[Updated] Madhya Pradesh GK & GS 2021: SSC, State level GK Questions in PDF & More!

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Madhya Pradesh

You can read and download the latest Madhya Pradesh General knowledge 2021 (MP GK) Questions and answers asked in popular state-level service commissions of Madhya Pradesh. Now you don’t have to waste your money on costly Madhya Pradesh General Knowledge Books (Madhya Pradesh GK Books), the article is alone capable of answering all the questions asked in various State-level Government Jobs in Madhya Pradesh.

1. Madhya Pradesh GK Questions and Current Affairs
2. History
3. Geographical Structure
4. Hills and Mountains Ranges
5. National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
6. Administrative Structure
7. Languages
8. Religion
9. Dams
10. Rivers
11. Arts and culture
12. Famous Temples

13.The Economy
13. Airports
14. Stadium

15. Education
16. Heritage Sites
17. Famous Personalities

Madhya Pradesh GK Questions and Current Affairs

Madhya Pradesh is also known as the Tiger state of IndiaThe state came into existence on 1 November 1956. It is the 2nd largest state by an area of 3,08,252 and 5th by its population of 72,626,809. After Independence Madhya Pradesh was created with Nagpur as its capital. In 1956, Madhya Pradesh was recognized and Bhopal makes its capital. Madhya Pradesh was the largest area state in India until 2000 when the Chhattisgarh region was made as a separate state.


Now let’s talk about the history of Madhya Pradesh the major part of GK of Madhya Pradesh. The interesting and unique tool stone-age tools have been discovered from the Narmada river valley. Rock shelter and cave painting which can be dated to 30,000 BCE have been discovered at a no. of places. Madhya Pradesh was ruled by Maurya Empire (Ashoka of Magadha) in the 3rd century BC.

During this period the region was dominated by the Maurya, Nanda and Gupt. In November 2000, as part of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, the southeastern portion of the state split off to form the new state of Chhattisgarh. Below table will tell more about the Madhya Pradesh general knowledge 2021 and its history.

1.Founded on1 November 1956
2.Capital Formation1 November 1956
3.Largest cityIndore
4.Also Known asHeart of India
5.Ruled ByMauryan Empire, Malava, Dasarna, Nishada  Karusha
6.Major Historical EventsThe merger of Bhopal into Union of India (1949) MP comes into existence (1956) first non-Cong government (1967) Discovery of Narmada man (1982) Bhopal gas tragedy (1984) Division of MP (2000)

Geographical Structure

Madhya Pradesh covers an area of 3,08,252 meter square. Madhya Pradesh is the 2nd largest state of India with a total population of over 75 million. the average temperature of Madhya Pradesh is 35°C in Summers and 25°C in Winters.

1Total Area3,08,252 km²
2Rank of the stateArea rank:- 2nd
Population Rank:- 5th
3Legislature231 seats
4Parliamentary Constituency29 seats
6Rural53 million
7Urban22 Million
8.Total Division10
9.Total Districts52
11.Number of Tehsil376
12Number of Blocks313
13Total number of villages23043
14Population Density240/km²
15State Bounded ByUttar Pradesh (northeast) Chhattisgarh (southeast) Maharashtra ( south) Gujarat (west) Rajasthan (Northwest)
16Soil & MineralsDeep Medium Black Soil Shallow & Medium Black Soil Alluvial Soil Mixed Red & Black Soil
17Major CropsCereals Oilseeds Commercial Crops Pulses
18Forest Area 94,689 sq. km.
20Major FloraSal Teak Bamboo Khair Medical Plants (Tinospora cardifolio, Withania somnifera, Swertia chirayita, Tribulus terrestres, Chlorophytum tuberosum, Cyprus rotundus, Embelia Ribes, Clitoria ternatea, Mangifera indica, Cassia fistula, Evolvulus alsinoides etc )
21Major FaunaFour-horned antelope White tiger Leopard of the Central Provinces Nimari cattle Tiger Panther Sambar deer Chinkara Cheetal Blackbuck Wild boar Hyenas

Hills and Mountains Ranges

Source: tripadvisor

The highest hill in Madhya Pradesh is Mahadeo hill 1352 m in height and apart from its height, it is beautiful as well.

Hills/MountainsPlaceBest Known
Bandhavgarh HillUmaria districtBandhavgarh Fort
Chauragarh PeakChauragarhPachmarhi
Handi KhohPachmarhi Cantt
JanapavIndore-Mumbai highwayJanapav Kuti
Mahadeo Hill Betul, Chhindwara and SeoniMount Dhupgarh

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries

The largest wildlife Sanctuary is Kanha National Park which has an approx area of 940 km square.

