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1. Madhya Pradesh GK Questions and Current Affairs
3. Geographical Structure
4. Hills and Mountains Ranges
5. National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
6. Administrative Structure
11. Arts and culture
12. Famous Temples
16. Heritage Sites
17. Famous Personalities
Madhya Pradesh GK Questions and Current Affairs
Madhya Pradesh is also known as the Tiger state of India. The state came into existence on 1 November 1956. It is the 2nd largest state by an area of 3,08,252 and 5th by its population of 72,626,809. After Independence Madhya Pradesh was created with Nagpur as its capital. In 1956, Madhya Pradesh was recognized and Bhopal makes its capital. Madhya Pradesh was the largest area state in India until 2000 when the Chhattisgarh region was made as a separate state.
Now let’s talk about the history of Madhya Pradesh the major part of GK of Madhya Pradesh. The interesting and unique tool stone-age tools have been discovered from the Narmada river valley. Rock shelter and cave painting which can be dated to 30,000 BCE have been discovered at a no. of places. Madhya Pradesh was ruled by Maurya Empire (Ashoka of Magadha) in the 3rd century BC.
During this period the region was dominated by the Maurya, Nanda and Gupt. In November 2000, as part of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, the southeastern portion of the state split off to form the new state of Chhattisgarh. Below table will tell more about the Madhya Pradesh general knowledge 2021 and its history.
|1.||Founded on||1 November 1956|
|2.||Capital Formation||1 November 1956|
|4.||Also Known as||Heart of India|
|5.||Ruled By||Mauryan Empire, Malava, Dasarna, Nishada Karusha|
|6.||Major Historical Events||The merger of Bhopal into Union of India (1949) MP comes into existence (1956) first non-Cong government (1967) Discovery of Narmada man (1982) Bhopal gas tragedy (1984) Division of MP (2000)|
Madhya Pradesh covers an area of 3,08,252 meter square. Madhya Pradesh is the 2nd largest state of India with a total population of over 75 million. the average temperature of Madhya Pradesh is 35°C in Summers and 25°C in Winters.
|1||Total Area||3,08,252 km²|
|2||Rank of the state||Area rank:- 2nd|
Population Rank:- 5th
|4||Parliamentary Constituency||29 seats|
|11.||Number of Tehsil||376|
|12||Number of Blocks||313|
|13||Total number of villages||23043|
|15||State Bounded By||Uttar Pradesh (northeast) Chhattisgarh (southeast) Maharashtra ( south) Gujarat (west) Rajasthan (Northwest)|
|16||Soil & Minerals||Deep Medium Black Soil Shallow & Medium Black Soil Alluvial Soil Mixed Red & Black Soil|
|17||Major Crops||Cereals Oilseeds Commercial Crops Pulses|
|18||Forest Area||94,689 sq. km.|
|20||Major Flora||Sal Teak Bamboo Khair Medical Plants (Tinospora cardifolio, Withania somnifera, Swertia chirayita, Tribulus terrestres, Chlorophytum tuberosum, Cyprus rotundus, Embelia Ribes, Clitoria ternatea, Mangifera indica, Cassia fistula, Evolvulus alsinoides etc )|
|21||Major Fauna||Four-horned antelope White tiger Leopard of the Central Provinces Nimari cattle Tiger Panther Sambar deer Chinkara Cheetal Blackbuck Wild boar Hyenas|
Hills and Mountains Ranges
The highest hill in Madhya Pradesh is Mahadeo hill 1352 m in height and apart from its height, it is beautiful as well.
|Bandhavgarh Hill||Umaria district||Bandhavgarh Fort|
|Handi Khoh||Pachmarhi Cantt||–|
|Janapav||Indore-Mumbai highway||Janapav Kuti|
|Mahadeo Hill||Betul, Chhindwara and Seoni||Mount Dhupgarh|
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
The largest wildlife Sanctuary is Kanha National Park which has an approx area of 940 km square.
