West Bengal GK GK 2019 Notes in PDF : MCQs, Test Papers, Quiz & Much More!

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West Bengal District Wise Map
West Bengal District Wise Map

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West Bengal GK Questions and Current Affairs


West Bengal is the state of India, located in the eastern part of the country. It is surrounded to the north by the state of Sikkim and the country of Bhutan, to the northeast by the state of Assam, to the east by the country of Bangladesh, to the south by the Bay of Bengal, to the southwest by the state of Odisha, to the west by the states of Jharkhand and Bihar, and to the northwest by the country of Nepal.

History

After the independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. The western part went to the Dominion of India (and was named West Bengal), while the eastern part went to the Dominion of Pakistan as a province called East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan in 1956). The latter became the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971. In 1950 the Princely State of Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal.

In 1955 the former French enclave of Chandannagar, which had passed into Indian control after 1950, was integrated into West Bengal; portions of Bihar were also subsequently merged with West Bengal. Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state.

Below table will tell more about the West Bengal GK Questions and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Established on 26 January 1950
2. Capital Formation 26 January 1950
3. Largest city Kolkata
4. Also Known as Bengal
5. Ruled By
  • Haryanka Dynasty (568–413 BCE)
  • Shishunaga Dynasty (413–345 BCE)
  • Nanda Dynasty (345–321 BCE)
  • Maurya Dynasty (324–185 BCE)
  • Shunga Dynasty (185–73 BCE) etc.
6. Major Historical Events
  • The Indian Independence movement
  • The Bengal Renaissance

Fort

S.No Fort Name
1. Kurumbera Fort
2. Buxa Fort
3. Fort William

Palace

S.No Palace Name
1. Cooch Behar Palace
2. Marble Palace

Geographical Structure

West Bengal is situated on the eastern bottleneck of India, stretching from Nepal in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south. The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi). The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state is a part of the eastern Himalayas mountain range.

In this region is Sandakfu, which, at 3,636 m (11,929 ft), is the highest peak in the state. The narrow Terai region separates the hills from the North Bengal plains, which in turn transitions into the Ganges delta towards the south. The Rarh region intervenes between the Ganges delta in the east and the western plateau and high lands. A small coastal region is in the extreme south, while the Sundarbans mangrove forests form a geographical landmark at the Ganges delta.

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi)
2. Population 91,347,736 (2011)
3. The rank of the state Area rank:- 14th
Population Rank:- 4th
4. Population Density 1,029/km2 (2,670/sq mi)
5. State Bounded By
  • Sikkim
  • Bhutan
  • Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • Jharkhand and Bihar
6. Soil & Minerals Soil:

  • Saline Alkali Soil
  • Non-Saline Alkali
  • Degraded Alkali Soil

Minerals:

Coal constitutes 99% of the minerals extracted in West Bengal

  • fireclay
  • china clay
  • limestone
  • copper
  • iron
  • wolfram
  • manganese
  • dolomite are mined in small quantities
7. Forest Area  16,847 km2 (6,505 sq mi) (As per 2017 Servey)
8. Climate There are five main seasons in West Bengal:

  • spring
  • summer
  • the rainy season
  • a short autumn
  • winter
9. Major Flora
  • Mahogany and sal (Shorea robusta).
10. Major Fauna
  • The Dooars area is famous for its verdant forests and tea gardens while the forests of Sunderbans are the natural habitat of the Royal Bengal Tiger.

Rivers

S.No River Name
1. Ganges
2. Hooghly River
3. Damodar River
4. Subarnarekha River
5. Mahananda River

Dams

S.No. Dam Name Location
1. Bakreshwar Dam Birbhum
2. Bandhu Dam Puruliya
3. Dimu Dam Puruliya
4. Kanjan Dam Bankura

Lakes

S.No Lake Name
1. Mirik Lake
2. Senchal Lake
3. Rabindra Sarobar
4. Motijhil

Forests

S.No. Forests Name Nearest City
1. Buxa Tiger Reserve West Bengal
2. Bethuadahari Reserve Forest Jugpur
3. Hijuli Forest Ranaghat

Major Crops

S.No. Segment National Share %
1. Jute 82.5
2. Betel 75.8
3. Cauliflower 43.1
4. Sweet potato 37.3
5. Brinjal 34.2
6. Cabbage 28.4
7. Inland fish 28.2
8. Radish 27.0
9. Jackfruit 26.8
10. Tea 25.6

