor Banwarilal Purohit
6. State Animal Nilgiri Tahr
7. State Bird Emerald dove
8. State Flower Gloriosa lily
9. State Tree Palm Tree
10. No. of District 35
11. Loksabha Seats 39
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) Disbanded(1861-1986)
13. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 234
14. No. of Divisions 4(North, West, South and Central)
Railway Stations
  • Puratchi Thalaivar Dr M.G. Ramachandran Central Railway Station
  • Madurai Railway Station
  • Katpadi Railway Station
  • Chennai Egmore Railway Station
  • Salem Railway Station
  • Tiruchirappalli Railway Station
  • Coimbatore Railway Station
16. Official Language Tamil
17. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
18. Postal Code(first 3 digit) 600-643
19. Vehicle Code TN—
20. Judiciary Madras High Court
21. Seal

tamil nadu seal
Tamil Nadu seal


  • Chennai – Health Capital of India
  • Coimbatore – Manchester of South India
  • Madurai – City of Festivals


Religion Percentage
Hinduism 87.56%
Islam 5.86%
Jainism 0.12%
Sikhism 0.02%
Buddhism 0.01%
Christianity 6.12%
Other or not religious 0.3%


Language Percentage
Tamil 88.37%
Telugu 5.87%
Kannada 1.78%
Urdu 1.75%
Malayalam 1.01%
Other 1.22%


Stadiums Location
M.A.Chidambaram Stadium(International cricket stadium) Chennai
Nehru Stadium Coimbatore
MGR Race Course Stadium Madurai
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium Chennai
Mayor Radhakrishnan Stadium Chennai

International Airport

Tamil Nadu has three international airports. Below you can get the List of International Airport in Tamil Nadu. Name of International Airport, Location/ City in Tamil Nadu is as follows.

S. No. International Airport Name Location/ City in Tamil Nadu
1 Chennai International Airport Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Coimbatore International Airport Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Madurai International Airport Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Tiruchirappalli International Airport Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Chennai International Airport

The Chennai International Airport is an international airport serving the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India and its metropolitan area. It is located in Meenambakkam and Tirusulam, 21 km from the city centre.

Domestic Airport

Below you can get the List of Domestic Airport in Tamil Nadu. Name of Airports and Location is as follows…

S. No. Domestic Airport Name Location/ City in Tamil Nadu
1 Vellore Airport Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Thoothukudi Airport Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Salem Airport Salem, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Neyveli Airport Neyveli, Tamil Nadu, India

Sea Ports

Sea Port location
Chennai Port Trust Chennai
V.O. Chidambaranar Port Trust (Tuticorin Port) Thoothukudi
Kamarajar Port Limited Chennai

Arts & Culture

The culture of Tamil Nadu is very interesting as it combines the Eastern and Western styles. Tamil Nadu is very famous for Pongal, its celebration attracts the major number of Tourists.

S.No Description Summary
1 Folk Dance
  • Kummi
  • Kai Silambu Attam
  • Bharatnatyam
  • Karakattam
  • Bhagavatha Nandanam
  • Oyilattam
  • Kavadi Attam
2 Music
  • Manji,
  • Sama,
  • Navaroz,
  • Kalyani,
  • Karaharapriya,
  • Thodi,
  • Nadanam-k-kria
3 Major Festival
  • Chitthirai Festival
  • Vaikunta Ekadasi
  • Mahamagam Festival
  • Aadi Perukku
  • Krishna Janmashtami
  • Vinayaka Chathurthi
  • Pongal
4 Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Idli
  • Sambar.
  • Chicken Chettinad
  • Dosa
  • Vada
  • Uttapam
  • Bonda
5 Traditional Dress
  • Dhoti with Angavastram and a shirt(Men)
  • sari and blouse(women)


Temple Location
Meenakshi Amman Temple Madhurai
Brihadeeswar Temple Tanjavur
Ekambareswar Temple Kanchipuram
Mahabaleshwar Temple Gokarn
Rameswaram Temple Ramanathapuram
Murugan Temple Palani


Tamil Nadu is one of the Indias richest states with the highest GDP per capita the average growth rate of Tamil Nadu is 8.09% (2017-18). Tamil Nadu is one of the few states to achieve rural electrification by 100 per cent. Table Below contains some of the normal questions mostly asked in different Govt. and Private recruitment examinations of Tamil Nadu.