|National Parks / Wildlife Sanctuaries||Location|
|Kanha National Park||Mandla|
|Bandhavgarh National Park||Bandhavgarh, Umaria|
|Pench National Park||Seoni district|
|Satpura National Park||Madai, Sarangpur|
|Panna National Park||Chhatarpur|
|Madhav National Park||Shivpuri District|
|Sanjay National Park||Sidhi and Singrauli districts|
|Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary.||Sheopur district|
|Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary||Sagar, Damoh, Narsinghpur and Raisen|
|National Chambal Sanctuary – Gharial||Morena|
Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal and houses the Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) and the secretariat. The Madhya Pradesh High Court, located in Jabalpur, has jurisdiction over the whole state. Below table will tell more about the GK of Madhya Pradesh and Current affairs MP.
Madhya Pradesh is divided into 10 division, which is as follows:
|Bhopal Division||Bhopal, Raisen, Rajgarh, Vidisha, Sehore|
|Chambal Division||Bhind, Morena, Sheopur|
|Gwalior Division||Ashoknagar, Datia, Guna, Gwalior and Shivpuri.|
|Indore Division||Indore, Barwani, Burhanpur, Dhar, Jhabua, Khandwa, Khargone and Alirajpur|
|Jabalpur Division||Balaghat, Chhindwara, Jabalpur, Katni, Mandla, Narsinghpur and Seoni.|
|Narmadapuram Division||Hoshangabad, Harda and Betul|
|Rewa Division||Rewa, Satna, Sidhi and Singrauli|
|Sagar Division||Chhatarpur, Damoh, Panna, Sagar, Tikamgarh. Niwari|
|Shahdol Division||Shahdol, Umaria, Anuppur Initially Dindori|
|Ujjain Division||Dewas, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Ratlam, Shajapur, Agar and Ujjain.|
There are major languages were found in Madhya Pradesh those are as follows.
As per the government data the maximum people who are Hindu at 90.89% and 9.11% other religion.
- Highest dam of Indirasagar Dam.
- The second highest dam of Bargi Dam.
- Longest dam of Bargi Dam.
- Largest power generating dam Omkareshwar Dam 520 MW.
Some of the major dams in Madhya Pradesh are as follows –
|Indirasagar Dam||Narmada River||653 m (2,142 ft)||92 m (302 ft)||9,890,701 acre·ft||Khandwa district||2006|
|Bargi Dam||Narmada River||5357 m||69.80 m||3,920 million m3||Jabalpur|
|Ban Sagar Dam||Sone River||1,020 m (3,350 ft)||67 m (220 ft)||2,000,000 acre-feet (2.5 km3)||shahdol||2006|
|Gandhi Sagar Dam||Chambal River||514 metres (1,686 ft)||62.17 metres (204.0 ft)||5,936,000 acre|
|Madikheda Dam||Sindh River||1070 m||62 m||901 million m3|| Shivpuri|
|Tawa Dam||Tawa River||1,815 m||57.91 m||9,890,701 acre·ft.||Hoshangabad District||1974|
Madhya Pradesh has popularly 7 rivers in which the Narmada is the longest river in Madhya Pradesh.
|Rivers||Originates From||Falls or Meet||Total Length||City|
|Narmada||Anuppur||Hugli river||1070 Km||Jabalpur Barwani, Harda, Hoshangabad, Omkareshwar, Narmada Nagar, Dewas|
|Chambal||Indore||Yamuna River||965 Km||Indore|
|Betwa river||Bhopal||Yamuna River||380 km||Bhopal, Gwalior, Jhansi, Jaluan|
|Tapti||Betul||Arabian Sea||724 Km||Multai|
|Son||Amarkantak||Ganga river||784 km||Sidhi, Dehri, Patna|
|Shipra||North of Dhar district||Chambal River||195 Km||Ujjain, Ratlam, Dhar, Mandsaur|
|Kali Sindh||Bagli||Chambal River||150 Km||Indore, Bhopal.|
|Tawa||Betul District||Narmada River||172 Km||Hoshangabad District|
Arts and culture
The Culture of Madhya Pradesh is extraordinary as Four sites in Madhya Pradesh have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO: the Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986) including Devi Jagadambi temple, Khajuraho, Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989) and the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003).
