Madhya Pradesh GK 2020-21 Notes in PDF: MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

Hello friends, in this article, I am going to talk about Madhya Pradesh GK 2020 Questions (Madhya Pradesh State GK in PDF). These specially designed Madhya Pradesh general knowledge 2020 questions and answers are very useful for national level examination. This article is all about GK Questions and Current affairs MP. Aspirants applying for SSC and state-level jobs in Madhya Pradesh must have a look at Madhya Pradesh GK 2020 Question and Current Affairs in this article.

Madhya Pradesh

ou can read and download the latest Madhya Pradesh GK 2020 (MP GK) Questions and answers asked in popular state-level service commissions of Madhya Pradesh. Now you don’t have to waste your money on costly Madhya Pradesh General Knowledge Books (Madhya Pradesh GK Books), the article is alone capable of answering all the questions asked in various State-level Government Jobs in Madhya Pradesh.

Madhya Pradesh GK Questions and Current Affairs

Madhya Pradesh is also known as the Tiger state of IndiaThe state came into existence on 1 November 1956. It is the 2nd largest state by an area of 3,08,252 and 5th by its population of 72,626,809. After Independence Madhya Pradesh was created with Nagpur as its capital. In 1956, Madhya Pradesh was recognized and Bhopal makes its capital. Madhya Pradesh was the largest area state in India until 2000 when the Chhattisgarh region was made as a separate state.


Now let’s talk about the history of Madhya Pradesh the major part of GK of Madhya Pradesh. The interesting and unique tool stone-age tools have been discovered from the Narmada river valley. Rock shelter and cave painting which can be dated to 30,000 BCE have been discovered at a no. of places. Madhya Pradesh was ruled by Maurya Empire (Ashoka of Magadha) in the 3rd century BC.

During this period the region was dominated by the Maurya, Nanda and Gupt. In November 2000, as part of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, the southeastern portion of the state split off to form the new state of Chhattisgarh. Below table will tell more about the GK of Madhya Pradesh and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 1 November 1956
2. Capital Formation 1 November 1956
3. Largest city Indore
4. Also Known as Heart of India
5. Ruled By Mauryan Empire, Malava, Dasarna, Nishada  Karusha
6. Major Historical Events
  • The merger of Bhopal into Union of India (1949)
  • MP comes into existence (1956)
  • first non-Cong government (1967)
  • Discovery of Narmada man (1982)
  • Bhopal gas tragedy (1984)
  • Division of MP (2000)

Geographical Structure

Madhya Pradesh covers an area of 3,08,252 meter square. Madhya Pradesh is the 2nd largest state of India with a total population of over 75 million. the average temperature of Madhya Pradesh is 35°C in Summers and 25°C in Winters.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 3,08,252 km²
2 Rank of the state Area rank:- 2nd
Population Rank:- 5th
3 Legislature 231 seats
4 Parliamentary Constituency 29 seats
5 Population 72,626,809
6 Rural 53 million
7 Urban 22 Million
8. Total Division 10
9. Total Districts 52
11. Number of Tehsil 376
12 Number of Blocks 313
13 Total number of villages 23043
14 Population Density 240/km²
15 State Bounded By
  • Uttar Pradesh (northeast)
  • Chhattisgarh (southeast)
  • Maharashtra ( south)
  • Gujarat (west)
  • Rajasthan (Northwest)
16 Soil & Minerals
  • Deep Medium Black Soil
  • Shallow & Medium Black Soil
  • Alluvial Soil
  • Mixed Red & Black Soil
17 Major Crops
  • Cereals
  • Oilseeds
  • Commercial Crops
  • Pulses
18 Forest Area  94,689 sq. km.
19 Climate Subtropical
20 Major Flora
  • Sal
  • Teak
  • Bamboo
  • Khair
  • Medical Plants (Tinospora cardifolio, Withania somnifera, Swertia chirayita, Tribulus terrestres, Chlorophytum tuberosum, Cyprus rotundus, Embelia Ribes, Clitoria ternatea, Mangifera indica, Cassia fistula, Evolvulus alsinoides etc )
21 Major Fauna
  • Four-horned antelope
  • White tiger
  • Leopard of the Central Provinces
  • Nimari cattle
  • Tiger
  • Panther
  • Sambar deer
  • Chinkara
  • Cheetal
  • Blackbuck
  • Wild boar
  • Hyenas

Hills and Mountains Ranges

The highest hill in Madhya Pradesh is Mahadeo hill 1352 m in height and apart from its height, it is beautiful as well.