National Parks / Wildlife SanctuariesLocation
Kanha National ParkMandla
Bandhavgarh National ParkBandhavgarh, Umaria
Pench National ParkSeoni district
Satpura National ParkMadai, Sarangpur
Panna National ParkChhatarpur
Madhav National ParkShivpuri District
Sanjay National Park Sidhi and Singrauli districts
Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary.Sheopur district
Nauradehi Wildlife SanctuarySagar, Damoh, Narsinghpur and Raisen
National Chambal Sanctuary – GharialMorena

Administrative Structure

Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal and houses the Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) and the secretariat. The Madhya Pradesh High Court, located in Jabalpur, has jurisdiction over the whole state. Below table will tell more about the GK of Madhya Pradesh and Current affairs MP.


Madhya Pradesh is divided into 10 division, which is as follows:

Bhopal DivisionBhopal, Raisen, Rajgarh, Vidisha, Sehore
Chambal DivisionBhind, Morena, Sheopur
Gwalior DivisionAshoknagar, Datia, Guna, Gwalior and Shivpuri.
Indore DivisionIndore, Barwani, Burhanpur, Dhar, Jhabua, Khandwa, Khargone and Alirajpur
Jabalpur DivisionBalaghat, Chhindwara, Jabalpur, Katni, Mandla, Narsinghpur and Seoni.
Narmadapuram DivisionHoshangabad, Harda and Betul
Rewa DivisionRewa, Satna, Sidhi and Singrauli
Sagar DivisionChhatarpur, Damoh, Panna, Sagar, Tikamgarh. Niwari
Shahdol DivisionShahdol, Umaria, Anuppur Initially Dindori
Ujjain DivisionDewas, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Ratlam, Shajapur, Agar and Ujjain.


There are major languages were found in Madhya Pradesh those are as follows.



As per the government data the maximum people who are Hindu at  90.89% and 9.11% other religion.

Other Religions0.83%
Not Stated0.13%


  • Highest dam of Indirasagar Dam.
  • The second highest dam of Bargi Dam.
  • Longest dam of Bargi Dam.
  • Largest power generating dam Omkareshwar Dam 520 MW.

Some of the major dams in Madhya Pradesh are as follows –

DamsRiverLength Height Capacity LocationOpen
Indirasagar DamNarmada River653 m (2,142 ft)92 m (302 ft) 9,890,701 acre·ftKhandwa district2006
Bargi DamNarmada River5357 m69.80 m3,920 million m3Jabalpur
Ban Sagar DamSone River1,020 m (3,350 ft)67 m (220 ft)2,000,000 acre-feet (2.5 km3)shahdol2006
Gandhi Sagar DamChambal River514 metres (1,686 ft)62.17 metres (204.0 ft)5,936,000 acre
Mandsaur District1960
Madikheda DamSindh River1070 m62 m901 million m3 Shivpuri
Tawa DamTawa River1,815 m 57.91 m9,890,701 acre·ft.Hoshangabad District 1974


Madhya Pradesh has popularly 7 rivers in which the Narmada is the longest river in Madhya Pradesh.

RiversOriginates FromFalls or MeetTotal LengthCity
NarmadaAnuppurHugli river1070 KmJabalpur Barwani, Harda, Hoshangabad, Omkareshwar, Narmada Nagar, Dewas
ChambalIndoreYamuna River965 KmIndore
Betwa riverBhopal Yamuna River380 kmBhopal, Gwalior, Jhansi, Jaluan
TaptiBetulArabian Sea724 KmMultai
SonAmarkantakGanga river784 kmSidhi, Dehri, Patna
ShipraNorth of Dhar districtChambal River 195 KmUjjain, Ratlam, Dhar, Mandsaur
Kali SindhBagliChambal River150 KmIndore, Bhopal.
TawaBetul  DistrictNarmada River172 KmHoshangabad District

Arts and culture

The Culture of Madhya Pradesh is extraordinary as Four sites in Madhya Pradesh have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO: the Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986) including Devi Jagadambi temple, Khajuraho, Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989) and the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003).