|Rai||The history of the Rai dance is related to the kings of Bundelkhand. In order to congratulate or entertain, the ladies of the Badiya-bachra Society were invited to dance. He danced like a peacock put a long Swirl on the face. The face of the Dancer is in the veil, but to see its gestures, a male dancer takes a torch in the hands and dance with her. The Rai is inserted into this torch he not be extinguished. That reason it is called as Rai dance.|
|Karma||Karma dance is the traditional dance performed during the karma festival. It is the famous autumnal festival. People perform this during the month of August/September (Bhaado). Many states people perform like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal. If means ‘Fate’. People are performing this dance during the worship of karma devta or God of fate.|
|Saila||Sela dance is done with many variations in dance style and pattern. Sometimes dancers stand in a circle, where every person stands on one leg and takes help for support by holding the person in front.|
|Matki||Matki Dance is the famous dance style in the Malwa region. This dance style is performed by the ladies with main instrument dhol on special occasions like birthday, wedding or other important occasions. In Hindi language, matki means the small type of clay pot or small pitcher. Matki Dance is performed in a circular position. Lady balance a small pitcher of a clay pot on their head and performing time they also covered his face with a veil.|
|Gangaur||Gangaur dance is the famous festival in Indian states such as Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, some part of Bengal and Gujrat. Gangaur is a collection of 2 words ‘Gana’ means Lord Shiva and ‘Gaur’ means Gauri. Mainly Gangaur dance is performed by both married and unmarried women. This dance is performed mainly during the nine days.|
|Badhai||Badhai dance is the famous dance style in Bundelkhand. It is a ceremonial dance. Badhai dance are performed on special occasions like childbirth, wedding or any other occasion. The collection of dancers show the different unique move on their faces.|
|Baredi||Baredi dancer is the famous folk dance in Madhya Pradesh. The baredi dance is performed by ‘Aheer’ (Yadav) Community of Madhya Pradesh. This is also called as Yadavas. Aheer community people performed the dance in every year just the day after the Diwali till the night of the full moon.|
|Naurata||Naurata dance is specially performed by the unmarried women or girl for good married life. During the Navratri festival Marked the different type of colourful design is made in outside the house.|
|Ahiri||Ahiri is a famous dance form in Bharia society. This dance is performed in the wedding occasion. Ahiri dance performs with the Drum and Timki (A pair of the brass metal platter) are the two musical instruments.|
- Indian Classical Music
- Leha Songs
- Pai Songs
- Khajuraho Festival
- Bhagoria Haat Festival
- Ujjain Kumbh Mela
Cuisine (Famous Food)
- Daal Bafla
- Seekh Kebabs
- Bhipali Ghost korma
- Bhutte ki Kees
- Palak Puri
- Chakki ki Shak
- Mawa Bati
- Lehenga and Choli
Madhya Pradesh, once being a part of the Bihar state is known for its rich culture and tradition. Madhya Pradesh has around 72 main Hindu temples and the majority of them are for the worship of Lord Shiva.
|Saas Bahu Temple||Gwalior|
|Bada Ganesh Ka Mandir||Ujjain|
|Kandariya Mahadeo Temple||Khajuraho|
|Kal Bhairav Mandir||Ujjain|
|Chintaman Ganesh Temple||Ujjain|
|Bharat Milap Mandir||Chitrakoot|
|Shri Pashupatinath Temple||Mandsaur|
|Chausath Yogini Temple||Bhedaghat|
|Lakshmi Narayana Temple||Bhopal|
|Gauri Somnath Mandir||Omkareshwar|
Madhya Pradesh has the 8th rank in GDP, It has gross state domestic product (nominal GDP) for 2013-14 was ₹ 4,509 billion (approximately US$ 72,726,000,000). The per-capita figure was US$ 871.45 in 2013-14, the sixth-lowest in the country. Between 1999 and 2008, the annualised growth rate of the state was very low: 3.5%. Subsequently, the state’s GDP growth rate has improved significantly, rising to 8% during 2010–11 and 12% during 2011–12.
