Telangana GK 2019 Notes in PDF: MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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Telangana Districts
Telangana Districts

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Telangana GK Questions and Current Affairs


History

1. As a matter of fact, the name Telangana is obtained from the word Telugu Angana, which means a place where Telugu is spoken. The Nizams (1724-1948) used the word Telangana to differentiate it from Marathi speaking regions of their kingdom

2. From 230 BC to 220 AD, the Satvahanas ruled this region between Krishna and Godavari rivers.

3. In between 1083-1203, under the reign of the Kakatiyas who established Warangal as their capital, The region experienced a Golden Age

4. As a matter of fact, In 1309 AD, Allaudin Khilji’s general Malik Kafur attacked Warangal, which led to the decline of the Kakatiyas. Till 1687, The region comes under the Delhi Sultanate, when Golconda (near Hyderabad) fell to Aurangzeb

5. In 1724, Nizam-ul-Mulk Asif Jah (Asif Jahin Nizam dynasty) established his independence and made Hyderabad the capital of the empire in 1769.

6. In 1799, the British sign an agreement with Nizam Asif Jah. The Nizam ceded coastal Andhra and Rayalseema regions to the British.

7. Till 1946 the region remained under the British and the Nizams, the year of Telangana rebellion, which was quelled by the Nizam’s Razakars (mercenaries)

8. After the independence of India in 1947, the last Nizam of Hyderabad, Osman Ali Khan, refused to join the Indian Union with no effect from repeated requests from Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Patel. On 17th September 1948, The Indian army annexed Hyderabad and the Nizam surrendered to Sardar Patel. Hyderabad State accedes to the Indian Union.

9. In December 1953, the States Reorganisation Commission was appointed to recommend the reorganisation of state boundaries. The panel was not in favour of Telangana to the immediate merger in Andhra state, despite their common language. With the intervention of the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Telangana and Andhra states were merged on November 1, 1956. Nehru termed the merger a “matrimonial alliance having provisions for divorce”.

10. The UPA government headed by Manmohan Singh clears the formation of Telangana in 2013. On 2nd June 2014, K Chandrasekhar Rao takes oath as the first chief minister of Telangana, India’s 29th state.

Below table will tell more about the GK of Telangana and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 2 June 2014
2. Capital Formation 2 June 2014
3. Largest city Hyderabad
4. Also Known as Anapadha Geethalu (Telugu Language)
5. Ruled By Mauryans, Satavahanas Dynasty, Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Golconda Sultanate, Mughal Empire, Asaf Jahi Dynasty
6. Major Historical Events
  • Jai Telangana movement
  • Jai Andhra movement began
  • 1st Nov 1956, Telangana merged with Andhra State

Geographical Structure

Telangana covers an area of 112,077 km2 square kilometres. The Telangana holds 12th rank in the area of other states of India which has the total population over 35,193,978. The average temperature of Telangana is 40°C in Summers and 22°C in Winters.

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 112,077 km2 (43,273 sq mi)
2. Population 35,193,978
3. The rank of the state Area rank:- 12th

Population Rank:- 12th

4. Population Density 307/km²
5. State Bounded By
  • Maharashtra
  • Karnataka
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Andhra Pradesh
6. Soil & Minerals Soil

  • Red Gravel Soil
  • Chalkas,
  • Red sandy Soil,
  • Dubbas,
  • Deep reed loamy Soil,
  • Black Cotton Soil

Minerals

  • Chromite Copper
  • Gold
  • Iron-Ore
  • Manganese
  • Molybdenite
  • Corrundum
  • diamond
  • Dolmolite
  • Garnet etc.
7. Major Crops
  • Maize
  • Tobacco
  • Mango
  • Cotton
  • Sugarcane
8. Forest Area 1,12,077 sq. km.
9. Climate Hot and Dry Climate
10. Rivers
  • Krishna
  • Godavari
  • Bhima
  • Manjira
  • Musi
  • Paleru
11. Major Flora
  • Genera Terminalia
  • Pterocarpus
  • Anogeissus
12. Major Fauna
  • Tiger
  • panther
  • wolf
  • wild dog
  • hyena
  • sloth bear
  • Gaur
  • Black Buck
  • Chinkara
  • Chowsingha
  • Nilgai
  • Cheetal
  • Sambar

Lakes

Sl.No. Lake
1. HussainSagar Lake
2. Pakhal Lake
3. Osman Sagar Lake

Dams

S.No. Name Remarks
1. Nagarjuna Sagar 407 feet tall and is the second-largest water reservoir in India
2. Srisailam Dam 476 ft tall
3. Sriram Sagar known as the lifeline of Telangana
4. Nizam Sagar one of the largest dam in Telangana
5. Manair Dam Located in Karimnagar district
6. Jurala Dam Located near the village of Kuravapur in Mahbubnagar district.
7. Sripada Sagar  height 148 metres
8. Koil Sagar Located near Koilsagar village in Mahabubnagar district.