Folk Dances

Source: singrauli
RaiThe history of the Rai dance is related to the kings of Bundelkhand. In order to congratulate or entertain, the ladies of the Badiya-bachra Society were invited to dance. He danced like a peacock put a long Swirl on the face. The face of the Dancer is in the veil, but to see its gestures, a male dancer takes a torch in the hands and dance with her. The Rai is inserted into this torch he not be extinguished. That reason it is called as Rai dance.
KarmaKarma dance is the traditional dance performed during the karma festival. It is the famous autumnal festival. People perform this during the month of August/September (Bhaado). Many states people perform like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal. If means ‘Fate’. People are performing this dance during the worship of karma devta or God of fate.
SailaSela dance is done with many variations in dance style and pattern. Sometimes dancers stand in a circle, where every person stands on one leg and takes help for support by holding the person in front.
MatkiMatki Dance is the famous dance style in the Malwa region. This dance style is performed by the ladies with main instrument dhol on special occasions like birthday, wedding or other important occasions. In Hindi language, matki means the small type of clay pot or small pitcher. Matki Dance is performed in a circular position. Lady balance a small pitcher of a clay pot on their head and performing time they also covered his face with a veil.
GangaurGangaur dance is the famous festival in Indian states such as Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, some part of Bengal and Gujrat. Gangaur is a collection of 2 words ‘Gana’ means Lord Shiva and ‘Gaur’ means Gauri.  Mainly Gangaur dance is performed by both married and unmarried women. This dance is performed mainly during the nine days.
BadhaiBadhai dance is the famous dance style in Bundelkhand. It is a ceremonial dance. Badhai dance are performed on special occasions like childbirth, wedding or any other occasion. The collection of dancers show the different unique move on their faces.
BarediBaredi dancer is the famous folk dance in Madhya Pradesh. The baredi dance is performed by ‘Aheer’ (Yadav) Community of Madhya Pradesh. This is also called as Yadavas. Aheer community people performed the dance in every year just the day after the Diwali till the night of the full moon.
NaurataNaurata dance is specially performed by the unmarried women or girl for good married life. During the Navratri festival  Marked the different type of colourful design is made in outside the house.
AhiriAhiri is a famous dance form in Bharia society. This dance is performed in the wedding occasion. Ahiri dance performs with the Drum and Timki (A pair of the brass metal platter) are the two musical instruments.

Traditional Music

  • Indian Classical Music
  • Relo
  • Leha Songs
  • Pai Songs

Major Festival

  • Khajuraho Festival
  • Bhagoria Haat Festival
  • Holi
  • Ujjain Kumbh Mela
  • Dussehra
  • Diwali

Cuisine (Famous Food)

  • Poha
  • Daal Bafla
  • Seekh Kebabs
  • Bhipali Ghost korma
  • Bhutte ki Kees
  • Palak Puri
  • Malpua
  • Jalebi
  • Chakki ki Shak
  • Mawa Bati

Traditional Dress


  • Dhoti
  • Safa


  • Lehenga and Choli
  • Odhni

Famous Temples

Madhya Pradesh, once being a part of the Bihar state is known for its rich culture and tradition. Madhya Pradesh has around 72 main Hindu temples and the majority of them are for the worship of Lord Shiva.

Mahakaleshwar JyotirlingaUjjain
Saas Bahu TempleGwalior
Bada Ganesh Ka MandirUjjain
Kandariya Mahadeo TempleKhajuraho
Kal Bhairav MandirUjjain
Chintaman Ganesh TempleUjjain
Matangeshwar TempleKhajuraho
Annapurna TempleIndore
Adinath templeKhajuraho
Lakshmana TempleKhajuraho
Javari Temple Khajuraho
Chaturbhuj TempleOrchha
Omkareshwar TempleOmkareshwar
Harsiddhi TempleUjjain
Bharat Milap MandirChitrakoot
Parsvanath TempleKhajuraho
Shri Pashupatinath TempleMandsaur
Chausath Yogini TempleBhedaghat
Lakshmi Narayana TempleBhopal
Gauri Somnath MandirOmkareshwar
Mamleshwar TempleOmkareshwar

The Economy

Madhya Pradesh has the 8th rank in GDP, It has gross state domestic product (nominal GDP) for 2013-14 was ₹ 4,509 billion (approximately US$ 72,726,000,000). The per-capita figure was US$ 871.45 in 2013-14, the sixth-lowest in the country. Between 1999 and 2008, the annualised growth rate of the state was very low: 3.5%. Subsequently, the state’s GDP growth rate has improved significantly, rising to 8% during 2010–11 and 12% during 2011–12.

The state has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India. 

1State GDP₹9.62 lakh crore (US$130 billion) (2019-20 est.)
2GDP Growth 12.2%
3Per capita income₹ 90,998
4GDP per capita rank10th
5Major IndustriesOrdnance Factories IT and ITES Food Processing Auto Components Herbal, Biotech Cement Mineral Processing and Stone
6Major ImportsOil and petroleum Electronics Heavy Machinery
7Major exportsEngineering & Machine Plastic & Packaging Materials Processed & Un-Processed Food Spice & Organic Products Herbal & Pharmaceuticals Textile-Yarn & Fabric


As separated from Madhya Pardesh got many airports which are listed below.