The state has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India.
|1||State GDP||₹9.62 lakh crore (US$130 billion) (2019-20 est.)|
|3||Per capita income||₹ 90,998|
|4||GDP per capita rank||10th|
|5||Major Industries||Ordnance Factories IT and ITES Food Processing Auto Components Herbal, Biotech Cement Mineral Processing and Stone|
|6||Major Imports||Oil and petroleum Electronics Heavy Machinery|
|7||Major exports||Engineering & Machine Plastic & Packaging Materials Processed & Un-Processed Food Spice & Organic Products Herbal & Pharmaceuticals Textile-Yarn & Fabric|
As separated from Madhya Pardesh got many airports which are listed below.
|Raja Bhoj International Airport||Bhopal|
|Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport||Indore|
|Rajmata Vijaya Raje Scindia Air Terminal||Gwalior|
Madhya Pradesh has most popularly 7 stadiums in which Captain Roop Singh Stadium is the largest capacity holding of 60,000 (approx) peoples.
|Holkar Cricket Stadium,||Cricket||Indore|
|Captain Roop Singh Stadium||Cricket||Gwalior|
|Tatya Tope Stadium||multi-purposed||Bhopal|
|Rani taal Stadium||Cricket||Jabalpur|
Madhya Pradesh has an average literacy rate among the other states in India, It had a literacy rate of 70.60%. According to the 2009–10 figures, the state had 105,592 primary schools, 6,352 high schools and 5,161 higher secondary schools. The state has 200+ engineering & architecture colleges, 200+ management institutes and more than 10 medical colleges.
There are many premier educational and research institutions of India has been established in couples of years like Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Bhopal, Indian Institute of Management Indore, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology Bhopal, IIITDM Jabalpur and IIITM Gwalior, Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management, SPA Bhopal, IIFM Bhopal, National Law Institute University Bhopal, Institute Of Engineering & Science IPS Academy Indore, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Jabalpur Engineering College, Ujjain Engineering College, Madhav Institute of Technology and Science, Gwalior and Shri Govindram Seksaria Institute of Technology and Science etc.
|1.||Literacy Rate (2011)||70.60%|
|4.||No. of School||1,17,095 (Primary, High Schools, Higher Secondary School)|
|5.||Affiliation Board||CBSE, ISCE, MPBSE|
|6.||No. of University||25 (Central 2, state 16, Deemed 3, Private 1, Institute of National Importance 3 )|
|7.||Colleges in Madhya Pradesh||1914 (Engineering, Medical, Management, Arts, Law)|
Madhya Pradesh has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. It has two World Heritage Sites: The Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986), Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989), The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003) of Madhya Pradesh. Its tourism industry has seen considerable growth, with the state topping the National Tourism Awards in 2010–11. Every year many tourists visit Madhya Pradesh.
|1||Major Tourist Places||Magical Mandu Beauty of Chanderi Sacred Sanchi Majestic Orchha Funfair of Jabalpur Begum’s Bhopal Untamed Pench Click here to know more about tourist places of Madhya Pradesh|
|2||Major Monuments||Alamgir Gate Kamlapati Palace Ancient Hindu Baodi Asharfi Mahal Baz Bahadur’s Palace Delhi Gate Darya Khan’s Tomb Hathi Mahal Click here to know more about Monuments in MP|
|3||National Park||Bandhavgarh National Park Sanjay National Park Madhav National Park Kanha National Park Van Vihar National Park Mandla Plant Fossils National Park Panna National Park Pench National Park Satpura National Park|