Administrative Structure

West Bengal is one of the largest states of India by area, and fourth by Population. West Bengal has the 6th position in GDP (Gross Domestic Production) which is ₹10.49 lakh crore. It is primarily dependent on agriculture and medium-sized industry, although services and heavy industries play an increasingly significant role in the economy of the state.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Kolkata
2. Administrative HQ Kolkata
3. Chief Ministers Mamata Banerjee
4. Governor Jagdeep Dhankhar
6. State Animal Fishing cat
7. State Bird White-throated Kingfisher
8. State Flower Night-flowering jasmine
9. State Tree Alstonia scholaris
10. No. of District 19 Districts
11. Loksabha Seats 42
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) NA
13. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 295 (294 + 1 Nominated)
14. Railway Stations
  • Howrah Junction
  • Jalpaiguri Junction
  • Kharagpur Junction
  • Malda Town
  • New Cooch Behar
  • Siliguri
15. Official Language Bengali, English
16. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
17. Postal Code Varies location wise
18. Vehicle Code WB
19. Judiciary Calcutta High Court
20. Seal

West Bengal State Seal
West Bengal State Seal
21. Flag

West Bengal Flag
West Bengal Flag

Airports

S.No. Airports City
1. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport Kolkata
2. Bagdogra Airport Siliguri
3. Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport Durgapur
4. Panagarh Airport Burdwan
5. Malda Airport Malda

Arts & Culture

West Bengal has a rich historical culture, as we know Kolkata was the former capital of India and It was the birthplace of modern Indian literary and artistic thought. Many social scientists say “Kolkata is the cultural capital of India”. West Bengal has a long tradition of popular literature, dance, music and drama largely based on Bengali folklore and Hindu epics and Puranas.

There is a large community resides in West Bengal like Hindu, Sikh, Muslims, Cristian etc. but the majority of Hinduism dominant. Durga Puja is the biggest festival in Kolkata, this is the annual autumnal celebration in honour of Hindu goddess Durga, is the biggest festival of majority Bengali Hindus.

S.No Description Summary
1. Folk Dance
  • Chhau Dance
2. Music
  • Baul, Bishnupuri Classical, Kirtan, Shyama Sangeet, Rabindra Sangeet, Nazrul Geeti, Atulprasadi, Dwijendrageeti, Kantageeti, Ganasangeet, Adhunik Gaan, Bengali rock
3. Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • The daily meal
  • Shak
  • Dal
  • Main course
  • Additional main course
  • Chutney
  • Fish
  • Meat etc.
4. Traditional Dress
  • Dhoti, Kurta, Sherwani, Pyjama and Lungi

Festivals

S.No Festival name
1. Durga Puja
2. Bengali New Year
3. Gaura Purnima
4. Lakshmi Puja
5. Eid-ul-Adha

Temples

S.No Temple Name
1. Kalighat Kali Temple
2. Taraknath Temple
3. Ananta Basudeba Temple
4. Kiriteswari Temple
5. Birla Mandir

Economy

West Bengal is the powerhouse of the economy of India, It is the 6th largest economy in the country ₹10.49 lakh crore (US$150 billion). Agriculture was the primary source of income in West Bengal although in the 21st century, the economy of varies on a lot of other industries like Power & Energy, Communication, Railway, Ports, Telecommunication, Aviation etc.

Foreign direct investment

West Bengal government welcomes foreign technology and investments as may be appropriate for the needs of the state and is mutually advantageous. The FDI monitored by Government of India, Foreign direct investment has mostly come in the manufacturing and telecommunication sectors

Key Sectors

During 2018-19, the state produced 387.86 million kg of tea, accounting for 29.27 per cent of India’s total tea production. Tea production from April to July 2019 reached 135.35 million kgs.
In 2018-19, West Bengal remains the second-largest producer of potato in India, accounting for about 26.07 per cent of the country’s potato output. As of August 2019, the state’s potato production stood at 12.65 million tonnes in 2018-19. The state accounts for about 4.99 per cent of the total onshore production of natural gas in India, as of 2018-19. Total export from the IT sector of the state is estimated to have crossed Rs 19,000 crores (US$ 2.83 billion) in 2017-18. West Bengal GK Questions has many varieties of question the whole article will cover the major answers.

S.No Description Summary
1. State GDP ₹10.49 lakh crore (US$150 billion) (2018-19)
2. Growth rate 11.5% (2017-18)
3. Per capita income ₹108,372 (US$1,500)
4. GDP per capita rank 6th
5. Major Industries
  • Tea, Petroleum and Petrochemicals, Leather, Iron and Steel, Information Technology, Mineral Resources, Automobile and Auto Components, Biotechnology, Fisheries, Jute Products and Textiles.
6. Major Imports
  • NA
7. Major exports
  • Rice
  • Potato
  • Jute
  • Sugarcane
  • Wheat

Thermal Power Plants

S.No. Thermal Power Plants Location
1. Kolaghat Thermal Power Station Kolaghat
2. Bakreshwar Thermal Power Station Sadaipur
3. Santaldih Thermal Power Station West Bengal
4. Mejia Thermal Power Station Bankura
5. Sagardighi Thermal Power Station Murshidabad
6. Bandel Thermal Power Station Bandapara
7. NTPC Limited, Farakka Super Thermal Power Station Farakka
8. Durgapur Steel Thermal Power Station Andal