S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP ₹17.26 lakh crore (US$250 billion) (2018-19 est.)
2 Growth rate 8.09%(2017-18)
3 Per capita income ₹186,125 (US$2,700) (2017-18)
4 GDP per capita rank 11th
5 Major Industries
  • Automobile industry
  • Leather industry
  • Paper industry
  • Chemical & Plastic industry
  • Cotton textile industry
  • Handlooms and power looms
  • Sugar industry
  • Fertiliser industry
6 Major Imports
  • Electronic Goods.
  • Metalifers Ores & Metal Scrap.
  • Fertilizers Manufactured.
  • Coal, Coke & Briquettes Etc.
  • Gold.
  • Perls Prcus Semiprcs Stones.
  • Manufactures Of Metals.
  • Inorganic Chemicals
7 Major exports
  • Rice.
  • Mica.
  • Spices.
  • Pani Puri Making machines.
  • Jellyfish.
  • Amla Juice


Tamil Nadu state as the Indias earliest educational institutions built by the support of Europeans. Medical education in Tamil Nadu has begun in 1801 at Royal and Military Hospital in the old city of Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu has Asia’s oldest medical college as Tamil Nadu Medical College (Since 1845). Tamil Nadu NIT (National Institute of Technology) and IIT (Indian Institute of Technology). All schools in Tamil Nadu comes under the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Syllabus is Prescribed by the State Education Department.

Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011) 80.09%
2. Male 86.77%
3. Female 73.44%
4. No. of School 2550 schools
5. Affiliation Board TNBSE, CBSE, ICSE, ISC
6. No. of University 37 Universities
6. Colleges in Tamil Nadu 2000 Approx

Educational Institution

Category Link
Medical Colleges in Tamil Nadu Click Here
Dental Colleges in Tamil Nadu Click Here
Siddha Medical Colleges in Tamil Nadu Click Here
AYUSH Colleges in Tamil Nadu Click Here
BNYS Colleges in Tamil Nadu Click Here
Veterinary Colleges in Tamil Nadu Click Here
Physiotherapy Colleges in Tamil Nadu Click Here
Law Colleges in Tamil Nadu Click Here
B.Ed Colleges in Tamil Nadu Click Here
Nursing Colleges in Tamil Nadu Click Here


Powerplant Location
Kudankulam Atomic Power Plant Tirunelveli Dist
Kalpkkam Atomic Power Plant Kancheepuram,
Mettor Hydro Power Plant Mettur
Kundbi Hydro Power Plant Kundbi
Kundha Hydro Power Plant Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu
Papanashanam Hydro Power Plant Papanasam, Tirunelveli District
Ennore Thermal Power Station Ennore
Neyveli Thermal Power Plant Neyveli
Tuticorin Thermal Power Plant Thoothukudi

Heritage Sites

Famous Monuments in Tamilnadu spread at different places throughout the state. It has two World Heritage Sites: Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram and Mountain Railways of India. Every year many tourists visit Tamil Nadu.

World Heritage sites

  • Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
  • Mountain Railways of India

Other Heritage Sites

S.No Description Summary
1 Major Tourist Places
  • Meenakshi Amman Temple
  • Shore Temple
  • Marina Beach
  • Doddabetta
  • Brihadeeswara Temple
  • Nilgiri Mountain Railway Line
  • Ooty Boat House
2 Major Monuments
  • Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
  • Manora, Monument
  • Krishna Mandapam, Mahabalipuram
  • Bheem Chariot
  • Delhi Gate
  • Kamarajar Memorial
  • Amir Mahal
  • Gandhi Statue
3 Major Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Vedantagal Bird Sanctuary
  • Kalakad Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Mudumalai Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Karaivetti Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Karikili Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Pulicat Lake Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Vaduvor Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary
  • Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

Famous Persons

  • A P J Abdul kalam
  • Sarvepalli Radhakrishna
  • Rakesh Sharma
  • Tiruvallur
  • Viswanath Anand
  • C N Annadurai
  • M G Ramachandran

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