|4||Wildlife Sanctuary||Bori Wildlife Sanctuary Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary National Chambal Sanctuary Sanjay-Dubri Wildlife Sanctuary Ralamandal Wildlife Sanctuary Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Freedom Fighters||Chandra Shekhar Azad(1906 – 1931) Ravishankar Shukla(1877 – 1956) Tantia Tope(1814 – 1859) Rani Lakhsmibai(1828 – 1858) Rani Avantibai(1857)|
|Bollywood||Ami Mishra Anil Mange Arjun Rampal Arunoday Singh Ashok Kumar Ashutosh Rana Lata Mangeshkar Javed Khan Johnny Walker Jaya Bachchan Salim Khan Salman Khan Sharat Saxena Kumar Pallana Raghuvir Yadav Mamta Sharma Arjun Rampal Swanand Kirkire Govind Namdev Ashutosh Rana Mukesh Tiwari Kartik Tiwari Shaan Sara Khan Himangini Singh Yadu Sharad Kelkar Divyanka Tripathi Annu Kapoor Rajeev Verma Mushtaq Khan Razak Khan Sachin Nayak Palak Muchhal Rishikesh Pandey Vinay Sapru writer, director, producer|
|Journalists||Makhanlal Chaturvedi Nathuram Premi Mrinal Pande Prabhash Joshi Deepak Chaurasia|
|Writers||Shashi Bhushan Seth Govind Das Ambika Prasad Divya Satyadev Dubey Vishal Mangalwadi Nalin Mehta Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh Harishankar Parsai Manibhai J. Patel Nathuram Premi J. S. Rajput Vidya Shah Shah Jahan Begum Amritlal Vegad|
|Poets||Jan Nisar Akhtar Balkavi Bairagi Asad Bhopali Kaif Bhopali Manzar Bhopali|
|Academics||Narendra Karmarkar Anil Kakodkar|
|Social Service||Alok Sanjar Rajiv Gautam|
|Sports||Roop Singh Ahmed Khan Aslam Sher Khan Shivendra Singh Shankar Laxman Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi Mushtaq Ali Chandu Sarwate, former India cricketer. Amay Khurasiya, former India cricketer. Narendra Hirwani, former India cricketer. C. K. Nayudu Sanjay Jagdale Narendra Menon Sudhir Asnani Rahul Dravid, Indian cricketer born in Indore. Amay Khurasiya Jai Prakash Yadav Naman Ojha Devendra Bundela Nuzhat Parween Ishwar Pandey|
|Padma Bhushan||Hemendra Singh Panwar Gokulotsavji Maharaj|
|Padma Shri||Gul Bardhan Govind Chandra Pande Prahlad Tipanya Ramakant Gundecha Umakant Gundecha Vijay Dutt Shridhar Vijay Kumar Vinod K. Singh Janak Palta McGilligan Sushil Doshi Bhalchandra Dattatray Mondhe Bhakti Yadav Malti Joshi Keshav Rao Musalgaonkar Bhajju Shyam Baba Yogendra Babulal Dahiya Pratap Singh Hardia Kailash Madbaiya Mahesh Sharma|
State-wise GK & GS
|Andhra Pradesh||Click Here|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Click Here|
|Himachal Pradesh||Click Here|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Click Here|
|Madhya Pradesh||Click Here|
|Tamil Nadu||Click Here|
|Uttar Pradesh||Click Here|
|West Bengal||Click Here|
Union Territory GK & GS
|Dadar and Nagar Haveli||Click Here|
|Daman and Diu||Click Here|
|Andaman Nicobar Island||Click Here|
Madhya Pradesh GK Important Questions
A. Kanha National Park
A. Bihad River
A. Methyl isocyanate
A. Paramara Dynasty
A. Satpura Range
A. Edward Museum
A. Dhupgarh Peak
A. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan
Top Colleges in Madhya Pradesh
|Engineering Colleges||Click Here|
|Medical Colleges||Click Here|
|Sidha Colleges||Click Here|
|Architecture colleges||Click Here|
|Homoeopathy colleges||Click Here|
|Veterinary colleges||Click Here|
|Dental Colleges||Click Here|
|Neuropathy and yoga science colleges||Click Here|
|Nursing colleges||Click Here|
|Unani colleges||Click Here|
|Ayurveda colleges||Click Here|
|Physiotherapy Colleges||Click Here|
|Pharmacy Colleges||Click Here|
|Law Colleges||Click Here|
|B.ED Colleges||Click Here|
|Hotel Management Colleges||Click Here|
|Fashion Colleges||Click Here|
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Madhya Pradesh GK and GS in PDF.