Raja Bhoj International AirportBhopal
Devi Ahilyabai Holkar AirportIndore
Rajmata Vijaya Raje Scindia Air TerminalGwalior
Dumna AirportJabalpur
Khajuraho AirportKhajuraho
Rewa  AirportRewa


Madhya Pradesh has most popularly 7 stadiums in which Captain Roop Singh Stadium is the largest capacity holding of 60,000 (approx) peoples.

Holkar Cricket Stadium,CricketIndore
Captain Roop Singh StadiumCricketGwalior
Nehru StadiumCricketIndore
Aishbagh Stadium,HockeyBhopal
Bab-E-Ali stadiumCricketBhopal
Tatya Tope Stadiummulti-purposedBhopal
Rani taal StadiumCricketJabalpur


Madhya Pradesh has an average literacy rate among the other states in India, It had a literacy rate of 70.60%. According to the 2009–10 figures, the state had 105,592 primary schools, 6,352 high schools and 5,161 higher secondary schools. The state has 200+ engineering & architecture colleges, 200+ management institutes and more than 10 medical colleges.

There are many premier educational and research institutions of India has been established in couples of years like Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Bhopal, Indian Institute of Management IndoreIndian Institute of Technology IndoreMaulana Azad National Institute of Technology Bhopal, IIITDM Jabalpur and IIITM Gwalior, Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management, SPA Bhopal, IIFM BhopalNational Law Institute University Bhopal, Institute Of Engineering & Science IPS Academy Indore, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Jabalpur Engineering College, Ujjain Engineering College, Madhav Institute of Technology and Science, Gwalior and Shri Govindram Seksaria Institute of Technology and Science etc.

1.Literacy Rate (2011)70.60%
4.No. of School1,17,095 (Primary, High Schools, Higher Secondary School)
5.Affiliation BoardCBSE, ISCE, MPBSE
6.No. of University25 (Central 2, state 16, Deemed 3, Private 1, Institute of National Importance 3 )
7.Colleges in Madhya Pradesh1914 (Engineering, Medical, Management, Arts, Law)

Heritage Sites

Madhya Pradesh has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. It has two World Heritage Sites: The Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986), Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989), The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003) of Madhya Pradesh.  Its tourism industry has seen considerable growth, with the state topping the National Tourism Awards in 2010–11. Every year many tourists visit Madhya Pradesh.

1Major Tourist PlacesMagical Mandu Beauty of Chanderi Sacred Sanchi Majestic Orchha Funfair of Jabalpur Begum’s Bhopal Untamed Pench Click here to know more about tourist places of Madhya Pradesh
2Major MonumentsAlamgir Gate Kamlapati Palace Ancient Hindu Baodi Asharfi Mahal Baz Bahadur’s Palace Delhi Gate Darya Khan’s Tomb Hathi Mahal Click here to know more about Monuments in MP
3National ParkBandhavgarh National Park Sanjay National Park Madhav National Park Kanha National Park Van Vihar National Park Mandla Plant Fossils National Park Panna National Park Pench National Park Satpura National Park
4Wildlife SanctuaryBori Wildlife Sanctuary Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary National Chambal Sanctuary Sanjay-Dubri Wildlife Sanctuary Ralamandal Wildlife Sanctuary Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary

Famous Personalities

Freedom FightersChandra Shekhar Azad(1906 – 1931)  Ravishankar Shukla(1877 – 1956) Tantia Tope(1814 – 1859) Rani Lakhsmibai(1828 – 1858)  Rani Avantibai(1857)
BollywoodAmi Mishra Anil Mange Arjun Rampal Arunoday Singh Ashok Kumar Ashutosh Rana Lata Mangeshkar Javed Khan Johnny Walker Jaya Bachchan Salim Khan Salman Khan Sharat Saxena Kumar Pallana Raghuvir Yadav Mamta Sharma Arjun Rampal Swanand Kirkire Govind Namdev Ashutosh Rana Mukesh Tiwari Kartik Tiwari Shaan Sara Khan Himangini Singh Yadu Sharad Kelkar  Divyanka Tripathi Annu Kapoor Rajeev Verma   Mushtaq Khan Razak Khan Sachin Nayak Palak Muchhal Rishikesh Pandey Vinay Sapru writer, director, producer
JournalistsMakhanlal Chaturvedi Nathuram Premi Mrinal Pande Prabhash Joshi Deepak Chaurasia
WritersShashi Bhushan Seth Govind Das Ambika Prasad Divya Satyadev Dubey Vishal Mangalwadi Nalin Mehta   Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh Harishankar Parsai Manibhai J. Patel Nathuram Premi J. S. Rajput Vidya Shah Shah Jahan Begum   Amritlal Vegad
PoetsJan Nisar Akhtar Balkavi Bairagi Asad Bhopali Kaif Bhopali Manzar Bhopali
AcademicsNarendra Karmarkar Anil Kakodkar
Social ServiceAlok Sanjar Rajiv Gautam
SportsRoop Singh Ahmed Khan Aslam Sher Khan Shivendra Singh Shankar Laxman Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi Mushtaq Ali Chandu Sarwate, former India cricketer. Amay Khurasiya, former India cricketer. Narendra Hirwani, former India cricketer. C. K. Nayudu Sanjay Jagdale Narendra Menon Sudhir Asnani Rahul Dravid, Indian cricketer born in Indore. Amay Khurasiya Jai Prakash Yadav Naman Ojha Devendra Bundela Nuzhat Parween Ishwar Pandey
Padma BhushanHemendra Singh Panwar Gokulotsavji Maharaj
Padma ShriGul Bardhan Govind Chandra Pande Prahlad Tipanya Ramakant Gundecha Umakant Gundecha Vijay Dutt Shridhar Vijay Kumar Vinod K. Singh Janak Palta McGilligan Sushil Doshi Bhalchandra Dattatray Mondhe Bhakti Yadav Malti Joshi  Keshav Rao Musalgaonkar Bhajju Shyam Baba Yogendra Babulal Dahiya Pratap Singh Hardia Kailash Madbaiya Mahesh Sharma

State-wise GK & GS

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Tamil NaduClick Here
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West BengalClick Here

Union Territory GK & GS

ChandigarhClick Here
Dadar and Nagar HaveliClick Here
Daman and DiuClick Here
Andaman Nicobar IslandClick Here
LakshadweepClick Here
DelhiClick Here
PuducherryClick Here

Madhya Pradesh GK Important Questions

Q. In which year Madhya Pradesh was unified?

A. 1956

Q. Madhya Pradesh is divided into how many divisions?

A. 10

Q. Madhya Pradesh ranks in the country in terms of population?

A. Fifth

Q. Which one is the largest city by area in Madhya Pradesh?

A. Indore

Q. The marble rock is situated near the city of?

A. Jabalpur

Q. Kumbha mela in Ujjain held on the bank of which river?

A. Kshipra

Q. Which one is the largest national park in Madhya Pradesh?

A. Kanha National Park

Q. Which one is the largest districts by population in Madhya Pradesh?

A. Indore

Q. The Chachai Falls is created by the river?

A. Bihad River

Q. The Sachi Stupa was build by the Emperor?

A. Ashoka

Q. When Bhopal become the capital of Madhya Pradesh?

A. 1956

Q. In which year the Bhopal Gas Tragedy happened?

A. 1984

Q. Which gas caused the Bhopal gas tragedy incident?

A. Methyl isocyanate

Q. Raja Bhoj was belong to which dynasty?

A. Paramara Dynasty

Q. Madhya Pradesh rank according to area among largest state of India?

A. second

Q. In which year Kahna declared as the Tiger Reserve?

A. 1973

Q. The Madhya Pradesh Laghu Udyog Nigam was established in the year?


Q. Where is Gold Export Promotion Park is situated in Madhya Pradesh?

A. Indore

Q. Sandhya Agarwal is associated with which of the following sports?

A. Cricket

Q. The Asihbagh Stadium is located in which city?

A. Bhopal

Q. The Dhupgarh peak is situated in?

A. Satpura Range

Q. The state Museum of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal earlier known as?

A. Edward Museum

Q. Which one is the highest peak in Madhya Pradesh?

A. Dhupgarh Peak

Q. Who was the writer of “Bikhare Moti”?

A. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan

Top Colleges in Madhya Pradesh

Engineering CollegesClick Here
Medical CollegesClick Here
Sidha CollegesClick Here
Architecture collegesClick Here
Homoeopathy collegesClick Here
Veterinary collegesClick Here
Dental CollegesClick Here
Neuropathy and yoga science collegesClick Here
Nursing collegesClick Here
Unani collegesClick Here
Ayurveda collegesClick Here
Physiotherapy CollegesClick Here
Pharmacy CollegesClick Here
Law CollegesClick Here
B.ED CollegesClick Here
Hotel Management CollegesClick Here
Fashion CollegesClick Here

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