Hills/MountainsPlaceBest Known
Bandhavgarh HillUmaria districtBandhavgarh Fort
Chauragarh PeakChauragarhPachmarhi
Handi KhohPachmarhi Cantt
JanapavIndore-Mumbai highwayJanapav Kuti
Mahadeo Hill Betul, Chhindwara and SeoniMount Dhupgarh

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries

The largest wildlife Sanctuary is Kanha National Park which has an approx area of 940 km square.

National Parks / Wildlife SanctuariesLocation
Kanha National ParkMandla
Bandhavgarh National ParkBandhavgarh, Umaria
Pench National ParkSeoni district
Satpura National ParkMadai, Sarangpur
Panna National ParkChhatarpur
Madhav National ParkShivpuri District
Sanjay National Park Sidhi and Singrauli districts
Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary.Sheopur district
Nauradehi Wildlife SanctuarySagar, Damoh, Narsinghpur and Raisen
National Chambal Sanctuary – GharialMorena

Administrative Structure

Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal and houses the Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) and the secretariat. The Madhya Pradesh High Court, located in Jabalpur, has jurisdiction over the whole state. Below table will tell more about the GK of Madhya Pradesh and Current affairs MP.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Bhopal
2. Administrative HQ Bhopal, Jabalpur
3. Chief Ministers Kamal Nath
4. Governor Anandiben Patel
6. State Animal Barasingha
7. State Bird Indian Paradise Flycatcher
8. State Flower White Lily
9. State Tree Banyan Tree
10. No. of District 52
11. Loksabha Seats 40
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)
13. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 231 (230 + 1 Nominated)
14. Major Airport
  • Raja Bhoj Airport
  • Devi Ahilyabai Holkar International Airport
  • Rajmata Vijaya Raje Scindia Air Terminal
  • Dumna Airport
  • Civil Aerodrome Khajuraho
15. Major Railway Stations
  • Amla Junction railway station
  • Dewas Junction railway station
  • Bhopal Junction railway station
  • Gwalior Junction railway station
  • Indore Junction railway station
  • Katni Junction railway station
  • Amla Junction railway station
  • Balaghat Junction railway station
  • Bhopal Junction railway station
  • Birlanagar Junction railway station etc
16. Official Language Hindi
17. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
18. Postal Code Different according to area
19. Vehicle Code MP —
20. Judiciary The high court of Madhya Pradesh
21. Seal Madhya Pradesh Seal


Madhya Pradesh is divided into 10 division, which is as follows:

Bhopal DivisionBhopal, Raisen, Rajgarh, Vidisha, Sehore.
Chambal DivisionBhind, Morena, Sheopur
Gwalior DivisionAshoknagar, Datia, Guna, Gwalior, and Shivpuri.
Indore DivisionIndore, Barwani, Burhanpur, Dhar, Jhabua, Khandwa, Khargone and
Jabalpur DivisionBalaghat, Chhindwara, Jabalpur, Katni, Mandla, Narsinghpur, and Seoni.
Narmadapuram DivisionHoshangabad, Harda, and Betul
Rewa DivisionRewa, Satna, Sidhi, and Singrauli
Sagar DivisionChhatarpur, Damoh, Panna, Sagar, Tikamgarh. Niwari
Shahdol DivisionShahdol, Umaria, Anuppur Initially Dindori
Ujjain DivisionDewas, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Ratlam, Shajapur, Agar and Ujjain.


There are major languages were found in Madhya Pradesh those are as follows.



As per the government data the maximum people who are Hindu at  90.89% and 9.11% other religion.

Other Religions0.83%
Not Stated0.13%


  • Highest dam of Indirasagar Dam.
  • The second highest dam of Bargi Dam.
  • Longest dam of Bargi Dam.
  • Largest power generating dam Omkareshwar Dam 520 MW.

Some of the major dams in Madhya Pradesh are as follows –

DamsRiverLength Height Capacity LocationOpen
Indirasagar DamNarmada River653 m (2,142 ft)92 m (302 ft) 9,890,701 acre·ftKhandwa district2006
Bargi DamNarmada River5357 m69.80 m3,920 million m3Jabalpur
Ban Sagar DamSone River1,020 m (3,350 ft)67 m (220 ft)2,000,000 acre-feet (2.5 km3)shahdol2006
Gandhi Sagar DamChambal River514 metres (1,686 ft)62.17 metres (204.0 ft)5,936,000 acre
Mandsaur District1960
Madikheda DamSindh River1070 m62 m901 million m3 Shivpuri
Tawa DamTawa River1,815 m 57.91 m9,890,701 acre·ft.Hoshangabad District 1974


Madhya Pradesh has popularly 7 rivers in which the Narmada is the longest river in Madhya Pradesh.