Hydro Power Plants

S.No. Hydro Power Plants Location
1. Jaldhaka Hydroelectric Project WestBengal
2. Massanjore Hydroelectric Project Westbengal
3. Purulia Hydroelectric Project West Bengal
4. Rammam Hydroelectric Project Westbengal
5. Teesta Canal Falls Westbengal
6. Teesta Low Dam III Hydroelectric Project Westbengal
7. Teesta Low Dam IV Hydroelectric Project Darjeeling

Nuclear Power Plants

S.No. Nuclear Power Plants Location
1. Haripur Nuclear Power Plant Westbengal(Proposed)

Stadium

S.No. Stadium Name Location
1. Rabindra Sarobar Stadium Kolkata
2. Netaji Indoor Stadium  Kolkata
3. Nehru Stadium  Durgapur
4. Barasat Stadium Kolkata
5. Kalyani Stadium Kalyani
6. Kishore Bharati Krirangan Kolkata
7. Gitanjali Stadium Kolkata
8.  Gangarampur Stadium  Gangarampur
9.  NKDA Cricket Stadium Westbengal
10.  Eden Gardens  Kolkata

Education

Schools in West Bengal comes under the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, CBSE, ICSE etc. The syllabus is prescribed by the State Education Department.

S.No. Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011) 76.26 %
2. Male 81.69 %
3. Female 70.54 %
4. No. of School 50,000+
5. Affiliation Board WBBSE, CBSE, ICSE
6. No. of University 30+
6. Colleges in West Bengal 500+ Colleges

Educational Institution

West Bengal is developing its medical education as well as other courses the following links will let you know about all colleges in West Bengal.

S.No. Category Link
1. Medical Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
2. Dental Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
3. BAMS Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
4. BHMS Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
5. Siddha Medical Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
6. AYUSH Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
7. BNYS Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
8. Veterinary Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
9. Physiotherapy Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
10. Law Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
11. B.Ed Colleges in Sikkim Click Here
12. Nursing Colleges in Sikkim Click Here

Heritage Sites

The history of West Bengal is very long and as West Bengal GK Questions. The cultural heritage of West Bengal deserves immense study. From the snow-capped peaks visible from Darjeeling to Indo-Islamic architecture, terracotta temples to the modern city of Kolkata where the past is intertwined, West Bengal has a lot to offer.

Monuments

S.No Monuments
1. Metcalfe Hall
2. Eklakhi Mausoleum
3. Chika Masjid
4. Currency Building
5. Gwalior Monument
6. Indian National Army Memorial
7. James Princep Monument

Wild Life Sanctuary

S.No. Wild Life Sanctuary Location
1. Ramnabagan Wildlife Sanctuary Bardhaman
2. Bibhutibhushan Wildlife Sanctuary Gangsara
3. Ballavpur Wildlife Sanctuary Bolpur
4. Jorpokhri Wildlife Sanctuary West Bengal
5. Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary West Bengal
6. Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary Bethuadahari
7. Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary Raiganj
8. Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary Kolkata

National Parks

S.No. National Parks Nearest City
1. Jaldapara National Park Uttar Madarihat
2. Gorumara National Park Jalpaiguri
3. Sundarbans National Park Gosaba
4. Singalila National Park West Bengal

Major Tourist Places

S.No. City Name Places
1. Kolkata Victoria Memorial, Howrah Bridge, Dakshineswar Kali Temple, Belur Math, Kalighat Temple, St. Paul’s Cathedral Church
2. Darjeeling Darjeeling Tea Gardens, Views of Kangchenjunga, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Ghum Railway Station, Peace Pagoda
3. Kalimpong Deolo Hill, Teesta River, Tharpa Choling Monastery, Neora Valley National Park
4. Bishnupur Rasmancha, Pancha Ratna Temple, Jor Bangla Mandir, Madanmohan Temple
5. Chandannagar Chandannagore Strand, Vivekananda Mandir, Underground House, Nandadulal Jiu Mandir
6. Hooghly Hangseshwari Temple, Antpur Radhagovindjiu Temple, Tarakeswar Temple, Pandua Minar, Hooghly Imambara
7. Mukutmanipur Parasnath Hills, Deer Park, Kangsabati Dam
8. Murshidabad Hazarduari Palace, Katra Mosque, Motijhil, Nizamat Imambara
9. Malda Gaur, Firoj Minar, Malda Museum, Lattan Masjid
10. Midnapore Mandarmani Beach, Chapaleswar Temple, Gopegarh Heritage Park
11. Ambika Kalna Kalna Temple Complex, Pratapeswar Temple, 108 Shiva Temples
12. Cooch Behar Cooch Behar Palace, Sagar Dighi Lake, Madan Mohan Temple
13. Siliguri Coronation Bridge, Kali Mandir, Bengal Safari, Salugara Monastery
14. Jaldapara National Park Indian Rhinoceros, Indian Elephant, Hog Deer, Bengal Florican, Indian Bison
15. Sundarbans National Park Swamp Tigers, Salt Water Crocodile, Mangrove Forest, Water Monitor Lizard

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