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- 1 West Bengal GK Questions and Current Affairs
- 2 Geographical Structure
- 3 Administrative Structure
- 4 Arts & Culture
- 5 Economy
- 6 Education
- 7 List of Top Colleges in India
- 8 Heritage Sites
West Bengal GK Questions and Current Affairs
West Bengal is the state of India, located in the eastern part of the country. It is surrounded to the north by the state of Sikkim and the country of Bhutan, to the northeast by the state of Assam, to the east by the country of Bangladesh, to the south by the Bay of Bengal, to the southwest by the state of Odisha, to the west by the states of Jharkhand and Bihar, and to the northwest by the country of Nepal.
After the independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. The western part went to the Dominion of India (and was named West Bengal), while the eastern part went to the Dominion of Pakistan as a province called East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan in 1956). The latter became the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971. In 1950 the Princely State of Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal.
In 1955 the former French enclave of Chandannagar, which had passed into Indian control after 1950, was integrated into West Bengal; portions of Bihar were also subsequently merged with West Bengal. Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state.
Below table will tell more about the West Bengal GK Questions and Its history.
|1.||Established on||26 January 1950|
|2.||Capital Formation||26 January 1950|
|4.||Also Known as||Bengal|
|6.||Major Historical Events||
|1.||Cooch Behar Palace|
West Bengal is situated on the eastern bottleneck of India, stretching from Nepal in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south. The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi). The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state is a part of the eastern Himalayas mountain range.
In this region is Sandakfu, which, at 3,636 m (11,929 ft), is the highest peak in the state. The narrow Terai region separates the hills from the North Bengal plains, which in turn transitions into the Ganges delta towards the south. The Rarh region intervenes between the Ganges delta in the east and the western plateau and high lands. A small coastal region is in the extreme south, while the Sundarbans mangrove forests form a geographical landmark at the Ganges delta.
|1.||Total Area||88,752 sq. km (34,267 sq. mi)|
|3.||The rank of the state||Area rank:- 13th
Population Rank:- 4th
|4.||Population Density||1,029/km2 (2,670/sq mi)|
|5.||State Bounded By||
|6.||Soil & Minerals||Soil:
|7.||Forest Area||16,901 km2 (As per 2019)|
|8.||Climate||There are five main seasons in West Bengal:
|S.No.||Forests Name||Nearest City|
|1.||Buxa Tiger Reserve||West Bengal|
|2.||Bethuadahari Reserve Forest||Jugpur|
|S.No.||Segment||National Share %|
West Bengal is one of the largest states of India by area, and fourth by Population. West Bengal has the 5th position in GDP (Gross Domestic Production) which is ₹17.91 lakh crore (US$250 billion). It is primarily dependent on agriculture and medium-sized industry, although services and heavy industries play an increasingly significant role in the economy of the state.
|3.||Chief Ministers||Mamata Banerjee|
|6.||State Animal||Fishing cat|
|7.||State Bird||White-throated Kingfisher|
|8.||State Flower||Night-flowering jasmine|
|9.||State Tree||Alstonia scholaris|
|10.||No. of District||19 Districts|
|12.||Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)||NA|
|13.||Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)||295 (294 + 1 Nominated)|
|15.||Official Language||Bengali, English|
|16.||Time Zone||IST (UTC +5:30)|
|17.||Postal Code||Varies location wise|
|19.||Judiciary||Calcutta High Court|
|1.||Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport||Kolkata|
|3.||Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport||Durgapur|
Arts & Culture
West Bengal has a rich historical culture, as we know Kolkata was the former capital of India and It was the birthplace of modern Indian literary and artistic thought. Many social scientists say “Kolkata is the cultural capital of India”. West Bengal has a long tradition of popular literature, dance, music and drama largely based on Bengali folklore and Hindu epics and Puranas.
There is a large community resides in West Bengal like Hindu, Sikh, Muslims, Cristian etc. but the majority of Hinduism dominant. Durga Puja is the biggest festival in Kolkata, this is the annual autumnal celebration in honour of Hindu goddess Durga, is the biggest festival of majority Bengali Hindus.
|3.||Cuisine (Famous Food)||
|2.||Bengali New Year|
|1.||Kalighat Kali Temple|
|3.||Ananta Basudeba Temple|
West Bengal is the powerhouse of the economy of India, It is the 6th largest economy in the country ₹10.49 lakh crore (US$150 billion). Agriculture was the primary source of income in West Bengal although in the 21st century, the economy of varies on a lot of other industries like Power & Energy, Communication, Railway, Ports, Telecommunication, Aviation etc.
Foreign direct investment
West Bengal government welcomes foreign technology and investments as may be appropriate for the needs of the state and is mutually advantageous. The FDI monitored by Government of India, Foreign direct investment has mostly come in the manufacturing and telecommunication sectors
During 2018-19, the state produced 387.86 million kg of tea, accounting for 29.27 per cent of India’s total tea production. Tea production from April to July 2019 reached 135.35 million kgs.