RiversOriginates FromFalls or MeetTotal LengthCity
NarmadaAnuppurHugli river1070 KmJabalpur Barwani, Harda, Hoshangabad, Omkareshwar, Narmada Nagar, Dewas
ChambalIndoreYamuna River965 KmIndore
Betwa riverBhopal Yamuna River380 kmBhopal, Gwalior, Jhansi, Jaluan
TaptiBetulArabian Sea724 KmMultai
SonAmarkantakGanga river784 kmSidhi, Dehri, Patna
ShipraNorth of Dhar districtChambal River 195 KmUjjain, Ratlam, Dhar, Mandsaur
Kali SindhBagliChambal River150 KmIndore, Bhopal.
TawaBetul  DistrictNarmada River172 KmHoshangabad District

Arts and culture

The Culture of Madhya Pradesh is extraordinary as Four sites in Madhya Pradesh have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO: the Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986) including Devi Jagadambi temple, Khajuraho, Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989) and the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003).

Folk Dances

RaiThe history of the Rai dance is related to the kings of Bundelkhand. In order to congratulate or entertain, the ladies of the Badiya-bachra Society were invited to dance. He danced like a peacock put a long Swirl on the face. The face of the Dancer is in the veil, but to see its gestures, a male dancer takes a torch in the hands and dance with her. The Rai is inserted into this torch he not be extinguished. That reason it is called as Rai dance.
KarmaKarma dance is the traditional dance performed during the karma festival. It is the famous autumnal festival. People perform this during the month of August/September (Bhaado). Many states people perform like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal. If means ‘Fate’. People are performing this dance during the worship of karma devta or God of fate.
SailaSela dance is done with many variations in dance style and pattern. Sometimes dancers stand in a circle, where every person stands on one leg and takes help for support by holding the person in front.
MatkiMatki Dance is the famous dance style in the Malwa region. This dance style is performed by the ladies with main instrument dhol on special occasions like birthday, wedding or other important occasions. In Hindi language, matki means the small type of clay pot or small pitcher. Matki Dance is performed in a circular position. Lady balance a small pitcher of a clay pot on their head and performing time they also covered his face with a veil.
GangaurGangaur dance is the famous festival in Indian states such as Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, some part of Bengal and Gujrat. Gangaur is a collection of 2 words ‘Gana’ means Lord Shiva and ‘Gaur’ means Gauri.  Mainly Gangaur dance is performed by both married and unmarried women. This dance is performed mainly during the nine days.
BadhaiBadhai dance is the famous dance style in Bundelkhand. It is a ceremonial dance. Badhai dance are performed on special occasions like childbirth, wedding or any other occasion. The collection of dancers show the different unique move on their faces.
BarediBaredi dancer is the famous folk dance in Madhya Pradesh. The baredi dance is performed by ‘Aheer’ (Yadav) Community of Madhya Pradesh. This is also called as Yadavas. Aheer community people performed the dance in every year just the day after the Diwali till the night of the full moon.
NaurataNaurata dance is specially performed by the unmarried women or girl for good married life. During the Navratri festival  Marked the different type of colourful design is made in outside the house.
AhiriAhiri is a famous dance form in Bharia society. This dance is performed in the wedding occasion. Ahiri dance performs with the Drum and Timki (A pair of the brass metal platter) are the two musical instruments.

Traditional Music

  • Indian Classical Music
  • Relo
  • Leha Songs
  • Pai Songs

Major Festival

  • Khajuraho Festival
  • Bhagoria Haat Festival
  • Holi
  • Ujjain Kumbh Mela
  • Dussehra
  • Diwali

Cuisine (Famous Food)

  • Poha
  • Daal Bafla
  • Seekh Kebabs
  • Bhipali Ghost korma
  • Bhutte ki Kees
  • Palak Puri
  • Malpua
  • Jalebi
  • Chakki ki Shak
  • Mawa Bati

Traditional Dress


  • Dhoti
  • Safa


  • Lehenga and Choli
  • Odhni

Famous Temples

Madhya Pradesh, once being a part of the Bihar state is known for its rich culture and tradition. Madhya Pradesh has around 72 main Hindu temples and the majority of them are for the worship of Lord Shiva.

