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- 1 Telangana GK Questions and Current Affairs
- 2 History
- 3 Geographical Structure
- 4 Administrative Structure
- 5 Arts & Culture
- 6 Economy
- 7 Education
- 8 List of Top Colleges in India
- 9 Heritage Sites
- 10 Telangana GK PDF Questions and Answers
Telangana GK Questions and Current Affairs
1. As a matter of fact, the name Telangana is obtained from the word Telugu Angana, which means a place where Telugu is spoken. The Nizams (1724-1948) used the word Telangana to differentiate it from Marathi speaking regions of their kingdom
2. From 230 BC to 220 AD, the Satvahanas ruled this region between Krishna and Godavari rivers.
3. In between 1083-1203, under the reign of the Kakatiyas who established Warangal as their capital, The region experienced a Golden Age
4. In 1309 AD, Allaudin Khilji’s general Malik Kafur attacked Warangal, which led to the decline of the Kakatiyas. Till 1687, The region comes under the Delhi Sultanate, when Golconda (near Hyderabad) fell to Aurangzeb
5. In 1724, Nizam-ul-Mulk Asif Jah (Asif Jahin Nizam dynasty) established his independence and made Hyderabad the capital of the empire in 1769.
6. In 1799, the British sign an agreement with Nizam Asif Jah. The Nizam ceded coastal Andhra and Rayalseema regions to the British.
7. Till 1946 the region remained under the British and the Nizams, the year of Telangana rebellion, which was quelled by the Nizam’s Razakars (mercenaries)
8. After the independence of India in 1947, the last Nizam of Hyderabad, Osman Ali Khan, refused to join the Indian Union with no effect from repeated requests from Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Patel. On 17th September 1948, The Indian army annexed Hyderabad and the Nizam surrendered to Sardar Patel. Hyderabad State accedes to the Indian Union.
9. In December 1953, the States Reorganisation Commission was appointed to recommend the reorganisation of state boundaries. The panel was not in favour of Telangana to the immediate merger in Andhra state, despite their common language. With the intervention of the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Telangana and Andhra states were merged on November 1, 1956. Nehru termed the merger a “matrimonial alliance having provisions for divorce”.
10. The UPA government headed by Manmohan Singh clears the formation of Telangana in 2013. On 2nd June 2014, K Chandrasekhar Rao takes oath as the first chief minister of Telangana, India’s 29th state.
Below table will tell more about the GK of Telangana and Its history.
|1.||Founded on||2 June 2014|
|2.||Capital Formation||2 June 2014|
|4.||Also Known as||Janapada Geethalu (Telugu Language)|
|5.||Ruled By||Mauryans, Satavahanas Dynasty, Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Golconda Sultanate, Mughal Empire, Asaf Jahi Dynasty|
|6.||Major Historical Events||
Telangana covers an area of 112,077 km2 square kilometres. The Telangana holds 11th rank in the area of other states of India which has the total population over 35,193,978. The average temperature of Telangana is 40°C in Summers and 22°C in Winters.
|1.||Total Area||112,077 sq km (43,273 sq mi)|
|3.||The rank of the state||Area rank:- 11th
Population Rank:- 12th
|5.||State Bounded By||
|6.||Soil & Minerals||
|8.||Forest Area||20,582 sq. km. (18.36%)|
|9.||Climate||Hot and Dry Climate|
|1.||Hussain Sagar Lake|
|3.||Osman Sagar Lake|
|1.||Nagarjuna Sagar||407 feet tall and is the second-largest water reservoir in India|
|2.||Srisailam Dam||476 ft tall|
|3.||Sriram Sagar||known as the lifeline of Telangana|
|4.||Nizam Sagar||one of the largest dam in Telangana|
|5.||Manair Dam||Located in Karimnagar district|
|6.||Jurala Dam||Located near the village of Kuravapur in Mahbubnagar district.|
|7.||Sripada Sagar||height 148 metres|
|8.||Koil Sagar||Located near Koilsagar village in Mahabubnagar district.|
Telangana is divided into 33 districts. Recently two new districts, Mulugu and Narayanpet, were formed on 17 Feb 2019. The districts are divided into 70 revenue divisions which are further divided into 584 mandals. the following table will let you know about the administrative structure of Telangana.