In 2018-19, West Bengal remains the second-largest producer of potato in India, accounting for about 26.07 per cent of the country’s potato output. As of August 2019, the state’s potato production stood at 12.65 million tonnes in 2018-19. The state accounts for about 4.99 per cent of the total onshore production of natural gas in India, as of 2018-19. Total export from the IT sector of the state is estimated to have crossed Rs 19,000 crores (US$ 2.83 billion) in 2017-18. West Bengal GK Questions has many varieties of question the whole article will cover the major answers.
|1.||State GDP||₹17.91 lakh crore (US$250 billion)|
|2.||Growth rate||11.5% (2017-18)|
|3.||Per capita income||₹ 1,09,491 (US$ 5,983)|
|4.||GDP per capita rank||6th|
Thermal Power Plants
|S.No.||Thermal Power Plants||Location|
|1.||Kolaghat Thermal Power Station||Kolaghat|
|2.||Bakreshwar Thermal Power Station||Sadaipur|
|3.||Santaldih Thermal Power Station||West Bengal|
|4.||Mejia Thermal Power Station||Bankura|
|5.||Sagardighi Thermal Power Station||Murshidabad|
|6.||Bandel Thermal Power Station||Bandapara|
|7.||NTPC Limited, Farakka Super Thermal Power Station||Farakka|
|8.||Durgapur Steel Thermal Power Station||Andal|
Hydro Power Plants
|S.No.||Hydro Power Plants||Location|
|1.||Jaldhaka Hydroelectric Project||WestBengal|
|2.||Massanjore Hydroelectric Project||Westbengal|
|3.||Purulia Hydroelectric Project||West Bengal|
|4.||Rammam Hydroelectric Project||Westbengal|
|5.||Teesta Canal Falls||Westbengal|
|6.||Teesta Low Dam III Hydroelectric Project||Westbengal|
|7.||Teesta Low Dam IV Hydroelectric Project||Darjeeling|
Nuclear Power Plants
|S.No.||Nuclear Power Plants||Location|
|1.||Haripur Nuclear Power Plant||Westbengal(Proposed)|
|1.||Rabindra Sarobar Stadium||Kolkata|
|2.||Netaji Indoor Stadium||Kolkata|
|6.||Kishore Bharati Krirangan||Kolkata|
|9.||NKDA Cricket Stadium||Westbengal|
Schools in West Bengal comes under the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, CBSE, ICSE etc. The syllabus is prescribed by the State Education Department.
|1.||Literacy Rate (2011)||76.26 %|
|4.||No. of School||50,000+|
|5.||Affiliation Board||WBBSE, CBSE, ICSE|
|6.||No. of University||30+|
|6.||Colleges in West Bengal||500+ Colleges|
The history of West Bengal is very long. The cultural heritage of West Bengal deserves immense study. From the snow-capped peaks visible from Darjeeling to Indo-Islamic architecture, terracotta temples to the modern city of Kolkata where the past is intertwined, West Bengal has a lot to offer.
|6.||Indian National Army Memorial|
|7.||James Princep Monument|
Wild Life Sanctuary
|S.No.||Wild Life Sanctuary||Location|
|1.||Ramnabagan Wildlife Sanctuary||Bardhaman|
|2.||Bibhutibhushan Wildlife Sanctuary||Gangsara|
|3.||Ballavpur Wildlife Sanctuary||Bolpur|
|4.||Jorpokhri Wildlife Sanctuary||West Bengal|
|5.||Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary||West Bengal|
|6.||Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary||Bethuadahari|
|7.||Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary||Raiganj|
|8.||Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary||Kolkata|
|S.No.||National Parks||Nearest City|
|1.||Jaldapara National Park||Uttar Madarihat|
|2.||Gorumara National Park||Jalpaiguri|
|3.||Sundarbans National Park||Gosaba|
|4.||Singalila National Park||West Bengal|
Major Tourist Places
|1.||Kolkata||Victoria Memorial, Howrah Bridge, Dakshineswar Kali Temple, Belur Math, Kalighat Temple, St. Paul’s Cathedral Church|
|2.||Darjeeling||Darjeeling Tea Gardens, Views of Kangchenjunga, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Ghum Railway Station, Peace Pagoda|
|3.||Kalimpong||Deolo Hill, Teesta River, Tharpa Choling Monastery, Neora Valley National Park|
|4.||Bishnupur||Rasmancha, Pancha Ratna Temple, Jor Bangla Mandir, Madanmohan Temple|
|5.||Chandannagar||Chandannagore Strand, Vivekananda Mandir, Underground House, Nandadulal Jiu Mandir|
|6.||Hooghly||Hangseshwari Temple, Antpur Radhagovindjiu Temple, Tarakeswar Temple, Pandua Minar, Hooghly Imambara|
|7.||Mukutmanipur||Parasnath Hills, Deer Park, Kangsabati Dam|
|8.||Murshidabad||Hazarduari Palace, Katra Mosque, Motijhil, Nizamat Imambara|
|9.||Malda||Gaur, Firoj Minar, Malda Museum, Lattan Masjid|
|10.||Midnapore||Mandarmani Beach, Chapaleswar Temple, Gopegarh Heritage Park|
|11.||Ambika Kalna||Kalna Temple Complex, Pratapeswar Temple, 108 Shiva Temples|
|12.||Cooch Behar||Cooch Behar Palace, Sagar Dighi Lake, Madan Mohan Temple|
|13.||Siliguri||Coronation Bridge, Kali Mandir, Bengal Safari, Salugara Monastery|
|14.||Jaldapara National Park||Indian Rhinoceros, Indian Elephant, Hog Deer, Bengal Florican, Indian Bison|
|15.||Sundarbans National Park||Swamp Tigers, Salt Water Crocodile, Mangrove Forest, Water Monitor Lizard|
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