Mahakaleshwar JyotirlingaUjjain
Saas Bahu TempleGwalior
Bada Ganesh Ka MandirUjjain
Kandariya Mahadeo TempleKhajuraho
Kal Bhairav MandirUjjain
Chintaman Ganesh TempleUjjain
Matangeshwar TempleKhajuraho
Annapurna TempleIndore
Adinath templeKhajuraho
Lakshmana TempleKhajuraho
Javari Temple Khajuraho
Chaturbhuj TempleOrchha
Omkareshwar TempleOmkareshwar
Harsiddhi TempleUjjain
Bharat Milap MandirChitrakoot
Parsvanath TempleKhajuraho
Shri Pashupatinath TempleMandsaur
Chausath Yogini TempleBhedaghat
Lakshmi Narayana TempleBhopal
Gauri Somnath MandirOmkareshwar
Mamleshwar TempleOmkareshwar

The Economy

Madhya Pradesh has the 8th rank in GDP, It has gross state domestic product (nominal GDP) for 2013-14 was ₹ 4,509 billion (approximately US$ 72,726,000,000). The per-capita figure was US$ 871.45 in 2013-14, the sixth-lowest in the country. Between 1999 and 2008, the annualised growth rate of the state was very low: 3.5%. Subsequently, the state’s GDP growth rate has improved significantly, rising to 8% during 2010–11 and 12% during 2011–12.

The state has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India. 

S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP ₹9.62 lakh crore (US$130 billion) (2019-20 est.)
2 GDP Growth  12.2%
3 Per capita income ₹ 90,998
4 GDP per capita rank 10th
5 Major Industries
  • Ordnance Factories
  • IT and ITES
  • Food Processing
  • Auto Components
  • Herbal, Biotech
  • Cement
  • Mineral Processing and Stone
6 Major Imports
  • Oil and petroleum
  • Electronics
  • Heavy Machinery
7 Major exports
  • Engineering & Machine
  • Plastic & Packaging Materials
  • Processed & Un-Processed Food
  • Spice & Organic Products
  • Herbal & Pharmaceuticals
  • Textile-Yarn & Fabric


As separated from Madhya Pardesh got many airports which are listed below.

Raja Bhoj International AirportBhopal
Devi Ahilyabai Holkar AirportIndore
Rajmata Vijaya Raje Scindia Air TerminalGwalior
Dumna AirportJabalpur
Khajuraho AirportKhajuraho
Rewa  AirportRewa


Madhya Pradesh has most popularly 7 stadiums in which Captain Roop Singh Stadium is the largest capacity holding of 60,000 (approx) peoples.

Holkar Cricket Stadium,CricketIndore
Captain Roop Singh StadiumCricketGwalior
Nehru StadiumCricketIndore
Aishbagh Stadium,HockeyBhopal
Bab-E-Ali stadiumCricketBhopal
Tatya Tope Stadiummulti-purposedBhopal
Rani taal StadiumCricketJabalpur


Madhya Pradesh has an average literacy rate among the other states in India, It had a literacy rate of 70.60%. According to the 2009–10 figures, the state had 105,592 primary schools, 6,352 high schools and 5,161 higher secondary schools. The state has 200+ engineering & architecture colleges, 200+ management institutes and more than 10 medical colleges.

There are many premier educational and research institutions of India has been established in couples of years like Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Bhopal, Indian Institute of Management IndoreIndian Institute of Technology IndoreMaulana Azad National Institute of Technology Bhopal, IIITDM Jabalpur and IIITM Gwalior, Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management, SPA Bhopal, IIFM BhopalNational Law Institute University Bhopal, Institute Of Engineering & Science IPS Academy Indore, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Jabalpur Engineering College, Ujjain Engineering College, Madhav Institute of Technology and Science, Gwalior and Shri Govindram Seksaria Institute of Technology and Science etc.

1.Literacy Rate (2011)70.60%
4.No. of School1,17,095 (Primary, High Schools, Higher Secondary School)
5.Affiliation BoardCBSE, ISCE, MPBSE
6.No. of University25 (Central 2, state 16, Deemed 3, Private 1, Institute of National Importance 3 )
7.Colleges in Madhya Pradesh1914 (Engineering, Medical, Management, Arts, Law)

List of Top Colleges in India

Top Engineering Colleges in India Top Medical Colleges in India Top Architechure Colleges in India
Top BAMS Colleges in India Top BHMS Colleges in India Top BSMS Colleges in India
Top BNYS Colleges in India Top Dental Colleges in India Top BUMS Colleges in India
Top Nursing Colleges in India Top Physiotherapy Colleges in India Top Veterinary Colleges in India
Top Pharmacy Colleges in India Top Law Colleges in India Top B.ed Colleges in India
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Heritage Sites

Madhya Pradesh has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. It has two World Heritage Sites: The Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986), Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989), The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003) of Madhya Pradesh.  Its tourism industry has seen considerable growth, with the state topping the National Tourism Awards in 2010–11. Every year many tourists visit Madhya Pradesh.