|3.||Chief Ministers||K. Chandrashekar Rao|
|4.||Governor||E. S. L. Narasimhan|
|6.||State Animal||Jinka (Spotted Deer)|
|7.||State Bird||Indian Roller|
|8.||State Flower||Senna auriculata|
|10.||State Tree||Prosopis cineraria|
|11.||No. of District||31+ 2(New)=33|
|13.||Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)||40|
|15.||Time Zone||IST (UTC +5:30)|
|16.||Postal Code||Different according to locations|
|17.||Vehicle Code||TS —|
|18.||Judiciary||High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad|
|1.||Rajiv Gandhi International Airport||Hyderabad|
Arts & Culture
The culture of Telangana combines cultural which were adopted from Persian traditions, embedded during the rule of the region by the Mughals, Qutub Shahis and Nizams, with prominent and predominantly south Indian traditions and customs. Telangana has a rich tradition in classical painting, music, and folk arts such as Burra Katha, shadow puppet show, and Perini Shivatandavam, Gusadi Dance, Kolatam.
Telangana current affairs contain many topics from which arts & Culture become most asked question topic.
|2.||Cuisine (Famous Food)||
|4.||Sammakka Saarakka Jaathara|
|Sl.No.||Temple/ Archeological Monument/ Site||Located in/near|
|2.||Peddamma Temple||Jubilee Hills|
|5.||St. Mary’s Church||Secunderabad|
Telangana’s capital, Hyderabad, is a major IT hub of the country. The state also contributes approx one-third to India’s production and one-fifth to its exports in the pharmaceutical sector. The state is one of the leading exporters and producers of horticulture crops, including lemons, oranges and turmeric among others.
Table Below contains questions mostly asked in different Govt. and Private recruitment examinations of Telangana.
|1.||State GDP||₹11.08 lakh crore (US$160 billion)|
|2.||Growth rate||10.5% (2018-19)|
|3.||Per capita income||₹161,669 (US$2,300) (2018-19)|
|4.||GDP per capita rank||8th|
|1.||Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium||football matches||Hyderabad|
|3.||Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium||Cricket||Hyderabad|
Telangana state as the Indias earliest educational institutions built by the support of Europeans. Telangana has many institutes of higher education universities with various types of primary and secondary schools. The state is home to a number of institutes, which present higher education. The Higher Education Department deals with education at various levels in the State of Telangana.
|1.||Literacy Rate (2011)||67.015%|
|4.||No. of School||42,632|
|5.||Affiliation Board||TSBIE, CBSE, ICSE|
|6.||No. of University||20|
|7.||Colleges in Telangana||1092|
List of Top Colleges in India
Telangana has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state, enriched by the Persian and Mughal cultures embedded in its heart. It is home to, forts, tombs and also invaluable artefacts.
Major Tourist Places
- Golconda Fort
- Qutb Shahi Tombs
- Kakatiya Kala Thoranam
- Bhongir Fort
- Paigah Tombs
- Ramoji Film City
- Chowmahalla Palace
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
|S.No.||National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries||City|
|1.||KBR National Park||Hyderabad|
|2.||Mrugavani National Park||Hyderabad|
|3.||Nehru Zoological Park||Bahadurpura|
|4.||Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park||Vanasthalipuram|
|5.||Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary||Khammam district|
|6.||Nagarjun sagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve||Nalgonda District|
|7.||Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary||Warangal|
|1.||Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve
(largest tiger reserve in India)
|2.||Kawal Tiger Reserve||Mahbubnagar|
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