Administrative Structure

Telangana is divided into 33 districts. Recently two new districts, Mulugu and Narayanpet, were formed on 17 Feb 2019. The districts are divided into 70 revenue divisions which are further divided into 584 mandals. the following table will let you know about the administrative structure of Telangana.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Hyderabad
2. Administrative HQ Hyderabad
3. Chief Ministers K. Chandrashekar Rao
4. Governor E. S. L. Narasimhan
6. State Animal Jinka (Deer)
7. State Bird Indian Roller
8. State Flower Senna auriculata
9. State Tree Prosopis cineraria
10. No. of District 31+ 2(New)=33
11. Loksabha Seats 17
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) 40
13. Railway Stations
  • Adilabad railway station
  • Mancherial railway station
  • Secunderabad Junction railway station
  • Krishna railway station
  • Mahbubnagar railway station
  • Jankampet Junction railway station
  • Nizamabad Junction railway station
  • Ghatkesar railway station
  • Shankarpalli railway station
  • Vikarabad Junction railway station
  • Bhongir railway station
14. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
15. Postal Code Different according to locations
16. Vehicle Code TS —
17. Judiciary High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad
18. Seal

Telangana official Logo
Telangana official Logo

Religion

S.No. Religion Percentage
1. Hinduism 85.09%
2. Islam 12.68%
3. Christianity 1.3%
4. Others 0.9%

Airports

S.No. Name Location
1. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport Hyderabad
2. Begumpet Airport Hyderabad
3. Warangal Airport Warangal
4. Ramagundam Airport Ramagundam

Arts & Culture

The culture of Telangana combines cultural which were adopted from Persian traditions, embedded during the rule of the region by the Mughals, Qutub Shahis and Nizams, with prominent and predominantly south Indian traditions and customs. Telangana has a rich tradition in classical painting, music, and folk arts such as Burra Katha, shadow puppet show, and Perini Shivatandavam, Gusadi Dance, Kolatam.
Telangana current affairs contain many topics from which arts & Culture become most asked question topic.

S.No Description Summary
1. Music
  • Oggu Katha
2. Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • Rice
3. Traditional Dress Men

  • Dhoti (Pancha)

Women

  • Saree
  • Langa Voni
  • Shalwar kameez (Churidaar)

Folk Dances

Sl.No. Folk Dances
1. Perini Sivatandavam
2. Bonalu

Regional Festivals

S.No. Festival Name
1. Bathukamma
2. Dussehra
3. Bonalu
4. SammakkaSaarakkaJaathara
5. PeerlaPanduga
6. Ramzan

Temples

Sl.No. Temple/ Archeological Monument/ Site Located in/near
1. Birla Mandir Hyderabad
2. Peddamma Temple Jubilee Hills
3. BalkampetYellamma Temple Hyderabad
4. UjjainiMahankali Secunderabad
5. St. Mary’s Church Secunderabad

Economy

Telangana’s capital, Hyderabad, is a major IT hub of the country. The state also contributes approx one-third to India’s production and one-fifth to its exports in the pharmaceutical sector. The state is one of the leading exporters and producers of horticulture crops, including lemons, oranges and turmeric among others.

Table Below contains questions mostly asked in different Govt. and Private recruitment examinations of Telangana.

S.No Description Summary
1. State GDP ₹8.66 lakh crore(US$130 billion)
2. Growth rate 15%
3. Per capita income ₹175,534 (US$2,500)
4. GDP per capita rank 7th
5. Major Industries
  • Automobiles and auto components
  •  spices
  • mines and minerals
  • textiles and apparels
  • pharmaceutical
  • horticulture
  • poultry farming
6. Major Imports
  • Electronic parts
7. Major exports
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Leather
  • Handicrafts
  • Fish & Fish products
  • Plastics

Stadiums

Sl.No. Stadium/Arena Sport-Purpose City
1. Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium football matches Hyderabad
2. Gachibowli Stadium basketball Hyderabad
3. Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium Cricket Hyderabad

Education

Telangana state as the Indias earliest educational institutions built by the support of Europeans. Telangana has many institutes of higher education universities with various types of primary and secondary schools. The state is home to a number of institutes, which present higher education. The Higher Education Department deals with education at various levels in the State of Telangana.

S.No. Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011) 67.015%
2. Male 74.88%
3. Female 59.15%
4. No. of School 42,632
5. Affiliation Board TSBIE, CBSE
6. No. of University 9
7. Colleges in Telangana 370

Educational Institution

S.No. Category Link
1. Medical Colleges in Telangana Click Here
2. Dental Colleges in Telangana Click Here
3. BAMS Colleges in Telangana Click Here
4. BHMS Colleges in Telangana Click Here
5. Siddha Medical Colleges in Telangana Click Here
6. AYUSH Colleges in Telangana Click Here
7. BNYS Colleges in Telangana Click Here
8. Veterinary Colleges in Telangana Click Here
9. Physiotherapy Colleges in Telangana Click Here
10. Law Colleges in Telangana Click Here
11. B.Ed Colleges in Telangana Click Here
12. Nursing Colleges in Telangana Click Here

Heritage Sites

Telangana has a large number of Ancient Monuments spread at different places throughout the state. It has two World Heritage Sites: the Bom Jesus Basilica[59] and churches and convents of Old Telangana. Every year many tourists visit Telangana.

Major Tourist Places

  • Charminar
  • Golconda Fort
  • Qutb Shahi Tombs
  • Kakatiya Kala Thoranam
  • Bhongir Fort
  • Paigah Tombs

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries

S.No. National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries City
1. KBR National Park Hyderabad
2. Mrugavani National Park Hyderabad
3. Nehru Zoological Park Bahadurpura
4. Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park Vanasthalipuram
5. Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary Khammam district
6. Nagarjun sagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve Nalgonda District
7. Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary Waranga

Tiger Reserve

S.No. Name Location
1. Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve
(largest tiger reserve in India)
Jannaram
2. Kawal Tiger Reserve Mahbubnagar

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