S.No Description Summary
1 Major Tourist Places
  • Magical Mandu
  • Beauty of Chanderi
  • Sacred Sanchi
  • Majestic Orchha
  • Funfair of Jabalpur
  • Begum’s Bhopal
  • Untamed Pench

Click here to know more about tourist places of Madhya Pradesh

2 Major Monuments
  • Alamgir Gate
  • Kamlapati Palace
  • Ancient Hindu Baodi
  • Asharfi Mahal
  • Baz Bahadur’s Palace
  • Delhi Gate
  • Darya Khan’s Tomb
  • Hathi Mahal

Click here to know more about Monuments in MP

3 National Park
  • Bandhavgarh National Park
  • Sanjay National Park
  • Madhav National Park
  • Kanha National Park
  • Van Vihar National Park
  • Mandla Plant Fossils National Park
  • Panna National Park
  • Pench National Park
  • Satpura National Park
4 Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bori Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary
  • National Chambal Sanctuary
  • Sanjay-Dubri Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ralamandal Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary

Famous Personalities

Freedom Fighters
  • Chandra Shekhar Azad(1906 – 1931)
  •  Ravishankar Shukla(1877 – 1956)
  • Tantia Tope(1814 – 1859)
  • Rani Lakhsmibai(1828 – 1858)
  •  Rani Avantibai(1857)
  • Ami Mishra
  • Anil Mange
  • Arjun Rampal
  • Arunoday Singh
  • Ashok Kumar
  • Ashutosh Rana
  • Lata Mangeshkar
  • Javed Khan
  • Johnny Walker
  • Jaya Bachchan
  • Salim Khan
  • Salman Khan
  • Sharat Saxena
  • Kumar Pallana
  • Raghuvir Yadav
  • Mamta Sharma
  • Arjun Rampal
  • Swanand Kirkire
  • Govind Namdev
  • Ashutosh Rana
  • Mukesh Tiwari
  • Kartik Tiwari
  • Shaan
  • Sara Khan
  • Himangini Singh Yadu
  • Sharad Kelkar
  •  Divyanka Tripathi
  • Annu Kapoor
  • Rajeev Verma
  •   Mushtaq Khan
  • Razak Khan
  • Sachin Nayak
  • Palak Muchhal
  • Rishikesh Pandey
  • Vinay Sapru writer, director, producer
  • Makhanlal Chaturvedi
  • Nathuram Premi
  • Mrinal Pande
  • Prabhash Joshi
  • Deepak Chaurasia
  • Shashi Bhushan
  • Seth Govind Das
  • Ambika Prasad Divya
  • Satyadev Dubey
  • Vishal Mangalwadi
  • Nalin Mehta
  •   Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh
  • Harishankar Parsai
  • Manibhai J. Patel
  • Nathuram Premi
  • J. S. Rajput
  • Vidya Shah
  • Shah Jahan Begum
  •   Amritlal Vegad
  • Jan Nisar Akhtar
  • Balkavi Bairagi
  • Asad Bhopali
  • Kaif Bhopali
  • Manzar Bhopali
  • Narendra Karmarkar
  • Anil Kakodkar
Social Service
  • Alok Sanjar
  • Rajiv Gautam
  • Roop Singh
  • Ahmed Khan
  • Aslam Sher Khan
  • Shivendra Singh
  • Shankar Laxman
  • Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi
  • Mushtaq Ali
  • Chandu Sarwate, former India cricketer.
  • Amay Khurasiya, former India cricketer.
  • Narendra Hirwani, former India cricketer.
  • C. K. Nayudu
  • Sanjay Jagdale
  • Narendra Menon
  • Sudhir Asnani
  • Rahul Dravid, Indian cricketer born in Indore.
  • Amay Khurasiya
  • Jai Prakash Yadav
  • Naman Ojha
  • Devendra Bundela
  • Nuzhat Parween
  • Ishwar Pandey
Padma Bhushan
  • Hemendra Singh Panwar
  • Gokulotsavji Maharaj
Padma Shri
  • Gul Bardhan
  • Govind Chandra Pande
  • Prahlad Tipanya
  • Ramakant Gundecha
  • Umakant Gundecha
  • Vijay Dutt Shridhar
  • Vijay Kumar
  • Vinod K. Singh
  • Janak Palta McGilligan
  • Sushil Doshi
  • Bhalchandra Dattatray Mondhe
  • Bhakti Yadav
  • Malti Joshi
  •  Keshav Rao Musalgaonkar
  • Bhajju Shyam
  • Baba Yogendra
  • Babulal Dahiya
  • Pratap Singh Hardia
  • Kailash Madbaiya
  • Mahesh Sharma

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